A. Each dentist shall inform the Louisiana State Board of Dentistry of his official mailing address and all office addresses at which the dentist practices dentistry within 30 days of changing his official mailing address or commencing practice at each location if the dentist practices for more than 30 days in a 1-year period at the new location.
B. Failure of a dentist to notify the board within 30 days of any change of official mailing address or office move or relocation will result in the imposition of any one or more of the penalties set forth in R.S. 37:780(B).
C. Within 30 days following the abandonment of any office located within Louisiana, all signs or references to the practice of dentistry at said former office by the dentist shall be removed. This pertains to all references whether attached or not attached to the abandoned premises. A licensee's failure to remove said signs in accordance with this Section will result in the imposition of any one or more of the penalties set forth in R.S. 37:780(B).
AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:760(8).
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Dentistry, LR 15:965 (November 1989), amended LR 18:739 (July 1992), LR 23:1525 (November 1997), LR 31:927 (April 2005), LR 42:59 (January 2016).
§306. Requirements of Applicants for Dental Licensure by Credentials
A. The board may issue a license by credentials in lieu of an examination administered by a board approved clinical licensing examination agency provided that the applicant provides to the board satisfactory documentation evidencing that the applicant:
1. meets all requirements set forth in R.S. 37:761 and 37:768, and LAC 46:XXXIII.103 and 1805;
2. has satisfactorily passed an examination administered by the Louisiana State Board of Dentistry testing the applicant’s knowledge of the Louisiana Dental Practice Act and the jurisprudence affecting same;
3. currently possesses a nonrestricted license in another state as defined in R.S. 37:751(A)(1);
4. has been in active practice, while possessing a nonrestricted license in another state, by:
a. working full-time as a dentist at a minimum of 1,000 hours per year for the preceding three years before applying for licensure in Louisiana; or
b. working full-time in dental education as a teacher for a minimum of three years immediately prior to applying for licensure in Louisiana; or
c. having successfully completed a two-year general dentistry residency program, and applying for a Louisiana dental license by credentials within 180 days of his completion of the program; or
d. having successfully completed a residency program in one of the board-recognized dental specialties as defined in §301, and applying for a Louisiana dental license by credentials within 180 days of his completion of the program;
5. successfully completed an initial licensure examination that included procedures on a live patient;
6. has not failed any clinical licensure examination a total of three or more times. This number includes the accumulation of all examinations taken regardless of the testing agency. This number excludes failures of clinical examinations taken prior to an applicant’s final year of dental school. A make-up examination counts as an examination;
7. is endorsed as being in good standing by the state board of dentistry in the state of current practice and all prior states of licensure and practice;
8. has no pending criminal charges against him/her;
9. has paid all nonrefundable costs and fees;
10. has fully completed the required application form with all supporting data and certification of competency and good character;
11. has submitted Drug Enforcement Administration registration certificate number and state narcotics license number in all states wherein same are held or have been held;
12. has submitted one recent passport type color photograph;
13. has accounted for all units of time since graduation from dental school;
14. has furnished three affidavits of recommendation from professional associates (unrelated to the applicant) who have knowledge of the applicant’s ability to practice dentistry after the applicant’s graduation from dental school;
15. has no physical or psychological impairments which would, in the judgment of the board, adversely affect his/her ability to practice dentistry;
16. has completed continuing education in compliance with the rules of all states in which he is currently licensed and practicing;
18. has shown or provided a sworn affidavit that there are no unresolved complaints against him/her;
19. has provided satisfactory explanation of any and all malpractice insurance payments made on the behalf of the applicant or any of the applicant’s employers; and
20. has shown that his/her professional liability insurance has never been revoked, modified, or nonrenewed.
B. Licensure by credentials shall be granted subject to the provisions of §307.A.
C. The holder of a license issued under this section shall establish a practice location and actively practice dentistry, as defined in R.S. 37:751, in Louisiana within one year from the date the license is issued. The license issued under this section shall be void upon a finding by the board that the licensee fails to limit the licensee’s practice to Louisiana or that the licensee no longer actively practices dentistry in Louisiana. However, when a dentist licensed under this section faces possible board action to void the dentist’s license for failure to limit the dentist’s practice to Louisiana, if the dentist demonstrates to the board that out-of-state practice actions were in connection with formal contract or employment arrangements for the dentist to provide needed clinical dental care to patients who are part of an identified ethnic or racial minority group living in a region of the other state with low access to dental care, the board, in its discretion, may waive the in-state limitations on the out-of-state practice for a maximum of 12 months.
AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:760(8) and R.S. 37:768.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Dentistry, LR 18:739 (July 1992), amended LR 21:571 (June 1995), LR 22:23 (January 1996), LR 23:1528 (November 1997), LR 24:1114 (June 1998), LR 25:513 (March 1999), LR 26:692 (April 2000), LR 26:1612 (August 2000), repromulgated LR 27:1893 (November 2001), amended LR 28:1777 (August 2002), LR 30:2305 (October 2004), LR 31:927 (April 2005), LR 32:243 (February 2006), LR 33:846 (May 2007), LR 33:2652 (December 2007), LR 34:2564 (December 2008), repromulgated LR 35:67 (January 2009), amended LR 37:1405 (May 2011), LR 37:3515 (December 2011), repromulgated LR 38:355 (February 2012), amended LR 39:87 (January 2013).
§307. Criteria to be Utilized to Determine Professional Competence, Conduct and Ethics of an Applicant Seeking Licensure by Credentials
A. The following procedures shall be utilized by the board in determining the professional ability, conduct, and character of all applicants for a dental license in Louisiana by licensure by credentials:
1. information from the National Practitioner Data Bank and/or the American Association of Dental Examiners' Clearinghouse for Disciplinary Information;
2. questioning under oath;
3. drug testing if reasonable cause is presented;
4. background check for criminal or fraudulent activities or conduct reflecting upon one's professional conduct or ability;
5. the board reserves the right to conduct investigations into any and all information provided to satisfy statutory or regulatory requirements for licensure by credentials.
B. Regardless of the applicant’s compliance with the foregoing and the requirements listed in §306, the board may refuse to issue a dental license based on the applicant’s credentials for any of the following:
1. any material misrepresentation or omission in the application; or
2. any disciplinary action or sanctions taken against an applicant’s license in another jurisdiction; or
3. any reason listed in R.S. 37:775 or R.S. 37:776.
C. False or fraudulent statements or material omission will result in suspension or revocation of licensure if discovered after issuance of a license.
AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:760(8) and R.S. 37:768.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Dentistry, LR 18:740 (July 1992), amended LR 39:88 (January 2013).
§308. Licensure by Credentials for Those Applicants Possessing D.D.S., D.M.D. and/or M.D. Degrees
A. The board shall issue a license to an applicant without the necessity of further examination except as required by R.S. 37:761, if it is determined that the applicant meets the requirements of §306 of this Chapter or:
1. is a graduate, with either a D.D.S. or D.M.D., of an accredited dental school or college or of a dental department of a university approved by the board and accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association; and
2. is licensed to practice dentistry in another state as defined in R.S. 37:751(A)(l); and
3. has successfully completed a graduate training program in a recognized specialty branch of dentistry; or has completed a residency in general dentistry as recognized by the American Dental Association; and
4. is currently duly licensed to practice medicine in this state.
AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:760(8) and R.S. 37:768.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Dentistry, LR 18:740 (July 1992).
§310. Transportation Provided to Patients by Dentists
A. When transportation is provided to a patient by a dentist, or his agent, for the purpose of providing dental care to that patient, transportation must be provided for all subsequent follow-up treatments for the patient until all diagnosed treatment is completed. The dentist must keep written documentation for a minimum of three years following the initial visit by the patient evidencing his providing of transportation and/or his offer to provide transportation. An offer to provide transportation shall contain a signature by the patient, or the patient's parent or guardian, showing that they accepted or declined the offer of transportation for dental care. Lack of documentation shall be prima facie evidence that the offer to provide transportation was not made by the dentist.
AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:760(8).
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Dentistry, LR 21:573 (June 1995).
