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CREW COORDINATION OBJECTIVES


The crew coordination elements and basic qualities are measured to determine if the objectives of the crew coordination program have been met. The objectives of the program have been defined by five crew coordination objectives. The five objectives are as follows:
      1. Establish and maintain team relationships. Establish a positive working relationship that allows the crew to communicate openly and freely and to operate in a concerted manner.

      2. Mission planning and rehearsal. Explore, in concert, all aspects of the assigned mission and analyze each segment for potential difficulties and possible reactions in terms of the commander's intent.

      3. Establish and maintain workloads. Manage and execute the mission workload in an effective and efficient manner with the redistribution of task responsibilities as the mission situation changes.

      4. Exchange mission information. Establish intra-crew communications using effective patterns and techniques that allow for the flow of essential data between crew members.

      5. Cross-monitor performance. Cross-monitor each other's actions and decisions to reduce the likelihood of errors impacting mission performance and safety.

    1. STANDARD CREW TERMINOLOGY


To enhance communication and crew coordination, crews should use words or phrases that are understood by all participants. They must use clear, concise terms that can be easily understood and complied with in an environment full of distractions. Multiple terms with the same meaning should be avoided. DOD FLIP contains standard terminology for radio communications. Operator's manuals contain standard terminology for items of equipment. Figure 6-1 is a list of other standard words and phrases that crewmembers may use.
Bandit - an identified enemy aircraft.

Bogey - an unidentified aircraft assumed to be enemy.

Break - immediate action command to perform a maneuver to deviate from the present ground track; will be followed by "right," "left."

Call out - command by the P* for a specified procedure to be read from the checklist by another crewmember.

Cease-fire - command to stop firing but continue to track.

Clear - no obstacle present to impede aircraft movement along the intended ground track. Will be preceded by the word "nose," "tail," or "aircraft" and followed by a direction; for example, "right" or "slide left." Also indicates that ground personnel are clear to approach the aircraft.

Come up/down - command to change altitude up or down.

Correct - confirms a statement as being accurate or right. Do not use the word "right" to indicate correct.

Drifting - an alert of the unannounced movement of the aircraft; will be followed by direction.

Egress - immediate action command to get out of the aircraft.

Execute - initiate an action.

Expect - anticipate further instructions or guidance.

Fire light - announcement of illumination of the master fire warning light.

Firing - announcement that a specific weapon is to be fired.

Go plain/red - command to discontinue secure operations.

Go secure/green - command to activate secure operations.

Hold - command to maintain present position.

I have the controls - used as a command or announcement by the RCM assuming control of the flight controls.

Inside - primary focus of attention is inside the aircraft.

In sight - preceded by the word "traffic," "target, " "obstacle," or descriptive term.

Used to confirm the traffic, target, or obstacle is positively seen or identified.



Jettison - command for emergency release of an external load or stores; when followed by "door," indicates the requirement to perform emergency door removal.

Laser Threat – alert announcement following the audio and symbolic cues of the laser signal detection set (AN/AVR-2).

Maintain - command to keep or continue the same.

Mask - command to conceal aircraft.

Move forward/backward - command to hover the aircraft forward or backward; followed by distance. Also used to announce intended forward or backward movement.

Outside - the primary focus is outside the aircraft.

Put me up - command to place the P*s radio transmit selector switch to a designated position or to place a frequency in a specific radio.

Report - command to notify.

Right - used to indicate a direction only, not to be used in place of "correct."

Slide left/right - command to hover the aircraft left or right; will be followed by distance. Also used to announce intended left or right movement.

Slow down - command to decrease ground speed.

Speed up - command to increase ground speed.

Stop - command to go no further; halt present action.

Strobe - indicates that the AN/APR-39 has detected a radar threat; will be followed by a clock position.

Target - an alert that a ground target has been spotted.

Traffic - refers to any friendly aircraft that presents a collision hazard; will be followed by a clock position, distance, and reference to altitude.

