The Last Leaf By O. Henry Vocabulary words and their definitions Acute – adj. – very serious, critical



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The Last Leaf

By O. Henry
Vocabulary words and their definitions
1. Acute – adj. – very serious, critical

Definition: important

Synonyms: afflictive, critical, crucial, dangerous, decisive, desperate, dire, essential, grave, serious, severe, sudden, urgent, vital

Notes: 1. acute is used for a sudden onset and short duration; chronic is for conditions that are slow to develop and of long duration

2. acute is an angle of less than 90 degrees; obtuse is one of more than 90 degrees

3. chronic is contrasted with acute as chronic pain persists over a longer period of time than acute pain and is resistant to most medical treatments


2. Chivalric – adj. – noble, courageous, honorable; demonstrating readiness to

help the weak and protect women

Definition: wonderful

Synonyms: arresting, august, brilliant, chivalric, commanding, elegant, elevated, exalted, excellent, fine, glittering, gorgeous, grand, grandiose, high-minded, imperial, imposing, impressive, lavish, lofty, lordly, luxurious, magnanimous, magnific, majestic, noble, opulent, outstanding, palatial, plush, pompous, posh, princely, proud, radiant, regal, resplendent, rich, royal, smashing, splendid, standout, stately, striking, sublime, sumptuous, superb, superior, superlative, swanky, towering, transcendent
3. Clinging – verb - adhering, sticking together

Definition: sticking

Synonyms: adhering, agglutinant, attaching, clinging, clingy, gelatinous, glutinous, gooey, gummed, gummy, holding, hugging, mucilaginous, pasty, resinous, sticky, tenacious, viscid, viscous, waxy
4. Colony – noun – a group having similar interests living in

a particular local


Definition:  

community

Synonyms:  

antecedents, dependency, dominion, forefathers, forerunners, mandate, offshoot, outpost, pioneers, possession, protectorate, province, satellite, settlement, subject state, swarm, territory


5. Congenialadj – compatible; having the same tastes and

temperament

Definition:  

friendly

Synonyms:  



adapted, affable, agreeable, amicable, clubby, companionable, compatible, complaisant, congruous, consistent, consonant, conversable, convivial, cooperative, cordial, delightful, favorable, fit, genial, good-humored, gracious, happy, harmonious, jovial, kindly, kindred, like-minded, mellow, pleasant, pleasing, regular fellow, right neighborly, sociable, social, suitable,


6. Daub – noun – a poorly painted picture

Definition:  

drop, spot

Synonyms:  

ball, bead, blot, blotch, bubble, dab, daub, dot, droplet, glob*, globule, splash, splotch*



7. Derision – noun – contempt or ridicule

Definition:  

insult

Synonyms:  

Bronx cheer*, backhanded compliment*, brickbat*, butt*, comeback, contempt, contumely, crack, dig*, dirty dig, disdain, disparagement, disrespect, dump*, game, jab, jest, joke, laughingstock, laughter, mockery, parting shot, pilgarlic, put down, raillery, rank out, raspberry, razzberry, ridicule, satire, scoffing, scorn, slam*, slap, sneering, sport, swipe



8. Dissolution – noun – disintegration; the ending of life

Definition:  

separation

Synonyms:  

breaking up, detachment, disintegration, disunion, division, divorce, divorcement, estrangement, parting, partition, resolution, rupture, split-up



9. Duffer – noun – anything counterfeit or worthless

Definition:  

blunderer

Synonyms:  

addle-brain, addle-head, blockhead*, blunderbuss, blunderer, blunderhead, bonehead*, botcher*, butcher*, butterfingers*, clod, clumsy oaf*, dolt, donkey*, dub, duffer*, dunce, featherbrain*, flounderer, fool, foul-up*, fumbler*, goof, goof off*, goofball*, harebrain*, idiot, ignoramus, incompetent, klutz*, lubber, mismanager, muddler, muff, muffer*, numskull*, schlemiel, screw-up, spoiler, stumblebum



10. Flibbertigibbet – noun – an irresponsible, flighty person

Definition:  

rumormonger

Synonyms:  

babbler*, backbiter, blabbermouth*, blatherskite, busybody, chatterbox, chatterer, circulator, clack, flibbertigibbet*, gossipmonger, informer, long-nose, magpie, meddler, newsmonger, old hen, parrot*, prattler, quidnunc, rumorer, scandalizer*, scandalmonger*, sieve, snoop*, talebearer, tattler, telltale


11. Gnarled – adj. – knotty and twisted as the trunk of an old tree

Definition:  

knotted

Synonyms:  

bent, contorted, crooked, deformed, distorted, gnarly, knotty, knurled, leathery, rough, rugged, tortured, twisted, weather-beaten, wrinkled

12. Hermit – noun – person who lives alone in a lonely or secluded spot, often from religious motives; recluse

Definition:  

loner

Synonyms:  

anchoress, anchoret, anchorite, ascetic, eremite, hermitess, misanthrope, monk, pillarist, recluse, skeptic, solitaire, solitarian, solitary, stylite