§313. Portable and Mobile Dentistry
Mobile Dental Clinic or Mobile Dental Unit―any self-contained facility in which dentistry will be practiced which may be moved, towed, or transported from one location to another using fixed dental equipment and plumbing.
MobileOperator―a dentist licensed in Louisiana who has registered a Mobile Dental Clinic or Mobile Dental Unit with the dental board pursuant to these rules and who provides dental services in a Mobile Dental Clinic or Mobile Dental Unit either directly and/or through Louisiana licensed dentist associates.
Mobile Operator Permit―an authorization given to a Louisiana licensed dentist for the physical use of a mobile dental clinic or mobile dental unit in which to provide dental services. One mobile operator permit is required for each mobile clinic regardless of the number of dentists who practice in the clinic.
Operation―the activity conducted by Mobile or Portable Operators.
Operator―a licensed Louisiana dentist that has a current Mobile or Portable Operator Permit.
Portable Dental Clinic―the use of portable dental delivery equipment which is set-up on site to provide dental services at locations other than a Mobile Dental Clinic or Mobile Dental Unit and other than a dental office and uses non-fixed dental equipment and plumbing.
PortableOperator―a dentist licensed in Louisiana providing dental services at a location other than a mobile dental clinic or mobile dental unit and other than a fixed dental office either directly and/or through Louisiana licensed dentist associates. One portable operator permit is required for each set of portable dental equipment regardless of the number of dentists who work in the portable dental clinic.
Portable Operator Permit―an authorization given to a Louisiana licensed dentist to provide dental services at locations other than a Mobile Dental Clinic or Mobile Dental Unit and other than a dental office. The Portable Operator Permit is required of the owner of the Operation and does not apply to any dentist employed or contracted with the owner of the Operation.
1. Exempt from the requirements of these regulations for portable or mobile dentistry and for the use of a mobile dental clinic, mobile dental unit, or portable dental clinic are all federal, state, or local governmental agencies.
2. Dentists licensed to practice in Louisiana who have not registered with the board to operate a mobile dental facility or a portable dental operation may provide dental services through the use of dental instruments, materials, and equipment taken out of a dental office without registering if the service is provided as emergency treatment for their patients of record.
3. The services are limited to dental sealants, screenings, cleanings, radiographs, and fluoride treatments provided that such services are performed at no charge to the patient, the patient’s parent or guardian, or any third-party payor.
4. Dentist licensed to practice in Louisiana who limit their mobile or portable practice to taking impressions and delivering mouthguards and removable dentures.
C. Application and Criteria for Permit
1. To operate mobile or portable operations a dentist must be licensed in Louisiana, in good standing with the dental board, and must have a mobile operator permit, a portable operator permit, or both.
2. A dentist licensed in Louisiana desiring to obtain a mobile operator permit from the dental board in order to provide dental services in a mobile dental clinic or mobile dental unit, shall apply to the dental board for a mobile operator permit on an application form to be provided by the dental board and by providing evidence of compliance with the requirements of this section and paying all appropriate fees.
3. A dentist licensed in Louisiana desiring to obtain a portable operator permit to provide dental services at locations other than his office, shall apply to the dental board for a portable operator permit on an application form to be provided by the dental board and by providing evidence of compliance with the requirements of this section and paying all appropriate fees.
4. Any Louisiana licensed dentist with an existing portable or mobile dental practice shall be entitled to continue operating their portable or mobile dental practice under the prior existing dental board regulations until the necessary permits are granted so long as all application and supporting documentation are submitted for the new permits within 60 days of this rule taking effect.
5. All mobile or portable operations must conform to all existing and applicable Dental Practice Act rules and regulations, federal, state, and local laws, regulations, and ordinances including those relative to radiographic equipment, flammability, construction, sanitation, zoning, OSHA regulations, and applicable Federal Centers for Disease Control Guidelines and Prevention, Louisiana Department of Health and Hospital regulations including those for medical waste transportation, and the applicant possesses any applicable parish and city licenses or permits to operate the unit.
