The student will recognize a spirometer (dry) and identify lung volumes from a spirogram. The student will label and estimate lung volumes (in ml) from the graph. Know what the X and y axis measure! Remember Air is a Fluid!



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BIO 211 Objectives for Lab Quiz 3

RESPIRATORY & DIGESTIVE SYSTEMS


The student will recognize a spirometer (dry) and identify lung volumes from a spirogram. The student will label and estimate lung volumes (in ml) from the graph. Know what the X and Y axis measure! Remember Air IS a Fluid! so the Same Rules Apply that you learned for Vessels!


  • IRV = Inspiratory Reserve Volume (A)

  • TV = Tidal Volume (D)

  • ERV = Expiratory Reserve Volume (E)

  • VC = Vital Capacity (B)

  • RV = Residual Volume (F)

  • TLC = Total Lung Capacity (C)

6


V

O

L

U

M

E

(ml)
rectangle 13 straight connector 12 straight connector 11 freeform 10000 -

straight connector 9

5000 - A C

B

4000 -
straight connector 83000 -



straight connector 6rectangle 5

2000 - D

E

rectangle 4straight connector 31000 -

F

0



Time
The student will identify the following parts of the Respiratory System on fetal pig and model:

( symbol represents identify also on the cat and  symbol represents identify on models only)

  •  external nares

  • pharynx

  • nasopharynx

 superior meatus, middle meatus, and inferior meatus

  • superior conchae, middle conchae and inferior choncae

  • oropharynx

  • hard & soft palates (know the bones that make-up the hard palate)

 uvula

  • pharynx

  • laryngopharynx

  •  larynx

  • vestibular folds - true vocal cords and false vocal cords (which is superior/inferior?)

  •  epiglottis (cartilage type?)

  • hyoid bone – does not articulate with other bones but what structure does attach to it?

  • thyroid cartilage (know cartilage type)

  •  cricoid cartilage

  • cricothyroid ligament

  •  trachea (know tissue type that lines the trachea




  •  carina

  •  primary, secondary, tertiary bronchi (singular = bronchus)

  • left lung

  • superior and inferior lobes

  • cardiac notch

  •  right lung

  • superior, middle, and inferior lobes

  • diaphragm

The student will identify the following parts of the Digestive System from fetal pig, cat, or models: ( symbol represents identify also on the cat and symbol represents identify on models only)

  • teeth

  • extracted tooth from fetal pig

  • extracted human tooth: identify molar, canine or incisor

  • extracted human tooth: identify dentin, pulp, enamel

  • salivary glands- submandibular, sublingual, parotid

  •  tongue

  • esophagus

  •  stomach

rugae

  • fundus, body, cardiac region, pylorus

  • greater and lesser curvatures

  •  longitudinal, circular, and oblique smooth muscle layers

  •  cardiac (esophageal) sphincter

  •  pyloric sphincter

  •  small intestines

  •  duodenum, jejunum, ileum

  •  plicae circulares

  • ileocecal valve

  •  large intestine

  •  cecum

  •  appendix

  • extended cecum on fetal pig

  • ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid colon

  • spiral colon – fetal pig

  •  haustra

  •  teniae coli

  •  rectum

  • anus

  •  greater omentum – from which organ feature does it drape

  • mesentery

  •  liver

  •  left, right, caudate, quadrate lobes

  • falciform ligament

  •  hepatic portal vein

  • left and right hepatic ducts

  •  common hepatic duct

  •  gallbladder

  •  cystic duct, common bile duct, hepatopancreatic duct

  •  pancreas

  •  head, tail, body, & pancreatic duct



The student will identify the following tissues/organs using the microscope:

  • pancreas- acini (acinar cells) & islets of Langerhans

  • salivary gland – stratified cuboidal epithelium

  • liver – sinusoid, central vein, hepatocytes

  • stomach – gastric pit, simple columnar epithelium, smooth muscle

  • trachea – hyaline cartilage, pseudostratified columnar epithelium

  • pulmonary alveoli (singular = alveolus) – simple squamous epithelium (lung slide)


The student will identify the following layers of the alimentary canal wall on the ileum slide:

  • mucosa

  • submucosa

  • muscularis externa (circular and longitudinal smooth muscle layers)

  • serosa

  • villus (plural = villi)


The student will understand the scientific method as demonstrated with the spirometer. The student will define and give the importance of:

  • hypothesis

  • control group

  • experimental group

  • appropriate conclusions

  • sample size

  • experimental error


The student will describe the role of enzymes in chemical reactions and will know how enzyme activity can be altered by:

  • Concentration

  • pH

  • Temperature


The student will be able to describe the procedures and explain each exercise done in lab (refer to Lab Guide A&P II exercises).


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