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CREW COLLECTIVE TRAINING (RL 1(P).


RL 1(P) aviators have completed RL 2 training, demonstrating the proficiency to be a member of an aircrew. During this next phase of training, crewmembers train with other crews to collective proficiency on unit collective mission tasks. As a member of an aircrew, crewmembers train in skills necessary to perform as part of a platoon/company/battalion/combined arms team. When the commander determines a crewmember is fully capable of performing all the unit’s METL tasks, he will indicate so on the crewmembers DA Form 7122-R.
      1. Academic training. The commander will develop an academic program that develops and sustains proficiency of crewmember skills in collective tasks. The following topics may be used as a guide for developing a collective training academic program.


  • Army Aviation operations

  • Attack Helicopter Operations

  • Cavalry Operations

  • Joint Air Attack Team (JAAT)

  • Mission Rehearsal

  • Advanced Gunnery

  • Military Operations on Urban Terrain (MOUT)

  • Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD)

  • Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield

  • FARP Operations

  • Airspace Management

  • Operation Orders

  • Battle Focused Training

  • Individual and Crew Training

  • Stability and Support Operations (SASO)






      1. Flight training. For each unit METL task, the commander will develop a task, condition and standard. The crewmember will train with other crewmembers and aircrews as a collective team. Leaders at each level should be given the opportunity to train their unit to its METL proficiency in addition to training their unit to participate in a higher level exercise. Day collective training should be conducted before attempting to train at night.

        1. Proficiency in these METL based collective tasks is required for progression from RL 1(P) to RL 1(T).

        2. The commander will conduct the evaluation to progress the crewmember from RL 1(P) to RL 1(T).

      2. Regression crewmembers. A crewmember failing to demonstrate proficiency in any mission tasks during any evaluation will be designated RL 1(P). The commander will develop a training plan that allows the crewmember to regain proficiency in all mission task(s)/areas found deficient. The crewmember must be trained and demonstrate proficiency in the mission task(s)/areas to a SP, IP, IE, ME, SI, or FI as appropriate for advancement to RL 1(P). A crewmember regressed to RL 1(P) must meet his existing flying hour and task iteration requirements.

    1. SUSTAINMENT TRAINING REQUIREMENTS (RL 1(T)).


RL 1(T) crewmembers have demonstrated proficiency as aircrews at all designated METL tasks while operating in the collective environment. When a commander designates a crewmember as RL 1(T), collective sustainment training begins while individual and crew sustainment training continues. RL 1(T) proficiency sustainment requires task based, battle focused individual, crew and collective training. Requirements are task based rather than hourly requirements and are outlined in the units’ ATP based on its METL, CATS, MTP and this ATM.
      1. Task Iteration Requirements. Flying hours alone do not equate to proficiency, nor do randomly executed iterations of individual and crew tasks. A critical aspect of battle focused proficiency is to develop and sustain the task proficiency linkage between collective mission essential tasks and individual and crew tasks, which support them. Commanders and supporting leaders must develop echelon tailored STXs with imbedded individual and crew tasks to support the unit METL. A primary function of the aviation CATS is to outline what is required to maintain individual, crew and collective warfighting proficiency. Crewmembers must meet monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annual iteration requirements as outlined on their CTL. Crewmembers failing to meet CTL task iteration requirements or demonstrating a lack of proficiency will be regressed per TC 1-200.

        1. Individual Task Iteration Requirements. The CATS establishes the minimum number of iterations and frequency required for individual tasks and provides the baseline flying hours that must be dedicated towards maintaining individual proficiency. Commanders must develop individual STXs that support the units METL for all required conditions. The individual STXs are intended to sustain the individual crewmembers proficiency in those tasks not normally exercised during a crew or collective mission. The commander may require additional task iterations and modes to meet the training requirements of each individual. Examples of Individual Task Iteration Requirements and sample STXs are in Appendix A of this manual.

