The school board of miami-dade county, florida



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Trends in Assistance

Since 1946, the United States has provided over $148 billion (constant 2010 dollars) in assistance to the region. Funding levels have fluctuated over time, however, according to regional trends and U.S. policy initiatives. U.S. assistance to the region spiked during the 1960s under President Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress, then declined in the 1970s before spiking again during the Central American conflicts of the 1980s. After another decline during the 1990s, assistance to the region remained on a generally upward trajectory through the first decade of this century, reaching its most recent peak in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. Aid levels for the region have fallen in each of the past two fiscal years, however, as Congress has sought to trim the foreign aid budget.

See the graph on the following page for U.S. investment trends in Latin America and the Caribbean, for fiscal years 1946-2010.

For more information, please click on the following link: http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42582.pdf.







Map of Latin America

http://www.theprisma.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/latin-america-political.2jpg.jpg

Lesson Plans and Classroom Activities for the

Elementary Classroom





  • Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt - Primary and Intermediate




  • Hispanic Literature for Young Readers - Primary and Intermediate




  • Notable Hispanics - Intermediate




  • Hispanic American Population Growth - Intermediate




Hispanic Heritage Month

Elementary

Lesson Plan

GRADE LEVEL: Social Studies - Elementary - Primary and Intermediate Grades

TITLE: Hispanic Heritage and Culture

OBJECTIVES: Objectives from the Florida Standards are noted with FS.

  1. The student will identify key characteristics of culture (e.g., language, art, music, dance, religion, traditions, food).




  1. The student will analyze the traditions and culture of Hispanic Americans.




  1. The student will research the cultures of several Latin American nations, including their own nation of ancestry (if applicable).




  1. The student will locate Latin American nations on a map.




  1. The student will identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. (FS)




  1. The student will know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text. (FS)




  1. The student will participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations. (FS)



SUGGESTED TIME: 2-3 hours, including homework

DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES:

TEACHER’S NOTE: Separate directions and written assignments are provided in this lesson plan for primary and intermediate students. In both instances, the lesson requires homework. Primary students will need assistance from a parent/family member or guardian. Intermediate students should complete the assignment with minimal assistance at home.

For All Grades:

  1. Ask students to describe some of the holidays and special days they celebrate with their family. Students may relate stories about major celebrations and holidays such as birthdays and holidays (e.g., Thanksgiving, Christmas, Three Kings, Chanukah, Kwanza, July 4th and others). List these on the board.




  1. Have students describe how each listed holiday or special day is celebrated; e.g., family gatherings, ceremonies, food, music, dance.




  1. Explain that these holidays and special days and the way we celebrate them are called traditions and are part of our family’s heritage (background) and culture. Culture is the way of life of a group of people and includes language, dance, music, art, education, religion, politics, literature, food, holidays, and much more. 




  1. Explain that this month we are celebrating and studying Hispanic Heritage and the many Hispanic cultures found in North America (Mexico), Central America, South America and the Caribbean.




  1. Show students a map of Latin America so they can see the countries included in the region. Ask students if any of them or their families are from Latin American countries. List the countries on the board that are represented in the class and review the map once again so students can see where the countries are located. (Maps are provided in the Background section of this instructional resource guide.)




  1. Explain that the class is going to study several nations in Latin America.




  1. Select several Latin American cultures to explore as a class. Be sure to include the countries represented in the class, as well as Mexico (North America) and nations in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.




  1. Complete the attached research assignment entitled “Hispanic Heritage and Culture” (provided for both primary and intermediate grades).


Primary Students: Explain to younger students that they will complete the assignment with help from a parent/family member or guardian as homework.
Intermediate Students: Explain that they will begin the assignment in class using reference material (print and online) provided by the teacher. They can finish the assignment at home.
ASSESSMENT STRATEGY: Completion of “Hispanic Heritage and Culture” assignment.
MATERIALS/AIDS NEEDED: “Hispanic Heritage and Culture” (primary and intermediate worksheets are provided); Map of Latin America (provided in the Background section of this instructional resource guide); flags of Latin America (provided in the Background section of this instructional resource guide); additional research resources provided by the teacher.



Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Primary)
Your Name: ____________________________ Date: ____________
Who helped you complete the assignment?______________________


  1. What is the name of the country you are studying?

_______________________________________________________





  1. Find the country on the map and color it. Label the capital of the country.



  1. Draw and color the flag of the country on the worksheet. What do the colors and the symbols on the flag represent?

_______________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Primary continued)


  1. What foods are enjoyed by the people in the country?

_______________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________


  1. What holidays and traditions are celebrated in the country?

_______________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________

Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Primary continued)


  1. What kind of dances and music are enjoyed in the country?

_______________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________



  1. What 2 interesting facts can you find about the country you are studying?

_______________________________________________________
Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Primary continued)
Map of Latin America

http://www.theprisma.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/latin-america-political.2jpg.jpg

Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Primary continued)

Flag of _____________________________________________________




What do the colors and symbols on the flag represent?


____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________


Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Intermediate)
Your Name: _________________________________ Date: ___________________
Directions: Answer the questions below about the country you are studying. If you need more room, write on your own notebook paper and attach it to this worksheet.


  1. What is the name of the country you are studying?



  1. Where is the country you are studying located? (North America, the Caribbean, Central America, South America)


  1. On the map of Latin America, locate and color the country. Label the capital city. Label any bodies of water near the country.


  1. Draw and color the flag of the country on the last page of the worksheet. What do the colors and the symbols on the flag represent?


Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Intermediate continued)


  1. What country first explored and settled the country?


  1. How did the country get its name?


  1. What foods are enjoyed by the people in the country?


  1. What holidays and traditions are celebrated in the country?


  1. What kind of dances and music are enjoyed in the country?


  1. What 3 interesting facts can you find about the country you are studying?



  1. Write a paragraph summarizing what you learned about this country. (Use your own paper and attach it to the worksheet.)

Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Intermediate continued)

Map of Latin America

http://www.theprisma.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/latin-america-political.2jpg.jpg
Hispanic Heritage and Culture (Intermediate continued)

Flag of __________________________________________






What do the colors and the symbols on the flag represent?







Hispanic Heritage Month

Elementary

Lesson Plan

GRADE LEVEL: Social Studies – Elementary - Primary and Intermediate Grades

TITLE: Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt

OBJECTIVES: Objectives from the Florida Standards are noted with FS.

  1. The student will gather information about Hispanic cultural influences in their community.




  1. The student will conduct short research projects that build knowledge about a topic. (FS)




  1. The student will ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail. (FS)


SUGGESTED TIME: 1-2 hours as a homework assignment

DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES:

TEACHER’S NOTE: Separate directions and written assignments are provided in this lesson plan for primary and intermediate students. This lesson requires homework. Primary students will need assistance from a parent/family member or guardian. Intermediate students should complete the assignment with minimal assistance at home.

For All Grades:

  1. Explain that Hispanics have made important contributions to our community and have influenced the local community in many different ways. Hispanics from all over Latin America have moved here to live, work, and raise their families. The Spanish language is the first and preferred language for many people. Historic sites and museums in our community celebrate the contributions of Hispanics. Hispanics have also had an influence our community’s tastes in food, music, and dance. Explain that students will explore and find examples of the influences of Hispanics on our local community.




  1. As a class, ask students to list the Hispanic influences and contributions they can see in our community. Students may list place names of Hispanic origin and other points of interest such as memorials or museums. Others may list stores or businesses that are owned by Hispanics. Others may list the food, music and other cultural influences.


TEACHER’S NOTE: To assist students in recognizing and appreciating Hispanic influences in the greater Miami area, a series of images is provided. These images can be shared with students before beginning the “Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt.”


  1. Have students complete the “Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt” assignment (provided for both primary and intermediate grades).


Primary Students: Explain to younger students that they will complete the assignment with help from a parent/family member or guardian as homework.
Intermediate Students: Explain that they will begin the assignment in class. They can finish the assignment at home.
ASSESSMENT STRATEGY: Completion of the “Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt” assignment.

MATERIALS/AIDS NEEDED: “Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt” worksheet (provided for both primary and intermediate students); “Images of Hispanic Influences in Miami” (provided).

EXTENSION ACTIVITIES: Have students share the results of their Treasure Hunts in groups or as a whole group activity.

SOURCE: Adapted from Scholastic News, 1997
Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt (Primary)

Your Name: ____________________________ Date:______________
Who helped you complete the assignment?___________________________
How many Hispanic influences can you find in your neighborhood and community? Work with your family to see how many you can find.