Turn - command to deviate from the current heading; will be followed by the word "right" or "left" and a specific heading or rally term.

Unmask - command to position the aircraft above terrain features.

Up on - indicates the radio selected; will be followed by the position number on the ICS panel; for example, "Up on 3."

Weapons hot/cold/off - indicates weapon switches are in the ARMED, SAFE, or OFF position.

You have the controls - used as a command or announcement by the RCM relinquishing the flight controls.

Figure 6-1 Standard crew terminology




OH-58D DCAS (TROOP) FAC 1 and FAC 2 INDIVIDUAL, CREW, PLATOON TASK and ITERATION REQUIREMENTS

This Appendix states the requirements for a crewmember assigned to an OH-58D DCAS (Troop) to sustain and maintain proficiency as a FAC 1 or FAC 2 crewmember.

    1. FAC 1 AND FAC 2 INDIVIDUAL TASK AND ITERATION REQUIREMENTS.

Table A-1 is an extract from the Aviation CATS showing what a FAC 1 and FAC 2 must perform to sustain proficiency of his aviation skills. The individual compulsory tasks are not unit specific and are the same for all FAC 1 and FAC 2 regardless of unit assignment. The commander may add to the number and frequency of individual tasks based on the proficiency level of the individual crewmember.





ITERATIONS




Monthly

Qtr

SA

Annual

Total

Compulsory Tasks




Live

CSMET

Iterations

Instruments




1

2

4

1

5

EPT




3

6

12




12

Basic Airmanship




2

4

8

1

9

Table A-1. Individual Tasks and Iteration Requirements.




    1. FAC 1 CREW TASK and ITERATION REQUIREMENTS .

Table A-2 is an extract from the Aviation CATS showing what a FAC 1 must perform to sustain crew proficiency.





Iterations




Monthly

Qtr

SA

Annual

Total

Compulsory Crew Tasks




Live

CSMET

Iterations

Security STX:







1

4




4

Screen STX:







1

4




4

Compulsory Platoon Task




Deep Attack




2

4

8

1

9

Deliberate Attack




1

5

10

1

11

Hasty Attack




1

4

8

1

9

Area Recon




1

2

4

1

5

Route Recon




1

2

4

1

5

Zone Recon




1

2

4

1

5

Table A-2. FAC 1 Task and Iteration Requirements.




      1. Compulsory Crew Tasks. The Aviation CATS establishes the minimum number of iterations and frequency required for crewmembers to sustain proficiency in compulsory crew tasks. These crew tasks require repetitive execution that may not necessarily be efficiently accomplished during collective training. The commander may add to the number and frequency of crew tasks based on the proficiency of the individual crewmember. The commander should also select additional crew tasks as required to support the units METL and add those to the crewmembers compulsory crew tasks.

      2. Compulsory Platoon Tasks. The compulsory platoon missions are developed from the units METL. The commander will tailor these missions to the individual crewmember. They will differ from individual to individual depending on what type of mission support tasks the commander has selected for that position. The commander may add to the number and frequency of platoon missions based on the proficiency of the individual crewmember.

      3. Additional Crew Tasks. The tasks listed under additional crew tasks in Table A-2 above are a partial listing of tasks that the commander selects to support the units METL. The commander should expand this list as required to support his METL.

    1. FAC 2 CREW TASK and ITERATION REQUIREMENTS.

Table A-3 is an extract from the Aviation CATS showing what a FAC 2 must perform to sustain crew proficiency. The explanation of compulsory crew tasks, compulsory platoon missions and additional crew tasks are the same as above.





Iterations




Monthly

Qtr

SA

Annual

Total

Compulsory Crew Tasks




Live

CSMET

Iterations

Security STX:










1

1

2

Screen STX:










1

1

2

Compulsory Platoon Missions




Deep attack







3

6

1

7

Deliberate attack







3

6

1

7

Hasty attack







3

6

1

7

Area Recon










1

1

2

Route Recon










1

1

2

Zone recon










1

1

2

Table A-3. FAC 1 Task and Iteration Requirements.




