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NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. When maneuvering the aircraft to maintain the MMS on target the P* must consider obstacles and other aircraft. The P should momentarily assist the P* with obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft and announce when doing so.

  • TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


    1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft, CPT or CSMET.

    2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
  • REFERENCE: Appropriate common references.


    1. 1302

      1. PERFORM ATHS/IDM OPERATIONS
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Configure the ATHS/IDM for desired operation.

      2. Access, review, and delete received ATHS/IDM messages as directed.

      3. Transmit artillery and air missions, reports, or messages/free text.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is primarily responsible for obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft.

            2. The P will operate the system and announce when focused inside the cockpit.

      2. Procedures.

            1. Select ATHS/IDM from the co-pilots MFD AUX panel, and access the START page. Enter appropriate information for START pages one and two.

            2. Upon receipt of an ATHS/IDM message, access the top menu page, press the correct key to display the received message list, and review the message and delete it as appropriate.

            3. To transmit data, select the top menu page, and access the desired operation (artillery missions, air missions, movement messages, reports, or messages/free text) and transmit the information as required.
    4. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. When operating the ATHS/IDM the P must not distract the P* to the point he focuses his attention away from flying the aircraft The P should momentarily assist the P* with obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft and announce when doing so.

    5. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft, CPT or CSMET.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    6. REFERENCE: Appropriate common references.


    1. 1304

      1. PERFORM ADSS OPERATIONAL CHECKS
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Perform checks according to TM 55-1520-248-10.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance.

            2. The P will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit

      2. Procedures. Visually inspect the ODA prior to installing it in the aircraft, any discrepancy should be reported as directed by the unit SOP. During run up as per the check list, turn on the ODA using the pilots cyclic ODA switch. Access the ADSS test page and adjust the brightness. Select the desired mode and declutter level.

        WARNING

        Use of the unmodified ODA during periods of low illumination can cause interference with the ANVIS due to the inability to adjust the ODA rheostat to a usable level.



    4. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training will be conducted in the aircraft.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    5. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references.


    1. 1416

      1. PERFORM WEAPONS INITIALIZATION PROCEDURES
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Arm/safe the armament control panel.

      2. Prepare the selected weapon system(s) for opera­tion.

      3. Determine the status of the weapon system(s).
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew actions. The crew will perform weapon system initialization procedures on all tactical flights/missions, or as directed by the commander. These procedures will determine the status and operation of each weapon system and permit firing of each system with minimal switch positioning. The AMPS may be used to program the weapon systems or the data may be manually entered into the system. Crewmembers will coordinate manipulation of armament switches and announce when they have comple­ted weapons initialization procedures. The crew will determine what effect a weapon system malfunction will have on the assigned mis­sion.

    1. Crews should evaluate the contents of the AMPS MISSION (on the AMPS) prior to arriving at the aircraft. Aircrews can verify how their weapons will initialize when the DTC/DTM is loaded. AMPS premission weapons verification will reduce the weapon’s page inputs that would otherwise be required in the aircraft.

      1. Procedures.

            1. Activate the weapon system. To activate the weapon sys­tems, place the master arm switch to STBY.

            2. WEAPONS ORIDE Key. The WEAPONS ORIDE line address key on the GROUND SETUP page over­rides the ground safety inhibit (WOG switch).

              WARNING

              The weapons systems will fire with the WEAPONS ORIDE ON when the WPN FIRE switch is pressed.




            3. WEAPONS Page. The WEAPONS PAGE is selected using the WEAPONS SEL switch on the pilot's cyclic or the WPN/ASE switch on the CPO auxiliary panel.

          1. Rockets. Access the WEAPONS BIT/SETUP page, enter the appropriate code for the type rocket/warhead loaded. Access the WEAPONS page select the ROCKET FUSE DISTANCE line address for airburst/contact data. The CHANGE ZONE key will box the selected zone (either A, B, or ALL). Access the WEAPONS VSD/SPARSE VSD and select the mode (singles, pairs, ripple ).

