Structured Teaching



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Structured Teaching

Overview

This module will define structured teaching and offer strategies for implementing the components of structured teaching at home, school, work, and in the community. Structured teaching is an approach to help individuals with autism understand their environment and daily activities using their visual mode, which is usually their strongest modality.



Pre-Assessment

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Pre-Assessment

Structured teaching is a visually based approach to creating highly structured environments that support individuals with autism.

Select an answer for question 135

What are the facets of structured teaching?

Select an answer for question 136

Structured teaching is only used in the school environment.

Select an answer for question 137

Structured teaching environments can only be constructed by trained personnel.

Select an answer for question 138

Complete the following statement: Structured environments allow individuals with ASD to ...

Select an answer for question 139

Choose the correct word. Which word means visually structured sequences that provide opportunities to practice previously taught skills, concepts, or activities?

Select an answer for question 140

Choose the correct word. Which word means the use of visual supports such as furniture, labels, icons, etc., to make environments comprehensible and manageable?

Select an answer for question 141

Choose the correct word. Which word means tasks that are highly organized and incorporate visual instructions?

Select an answer for question 142

Choose the correct word. Which word means a visual representation of planned activities in the order in which they will occur using symbols, words, pictures, photographs, icons, or actual objects?

Select an answer for question 143

Choose the correct word. Which word means in combination with visual schedules, assist individuals in understanding the environment and in becoming more flexible?

Select an answer for question 144



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What is Structured Teaching?

Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) thrive in well-organized, highly structured environments. Structured environments are those environments that promote a clear understanding of the schedules, activities, and expectations for both the individuals with autism and their caregivers (teachers, parents, etc.). Specifically, structured environments are environments that allow individuals with ASD to:



  • understand and predict what is happening in their environments

  • predict the expectations of an environment

  • acquire new skills

  • generalize skills from one setting to another (Iovannone, Dunlap, Huber, & Kincaid, 2003).

Structured teaching is a visually based approach to creating highly structured environments that support individuals with autism in a variety of educational, community, and home/living settings (Mesibov, Shea, & Schopler, 2005). Structured teaching is associated with the Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication Handicapped CHildren (TEACCH) (Schopler, Mesibov, & Hearsey, 1995). The goal is to create an environment that promotes independence (i.e., decreased need for adult support) by incorporating an understanding of the characteristics of autism and the strengths and interests of each individual (Mesibov et al., 2005). Visual supports and external organization serve as the basis for the interventions in a structured environment. For more information on the use of visual supports, click here to complete the Autism Internet Module on Visual Supports.



The Specific Components of Structured Teaching

There are five major components to structured teaching, including physical organization/visual boundaries, schedules, routines, work systems, and task organization. Each of these areas will be discussed in the following sections.





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