    1. SITUATIONAL TRAINING EXERCISES (STX)

      1. STXs are limited, mission-related exercises. They train and sustain proficiency of individuals, crews and platoons to execute one collective task or a group of related tasks and drills through consistent practice. Based on the unit METL, commanders should develop modify and expand STXs to meet mission requirements. STXs aid in the transition from individual task proficiency to collective task proficiency. The STX—

        1. Focuses training on weaknesses identified in previous training and evaluations.

        2. Provides repetitive training on parts of missions.

        3. Saves time by providing information needed to develop training.

        4. Allows the individual, crew and unit to practice selected critical parts of the mission before rehearsing the entire mission.

      2. Commanders may develop STXs as a training and ATP management tool. When used, the STXs should permit simultaneous accomplishment of individual and collective tasks.

      3. The following steps will help the commander develop STXs that support METL requirements.

        1. Select the battle task to be performed. A battle task is a task that must be accomplished by a individual, crew, platoon, or subordinate unit organization if the next higher headquarters is to accomplish a mission-essential task.

        2. Establish the conditions and standards for the selected battle task. Use the appropriate ATM/MTP/Aviation CATS.

        3. Develop a mission statement to support the battle task. One STX may have numerous mission statements.

        4. Identify the troop METL task that supports the battle task. For example-

  • Battle task: Conduct a deliberate attack.

  • Supporting METL task: Conduct combat operations.

        1. Develop individual, crew and unit supporting tasks. (Use MTP tasks)

        2. Apply time standards.

        3. Identify references.

      1. STXs should have realistic training objectives. The commander must ensure that the STXs do not become “canned” training flights. The training goal must be clearly defined and all participants in the training must understand the objectives. Sample STXs are in each ATM.

      2. Following are samples of individual and crew STXs. Any format may be used as long as each individual understands his requirements. This type format gives the individual their requirements to sustain and maintain their individual, crew and platoon iteration requirements listed on their CTL. It may also be used as an audit trail for completion of CTL requirements.




UNIT: B Trp 9-6 Cav DATE:2 Sep 00


STX: Individual Emergency Procedures

  1. (Live) (CSMET) (AVCAT)

CREW NAMES: PC CW4 Role PI CW2 Kluck

TASK: Perform and respond to emergencies.

CONDITIONS: Minimum crew: PC RL1 (P)/PI RL1 (P)

STX STANDARD: Complete all designated tasks to standards of TC 1-248.

MISSION STATEMENT: Conduct training in the aircraft to practice and maintain task proficiency of individual air crewmember.

SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL/CREW TASKS:

Participate in a crew mission briefing

Plan a VFR flight

Operate aviation mission planning station (AMPS)

Prepare a performance planning card

Verify aircraft weight and balance

Perform preflight inspection

Perform before and after flight checks

Maintain airspace surveillance

Perform radio communications procedures

Perform ECM/ECCM procedures

Perform hovering flight

Perform VMC takeoff

Navigate by pilotage and dead reckoning

Perform electronically aided navigation

Perform fuel management proce­dures

Perform VMC flight maneuvers

Select landing zone/pick-up zone/holding area

Perform VMC approach

Perform slope operations

Perform emergency procedures

Respond to engine failure at altitude

Respond to engine failure at a hover

Perform hovering autorotation

Perform analog throttle operations

Perform manual throttle operations (FADEC)

Perform target handover

Perform MMS operations

Perform ATHS/IDM operations

Perform ADSS operational checks

Perform video image crosslink operations (VIXL)

Operate video tape recorder

Perform non-precision approach (GCA)

Perform emergency GPS approach (GPS, INS, EGI as applicable to the airframe)

Perform precision approach (GCA)