          2. Gun. The number of rounds to be loaded is entered by pressing the ROUNDS ENTER line address key.

          3. Hellfire missile system. The PRI/ALT codes are entered through the MFK from the WEAPONS page. The WEAPONS BIT/SETUP page is accessed . The MISSILES PER code is entered on this page from the MFK. BIT is accomplished by pressing the HELLFIRE BIT. The HELLFIRE BIT symbol is boxed the entire time the system is being tested. If RHE GO is displayed and no error messages are seen under the missile symbol, the HMS has success­fully passed the BIT

          4. ATAS. The WEAPON BIT/SETUP page is accessed and the BIT is accomplished by pressing ATAS BIT. The symbol is boxed the entire time the system is being tested. An unsuccess­ful BIT will be indicated if IEA NO GO is displayed. A successful BIT will cause the message IEA GO with missile symbols to display if missiles are present. The display indicates IEA GO message with blank spaces if the launcher is good but no missiles are present.
    1. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft, CPT or CSMET.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    2. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references plus FM 1-140.


    1. 1456

      1. ENGAGE TARGET WITH THE 50-CALIBER MACHINE GUN
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D helicopter on an approved range (when non-eye-safe-laser or live ammunition is used) or simulated tactical environment.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Place the system into operation.

      2. Engage the target using the appropriate tech­niques.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions. While maneuvering the aircraft to align weapons symbology the P* may divert his attention inside the cockpit. He must coordinate with the P prior to doing so. Each crewmember must know where the other is focused during the weapon engagement.

            1. The P* will remain focused outside the aircraft and oriented on the target. He is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance. He will acknowledge that P is ready to engage the target and maneuver the aircraft to align the gun symbology on the MFD. He will announce firing, and will coordinate with the P when he remasks or repositions the aircraft. He will announce whether he is focused inside or outside the aircraft.

            2. The P will keep the MMS on target, prepare the gun system and announce when ready to engage. He will announce ready for each firing and when the laser is on. He will assist the P* by monitoring aircraft instruments and clear the aircraft duties permitting. He will monitor rounds impact, and assist the P* to adjust them on target, He will record BDA data, and can visually check the ammunition chute for rounds. He will announce whether he is focused inside or outside the aircraft. In the event of a malfunction he may troubleshoot the gun as briefed.

      2. Procedures.

            1. To engage the target, place the ACP Master Arm switch in the ARM position and the Gun switch in the ARMED position. On the Sparse Weapons VSD the range information is displayed if the target has been lased. Align the LOS cue with the center line MFD. Pressing the WEAPONS FIRE switch to the first detent causes the gun to fire until the burst limit is reached. Pressing the WEAPONS FIRE switch to the second detent causes the gun to fire until the WEAPONS FIRE switch is released or the ammunition supply is depleted.

            2. The PDU (if installed) may be used to engage targets place the ACP Master Arm switch in the ARM position, and the GUN switch to the ARMED posi­tion. The LOS reticle is the pilot's aiming reticle in a heads-up situation. The gun reticle is boresighted to the .50-caliber machine gun at 1,000 meters. Attempt to verify the range to the target and place the reticle over the target.

    1. Live fire is not needed to complete this task.
    1. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. Firing of the weapon system may cause the NVGs to momentarily shut down.

    2. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft or CSMET.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    3. REFERENCE: Appropriate common references plus FM 1-140.


    1. 1458

      1. ENGAGE TARGET WITH PTWS
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D helicopter on an approved range (when non-eye-safe-laser or live missiles are employed) or simulated tactical environment.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Select the appropriate missile delivery mode. (LOBL, LOAL)

      2. Select the appropriate designation techniques. (remote, autonomous)

      3. Select the proper launch mode (manual, normal, or ripple).

      4. Select and configure an appropriate constraints driver for the delivery mode and designation technique.

      5. Engage targets with the Hellfire missile system based on the operational parameters of the missile and the tactical situation.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew actions. While maneuvering the aircraft into constraints the P* may divert his attention inside the cockpit. He must coordinate with the P prior to doing so. Each crewmember must know where the other is focused during the weapon engagement.

