The own cellulose of the retroperitoneal space is placed between



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  1. The own cellulose of the retroperitoneal space is placed between:

a) a peritoneum and kidney fascia;

b) f. retroperitonealis and f.endoabdominalis;

c) a peritoneum and f.endoabdominalis;

d) f. thoracolumbalis and m. quadratus lumborum;

e) leaves of the retroperitoneal fascia;


  1. Paracolon is placed directly between:

a) leaves of the retroperitoneal fascia;

b) fascia Toldi and retroperitoneal fascia;

c) parietal peritoneum and f.endoabdominalis;

d) f. retroperitonealis and f.endoabdominalis

e) wall of bowel and visceral peritoneum;
3. At the production of paranephral novocaine block on Vishnevskiy twice there is feeling of easily moving of needle. At the first easily moving a needle gets:

a) in the paranephral space;

b) in the own cellulose of retroperitoneum;

c) under aponevrosis of m.latissimus dorsi;

d) under f. thoracolumbalis;

e) in the m. erector spinae;


4. The paranephric cellulose of retroperitoneum is placed between:

a) a peritoneum and retroperitoneal fascia;

b) a peritoneum and f.endoabdominalis;

c) f. thoracolumbalis and m. quadratus lumborum;

d) f. retroperitonealis and f.endoabdominalis;

e) leaves of the retroperitoneal fascia.


5. A fascial bed for a kidney is formed:

a) leaves of the retroperitoneal fascia;

b) leaves of the visceral peritoneum;

c) parietal peritoneum and retroperitoneal fascia;

d) sheets of endoabdominal fascia;

e) sheets of f. thoracolumbalis.


6. At implementation of operation of nephropexy a kidney is fixed:

a) to the XI rib;

b) on the formed fatty cellulose;

c) on the part of lumbar muscle to the XII rib;

d) to the XII rib;

e) on the part of lumbar muscle to kidney fascia;

7. Lateral parietal spaces of pelvic cavity are placed between:

a) pelvic fascia and m. levator ani;

b) m. levator ani and the skin of sciatic-rectal area;

c) the wall of rectum and pelvic fascia;

d) the parietal sheets of peritoneum and pelvic fascia;

e) peritoneum and visceral lamina of pelvic fascia;


8. A paranephric novocaine blockade on Vishnevskiy is used in all of cases, except for:

a) traumas of organs and bones of pelvis;

b) traumas of organs of pectoral cavity;

c) traumas of lower extremities;

d) breaks of bones of pelvis;

e) nephrocolic;


9. Interrelation of uterine artery and ureter in a parametrium such, that an ureter is:

a) behind an artery;

b) in front of artery;

c) laterally from an artery;

d) medially from an artery;

e) an ureter does not pass in a wide ligament of the uterus; fault


10. In the medial department of lumbar area the m.errector spinae is placed between:

a) f. thoracolumbalis and m. quadratus lumborum;

b) own fascia and m. latissimus dorsi;

c) m. quadratus lumborum and large lumbar muscle;

d) m. latissimus dorsi and superficial sheet of f. thoracolumbalis;

e) the sheets of f. thoracolumbalis;


11. The medial border of Petit’s lumbar triangle is formed by:

a) m.errector spinae;

b) m. obliqus externus abdominis;

c) m. obliqus internus abdominis;

d) m. latissimus dorsi;

e) m. quadratus lumborum .


12. The lateral limit of Petit’s lumbar triangle is:

a) m.errector spinae;

b) m. obliqus externus abdominis;

c) XII rib;

d) XI rib;

e) m. obliqus internus abdominis;

13. Choose the lower limit of Petit’s lumbar triangle:

a) XII rib;

b) m. obliqus internus abdominis;

c) crista iliaca;

d) m.serratus posterior inferior;

e) m. obliqus externus abdominis.


14. Name the superior border of Lesgaft’s lumbar space:

a) m.errector spinae;

b) m. obliqus internus abdominis;

c) XI rib and m.serratus posterior inferior;

d) XII rib;

e) m. obliqus externus abdominis.


15. Choose the medial border of Lesgaft’s lumbar space:

a) m. latissimus dorsi;

b) m. obliqus externus abdominis;

c) XII rib;

d) m.errector spinae;

e) m. obliqus internus abdominis.


16. The lateral limit of lumbar space of Lesgaft’s lumbar space is:

a) XII rib;

b) m.serratus posterior inferior;

c) m. obliqus externus abdominis;

d) ) m. obliqus internus abdominis;

e) m. latissimus dorsi.


