Part of these policies is that he absolutely rejected investment in a non-Islamic country, unless this is unavoidable. For example, if the financial channels that lead to this Islamic country must go through a non-Islamic country. Part of these policies, of course, is avoiding any activity that may be suspected of usury. This is why he used to avoid investing in the stock market and Western shares because he thinks that the investor cannot be sure that his shares will not be polluted by usury because the money is deposited in banks that deal in usury and because profit is mixed with interest. Also, part of his policies is that he likes to supervise personally most of his financial activities, although those who work with him are honest. He is also careful to consult ulema and students on all financial activities, so as to avoid breaching any Islamic law inadvertently.
Financially, Usamah was exposed to three shocks, which greatly affected his financial activity. The first shock was the decision of the Saudi Government to freeze his known assets, including movable and immovable assets, after it felt that there was no hope of his coming back. These assets were estimated at $200-300 million when they were frozen. The funds were placed under the control of official parties. This is the estimation which the media speak about when they talk about Bin-Ladin and his assets. As for the funds at his disposal right now, this is another story.
The second shock was when the Sudanese Government failed to pay the cost of the projects implemented by Usamah; mainly, the Road of Challenge, which links Port Sudan and Khartoum. It is believed that Bin-Ladin could not get more than 10 percent of the funds he had demanded from the Sudanese Government, which are probably in excess of $200 million.
The third shock was when he had to get rid of a number of companies, which the Saudi Government learned about. All this happened before he entered the stage of open conflict with the United States. It is not strange now that his circumstances should prevent his success in any trade activity.
But the issue does not end here, because the social and political situation in the Kingdom is so complicated and entangled in a way that makes these shocks insufficient to strangle Usamah financially. This issue has some details, but it is unwise to provide the details here because it may embarrass some people. However, the idea basically is that every riyal that goes to King Fahd or Prince Sultan may eventually find its way to Bin-Ladin, against the will of King Fahd and Prince Sultan. A word to the wise is enough.
Does Not Please Opponents
Bin-Ladin's financial problem, for his opponents, is not confined to these shocks. In fact, this problem is not confined to his own financial abilities in the first place. Perhaps, it does not depend on his financial situation for two main reasons. First, despite his generosity and contributions, Bin-Ladin's personal funds were not the main source of financing the jihad activity he had adopted. The trust of benefactors in him was so great, and they used to give him without any reluctance. Some of them even gave him tens of millions. The second reason, which is known to so-called "terrorism experts," is that the so-called terrorist operations do not cost a lot, when you have people with conviction. This is because those people are not mercenaries who receive money for their operations. All that these operations need is good planning and training. As for the cost of weapons, equipment, and explosives, it is not in the millions, especially in some Arab areas. In Yemen, for example, an RPG [rocket-propelled grenade] costs less than a television set. In Somalia, a TNT device costs less than sugar. The issue is not one of cost inasmuch as it is a case of adoption and readiness. Thus, the Americans' talk about monitoring the funds of Bin-Ladin by computer, Internet, and satellites shows failure and deception of those who do not know. This talk is nonsense.
Jordanian Tells of Torture in Bin-Ladin's Prison
GMP20000620000032 London Al-Sharq al-Awsat in Arabic 20 Jun 00 P 3
[Report on an interview with Muhammad al-Bayid, a Jordanian recently released by Taleban Movement, in Irbid, Jordan, by Muhammad al-Shafi'i in london; date not given: "Five Arabs, Including a Saudi, Are Detained by Al-Qa'idah Organization on Charges of Spying"]
Muhammad al-Bayid, alias Abu-al-Mubtasim, has accused Usamah Bin-Ladin's Egyptian and Saudi fundamentalist supporters in Kandahar of using the method of "repudiation" [al-takfir] for dealing with and getting rid of their opponents. He said that five Arabs are in Taleban's prisons accused of spying on Bin-Ladin, including one who says he is Saudi called Siddiq al-Thaqafi.
The 27 years old Al-Bayid is a Jordanian citizen of Palestinian origin. The ruling Taleban Movement in Afghanistan recently released him after detaining him for more than eight months.