            1. The P* will remain focused outside the aircraft and oriented on the target. He is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance. He will acknowledge that P is ready to engage the target and maneuver the aircraft into constraints. He will announce launching the missile, and will coordinate with the P when he remasks or repositions the aircraft.

            2. The P will keep the MMS on target, prepare the missile system and announce when he is ready to engage. He will announce if the engagement is a single target or multiple targets. He will announce ready for each firing and when the laser is on. He will assist the P* into constraints and clear the aircraft duties permitting. He will announce missile impact and record BDA data.

      2. Procedures.

            1. For an autonomous missile engagement, track the target with the MMS, and designate the target with the laser. In LOBL mode, primary coded missiles will slave to the MMS LOS when the LRF/D is armed on the same code as the primary coded mis­sil­es. The laser is the constraints driver. For LOAL autono­mous missile engagem­ents, lasing before the missile is launched may be undesirable. The target location may be entered into the NAV system as a DIR WPT. The range to the target may be obtained by the using laser, HSD DIR WPT, or ATHS/IDM. Either PREPT the MMS to the target, or use the HSD DIR WPT to provide constraints information. When the missile system is ready, maneu­ver the air­craft within launch constraints and verify that all engagement condi­tions are met before the missile is launched.

            2. For remote missile engagements, coordinate with the remote desig­nator to ensure that the launcher designator angle (LDA), safety fan, laser code, and laser designation time re­quirements can be met. Prioritize the appropriate mis­sile code for the remote designator. LOBL/L­OAL constraints drivers are the same as for autono­mous mis­sile launches. When the missile system is ready, maneu­ver the air­craft within launch constraints and verify that all engagement condi­tions are met before the missile is launched.

          1. Manual Launch Mode. The system selects, codes and readies one missile at a time on the primary code. It will allow the system to step between missiles. These engagements may be employed for autonom­ous or remote en­gagements and for LOBL or LOAL engage­ments.

          2. Normal Launch Mode.

            1. The firing of multiple missiles (in flight simultaneously) with the same laser code is called rapid fire. Normal mode is used to service multiple targets quick­ly. These engagements may be employed for autonom­ous or remote en­gagements and for LOBL or LOAL engage­ments.

            2. If two or more missiles are loaded with the primary code, the recommended time interval between missile launches is 8 seconds. Determine the time of flight, maximum delay, laser turn-on time, and laser-on-target time. A third missile may be launched when the minimum launch separation time has elapsed.

            3. During normal mode engage­ments, the RHE will automa­ti­cally reple­nish (select, spin-up, and encode miss­iles) primary coded missiles until the inventory is exhausted. The RHE will not recode alternate coded missiles.

          3. Ripple Launch Mode.

            1. The firing of multiple missiles (in flight simultaneously) with two separate laser codes is called ripple fire. Ripple fire engage­ments re­quire two laser desi­gnators. It is employed during autonomous and remote or double-remote mis­sions using LOBL, LOAL, or some combination thereof. As with any remote Hellfire engage­ment, close coordination is required with the remote designator (air or grou­nd). This coordination will ensure that the LDA, designator safety fan, laser code, and laser designation time require­me­nts are met.

            2. Ripple fire engag­ements can be accom­plished automati­cally if RIPL is selected as the launch mode. In ripple fire engage­ments, priori­tiz­ation of the initial missile code is vitally impor­tant. The primary and alternate coded missile are automat­i­cally toggled without any action from the crew. The firing order is selected by the RHE.

    1. Live fire not needed to complete this task.

    2. Figure 4-6 shows a sample of a typical Hellfire engagement checklist.
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