17. The own cellulose of retroperitoneum is down reported with:

a) parietal pelvic space;

b) paraduodenal cellulose;

c) paracolon;

d) pelvic visceral space;

e) preperitoneal adipose tissue.


18. The right XII rib crosses a kidney on a level:

a) superior and middle third of its length;

b) middle third of its length;

c) middle and lower third of its length;

d) a kidney is below than the XII rib;

e) lower third of its length;

19. Skeletotopy of right kidney is made by vertebrae:

a) XI thoracical - I lumbar;

b) X-XII thoracical;

c) I-III lumbar;

d) XII thoracical - II lumbar;

e) I-IV lumbar;


20. Skeletotopy of the left kidney is made by vertebrae:

a) X-XII thoracal;

b) XII thoracal - II lumbar;

c) I - II lumbar;

d) I - III lumbar;

e) XI thoracal - I lumbar;


21. The XII rib crosses the left kidney on a level:

a) middle and lower third of its length;

b) superior and middle third of its length;

c) middle third of its length;

d) a kidney is higher than the XII rib;

e) lower third of its length;


22. A kidney gate is projects on a lumbar area in an intersection:

a) XII rib and lateral margion of m.errector spinae;

b) XII ribs and scapular line;

c) XI rib and back axillar line;

d) XI rib and external margion of m.errector spinae;

e) XI rib and paravertebral line;


23. The kidney boundle consists of all following elements, except:

a) the superior suprarenal artery;

b) the lower suprarenal artery;

c) the renal artery;

d) renal vein;

e) visceral branches of vegetative nervous ganglions;


24. A kidney in relation to a peritoneum is located:

a) intraperitoneally;

b) mesoperitoneally;

c) extraperitoneally;

d) intra- and mesoperitoneally;

e) extra- mesoperitoneally.

25. The superior suprarenal artery is the branch of artery:

a) renal;

b) abdominal aorta;

c) splenic;

d) lower diaphragmatic;

e) tr.coeliacus.


26. A middle suprarenal artery takes beginning from an artery:

a) internal thoracal;

b) renal;

c) splenic;

d) abdominal aorta;

e) general hepatic;


27. A lower suprarenal artery begins from:

a) a. mesenterica superior;

b) a. renalis;

c) tr.coeliacus;

d) lower diaphragmatic artery;

e) splenicartery.


28. The first physiology narrowing of ureter is on a limit:

a) middle of length of ureter;

b) superior and middle third of length of ureter;

c) terminal line of pelvis;

d) pyelus of kidney and ureter

e) the III and the IV lumbar vertebrae.


29. The second physiology narrowing of ureter is at level:

a) middle of length of ureter;

b) terminal line of pelvis;

c) superior and middle third of length of ureter;

d) the III and the IV lumbar vertebrae;

e) large wing of ilium;


30. The third physiology narrowing of ureter is on a limit:

a) large wing of ilium;

b) entrance into the wall of urinary bladder;

c) entrance into the small pelvis;

d) entrance into the wide ligament of uterus;

e) III - IV sacrum vertebrae;

31. Ureters in relation to a peritoneum are located:

a) mesoperitoneally;

b) intraperitoneally;

c) extraperitoneally;

d) meso- and extraperitoneally;

e) meso- and intraperitoneally;


32. A venous blood from a right ureter dirrects into the vein:

a) v. cava inferior;

b) v. lienalis;

c) v. mesenterica superior;

d) v. mesenterica inferior;

e) v. colica dextra.


33. A venous outflow from the left ureter is carried out in veins:

a) v. lienalis;

b) v. mesenterica superior;

c) v. cava inferior;

d) v. renalis sinistra;

e) v. iliaca communis sisistra.


34. Skeletotopy of bifurcation of aorta is made by a vertebra:

a) III lumbar;

b) IV lumbar;

c) V lumbar;

d) I sacral;

e) II sacral.


35. An abdominal aorta in relation to a peritoneum is located:

a) mesoperitoneally;

b) intraperitoneally;

c) extraperitoneally;

d) extra- and mesoperitoneally;

e) intra- and meoperitoneally.


36. V. cava inferior is in relation to a peritoneum:

a) meoperitoneally;

b) extraperitoneally;

c) intraperitoneally;

d) extra- and mesoperitoneally;

e) intra- and mesoperitoneally.

37. The visceral neuroplexs of retroperitoneum are all following plexus, except:

a) pl. coeliacus;

b) pl. mesentericus inferior;

c) pl. lumbalis;

d) pl. lienalis;

e) pl. renalis.