In a telephone interview with Al-Sharq al-Awsat from his house in the Jordanian city of Irbid, Abu-al-Mubtasim said: "I was accused of spying for Israel's Mosad and the intelligence services of several Arab countries. I was treated very harshly, beaten, kicked, and hanged by the feet like a carcass in Bin-Ladin's prisons."
He added that he came under pressure to sign confessions that he had gathered information for Arab and Western intelligence services about Usamah Bin-Ladin's location, his connections with Taleban, whether the latter was sending volunteers to fight in Chechnya, how this was done, and the involvement of the Afghans and Taleban in Kashmir and the jihad in Chechnya.
Al-Bayid was reported to have been executed before Taleban released him three weeks ago following a pardon from Taleban Ruler Molla Mohammad Omar. He said, "The personal animosity of Abu-Hafs, the military official in charge of Al-Qa'idah Organization and Bin-Ladin's right-hand man, and another Egyptian fundamentalist from Alexandria called Sayf-al-Adl, Bin-Ladin's Director of Intelligence, was behind his painful experience and accusation of spying for Arab and Western intelligence services." He went on to say that he saw in Taleban's Sarbozah Prison [as transliterated] in Kandahar five Arabs accused of spying on Bin-Ladin. They include a Saudi called Siddiq al-Thaqafi who has been in detention for more than two years, a Syrian youth called Abd-al-Rahim Abd-al-Razzaq Janku who is in his early twenties, a Kurdish youth, and a 70 years old Iraqi accused of the same charge who later died in prison. He added that there are about 120 cells in this prison, each of which can accommodate 40 prisoners. He pointed out that around 3,000 Afghan prisoners from the northern opposition forces led by Ahmmad Shah Mas'ud are in the same prison. Abu-al-Mubtasim said that his military training with the mujahidin in Peshawar, his involvement in the Afghan's jihad against the Russian forces, and his presence among the ranks of the Arab Afghans defending Taleban's positions did not count during his interrogation by colleagues who are very close to Bin-Ladin.
He said: "The idea of "repudiation", which has nothing to do with Islam and its doctrines, has become an entrenched principle for the secret Egyptian Jihad Organization's leaders, including its former Leader Ayman al-Zawahiri and Abu-Hafs (Muhammad Atif, Al-Qa'idah's military leader that the FBI is offering a $5 million reward for his capture). Both of them are unusually very close to Bin-Ladin and guard him around the clock when he travels in Kandahar and its suburbs.
Abu-al-Mubtasim claimed that Bin-Ladin does not know what is happening around him because he has put himself in the hands of his fundamentalist advisers from Al-Qa'idah. He added that Bin-Ladin is surrounded by individuals whom he says are outlaws who have proscribed the Muslims' honor and possessions.
Talking about the early period of his detention in Bin-Ladin's prisons before being moved to Taleban's Intelligence Service prisons, Abu-al-Mubtasim said: "I went to Kabul to telephone my mother in Jordan. I felt that I was under close surveillance from the adjoining room and was being monitored by an Egyptian fundamentalist called Abu-al-Samh. I was afraid of him because he had earlier accused me of killing fundamentalist Abu-Islam al-Masri in the United Arab Emirates, which I used to visit very frequently to raise financial contributions for the Arab Afghans before I was finally expelled from it about three years ago." He added: A group of Arab Afghans arrested me in Kabul. They accused me of telephoning an officer in Israel's Mosad Intelligence Service and giving him sensitive information about Bin-Ladin's location, the timing of his moves between his four wives, and other information about how the Arab mujahidin were sent from Afghanistan to the Caucasus to help in the jihad under Ibn-al-Hattab's command.
He said: "The accusation was made in one of the training camps in Kabul. I gave them the number of the telephone that I had called and told them: Call this number to see that I am telling the truth. But Sayf-al-Adl, a 35 years old Egyptian fundamentalist from Alexandria who is Bin-Ladin's Director of Intelligence and had accompanied him on most of his trips between Somalia, Sudan, and Afghanistan, tricked me. He said that Shaykh Usamah wanted to meet me in person in Kandahar to hear my answers. They moved me to Al-Faruq training camp and threw me in an underground dungeon. Abu-Hafs, Bin-Ladin's right-hand man and Al-Qa'idah's military commander, came the next day and said that he wanted to cleanse me of vice, adultery, and the sins I had committed. He brought me 15 papers full of confessions attributed to me, did not ask me any single question, and asked me to sign them so as to spare my life."