Perform unusual attitude recovery

Respond to inadvertent IMC

Operate Mark XII IFF system

Operate aircraft survivability equipment

Perform weapon systems initialization

Perform combat position operations

Perform refuel/rearm operations

Operate night vision goggles (NVG)

Perform tactical flight mission planning

Transmit tactical reports

Perform terrain flight

Negotiate wire obstacles

Perform masking and unmasking

Perform terrain flight deceleration

Perform actions on contact

Perform shipboard operations

Respond to NVD (ANVIS) failure

Engage target with PTWS

Engage target with 2.75 inch FFAR system

Engage target with the 50-caliber machine gun

Perform aerial observation

Call for indirect fire

Call for a tactical airstrike

Call for Copperhead laser-guided munitions using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a fire-for-effect mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an adjust-fire mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an immediate suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Engage target with the ATAS



TIME STANDARD:

PLAN: 2.0 Hours PREPARATION: 1.5 hours EXECUTION: 2 hours

REFERENCES: FM 1-112, FM 1-140, TC 1-400, TC 1-238, 9-6 TSOP,

COMMANDER’S SIGNATURE:

DATE EXECUTED: 9 SEP 00

CPT Wilber Nelson

GO / NO-GO

NOTES: Perform and practice individual emergency tasks per AH BN CATS.

.












UNIT: C Trp 9-6 Cav DATE: 4 July 99

STX: Instrument #1 (Live) (CSMET) (AVCAT)

CREW NAMES: PC CW2 Smith PI 1LT Jones

TASK: Conduct Crew Instrument Sustainment Training

CONDITIONS: Minimum crew: PC RL1 (P)/PI RL1 (P)

STX STANDARD: Make preplanned takeoff time ±5 min. Perform one EGI approach for PC and one GCA per crewmember.

MISSION STATEMENT: Conduct practice instrument flight within local training area to maintain individual /crew instrument proficiency.

SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL/CREW TASKS:

Participate in a crew mission briefing

Plan a VFR flight

Operate aviation mission planning station (AMPS)

Prepare a performance planning card

Verify aircraft weight and balance

Perform preflight inspection

Perform before and after flight checks

Maintain airspace surveillance

Perform radio communications procedures

Perform ECM/ECCM procedures

Perform hovering flight

Perform VMC takeoff

Navigate by pilotage and dead reckoning

Perform electronically aided navigation

Perform fuel management proce­dures

Perform VMC flight maneuvers

Select landing zone/pick-up zone/holding area

Perform VMC approach

Perform slope operations

Perform emergency procedures

Respond to engine failure at altitude

Respond to engine failure at a hover

Perform hovering autorotation

Perform analog throttle operations

Perform manual throttle operations (FADEC)

Perform target handover

Perform MMS operations

Perform ATHS/IDM operations

Perform ADSS operational checks

Perform video image crosslink operations (VIXL)

Operate video tape recorder

Perform non-precision approach (GCA)

Perform precision approach (GCA)

Perform emergency GPS approach (GPS, INS, EGI as applicable to the airframe)

Perform unusual attitude recovery

Respond to inadvertent IMC

Operate Mark XII IFF system

Operate aircraft survivability equipment

Perform weapon systems initialization

Perform combat position operations

Perform refuel/rearm operations

Operate night vision goggles (NVG)

Perform tactical flight mission planning

Transmit tactical reports

Perform terrain flight

Negotiate wire obstacles

Perform masking and unmasking

Perform terrain flight deceleration

Perform actions on contact

Perform shipboard operations

Respond to NVD (ANVIS) failure

Engage target with PTWS

Engage target with 2.75 inch FFAR system

Engage target with the 50-caliber machine gun

Perform aerial observation

Call for indirect fire

Call for a tactical airstrike

Call for Copperhead laser-guided munitions using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a fire-for-effect mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an adjust-fire mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an immediate suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Engage target with the ATAS



ME STANDARD:

PLAN: 2.0 Hours PREPARATION: 2.5 hours EXECUTION: 2 to 3 hours

REFERENCES: TC 1-240, TC 1-248, Unit SOP, DOD FLIPS, AR 95-1, FAA and Host nation regulations.