38. Back pyelotomy is more expedient, than front, as:

a) operative access in the lumbar area is sparing;

b) allows to delete large on a size stones;

c) allows to delete the stone of any localization;

d) there is not a danger of wound of kidney vessels;

e) allows to conduct the revision of pyelus.


39. Fedorov’s operative access to the urinoexcretory system is used for exposure:

a) superior pole of kidney;

b) middle third of ureter;

c) lower third of ureter;

d) pyelus and lower pole of kidney;

e) jukstavesikal part of ureter.


40. What muscle does form the urogenital diaphragm?

a) m.coccygeus;

b) m. iliococcygeus;

c) m. transversus perinei profundus;

d) m. puborectalis.
41. What is disposed in the peritoneal floor of cavity of small pelvis?

a) organs and parts of organs, wich are not covered by peritoneum;

b) visceral spaces;

c) organs and parts of organs, covered a peritoneum;

d) parietal spaces.
42. How is an ovary located in relation to a peritoneum?

a) intraperitoneally;

b) retroperitoneally;

c) mesoperitoneal'no;

d) not covered a peritoneum.
43. Where does the round ligament of uterus pass?

a) in a wideligament;

b) from the corner of uterus to the internal opening of inguinal channel;

c) from the body of uterus to the internal surface of inguinal channel;

d) near the uterine artery.

44. What ligaments do behave to the suspending apparatus of uterus?

a) cystic-uterine and main ligaments;

c) lig. vesicouterinum and lig. sacrouterinum;

d) round and wide ligaments;

e) main and wide ligaments.


45. What is the space of Douglas?

a) cystic-rectal deepening;

b) cystic-uterine deepening;

c) rectal-uterine deepening.


46. On what areas does divide a crotch?

a) on back and front;

b) on vaginal and anual;

c) on urogenital and anual;

d) on sacral and urogenital.
47. All following structures take part in forming of bone basis of pelvis, except:

a) coccyx;

b) sacrum;

c) IV lumbar vertebra;

d) V lumbar vertebra;

e) os ilium.


48. The large sciatic opening of small pelvis is formed by a ligament:

a) lig. sacro-tuberale;

b) lig. sacro-uterinum;

c) lig.pubo-vesicale;

d) lig. sacro-spinale;

e) lig. anococcygeum.


49. The small sciatic opening of small pelvis is formed by :

a) lig. anococcygeum;

b) lig.pubo-vesicale;

c) lig. sacro-uterinum ;

d) lig. sacro-tuberale;

e) lig. sacro-spinale .


50. Choose the parietal muscle of small pelvis :

a) m.levator ani;

b) m. piriformis;

c) m.sphincter ani externus;

d) m. pubo-coccygeus;

e) m. ilio-coccygeus.


51. Choose the parietal muscle of small pelvis:

a) m. pubo-coccygeus ;

b) m. ilio-coccygeus ;

c) m.sphincter ani externus ;

d) m.sphincter urethrae externus;

e) m. obturatorius externus.


52. Name the visceral muscle of small pelvis:

a) m. piriformis;

b) m. obturatorius internus;

c) m. pubo-coccygeus;

d) m.iliacus;

e) m. obturatorius externus.


53. Urogenital diaphragm is made by a muscle:

a) m. pubo-coccygeus;

b) m. ilio-coccygeus;

c) m. transversus perinei profundus;

d) m. obturatorius internus;

e) m. obturatorius externus.


54. Basis of pelvic diaphragm is made by a muscle:

a) m.levator ani;

b) m. obturatorius externus;

c) m. piriformis;

d) m. transversus perinei profundus ;

e) m. transversus perinei superficialis.


55. The deep transversal muscle of crotch is placed between:

a) lower and upper fasciae of urogenital diaphragm;

b) lower fascia of urogenital diaphragm and m. transversus perinei superficialis;

c) subcutaneous adipose tissue and superficial lamina of fascia perinei;

d) lower and superior fascia of pelvic diaphragm;

e) superior fascia of urogenital diaphragm and parietal cellulose of urinary bladder.


56. The parietal lamina of pelvic fascia covers all structures, except :

a) m. piriformis ;

b) internal iliac artery;

c) m. levator ani;

d) lig. sacro-spinale ;

e) prostata.


57. The parietal lamina of pelvic fascia covers all structures, except:

a) iliac-coccygeal muscle;

b) m. pubo-coccygeus;

c) walls of rectum;

d) external iliac vein;

e) internal iliac vein.