Abu-al-Mubtasim went on to say: "The mental and physical suffering did not stop there. They proscribed my sons' possessions according to their famous principle of (proscription) that they believe in and took them all.
I asked him: How many thousands of dollars did they take from you? He said after a pause: "There is no need to mention it."
Talking further about Bin-Ladin's prisons, he said: "I refused to sign the papers, objected to this method, and expressed my disappointment for spending 12 years of my life in the mujahidin's ranks in defense of their causes. Abu-Jandal, a Saudi fundamentalist who is one of Bin-Ladin's aides and has a black belt in Taikondo, hit me on the head with his strong fist and then punched me with his hands and kicked me with his feet. He threatened to kill me if I did not confess everything. I became very afraid and felt that my soul was leaving my body as it was coming under successive punches."
He added that he seized the chance to sleep during the day and think of all that he had gone through since the fight against the Soviet forces in Afghanistan, his involvement with the Arab mujahidin in the war with the Taleban forces, and the torture and severe beatings he had undergone every night for a whole month." He said: "The beating party used to start at 2100 hours and end after the dawn prayers, because it was in line with the daily routine of Bin-Ladin's aides who stay awake all night and sleep during the day."
He pointed out that his move to the Taleban Intelligence Service's prison gave him a feeling of safety and made him confident that the truth would appear. He said that Taleban's leaders fear God, deal with their prisoners and detainees the Islamic way, and do not subject them to torture in order to extract false confessions from them.
Abu-al-Mubtasim believes that the intercession of Jalaluddin Haqqani, Taleban's Borders Minister, with Molla Omar following the mediation of Abu-Harith al-Urduni opened the way for the amiri pardon and his release. He said: I fought under Haqqani to repel Shah Mas'ud forces and Haqqani sent a written guarantee to Abdul Haq Wathiq, Assistant Director General of Afghanistan's Intelligence Service, in which he confirmed that he had known me since the Khost siege and praised my jihad and religious observance. This paved the way for the matter to reach Taleban's Ruler Molla Mohammad Omar. He pointed that Molla Omar did not know about what his imprisonment and detention until his mother and brother came to visit him in prison in Kandahar. They met there with Mohammad Tayyeb Agha, the Prince of the Faithful's interpreter and special aide who speaks the Arabic language fluently. The Arab and Afghan leaders argued about how to receive my family. Molla Omar welcomed and lodged them in the Guest House and a vehicle was put at their disposal. His elder brother Hatim (Abu-Ja'far) vowed before some Taleban leaders that he personally would execute his brother if he were proved guilty of the charge of spying. Abu-al-Mubtasim cried on the telephone and said with a trembling voice: "I had bought my shroud to absolve myself in front of God and his Prophet before Molla Omar ordered a new investigation of the case before the shari'ah court."
He added: "I found in court 150 papers full of confessions and other things attributed to me that I had not committed or heard of before." He said that he had signed after the severe beating and the suspension like a lamb. These included accusations of being the agent of Israel and the intelligence services of the United States and several Arab countries. Other accusations said that he had returned to Afghanistan as part of a plan to kill Bin-Ladin and Molla Omar. He shouted: "I am amazed how can these people who have grown beards and put on Afghan clothes forget the Prophet's hadith before making these accusations against me: "To demolish the Ka'bah stone by stone is better before God than to sanction the blood of a Muslim."
[Description of Source: Influential Saudi-owned London daily providing independent coverage of Arab and international issues; editorials reflect official Saudi views on foreign policy]
Harakatul Chief Says War Could End If India 'Liberates' Kashmir
SAP20001108000013 Islamabad Ausaf in Urdu 06 Nov 00 pp 1 7
[Interview by Wajid Abbasi]
Islamabad -- If India liberates Kashmir by any means, we would end our war, because Islam does not teach fighting without a reason. I was an artillery expert during the Afghan jehad and was known for laying explosive mines. My father himself took me to the field of jihad. The famous Indian film singer, Babar, joined the Afghan jehad after leaving the film industry and was martyred.
