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NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. Transfer of controls should be covered in detail. When maneuvering the aircraft the P* must consider obstacles and other aircraft. The P should announce when his attention is focused inside or outside the cockpit. He should ensure that the P* maintains his attention outside the cockpit. All crewmembers must avoid fixation by using proper scanning techniques.

  • TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


    1. Training. Training will be conducted in the aircraft or academically.

    2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft or academically.
  • REFERENCES: Appropriate common references plus TB MED 524.


    1. 2162

      1. CALL FOR INDIRECT FIRE
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Remain oriented on the target while repositioning the aircraft

      2. Mask and unmask the aircraft as required.

      3. Transmit and process an indirect fire mission request.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance. He will focus primarily outside the aircraft. He will announce any maneuver or movement before execution and inform the P if visual contact is lost with other aircraft. He will coordinate with the P as to who will make the call for fire.

            2. The P will operate the MMS and assist the P* as necessary. The P will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit. He will coordinate with the P* as to who will make the call for fire.

      2. Procedure. Acquire the target and relocate the aircraft as necessary. Perform a TGT LOC and prepare and transmit the fire order, including the laser code if for Copperhead. Continue to relo­cate the aircraft as necessary while remaining oriented on the target. Field artillery will respond with a message which should include the time of flight of the rounds. The "splash," call should come five seconds before impact. Lase the target for the appropriate amount of time before the Copperhead impacts.

            1. Call‑for‑Fire Elements (Conventional or Copperhead).

          1. Observer identification (“Y33 this is B06 over”).

          2. Warning order --adjust fire, fire-for-effect ,suppression, immediate suppression.

          3. Method of target location. Target location is transmitted--

            • As a specific grid coordinate to the nearest 10 meters; for example, grid DR 12345678. (The target locate is the most accurate means of obtaining this information.)

            • As a known point; for example those preplanned targets using the target designator (target AB 1002).

            • As a shift from a known point; (from target AB 1002, direction 030 degrees, right 400, add 400).

          4. Target description. ("infantry in the open").

          5. Method of engagement.

            1. Type adjustment. Unless precision fire is specified, area fire will be used.

            2. Danger close.

            3. Mark.

            4. Trajectory. Unless Hi angle is requested Lo angle will be fired.

            5. HE, Copperhead, VT, ICM, DPICM, SMOKE .

            6. Distribution. Converged or Open sheaf.

          6. Method of fire and control (at my command, cannot observe, time on target, continuous illumination, repeat.).

    1. All Copperhead missions are "at my command."

            1. If adjustment is needed, send in corrections using either the original adjustment line or a new adjustment line.

          1. Direction- “ 045 degrees”

          2. Correction- “left 150, add 200”.

    After the correction send Fire for Effect or Repeat as required. When the target is neutralized request to, “record as target”, if desired. Send an "end of mission" message with a BDA or an "unable to observe" message.

            1. Methods to compute adjustment.

          1. Sight-width method. This method can be used when the target locate function is not operational. It is the least accurate method of the three but is the fastest manually. To make an add or a drop correction, compute the differ­ence between the range to the target and the range to the point of impact. To make a lateral correction, calculate the field of view of the sensor. Once the width of the screen is determined in meters, place the target on the edge of the screen. Then compare it with the point of impact of the round to make adjustments.

          2. OT-360 method. To use this method, all subsystems, except the ATHS/IDM, must be accurate and functional. target-locate the point of impact. Then subtracts the easting and northing coordinates of the point of impact from the coordinates of the target.

    1. The P* should not unmask the aircraft in the same place twice.

    2. The OT-360 line is always 360 degrees.
    1. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. When maneuvering the aircraft to maintain the MMS on target the P* must consider obstacles and other aircraft. The P should momentarily assist the P* with obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft and announce when doing so.

    2. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training will be conducted in the aircraft or academically.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft or academically.
    3. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references plus FM 6‑30.


    1. 2164

      1. CALL FOR A TACTICAL AIR STRIKE
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Transmit a spot report and a request for a tactical air strike.

      2. Perform a CAS briefing on the mission.

      3. Coordinate laser codes for laser-guided muni­tions, if applicable.

      4. Transmit a BDA.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance. He will focus primarily outside the aircraft. He will announce any maneuver or movement before execution and inform the P if visual contact is lost with other aircraft. He will coordinate with the P as to who will coordinate with TACAIR.

            2. The P will operate the MMS and assist the P* as necessary. The P will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit. He will coordinate with the P* as to who will coordinate with TACAIR.

      2. Procedure. Acquire the target and perform a TGT LOC. Relocate the aircraft as necessary, prepare and transmit the target information. Remain oriented on the target. The crew will establish contact with the forward air controller on a predetermined frequency, and provide the following informa­tion.

            1. Line One: Initial point.

            2. Line Two: Heading (mag)

            3. Line Three: Distance (NM).

            4. Line Four: Target elevation (ft).

            5. Line Five: Target description.

            6. Line Six: Target coordinates.

            7. Line Seven: Target marks (laser code, smoke, ect).

            8. Line Eight: Friendly location.

            9. Line Nine: Egress direction (magentic).
    4. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. When maneuvering the aircraft to maintain the MMS on target the P* must consider obstacles and other aircraft. The P should momentarily assist the P* with obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft and announce when doing so.