58. The visceral sheet of pelvic fascia covers all structures , except:

a) ampoules of rectum;

b) prostata;

c) anterior wall of urinary bladder;

d) internal obturatorial muscle;

e) back wall of rectum.


59. The visceral sheet of pelvic fascia covers all structures , except:

a) salpinxs;

b) sacrums;

c) body of uterus;

d) isthmus of uterus;

e) lower wall of urinary bladder.


60. Lateral parietal space of pelvis is placed between:

a) the sheets of wide ligament of uterus;

b) the lateral wall of rectum and visceral fascia of pelvis;

c) the parietal sheet of peritoneum and pelvic fascia;

d) the lateral wall of urinary bladder and visceral fascia of pelvis;

e) m. levator ani and the skin of crotch.


61. Lateral parietal space of pelvis is connected with a cellulose:

a) the region glutea;

b) retroperitoneal space;

c) parametrium;

d) paravesical space;

e) all of variants.


62. The prevesical parietal cellulose of pelvis is placed between:

a) the wall of urinary bladder and his visceral fascia;

b) prevesical and transversal fascia;

c) visceral fascia of pelvis and prevesical fascia;

d) prevesical fascia and peritoneum;

e) transversal fascia and peritoneum.


63. The prevesical visceral cellulose of pelvis is placed between:

a) transversal and prevesical fascia;

b) transversal fascia and peritoneum;

c) prevesical fascia and visceral fascia of pelvis;

d) prevesical fascia and peritoneum;

e) visceral fascia of urinary bladder and diaphragm of pelvis.


64. The prevesical parietal cellulose of pelvis is connected directly with a cellulose of:

a) retroperitoneal space;

b) lateral spaces of pelvis;

c) paravesical space;

d) retrorectal space;

e) deep space of regio glutea.


65. The prevesical parietal cellulose of pelvis is connected directly with a cellulose:

a) retroperitoneal space;

b) lateral spaces of pelvis;

c) retrorectal space;

d) preperitoneal;

e) sciatic-rectal fossula.


66. The prevesical cellulose of pelvis is placed between:

a) the visceral sheet of pelvic fascia and peritoneum;

b) visceral and prevesical fascia of urinary bladder;

c) transversal fascia and transversal muscle of abdominal wall;

d) the parietal sheet of pelvic fascia and peritoneum;

e) none of variants.


67. The paravesical cellulose of pelvis contains:

a) external iliac vein;

b) external iliac artery;

c) obturatorial nerve;

d) internal iliac vein;

e) umbilical vein.


68. The paravesical cellulose of pelvis is connected directly with all of spaces, except for:

a) prevesical visceral;

b) deep buttock;

c) preperitoneal of urinary bladder;

d) lateral parietal;

e) preperitoneal of abdominal wall.


69. The retrorectal parietal cellulose is placed between:

a) the periosteum of sacrums and parietal pelvic fascia;

b) visceral pelvic fascia and wall of rectum;

c) the parietal and visceral sheets of pelvic fascia;

d) m. piriformis and pelvic fascia;

e) such cellulose is absent.


70. The retrorectal parietal cellulose is connected directly with a cellulose:

a) pararectal visceral;

b) prerectal visceral;

c) retroperitoneal space;

d) retrovesical visceral;

e) of prostate.


71. The retrorectal visceral cellulose of pelvis is placed between:

a) periosteum and bone of sacrum;

b) periosteum of sacrum and parietal sheet of pelvic fascia;

c) visceral sheet of pelvic fascia and wall of rectum;

d) parietal and visceral sheets of pelvic fascia;

e) such cellulose is absent.


72. The preperitoneal cellulose of urinary bladder is limited superiorly by:

a) prevesical fascia;

b) transversal fascia;

c) transitional fold of parietal peritoneum;

d) anterior wall of urinary bladder;

e) the superior margin of symphysis.


73. Parametrium lies, mainly, near:

a) the body of uterus;

b) the isthmus of salpinx;

c) the ampular part of salpinx;

d) the supravaginal part of cervix uteri;

e) the intersticial part of salpinx.

74. Parametrium is placed between:

a) the sheets of visceral peritoneum of rectum and uterus;

b) the sheets of visceral peritoneum of urinary bladder and uterus;

c) a visceral peritoneum and sheet of visceral pelvic fascia;

d) the anterior and posterior sheets of lig.latum uteri;

e) the posterior part of the fornix of vagina and peritoneum of the fallopian-rectal deepening.