COMMANDER’S SIGNATURE:

DATE EXECUTED: 6 July 99

CPT Jim Jones

GO / NO-GO


NOTES: Conduct 2 GCA approaches, one per each crewmember. If GCA requires multiple runs for

For Controller proficiency complete additional approaches as required. PC will ensure video

Tape is secured and placed in the VCR and VCR VCR is set to record immediately before takeoff

and is left to run for duration of flight. Perform indicated tasks to verify operational status of


systems even though equipment may not be required to accomplish this STX.












UNIT: A Trp 9-6 Cav DATE:2 May 00

Crew 1 of 6



STX: Troop Deliberate Attack #3

(Live) (CSMET) (AVCAT)



CREW NAMES: PC LT Grant PI CW3 Lee

TASK: Plan and conduct platoon slice of troop deliberate attack (SQDRN TRNG OPORD DA-3)

CONDITIONS: Minimum crew: PC RL1 (P)/PI RL1 (P)

STX STANDARD: Depart assembly area on time ± 1 minute; cross FLOT on time ± 1 minute; destroy >75% of targets in EA Saber; abort mission with < 4 aircraft

MISSION STATEMENT: Plan and conduct platoon slice of troop deliberate attack to practice and maintain tactical task proficiency of troop aircrews.

SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL/CREW TASKS:

Participate in a crew mission briefing

Plan a VFR flight

Operate aviation mission planning station (AMPS)

Prepare a performance planning card

Verify aircraft weight and balance

Perform preflight inspection

Perform before and after flight checks

Maintain airspace surveillance

Perform radio communications procedures

Perform ECM/ECCM procedures

Perform hovering flight

Perform VMC takeoff

Navigate by pilotage and dead reckoning

Perform electronically aided navigation

Perform fuel management proce­dures

Perform VMC flight maneuvers

Select landing zone/pick-up zone/holding area

Perform VMC approach

Perform slope operations

Perform emergency procedures

Respond to engine failure at altitude

Respond to engine failure at a hover

Perform hovering autorotation

Perform analog throttle operations

Perform manual throttle operations (FADEC)

Perform target handover

Perform MMS operations

Perform ATHS/IDM operations

Perform ADSS operational checks

Perform video image crosslink operations (VIXL)

Operate video tape recorder

Perform non-precision approach (GCA)

Perform precision approach (GCA)

Perform emergency GPS approach (GPS, INS, EGI as applicable to the airframe)

Perform unusual attitude recovery

Respond to inadvertent IMC

Operate Mark XII IFF system

Operate aircraft survivability equipment

Perform weapon systems initialization

Perform combat position operations

Perform refuel/rearm operations

Operate night vision goggles (NVG)

Perform tactical flight mission planning

Transmit tactical reports

Perform terrain flight

Negotiate wire obstacles

Perform masking and unmasking

Perform terrain flight deceleration

Perform actions on contact

Perform shipboard operations

Respond to NVD (ANVIS) failure

Engage target with PTWS

Engage target with 2.75 inch FFAR system

Engage target with the 50-caliber machine gun

Perform aerial observation

Call for indirect fire

Call for a tactical airstrike

Call for Copperhead laser-guided munitions using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a fire-for-effect mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an adjust-fire mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an immediate suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Engage target with the ATAS


TIME STANDARD:

PLAN: 3.0 Hours PREPARATION: 2.5 hours EXECUTION: 2 to 3 hours

REFERENCES: FM 1-112, FM 1-140, TC 1-400, TC 1-238, 9-6 TSOP,

COMMANDER’S SIGNATURE:

DATE EXECUTED: 9 May 00

CPT Clay Banks

GO / NO-GO

NOTES: 6 aircraft available for training. Platoon planning cells per TSOP. The

Commander will conduct RL –1 (T) Evaluation for 1LT Grant and CW3 Lee. See attached

sheets for other mission crews and iteration requirements . Mission planning will be per

Squadron Training OPORD DA-3and overlays.