13. Imp – noun - a devil’s offspring; young demon, a mischievous child

Definition:  

rascal

Synonyms:  

brat, demon, devil, deviling, devilkin, elf, fiend, gamin, gnome, gremlin, hellcat, hellion, minx, pixie, puck, rascal, rogue, scamp, sprite, troll, tyke, urchin, villain


14. Mastiff – noun – a large, powerful dog used as a guard dog
15. Monocle – noun – an eyeglass for one eye only

Definition:  

glasses

Synonyms:  

bifocals, cheaters*, contact lenses, contacts, goggles, lorgnette, monocle, pair of glasses, pince-nez, reading glasses, shades, specs*, spectacles, sunglasses, trifocals


16. Morbid – adj – resulted from a diseased state of mine; especially having or showing an unwholesome tendency to dwell on gruesome or gloomy matters

Definition:  

gloomy

Synonyms:  

aberrant, abnormal, ailing, brooding, dark, deadly, depressed, despondent, diseased, dreadful, frightful, ghastly, ghoulish, grim, grisly, gruesome, hideous, horrid, infected, irascible, macabre, malignant, melancholy, monstrous, moody, nasty, pathological, pessimistic, psychotic, saturnine, ,


17. Pharmacopoeia – noun – stock of drugs and medicines available to doctors
18. Prowling – verb – to roam about furtively, as in search of prey or loot

Definition:  

slink

Synonyms:  

cruise, gumshoe, hunt, lurk, mooch around, nose around*, patrol, pussyfoot, range, roam, rove, scavenge, skulk, slink, snake, sneak, stalk, steal, stroll, tramp


19. Quaintadj. – unusual or old fashioned in a pleasing way

Definition: strange



Synonyms: bizarre, curious, droll, eccentric, erratic, fanciful, fantastic, freakish, freaky*, funny, idiosyncratic, laughable, odd, oddball, offbeat, original, outlandish, peculiar, queer, singular, special, unusual, weird*, weirdo, whimsical
20. Ravager – noun – to commit the act of violent destruction

Definition:  

thief

Synonyms:  

brigand, crook, desperado, forager, gangster, gunman, highwayman, hijacker, holdup man, hooligan, marauder, mobster, outlaw, pillager, pirate, plunderer, racketeer, raider, ravager, robber, villain



21. Ripple – verb – movement, appearance or formation suggesting little waves on the surface

Definition:  

wave; wrinkle

Synonyms:  

billow, breaker, crest, curl, fold, furrow, line, rippling, rush, surge, swell, tide, undulation, whitecap


22. Satyr – noun – Greek myth, represented as having pointed ears, short horns, the head and body of a man, and the legs of a goat; a lustful or lecherous man
23. Scoff – verb – to show mocking contempt, scorn, or derision, especially by language

Definition:  

make fun

Synonyms:  

belittle, boo*, contemn, deride, despise, dig at*, disbelieve, discount, discredit, disdain, flout, gibe, jeer, josh, knock*, laugh at, mock, pan*, pooh-pooh*, rag*, rally, rank out, reject, revile, ride, ridicule, roast, scorn, show contempt, sneer, swipe at, twit


24. Smite – verb – to hit or strike hard

Definition:  

hit

Synonyms:  

biff, box, cuff, knock, punch, smite, strike


25. Solicitously – adverb – filled with anxiety or apprehension

Definition:  

cautiously

Synonyms:  

anxiously, attentively, circumspectly, concernedly, conscientiously, correctly, deliberately, delicately, dependably, discreetly, exactly, faithfully, fastidiously, fully, gingerly, guardedly, heedfully, honorably, in detail, laboriously, meticulously, particularly, precisely, providently, prudently, punctiliously, regardfully, reliably, rigorously, scrupulously, solicitously, thoroughly, thoughtfully, trustily, uprightly, vigilantly, warily, watchfully


26. Stricken – verb – afflicted or affected, as by something painful or very distressing

Definition:  

sad, sorrowful

Synonyms:  

anguished, cheerless, dejected, depressed, despairing, devastated, distressed, down, heartbroken, heartsick, heavyhearted, hurting, inconsolable, melancholy, miserable, morose, overcome, troubled, unhappy, woebegone


27. Swaggered – verb – walked boldly, arrogantly, strutted
28. Table d’hote – noun – a complete meal served at a stated time and fixed price

Definition:  

menu of complete meals

Synonyms:  

a la carte, communal table, ordinary, prix fixe


29. Traverse- verb - to go back and forth over or along, cross, recross

Definition: cross over



Synonyms: bisect, bridge, cover, crisscross, cross, cut across, decussate, do, go across, go over, intersect, move over, negotiate, pace, pass over, pass through, perambulate, peregrinate, ply, quarter, range, roam, span, track, transverse, travel, travel over, tread, walk, wander
30. Zephyrs – noun - soft, gentle breezes


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