6. Each mobile dental clinic or mobile dental unit shall have:
a. ready access to a ramp or lift if necessary;
b. a properly functioning sterilization system;
c. ready access to an adequate supply of potable water;
d. ready access to toilet facilities if necessary;
e. a covered galvanized, stainless steel, or other non-corrosive container for deposit of refuse and waste materials;
f. an emergency kit available at all times;
g. portable oxygen available at all times;
h. sharps containers and red biohazard bags available on site;
j. suction equipment to achieve a minimum level of 3 cubic feet per minute.
7. Each portable dental clinic shall have:
a. ready access to an adequate supply of potable water;
b. ready access to toilet facilities if necessary;
c. a covered galvanized, stainless steel, or other non-corrosive container for deposit of refuse and waste materials;
d. an emergency kit available at all times;
e. portable oxygen available at all times;
f. sharps containers and red biohazard bags available on site;
g. a properly functioning sterilization system;
h. properly functioning radiograph equipment producing fully developed x-rays of diagnostic quality;
i. suction equipment to achieve a minimum level of three cubic feet per minute.
8. The mobile dental clinic, mobile dental unit, or portable dental clinic shall be inspected in a timely fashion by a dental board member or a staff evaluator prior to receiving approval to operate.
9. During operations the mobile dental clinic, mobile dental unit, or portable dental clinic shall prominently display all applicable licenses and permits in compliance with §104 of these rules. These documents may be kept in a notebook labeled Licenses and Permits. Copies of licenses and permits are acceptable.
10. Transferability. Neither the mobile or portable permits are transferable.
11. Renewal. Mobile or portable permits expire at the same time as the operator's dental license but shall be renewed at the time the operator renews his or her dental license by completing the renewal form and paying all applicable fees.
D. Record Keeping. The operator or operation shall maintain an official business or mailing and actual, physical address of record which shall not be a post office box except where mail is deliverable to a post office box only and a 24 hour emergency telephone number which shall be filed with the board. The dental board shall be notified within 30 days of any change in the address of record. All written or printed, or electronic documents available from or issued by the operator or operation shall contain the official address of record of the operator or operation. When not in transit, all dental and official records, printed or electronic shall be maintained or available at the official office address of record, in conformity with all record-keeping requirements and provide at no cost within 24 hours via electronic means or 72 hours by other means upon receipt of a HIPAA compliant request with a satisfactory release.
E. Practice Standards
1. All operators and dentists providing care in mobile dental clinics, mobile dental units, or portable dental clinics shall maintain and uphold the prevailing standard of dental care.
2. Anesthesia in all operations shall be limited to local anesthetics only.
3. An operator or operation must have communication facilities immediately available which will enable the operator thereof to contact necessary parties in the event of a medical or dental emergency including 911 capabilities.
4. An operator or operation which accepts a patient and provides preventative treatment, including prophylaxis, radiographs, and fluoride shall make appropriate referrals for follow-up treatment when indicated in the dentist’s professional judgment and is subject to the prevailing standard of dental care.
5. An operator or operation must ensure that all dental services are provided in a clean, sanitary place, and in compliance with applicable Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines, the Dental Practice Act and regulations, federal, state, and local laws, regulations, and ordinances including those relative to radiographic equipment, flammability, construction, sanitation, zoning, Louisiana Department of Health and Hospital regulations including those for medical waste transportation, and the applicant possesses any applicable parish and city licenses or permits to operate the unit.
6. An operator shall identify and advise the dental board within 30 days of any personnel change relative to all licensed dentists and dental hygienists, associated with the provision of dental services by providing their full names, addresses, telephone numbers, and license numbers.
7. At all times the mobile or portable dental activities shall be under the supervision of the dentist with the operator permit or any dentist working in that practice subject to direct and general supervision stipulations found in §701. Any dentist or dental hygienist rendering services shall be licensed and in good standing with the dental board.
8. Although the operator and operation is responsible for providing emergency follow-up care, the operator or operation must certify and provide the dental board a copy of a written agreement for emergency follow-up care for patients treated at said locations and the agreement is to include identification of and arrangements for treatment in a dental facility which is permanently established within 25 miles of the treatment site. When the operator has demonstrated no emergency facility is available within the area, the board may grant a distance waiver of this rule to promote and foster access to dental care.