        2. Crew Task Iteration Requirements. The aviation CATS establishes the minimum number of iterations and frequency required for crew tasks and provides the baseline flying hours that must be dedicated towards maintaining crew proficiency. The aviation CATS defines those crew tasks requiring repetitive execution that may not necessarily be efficiently accomplished during collective training. Some common crew task requirements are Gunnery (day and night) and Deck Landings. Commanders must select those crew tasks that support his METL. Aviation CATS provide the minimum number of task iterations and frequency requirements. The commander must tailor each individual CTL task iterations and modes to meet the training requirements of each crewmember. Examples of Crew Task Iteration Requirements and sample STX are in Appendix A of this manual.

        3. Platoon Task Iteration Requirements. The aviation CATS establishes the minimum number of iterations and frequency required for platoon tasks and provides the baseline flying hours that must be dedicated towards maintaining collective proficiency at the platoon level. The aviation CATS defines those platoon tasks that require repetitive execution that may not necessarily be efficiently accomplished during company or battalion collective training. Some common platoon task requirements are Route and Area reconnaissance.

        4. Company Collective Mission Requirements. Collective mission task iteration requirements are derived from the unit METL, MTP and aviation CATS. Iterations will differ based on type of unit assignment i.e.: Attack Battalion, Cavalry Squadron, etc. It will also differ from individual to individual depending on what type of mission support tasks the commander has selected for that position. Collective training includes team, platoon, company and battalion. The table below is an example of an Attack Helicopter Company collective and individual sustainment training requirements. Company collective requirements can be found in the appropriate ARTEP/MTP.

        5. Battalion Collective Mission Requirements. Battalion collective mission task iteration requirements are derived from the unit METL, ARTEP/MTP and aviation CATS. Iterations will differ based on type of unit assignment i.e.: Divisional Attack Battalion, Attack Regiment, etc. It will also differ based on the wartime mission and deployment roles for that battalion. Crewmembers must perform the required iterations as indicated on their CTL. Appendix B outlines battalion sustainment training requirements. The commander may increase the number and frequency of iterations based on his assessment of the battalion’s proficiency.

      2. Readiness Requirements/Annual Flying-Hour Requirements. Aviation CATS have been crosswalked with Army readiness requirements found in AR 220-1. Individual flying hour requirements result from resourcing decisions based on a unit’s projected readiness level. These resourcing decisions also reflect the necessity of providing the commander with the flexibility to tailor his ATP to maximize readiness based on the level of expertise of assigned aircrews ant the unit METL. Consideration for the use of crew and collective simulators is included in the CATS. However, any reduction in flying hours resulting from the use of simulators can only be realized when the simulators are fielded and readily available to units on a continuing basis. Establishing “simulator minimums” is not the intent of the CATS. Rather, the intent is to provide commanders and aircrews with a viable training option that is as effective and some cases, more effective, than live training. If simulators are not available, the training OPTEMPO required for a specific readiness level will consist entirely of live hours.

        1. C 1 Readiness Requirements/Flying hours. Table 2-2 is an extract from the aviation CATS and must be used in conjunction with Appendix A, B, the units METL and the MTP’s. Table 2-2 outlines the C 1 training OPTEMPO for the different FAC levels. The monthly OPTEMPO provides dedicated hours for crewmembers to maintain individual, crew and platoon proficiency and to conduct all the company’s collective and battalion’s collective training requirements. It also provides hours for all support missions and allows for two annual live fire gunnery’s for all FAC 1 crewmembers.