75. Retroprostatic visceral space is situated between:

a) visceral fascia of prostate and peritoneal-crotch aponevrosis;

b) the peritoneal covers of urinary bladder and ampoule of rectum;

c) the prevesical part of ureters;

d) the posterior surface of prostate and anterior surface of rectum;

e) the prostate and its fascial capsule.


76. The peritoneal floor of pelvic cavity is occupied by all following structures, except:

a) ampoule of rectum;

b) posterio-lateral surface of urinary bladder;

c) body of uterus;

d) seminal bubbles;

e) ovarie.


77. The superior border of subperitoneal floor of pelvic cavity is:

a) peritoneum;

b) cellulose of pelvic diaphragm;

c) peritoneal-crotch aponeurosis;

d) lower fascia of diaphragm of pelvis;

e) superior fascia of diaphragm of pelvis.


78. The subperitoneal floor of pelvic cavity is occupied by all following structures, except:

a) anal part of rectum;

b) ampoules of rectum;

c) urinary bladder;

d) pelvic department of ureter;

e) prostate.


79. Choose the lower limit of subcutaneous floor of pelvic cavity:

a) m.levator ani;

b) superior fascia of diaphragm of pelvis;

c) lower fascia of diaphragm of pelvis;

d) m. sphincter ani externus

e) skin of crotch.


80. The superior limit of subcutaneous floor of pelvic cavity is:

a) superior fascia of diaphragm of pelvis;

b) lower fascia of diaphragm of pelvis;

c) skin of crotch;

d) tuber ischiadicus;

e) all of variants.


81. The subcutaneous floor of pelvic cavity includes:

a) pars prostatica of urethra;

b) prostata;

c) crotch department of urethra;

d) ampoules of seminal channels;

e) all of variants.


82. The plexus sacralis forms all of nerves, except:

a) superior buttock;

b) lower buttock;

c) sciatic;

d) obturatorial;

e) back skin nerve of thigh.


83. A dartos of scrotum is the derivate of layer of abdominal wall:

a) aponeurosis of m. obliqus externus abdominis;

b) m. obliqus internus abdominis;

c) transversal fascia;

d) subcutaneous tissue;

e) parietal peritoneum.


84. External seminal fascia of scrotum is the derivate of layer of abdominal wall:

a) transversal fascia;

b) transversal muscle;

c) superficial fascia;

d) none of variants;

e) m. obliqus internus abdominis .


85. Internal seminal fascia of scrotum is the derivate of layer of abdominal wall:

a) aponeurosis of m. obliqus externus abdominis;

b) superficial fascia;

c) transversal fascia;

d) fascia propria;

e) aponeurosis of m. transversus abdominis.


86. A visceral sheet of vaginal cover of testicle is the derivates of layer of abdominal wall:

a) transversal fascia;

b) aponeurosis of m. transversus abdominis;

c) fascia propria .

d) parietal peritoneum;

e) superficial fascia.


87. Testicular artery is the branch of :

a) a. mesenterica inferior;

b) a. mesenterica superior;

c) a. obturatoria;

d) a.femoralis;

e) aorta.


88. A venous outflow from the left testicle is carried out into the vein:

a) v. mesenterica inferior ;

b) v. mesenterica superior ;

c) v. femoralis;

d) v. renallis;

e) v. cava inferior.


89. A venous outflow from a right testicle is carried out into the vein:

a) lower hollow;

b) v. femoralis;

c) internal iliac;

d) v. mesenterica inferior;

e) v. mesenterica superior.


90. Testicle is supplied by testicular artery which is a branch of:

a) the internal iliac artery;

b) the external iliac artery;

c) the lower mesenteric artery;

d) the kidney artery;

e) aortas.


91. Pars rectosigmoidalis of rectum in relation to a peritoneum is located:

a) extraperitoneally;

b) mesoperitoneally;

c) intraperitoneally;

d) extra- and mesoperitoneally;

e) intra- and extraperitoneally.


92. Anal part of the rectum in relation to a peritoneum is located:

a) intraperitoneally;

b) extra- and mesoperitoneally;

c) intra- and mesoperitoneally;

d) extraperitoneally;

e) mesoperitoneally.


93. A venous outflow from the rectum by the v. rectalis superior carries out into a vein:

a) v. epigastrica inferior;

b) v. mesenterica superior;

c) v. iliaca interna;

d) v. cava inferior;

e) v. mesenterica inferior .


94. A venous outflow from a rectum by the middle rectal vein takes place into a vein:

a) v. epigastrica inferior;

b) v. iliaca interna ;

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