9. When radiographs are to be made by the operator or operation, a lead apron which includes a thyroid collar shall be utilized and adequate protection for the x-ray technician shall be utilized.
10. There shall be a designated room with a minimum of 100 square feet where portable dentistry will occur and other children will not be present either during or immediately after dental procedures. Also prior to providing treatment a surgical preprocedural rinse shall be administered to the patient.
F. Cessation of Operations
1. Upon cessation of the operation, the operator shall notify the dental board within 30 days of the last day of operation in writing of the final disposition of patient records and charts.
2. If the operation is sold, a new registration application must be filed with the board.
3. Upon choosing to discontinue practice or services, the operator or operation shall notify within 30 days all patients where and how they may obtain their dental records.
4. The operator or operation shall make reasonable arrangements with the active patients of the operation for the transfer of the patients’ records, including radiographs or diagnostic quality copies thereof, to the succeeding practitioner or, at the written request of the patient, to the patient.
5. As used in this section "active patient" applies and refers to a person whom the operation has examined, treated, cared for, or otherwise consulted with during the two-year period prior to discontinuation of practice, or moving.
G. Consent Forms for Minors. No services may be performed on minors without a signed consent form from the parent or guardian, which includes the following:
1. a statement that if the minor already has a dentist, the parent or guardian should continue to arrange dental care through that provider;
2. a statement that a parent or guardian may attend all dental visits and the form provides a telephone number and address where the parent or guardian can contact the operator's office if they wish to be at the school, facility or site when the minor is being treated. If the parent or guardian contacts the operator's office requesting to be present at the dental visit when their child is being treated, then the operator shall notify the parent or guardian when dental care is to be rendered so the parent or guardian can be present. This notice shall be provided to the parent or guardian at least five calendar days before dental care is to be rendered to the patient. If the operator is unable to reach the parent or guardian on the first attempt, he shall make at least two more attempts before treatment is to be provided. If the parent or guardian requests to be present, but does not appear at the site where the treatment is being provided no dental care shall be rendered to that patient;
3. a telephone number for emergency services;
4. the telephone number of the parent or guardian. If the parent or guardian fails to include a contact phone number, then no dental services can be provided to that minor;
5. the consent form shall be provided in duplicate in order for the parent or guardian to be provided a copy;
6. confirmation that the patient, parent or legal guardian further understands treatment through such mobile dental or portable dental providers may affect future Medicaid and insurance benefits for the patient for one year;
7. a conspicuous statement that the parent or guardian should contact the operator at the operator’s toll free number if the parent or guardian has any questions whatsoever regarding the information provided or the consent form to be signed. The operator shall make a notation in the patient’s chart regarding all questions and answers between the two parties.
H. Information for Patients
1. All consent forms shall include but not be limited to the following:
a. a complete listing of all procedures which may be performed by the operator which shall include a description of the risks and potential complications;
b. a description of all behavior management procedures which may be involved in the provision of dental treatment, and those risks associated with such dental treatment or course of dental treatment, which would ordinarily have been disclosed under the same or similar circumstances by dentists with the same or similar training and experience. The parent or guardian should be encouraged to call the operator if he or she has any questions concerning any of the above. All questions must be answered in a satisfactory manner. A check box or similar feature should appear by each type of procedure listed and appropriate instructions provided so that a parent or guardian may give permission for treatment of a minor to include only those procedures specifically chosen from the list and the behavior management procedures;
c. a statement encouraging the parent or guardian to be present during the treatment of the patient in order to assist the dentist, if necessary, with behavior management;
d. a notation that treatment cannot be rendered on a minor patient unless his or her medical history has been updated within the past six months. A space on the consent form shall include a place for the parent to list any medical or dental problems which the patient may have;
e. an explanation of the notice of the operator’s privacy practices which shall be in conformity with all federal and state laws.
2. When appropriate, during or at the conclusion of each patient’s visit to the operation, the patient shall be provided with an information sheet and a copy shall be mailed to the patient’s home. If the patient has provided consent to an institutional facility to access the patient’s dental health records, the institution shall also be provided with a copy of the information sheet. An institutional facility includes, but is not limited to, a long-term care facility or school.