          C 1

          Unit

          FAC 1

          FAC 2

          FAC 3

          Aggregate OPTEMPO

          Annual Hours

          Monthly OPTEMPO

          Annual Hours

          Monthly OPTEMPO

          Annual Hours

          Monthly OPTEMPO

          Total

          23.55

          284

          26.38

          179

          14.91

          19

          1.60

          Live

          19.12

          263

          21.95

          126

          10.48

          NA

          NA

          CSMET

          1.60

          19

          1.60

          19

          1.60

          19

          1.60

          AVCATT

          2.83

          2.83

          2.83

          34

          2.83

          NA

          NA

          Table 2-2 C 1 Semiannual/annual flying hour OPTEMPO
        2. C 2 Readiness Requirements/Flying hours. Table 2-3 is an extract from the aviation CATS and must be used in conjunction with Appendix A, B, the units METL and MTP’s. Table 2-3 outlines the C 2 training OPTEMPO for the different FAC levels. The monthly OPTEMPO provides dedicated hours for crewmembers to maintain individual, crew and platoon proficiency and to conduct all of the company’s collective and battalion’s collective training requirements. It also provides hours for support missions and allows for one annual live fire gunnery for all FAC 1 crewmembers.


C 2

Unit

FAC 1

FAC 2

FAC 3

Aggregate OPTEMPO

Annual Hours

Monthly OPTEMPO

Annual Hours

Monthly OPTEMPO

Annual Hours

Monthly OPTEMPO

Total

20.77

278

23.22

159

13.26

18

1.50

Live

16.49

227

18.94

108

8.98

NA

NA

CSMET

1.50

18

1.50

18

1.50

18

1.50

AVCATT

2.78

33

2.78

33

2.78

NA

NA

Table 2-3 C 2 Semiannual/annual flying hour OPTEMPO


        1. C 3 Readiness Requirements/Flying hours. Table 2-4 is an extract from the aviation CATS and must be used in conjunction with Appendix A, B, the units METL and MTP’s. Table 2-4 outlines the C 3 training OPTEMPO for the different FAC levels. The monthly OPTEMPO provides dedicated hours for crewmembers to maintain individual, crew and platoon proficiency and to conduct 50% of the company’s collective training requirements. There are no hours allocated to battalion collective training, support missions, or for gunnery. It is also based on having one FAC 1 crewmember in each aircraft.





C 3

Unit

FAC 1

FAC 2

FAC 3

Aggregate OPTEMPO

Annual Hours

Monthly OPTEMPO

Annual Hours

Monthly OPTEMPO

Annual Hours

Monthly OPTEMPO

Total

14.42

211

17.55

132

11.02

18

1.50

Live

11.36

174

14.49

95

7.96

NA

NA

CSMET

1.50

18

1.50

18

1.50

18

1.50

AVCATT

1.56

19

1.56

19

1.56

NA

NA

Table 2-4 C 3 Semiannual/annual flying hour OPTEMPO
        1. C 4 Readiness Requirements/Flying hours. Table 2-5 is an extract from the aviation CATS and must be used in conjunction with Appendix A, B, the units METL and MTP’s. Table 2-5 outlines the C 4 training OPTEMPO for the different FAC levels. The monthly OPTEMPO provides dedicated hours for crewmembers to maintain individual, crew and platoon proficiency requirements. There are no hours allocated for company collective training, battalion collective training, support missions, or for gunnery. It is also based on having only nine FAC 1 crewmembers in the battalion (only IPs/SPs are FAC 1).


          C 4

          Unit

          FAC 1

          FAC 2

          FAC 3

          Aggregate OPTEMPO

          Annual Hours

          Monthly OPTEMPO

          Annual Hours

          Monthly OPTEMPO

          Annual Hours

          Monthly OPTEMPO

          Total

          9.83

          197

          16.43

          109

          9.11

          18

          1.50

          Live

          8.33

          179

          14.93

          91

          7.61

          NA

          NA

          CSMET

          1.50

          18

          1.50

          18

          1.50

          18

          1.50

          AVCATT

          0

          0

          0

          0

          0

          NA

          NA

          Table 2-5 C 4 Semiannual/annual flying hour OPTEMPO
      1. MPs and MEs. MPs/MEs will perform a minimum of four iterations of MTF tasks annually. MEs will perform two iterations from each flight crew station annually. MPs/ME/s assigned to AVIM level or higher units will perform a minimum of six iterations of MTF tasks annually.

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