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NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: The degree of slope is difficult to determine using the NVGs. Select reference points to determine slope angles. (References probably will be limited and difficult to ascertain.) Determine the need for artificial illumination prior to starting the maneuver. If successful completion of the landing is doubtful at any time, abort the maneuver. Both crewmembers should focus outside the cockpit.

  • TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


    1. Training. Training will be conducted in the aircraft.

    2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
  • REFERENCES: Appropriate common references.


    1. 1066

      1. PERFORM a RUNNING LANDING
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Select a suitable landing area.

      2. Establish the proper altitude to clear obstacles on final approach and maintain altitude +-100 feet.

      3. Establish entry airspeed +-10 knots.

      4. Maintain the proper approach angle to clear obstacles.

      5. Maintain heading control and ground track alignment with the landing direction +-10 degrees.

      6. Execute a smooth and controlled termination.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew actions.

            1. The P* will remain focused outside the aircraft during the maneuver.

            2. The P will remain focused outside the aircraft to assist in clearing and to provide adequate warning of obstacles or traffic. He will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit.

      2. Procedures. On final approach, determine an approach angle which allows safe obstacle clearance to arrive at the intended point of landing. Once the approach angle is intercepted, adjust the collective as necessary to establish and maintain the angle. Maintain entry airspeed until apparent ground speed and rate of closure appear to be increasing. Control the rate of descent at touchdown with the collective. Maintain aircraft attitude and landing alignment with the cyclic and heading with the pedals. The touchdown speed may vary from, at, above or below ETL as dictated by landing area conditions. After ground contact, ensure the aircraft remains stable as the collective is lowered to reduce ground run. Once the aircraft has come to a complete stop, reduce the collective to the full down position and neutralize the pedals and cyclic.

    1. Airspeed indications below 20 knots are unreliable.
    1. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS:


      1. Altitude, apparent ground speed, and rate of closure are difficult to estimate at night. The rate of descent during the final 100 feet should be slightly less than during the day to avoid abrupt attitude changes at low altitudes. After establishing the descent, reduce airspeed to approximately 40 to 45 knots until apparent ground speed and rate of closure appear to be increasing. Progressively decrease the rate of descent and forward speed until termination.
    2. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training will be conducted in the aircraft.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    3. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references.


    1. 1070

      1. PERFORM EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D or academically given the indications of a emergency condition or specific malfunction.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Recognize, announce, and analyze indications of an emergency. Perform or describe all immediate action procedures in TM 1-1520-240-10/CL.

      2. Perform appropriate emergency procedure.

      3. Lock shoulder harness, make mayday call, and tune transponder to emergency if required based on type of emergency.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew actions. When either crewmember detects an emergency situation, he will immediately alert the other crewmember.

            1. The P* will perform or direct the P to perform the underlined steps in TMs 55-1520-248-10/CL and will initiate the appropriate type of landing if required for the emergency.

            2. The P will perform as directed or briefed. If time permits, he will verify all emergency checks with TMs 55-1520-248-10/CL. He will request appropriate emergency assistance as described in the FIH.

      2. Procedures. At the first indication of a warning/caution/advisory message, abnormal aircraft noise, and/or odor make an announcement. Identify the malfunction and perform the appropriate emergency procedure.
    4. TRAINING CONSIDERATIONS: This task is used for the CPT, CSMET or academic training and evaluation of emergency procedures from the operators manual that do not have corresponding tasks in this ATM. This task does not prevent the conduct of any training in the aircraft that is not specifically prohibited by this ATM or the Operator's manual.

    5. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft, , CPT, CSMET or academically.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation may be conducted in the aircraft, CPT, CSMET or academically.
    6. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references plus the Flight Information Handbook (FIH).


    1. 1072

      1. RESPOND TO ENGINE FAILURE AT A HOVER
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