These views were expressed by Maulana Fazlur Rehman Khalil, the chief of Harkatul Mujahideen, in a special interview given to "Ausaf" about his jihadi and personal life. He said that he had been associated with jihad for the last two decades. He said, "During the Afghan-Russia war, I fought on the Ghazni, Paktia, Jalalabad, and Makika fronts. After getting formal education up to grade nine, I shifted to Mianwali for Koranic education. While I was getting religious education, I gave a private exam for 12th grade [as published]. I developed a desire for jihad during my schooldays. This desire turned into a reality when my father took me to Afghanistan."
Narrating different events of jihad, he said, "A lot of times, I saw death very closely. One by one, my associates died, but I was not lucky enough to be martyred. I lost hundreds of friends, but I have not been able to forget Commander Abdur Rasheed, Maulana Shabbir Ahmad, and Commander Babar. Commander Babar was a famous Indian singer. His voice was very touching. One day he left the film industry and came to Maulana Jalaluddin Haqqani. He had a heavy body, so Maulana did not consider him appropriate for jihad and sent him to me. I made him go through the toughest training. He was determined and did not want to go back in any case. So, he gradually became an experienced mujahid. Babar changed the words of his songs and changed them into jihadi hymns. His voice was so beautiful and touching that even the communists of Khost used to make requests to hear to his hymns on the wireless. The mujahideen were fond of his songs and he used to arouse the jihadi spirit in the mujahideen with his hymns. Then he was martyred in an encounter. When somebody asks me what I have lost and gained during my jihadi life, my answer is always that I gained the lost legacy of Muslims. I am satisfied with my past and I am thankful to God that he chose me for the field of jihad."
Continuing, he said, "There is a lot of difference between the Kashmiri and Afghan jihad. During the Afghan jihad, the entire world supported Afghans, but in Kashmiri jihad, no one is with the Kashmiris. Kashmiris are carrying out their jihad alone."
Replying to a question, he said, "I will show my children the path that my father showed to me. I have named my children after famous mujahideen. My eldest son is Salahuddin, then second one is Mohammad Bin Qasim, third Abdur Rehman, fourth Usama, fifth Mazla, and the sixth is Hamza. I have named my daughter after the first martyred woman of Islam, Samia." He said jihad is not dependent on governments. Our people as well as outsiders sabotaged jihad, but we believe that jihad cannot end as long as there is a single mujahid alive."
[Description of Source: Description of Source: Islamabad Ausaf in Urdu -- Newspaper with strong anti-India views. Gives wide coverage to fundamentalist religious groups]
Taliban orders former king's supporters arrested
SAP20011008000051 Islamabad The Nation (Lahore Edition) (Internet Version-WWW) in English 08 Jan 01
[SANA report: "Taliban order arrest of NA supporters"]
Kabul -- The Taliban authorities have issued directives to the officials to arrest the supporters of the former Afghan monarch Zahir Shah. The decision was made in a meeting of religious scholars, national elders and elite in Khost province. The meeting strongly condemned the so-called alliance between Zahir Shah and Northern Alliance. Bakhtar News Agency reports that Governor Khost Province, Mulla Abdul Rauf Arif, Minister for Frontiers and Tribal Affairs, Maulvi Jalaluddin Haqqani and Deputy Minster, Mulla Abdur Rahim Akhundzada, Security Commander of Khost Province, Qari Naimatullah and former Governor Khost, Haji Abdul Qayyum Khan and a number of National elders spoke on the occasion. The meeting discussed the current internal and regional situation, alliance between the former Afghan King and Northern Alliance and US threats against Afghanistan. The meeting decided that anyone who runs a pro-Zahir Shah campaign would immediately be arrested by the association of the nationalities. In case of the arrest of such a person, none of the national elder, government officials and Imams of mosques would have the right to make recommendations for his release. The meeting concluded by denouncing the words and deeds of the former Afghan monarch.