3. The information sheet as required herein shall include the following:
a. 24-hour toll free as well as an in-state telephone number and address where the parent, guardian, or patient can contact the operator's office for questions or emergency dental care;
b. the name of the dentist who provided services;
c. a description of the treatment rendered;
d. referral information if necessary;
e. post-operative instructions as necessary.
I. Standards for Equipment
1. The equipment and supplies shall be of a type and condition that allows the dentist providing dental services to meet the prevailing standard of dental care.
2. The equipment and supplies shall be subject to inspection by any dental board member, staff member or agent of the dental board.
J. Inspection of Mobile and Portable Operations
1. Inspections of mobile dental clinics, mobile dental units, or a portable operator location of service may be conducted by any dental board member, staff member, or agent of the dental board.
2. The operator shall provide notice to the board no later than 24 hours before providing dental services at a school. Said notice shall disclose the date, time, identity of all dental health care providers and the location. If the location is a school, the operator shall notify the principal of the school in writing before services are commenced that the dental team is required by law to allow board inspectors on campus in order to conduct unannounced inspections. That notification letter will include the principal’s name and phone number and a copy of it will be sent to the board prior to commencing services at any given school.
3. The dental board shall be provided with a list of all sites, including addresses where the operator shall conduct mobile or portable activities, at the time the permit is applied for and it shall be updated as necessary every 30 days.
K. Disposal of Infectious Waste. An operator or operation must handle and dispose of all waste in accordance with §1001 of the board’s rules. The transporting of any biohazardous wastes shall be done in compliance with the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospital regulations for the handling and transportation of medical waste.
L. Non-resident Management and Administration Rules
1. Any operator or operation that contracts with or engages any company or entity ("administrative company") to provide management or administrative services shall not enter into a relationship which causes the dentist or his business entity to be in violation of R.S. 37:776(A)(9) which provides as follows:
(a) Division of fees or other remuneration or consideration with any person not licensed to practice dentistry in Louisiana, or an agreement to divide and share fees received for dental services with any non-dentists in return for referral of patients to the licensed dentists, whether or not the patient or legal representative is aware of the arrangement. However, this Paragraph shall not forbid dentists licensed in Louisiana from practicing in a partnership or professional corporation and sharing professional fees or forbid a dentist licensed in Louisiana from employing another dentist licensed in Louisiana. In addition, no dentist licensed in Louisiana shall share professional fees with a dentist whose license is either suspended or revoked during said period of suspension or revocation.
and R.S. 37:776(A)(10) which provides as follows:
(a) Employing, procuring, inducing, aiding, or abetting a person not licensed or registered as a dentist to engage in the practice of dentistry or to possess an ownership interest of any kind in a dental practice, but the person practiced upon shall not be an accomplice, employer, procurer, inducer, aider, or abettor within the meaning of this provision.
2. The operator must provide to the board proof that the administrative company is authorized to conduct business in the State and has a valid Certificate of Good Standing issued by the Louisiana Secretary of State.
3. An administrative company shall not be permitted to perform any duties or services that are exclusively a Louisiana licensed dentist’s responsibility under the Louisiana Dental Practice Act, including the following:
a. own a mobile or portable dental practice;
b. provide dental care;
c. determine what dental services should or should not be offered to a patient;
d. establish infection control procedures and standards;
e. determine patient charges and collection policies;
f. determine when a patient should or should not be referred and where the patient shall be referred;
g. establish HIPAA standards;
h. select and employ associated dentists and dental staff.
M. Miscellaneous Provisions
1. All dental health care providers of mobile or portable dentistry shall wear in a conspicuous place on their person a name tag identifying them and their position (D.D.S., R.D.H., EDDA, or D.A.).
2. All mobile or portable dentistry providers shall have written protocols for each of the following areas which shall be kept at the operator’s office and with all applicable licenses and permits:
a. sterilization procedures, including where dedicated and observable sterilization areas are located;
b. transportation of all waste materials, instruments and equipment.
AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:760(8), and Act 429 of the Regular Legislative Session of 2009.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Dentistry, LR 36:2035 (September 2010), amended LR 37:1406 (May 2011), LR 42:59 (January 2016).