    5. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training mayl be conducted in the aircraft or academically.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    6. REFERENCE: Appropriate common references plus FM 90-21.


    1. 2166

      1. CALL FOR COPPERHEAD LASER-GUIDED MUNITIONS USING THE MMS AND ATHS/IDM
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Prepare a call-for-fire requesting Copperhead laser-guided munitions.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


    1. Before conducting a Copperhead mission, the operator must send a SIT RPT with a laser code to the FDC.

      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* will remain focused outside the aircraft for clearing and keeping track of other aircraft. He will announce any maneuver or movement prior to execution.

            2. The P will operate the ATHS/IDM and assist the P* as necessary. The P will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit.

      2. Procedures.

            1. Identify a target and perform point track procedures.

            2. Perform ATHS/IDM procedures. He will--

          1. Perform TGT LOCATE procedures

          2. Select and press the ATHS/IDM switch.

          3. Select ARTY when the TOP MENU page displays.

          4. Select NEW when the ARTY MSN LIST page displays.

          5. Select CPHD when the MSN TYPE page displays.

          6. Enter N/G when the STR page displays.

    1. When N/G is entered, the ATHS/IDM selects one round of CPHD. (Select the appropriate number if multiple CPHD rounds are desired.)

          1. Select NEW TGT when the TARGET POSITION SELECT page is displayed.

    1. Point track procedures must be accomplished prior to the following procedures.

          1. Select either the MMS line-address key when the MSN SUM page is displayed or KNPT if CPHD can be used at or near a pre­planned target.

          2. Perform TGT LOCATE procedures.

          3. Press the ATHS/IDM key.

          4. Select TGT DESCRIPTION when the MSN SUM page is displayed.

          5. Select TGT when the TGT DESCRIPTION STATUS page is displayed.

          6. Select the appropriate target description when the TARGET DESCRIPTION page "1/3" is displayed.

    1. Scroll to page 2/3 or 3/3 for additional target descriptions, if necessary.

          1. Select the appropriate target when the TARGET SUBTYPE page is selected.

          2. Select the sequencing key when the TARGET DESCRIPTION STATUS page is displayed.

          3. Select SEND when the MSN SUM page is displayed.

    1. Once the ATHS/IDM operator has received the message "SHOT," a countdown will start on the MFD. During the last 20 seconds, the ATHS/IDM operator must designate the target.

            1. Perform designation procedures.

          1. Select ARM on the LASER ARM/STBY/OFF switch.

          2. Press and hold the LASER FIRE switch for the last 20 seconds of the splash countdown.

            1. Perform end-of-mission procedures.

    1. 45 degrees is the maximum angle for Copperhead engagements.
    1. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. Transfer of controls should be covered in detail. When maneuvering the aircraft the P* must consider obstacles and other aircraft. The P should announce when his attention is focused inside or outside the cockpit. He should ensure that the P* maintains his attention outside the cockpit. Increase the interval between aircraft to a minimum of three to five rotor disks. All crewmembers must avoid fixation by using proper scanning techniques.

    2. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft, CPT or CSMET.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    3. REFERENCE: Appropriate common references plus FM 6-30.


    1. 2170

      1. CONDUCT A FIRE-FOR-EFFECT MISSION USING THE MMS AND ATHS/IDM
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Prepare and transmit a FFE mission.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance. He will focus primarily outside the aircraft to keep the target in sight. He will announce any maneuver or movement before execution and inform the P if visual contact is lost with other aircraft.

            2. The P will operate the MMS, ATHS/IDM and assist the P* as necessary. The P will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit.

      2. Procedures.

            1. Perform point track procedures.

            2. Select the ATHS/IDM switch.

            3. Select ARTY when the MENU page displays.

            4. Select NEW when the ARTY page displays.

            5. Select NEW TARGET when the MSN TYPE page dis­plays.

            6. Enter N/G when the TGT DESCRIPTION page dis­plays.

            7. Enter and review the subscriber destination when the MSN SUM page displays.

            8. Select the MMS line-address key.

    1. Point track procedures should be performed before target locating. If the system will not point track, manually maintain the laser hit point on the target with the LOS control.

            1. Perform TGT LOCATE procedures.

            2. Select ATHS/IDM.

            3. Select TGT when the MSN SUM page displays.

          1. Select target description and the appropri­ate subtype.

          2. Sequence off the target description on page 2.

          3. Enter the appropriate data when the DEGREE OF PROTECTION page displays.

    1. Enter the length, width, and attitude of irregularly shaped targets.

            1. Select FIRE CONTROL when the MSN SUM page displays.

            2. Select CONT when the FIRE CONTROL STATUS page displays.

            3. Select FFE when the fire control page displays.

            4. Select SH/FZ as desired when the FIRE CONTROL page displays.

            5. Enter the appropriate SH/FZ combination when the SHELL/FUZE page displays.

    1. Select HC/SMOKE as SH/FZ to perform an immedi­ate smoke mission.

            1. Select the sequencing key when the FIRE CONTROL STATUS page displays.

            2. Select SEND when the MSN SUM page displays.

    1. Select CONTROL after ACCEPTED, SHOT, and SPLASH is received.

            1. Perform end-of-mission procedures.
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