[Description of Source: Islamabad The Nation (Lahore Edition) in English -- Independent daily, member of the Nawa-i-Waqt group]
Pakistan: Usama Bin Ladin regrets restrictions imposed by Taleban
SAP20010403000014 Karachi Dawn (Internet Version-WWW) in English 03 Apr 01
[Report by Ismail Khan: "Osama regrets curbs by Taliban"]
Peshawar -- Osama bin Laden has regretted Taliban's restrictions on him, saying that the United States and its western allies are using him as a pretext. In a letter to the supreme leader of the Taliban, Bin Laden said: "It is surprising that the United States is free to do whatever it feels like and I have been placed under restrictions. History will record this fact." The letter was delivered to Mulla Omar by the Taliban minister for state and frontier regions, Syed Jalaluddin Haqqani, who ran the famous al-Badr camp in Afghanistan's southern Khost province which received a hail of US missiles in August 1998. Mr Haqqanni called on the supreme Taliban leader in southwestern Kandahar shortly before leaving for Saudi Arabia to perform Haj. A senior aide to Mulla Omar confirmed the meeting but denied that Mr Haqqani had delivered any message from Osama. "The meeting did take place but he did not deliver any letter from Osama," Tayyab Agha, senior aide to Mulla Omar, told Dawn on telephone from Kandahar. In his letter, Bin Laden noted that the world community's reaction to the demolition of the Buddha statues in the Bamiyan province had proved the West's general antagonism towards Islam. He quoted the former US secretary of state, Madeleine Albright, as having said that there were other issues besides Osama, which the Taliban needed to resolve. He insisted that it was proof enough that he was being used as a pretext. Bin Laden claimed that no matter what, the US and its western allies would never recognize the Taliban's Islamic emirate. He said he was grateful to the Taliban and was extremely thankful to Mulla Omar for his role, adding that he saluted the courage demonstrated by the Afghan people. It may be added that prosecutors in the US are likely to end arguments by the middle of this week in their case against four defendants, allegedly followers of Saudi exile Osama bin Laden, accused of conspiring to kill Americans in the August 1998 bombings of US embassies in East Africa.
NNI ADDS: Mulla Omar ruled out the possibility of handing over Osama bin Laden to the US, saying that he was ready to "sacrifice" what was left of his shattered country before giving up his "guest" to the US.
"Half of my country has been destroyed by two decades of war. If the remaining half is also destroyed in trying to protect Bin Laden, I'm prepared for this sacrifice," he said.
"He is not going to be handed over if there is any prospect that he will be convicted," a Taliban source confirmed.
[Description of Source: Karachi Dawn in English -- Internet version of most widely-read English-language daily]
Pakistan: 'Special' Emissaries of Taleban Chief Give Message to Religious Leader
SAP20010921000094 Karachi Dawn (Internet Version-WWW) in English 21 Sep 01
[Dawn Bureau Report ]
PESHAWAR, Sept 20: Special emissaries of Taliban Supreme Leader Mulla Muhammad Omar held a secret meeting with the Chief of Jammiat-i-Ulema-i-Islam (JUI), Maulana Fazlur Rehman, at his residence in Dera Ismail Khan on Thursday, party sources told Dawn here on Thursday. It is learnt that a Taliban team arrived in D.I. Khan on Wednesday. They conveyed his personal message to the JUI chief. The team held various rounds of talks and discussed each and every aspect of the situation emerging after the attacks on World Trade Center and Pentagon in the US. Besides others, the Taliban team consisted of Minister for State and Frontier Regions, Maulana Jalaluddin Haqqani, and Governor of Kabul, Maulana Adbul Ali. The JUI leader was assisted in the talks by Maulana Mohammad Khan Sherani, JUI head of Balochistan. During the meeting, according to sources, the issue of handing over Osama bin Laden and the possible attack on Afghanistan were on top of the agenda.
The Taliban leaders apprised the JUI Chief of the recent visit of the Director-General of Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), Lt-Gen Mahmood, and his talks with the Taliban Supreme Leader Mulla Omar. Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman assured the Taliban leaders of all possible help in case of the US attack and made it clear to them that his party would back their stand, the sources added. Later on, Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman confirmed his meeting with some important "guests", but did not disclose that those were the Taliban leaders. He told Dawn at his residence in D.I. Khan that his party had decided to wage a war against the United States if it attacked Afghanistan. The Central Shura of Jammiat-i-Ulema-i-Islam (JUI) held a meeting on Wednesday night before the arrival of the Taliban team. The Central Shura of the party in its meeting extended full support to the ruling Taliban militia in Afghanistan in this critical juncture, according to Maulana Muhammad Khan Sherani, the JUI chief of Balochistan.
[Description of Source: Karachi Dawn in English -- Internet version of most widely-read English-language daily]