UNIT: C Trp 9-6 Cav DATE:2 Sep 00

Crew 4 of 6



STX: Platoon Route Recon #5

(Live) (CSMET) (AVCAT)



CREW NAMES: PC CW2 Carlos PI CW3 Hancock

TASK: Plan and conduct platoon route reconnaissance on order. (SQDN TRNG OPORD RR-2)

CONDITIONS: Minimum crew: PC RL1 (P)/PI RL1 (P)

STX STANDARD: Depart assembly area at H hour ± 1 minute; conduct route reconnaissance of Route Budget; complete reconnaissance NLT H +2.

MISSION STATEMENT: Plan and conduct platoon route reconnaissance to practice and maintain tactical task proficiency of platoon aircrews.

SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL/CREW TASKS:

Participate in a crew mission briefing

Plan a VFR flight

Operate aviation mission planning station (AMPS)

Prepare a performance planning card

Verify aircraft weight and balance

Perform preflight inspection

Perform before and after flight checks

Maintain airspace surveillance

Perform radio communications procedures

Perform ECM/ECCM procedures

Perform hovering flight

Perform VMC takeoff

Navigate by pilotage and dead reckoning

Perform electronically aided navigation

Perform fuel management proce­dures

Perform VMC flight maneuvers

Select landing zone/pick-up zone/holding area

Perform VMC approach

Perform slope operations

Perform emergency procedures

Respond to engine failure at altitude

Respond to engine failure at a hover

Perform hovering autorotation

Perform analog throttle operations

Perform manual throttle operations (FADEC)

Perform target handover

Perform MMS operations

Perform ATHS/IDM operations

Perform ADSS operational checks

Perform video image crosslink operations (VIXL)

Operate video tape recorder

Perform non-precision approach (GCA)

Perform precision approach (GCA)

Perform emergency GPS approach (GPS, INS, EGI as applicable to the airframe)

Perform unusual attitude recovery

Respond to inadvertent IMC

Operate Mark XII IFF system

Operate aircraft survivability equipment

Perform weapon systems initialization

Perform combat position operations

Perform refuel/rearm operations

Operate night vision goggles (NVG)

Perform tactical flight mission planning

Transmit tactical reports

Perform terrain flight

Negotiate wire obstacles

Perform masking and unmasking

Perform terrain flight deceleration

Perform actions on contact

Perform shipboard operations

Respond to NVD (ANVIS) failure

Engage target with PTWS

Engage target with 2.75 inch FFAR system

Engage target with the 50-caliber machine gun

Perform aerial observation

Call for indirect fire

Call for a tactical airstrike

Call for Copperhead laser-guided munitions using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a fire-for-effect mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an adjust-fire mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct a suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Conduct an immediate suppression mission using the MMS and ATHS/IDM

Engage target with the ATAS


TIME STANDARD:

PLAN: 3.0 Hours PREPARATION: 2.5 hours EXECUTION: 2 to 3 hours

REFERENCES: FM 1-112, FM 1-140, TC 1-400, TC 1-238, 9-6 TSOP,

COMMANDER’S SIGNATURE:

DATE EXECUTED: 9 SEP 00

CPT Wilber Nelson

GO / NO-GO


NOTES: Platoon planning cells per TSOP. See attached sheets for other mission crews.

Mission planning will be per Squadron Training OPORD RR-2 and overlays. Video RCDR will

be turned on prior to mission departure and entire flight video taped. At end of flight,

turn video tape into Flt Ops with mission debrief. PC Carlos is RL 1(T) training RL 1(P) Johnson.










OH-58D DCAS Squadron and TROOP training REQUIREMENTS
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