  1. Find three people who have come to our community from different Latin American countries. Write their names and the countries they came from here.


  1. Identify three Hispanic customs or traditions celebrated in our community. Write the customs or traditions here.



Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt (Primary continued)

  1. Find a picture of a famous Hispanic person who lives in our community. Paste the picture on the back of this worksheet.



  1. Find a magazine or newspaper article about a Hispanic who lives in our community. Paste the article to the back of this worksheet.



  1. Find three stores or businesses in your neighborhood that are owned by Hispanics. Write the names of the businesses here.


  1. Find three streets in the community that have Hispanic names. Write the names here.



Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt (Primary continued)

  1. Find the names of three Hispanic radio or television stations in our community. Write the names here.



  1. Find one example of a Hispanic memorial or museum in our community. Write the name here.

_______________________________________________________________


  1. Find three Hispanic restaurants in our community and list examples of the food served in each one. Write the answers here.



Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt (Primary continued)

  1. What do you feel is the most important Hispanic influence in our community? Why?


Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt (Intermediate)

Your Name: ______________________________ Date: ________________

Directions: How many Hispanic influences can you find in your neighborhood and community? Write your answers below and attach pictures, etc. to your own paper.

  1. Identify three people you know who have come to our community from different Latin American countries. What countries did they come from?



  1. Identify and describe three Hispanic customs or traditions celebrated in our community.



  1. Find a picture of a famous Hispanic person who lives in our community. Paste the picture on the back of your own paper.



  1. Find a magazine or newspaper article about a Hispanic who lives in our community. Paste the article to the back of your own paper.



  1. Find three stores or businesses in the community that are owned by Hispanics. What do the stores sell?



  1. Find three streets in the community that have Hispanic names. What do the names mean in English?


Hispanic Heritage Treasure Hunt (Intermediate continued)


  1. Find the names of three Hispanic radio or television stations.



  1. Find an example of a Hispanic memorial or museum. What is the purpose of the memorial or what is exhibited in the museum?



  1. Find three Hispanic restaurants and list examples of the food served in each one.

\

  1. What do you feel is the most important Hispanic influence in our community? Why?


Images of Hispanic Influences in Miami

Calle Ocho and Cuban Mural



http://hispanic-culture-online.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/carnaval-miami-3.jpg

http://cdn.theatlanticcities.com/img/upload/2013/09/09/rtr2wx03/largest.jpg
Domino Park in Miami and the Freedom Tower located in downtown Miami

http://images.neverendingvoyage.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/domino_park.jpg
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-svqfou7votc/ts0ncdwgtqi/aaaaaaaaage/abcqrq-lglg/s1600/miami+freedom+tower.jpg

Hispanic Families



http://clearminds.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/family-dinner.jpg

http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.pipx%2bfkfif2htav7prnzua&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

Dances, Festivals, and Holidays



http://www.carnavalmiami.com/images/mainbottoma/c8_2013/large14.jpg

http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.zqawhhiv4fxk2tkzhuhjqq&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

Calle Ocho Street Festival in Miami



https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-jddgzl0cpx0/tyd3zfun1ni/aaaaaaaacfi/qcjgaktmjzo/s1600/calle-ocho-27.jpg
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-xetgxcjbavg/vjjsdpak9ti/aaaaaaaadui/joiumn5kdxw/s1600/calle_ocho_carnival_miami_03.jpeg

Hispanic Foods



http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.a%2b6rvofqc2w3rwdgl8ydag&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.r2bfpjentmo/b%2bgsdffzaw&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

More Hispanic foods



http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.o1nj6fqmmvgsws4abhcdtw&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.voh/ktdshs4qqwao54aljq&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

Hispanic Businesses



http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.6q5lgkx58xbddlel8ip/vw&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

http://www.etraveltrips.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/calle-ocho-miami.jpg

More Hispanic Businesses



http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.jj4eelcjkn3/ccyoij2p7q&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0
http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.hx7scvoxtw5pyqf9jdcnna&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0

http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=jn.mq7weyn4fug872xc3aseaq&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&url=http%3a%2f%2fwww.mediabistro.com%2ftvnewser%2fnoticiero-univision-gets-new-look_b108550


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