Study Guide Questions

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Study Guide Questions

1.     Ice Age hunters wore ______________________________________ for clothing.

2.     Name either of the two theories regarding early man's use of adornment.

3.     Upon examining ancient paintings, you would expect to find a "kalasiris" in_____________ . a.) Sumeria b.) Egypt c.) Assyria d.) Persia

4.     Egyptian men preferred (more / less) facial hair than the Assyrians did.

5.     The first Law of Modesty, requiring women to wear veils, is recorded in ______________ . a.) Sumeria b.) Egypt c.) Assyria d.) Persia

6.     The first phase of Greek fashion was dominated by the______________ . a.) Ionians b.) Dorians c.) Aeolians d.) Minoans

7.     The Ionian tunic, which became a standard wardrobe item throughout Greece, was the____________ . a.) chiton b.) peplos c.) chlamys d.) himation

8.     The shorter of the two Greek cloaks, which was worn mainly by the men, was the______________ . a.) chiton b.) peplos c.) chlamys d.) himation

9.     The semicircular cloaks worn over their tunics by Etruscan men were called________________ . a.) pallas b.) tebennas c.) togas d.) stolas

10.     The full tunics worn by Roman women were called _____________________ . a.) pallas b.) tebennas c.) togas d.) stolas

11.     The earliest costumes for Roman men, and the ones for which Rome is most remembered, were the: a.) pallas b.) tebennas c.) togas d.) stolas

12.     An early society that used different-colored shoes to designate societal rank was: a.) Egypt b.) Minoan Crete c.) Rome d.) Sumer

13.     The strong silk used by the Byzantines was called "___________________________________ ."

14.     The ancient society that featured women's styles with exposed breasts was: a.) Assyria b.) Etruria c.) Minoan Crete d.) the Byzantine Empire

15.     Which of the fashions from antiquity do you consider to be the most attractive? In answering this, describe the fashion and why you like that style.

16.     Three reasons for the origin of clothing are: protection and warmth, adornment, and social status. Which of the three is most important in today's society? Explain.

17.     The trousers worn by Celtic men were called: a.) braies b.) fibula c.) torques d.) bliauts

18.     The gold Celtic neck rings were called __________________ .

19.     Which era came first, the Romanesque or the Gothic?

20.     The tunics that crusading knights wore over their armor were called: a.) bliauts b.) dalmatics c.) surcotes d.) liripipes

21.     The long tails extending from the hoods of men's garments after the 12th Century were called "_______________________________________ ."

22.     The floor-length garment with enormous sleeves popularized by Richard II of England was called the_________________ a.) cotehardie b.) joupon c.) houppelande d.) dag

23.     The Renaissance originated in what country?

24.     Why did Renaissance men wear silk and taffeta shirts?

25.     The stiff, bell-shaped farthingale petticoats originated in: a.) Italy b.) Spain c.) Burgundy d.) England

26.     The petticoat style that stayed in fashion for most of the 17th and 18th Centuries was the _________ . a.) plastron b.) stomacher c.) Greek farthingale d.) pannier

27.     A supporter of England's Charles I and the fashions he wore would be known as a(n) "______________________________________ ."

28.     What fashion accessory did Charles I's wife, Henrietta Maria, introduce to England?

29.     The short, nearly cropped haircut of the Puritans led to what nickname?

30.     Which country set fashion trends for the last half of the 17th Century?

31.     From the Dark Ages through the Renaissance, men's fashions were considered to be more important than women's. Why do you think this was so? Were these contributing factors different from those of other eras, including those of your own?

32.     Which of the fashions from this era do you consider to be the most attractive? In answering this question, describe the fashion and explain why you like that style.

33.     The knee-length, tailored coat that replaced the waistcoat on the French fashion scene late in Louis XIV's reign was the: a.) festoon b.) fontange c.) justaucorps d.) Rhinegrave

34.     The elaborate headdress that was stylish for women in the latter part of the 17th Century was the __________________________________ .

35.     The robe de chambre evolved into a contouche, which is also called what?

36.     Madame de Pompadour was mistress to: a.) Louis XIV b.) Louis XV c.) Louis XVI d.) Charles I

37.     A hair stiffener made from beef marrow, veal fat, hazel nut oil, balsam, and vanilla is called a _____ . a.) fichu b.) ramillies c.) pomade d.) stock

38.     Another name for the Phrygian cap popularized by French revolutionaries was the: a. ) bonnet rouge b.) carmagnole c.) sans culottes d.) fichu

39.     The fashions introduced by Napoleon and Josephine were said to belong to what style?

40.     Who was the English dandy who dominated male fashions during the early 19th Century?

41.     What did 19th Century women use to achieve the effect of narrow waists?

42.     What was the nickname of Empress Eugénie of France?

43.     Who was the first designer to show his styles with live models and fashion shows?

44.     Which monarch introduced small bonnets and muffs as fashionable accessories in her country?

45.     Though wedding veils became fashionable in the 19th Century, they were first worn in which earlier civilization?

46.     The padded framework worn by women to expand the back of the skirt was called a __________ . a.) busk b.) bloomer c.) bertin d.) bustle

47.     Fashions throughout the 18th Century were dictated from France. Is having one central fashion authority a good or a bad condition? Who dictates fashions today? How closely do you follow the latest styles?

48.     Which of the fashions from this era do you consider to be the most attractive? In answering this, describe the fashion and tell why you like that style.

49.     What American style at the turn of the 20th Century epitomized an Age of Innocence?

50.     Pads worn in the hair to give it added height are called: a.) obis b.) rats c.) décolleté d.) leg o' muttons

51.     Low necklines are referred to as "______________________________________ ."

52.     The first costumer to market designer perfume was: a.) Jaques Doucet b.) Coco Chanel c.) Paul Poiret d.) Callot S?urs

53.     The head-hugging hat of the Twenties, which was worn pulled down low over the forehead was called the ______________ .: a.) flapper b.) marcel c.) shingle d.) cloche

54.     Which men's pants style was shorter, knickerbockers or Oxford bags?

55.     Who designed the "little black dress?"

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