Spinal Anatomy from 9/99



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Board Review 12/9/2017 Spinal Anatomy from 9/99

  1. Which of the following bones contains the inferior orbital Fisher?

  1. Ethmoid
  2. Sphenoid


  3. Frontal

  4. Maxillary




  1. What passes through foramen rotunderm?
  1. Maxillary nerve


  2. Mandibular nerve

  3. Middle meningeal artery

  4. Ophthalmic nerve




  1. Which of the following is transmitted through foramen ovale?
  1. Mandibular nerve


  2. Maxillary nerve

  3. Mental meningeal artery

  4. Ophthalmic nerve




  1. Foramen spinosum contains?
  1. Middle meningeal artery


  2. Maxillary nerve

  3. Optic nerve

  4. Internal carotid artery




  1. The crista ampularis is a feature of which of the following?

  1. Endolymphatic duct

  2. Perilymphatic duct

  3. Cohlear duct
  4. Semicochlear duct





  1. Obstruction of foramen of Monroe produces greatest build-up of pressure in?
  1. Lateral ventricle


  2. 3rd ventricle

  3. Fourth ventricle

  4. Aqueduct of Sylvius




  1. Cerebrospinal fluid is normally contained within what space?

  1. Epidural

  2. Subdural
  3. Subarachnoid


  4. Peridural




  1. Primal tracks dessucate?

  1. Pons
  2. Medulla


  3. mid brain

  4. internal capsule



  1. The orientation of the inferior articular facets in the lumbar is?

  1. Posterior and medial

  2. Posterior and lateral
  3. Anterior and medial


  4. Anterior and lateral




  1. Dermatomes to middle finger is from where in the brachial Plexus?

  1. C5

  2. C6
  3. C7


  4. C8




  1. Which of the following cranial nerves originates from the 2nd pharyngeal arch?

  1. 5
  2. 7


  3. 9

  4. 10




  1. Which of the following cranial nerves is not Parasympathetic?

  1. 3
  2. 6


  3. 7

  4. 11




  1. Which of the following cranial nerves goes through the cribriform plate
  1. 1


  2. 2

  3. 3

  4. 4




  1. Cranial nerve II axis the cranial vault via?

  1. Superior orbital fissure
  2. Optic canal


  3. Supraoptic canal

  4. Foramen rotundrum




  1. The gray rami communicuntes contain which of the following fibers?

  1. Preganglionic sympathetic

  2. Preganglionic parasympathetic
  3. Postganglionic sympathetic


  4. Postganglionic parasympathetic




  1. What part of the vertebra bears the greatest amount of weight?

  1. Facets
  2. Body


  3. Pedicles

  4. Lamina



  1. The most common direction for a disc to herniate is?

  1. Central

  2. Lateral

  3. Posteriomedial
  4. Posterolateral





  1. What fibers direct pain?
  1. Free nerve endings


  2. Meissners corpuscles

  3. End bulbs of Krause

  4. Organ of ruffini




  1. The internal jugular vein drains which of the following?
  1. Sigmoid sinus


  2. Superior sagittal sinus

  3. Occipital sinus

  4. Straight sinus




  1. What splanchnic nerve is derived from spinal nerve T-10/11?

  1. Greater  T5—T9

  2. Lesser  T10—T11

  3. Least  T12

  4. Pelvis




  1. At which level of the spinal cord is the conus medullaris found?
  1. L1 L2


  2. L4 L5

  3. L5 S1

  4. S2 S3




  1. Globus pallidus will transmit info to?

  1. Red nucleus

  2. Putnam
  3. Cortex


  4. Thalamus




  1. Which cell will extend from the pre-motor cortex all the way down the spinal cord?
  1. Pyramidal cell


  2. Purkinje cells

  3. Alpha motor neuron

  4. Sensory cells




  1. Cerebro, ponto, & cerebellar involves?

  1. Initiation of skilled movements

  2. Fine hand movements
  3. Coordination of movements


  4. Crude touch



  1. The trigeminal nerve goes through the cerebral- spinal fluid through which cistern?

  1. Superior

  2. Pontine

  3. Lumbar

  4. Chyli




  1. Tectospinal tract response to?

  1. Rotation of cervical spine

  2. Rotation of thoracic spine

  3. Rotation of lumbar spine

  4. Find hand movement




  1. Which of the following vertebra has a pair of full costal facets and one pair of demi facets?
  1. T1


  2. T-3

  3. T10

  4. T12




  1. Oculomotor nerve innervates which of the following?

  1. Orbicularis oculi

  2. Risorius
  3. Levator palpebrae superioris


  4. Obicularis oris




  1. The pons is supplied by which of the following arteries?
  1. Basilar


  2. Internal carotid

  3. For vertebral

  4. Superior cerebellar




  1. The fourth ventricle is continuous with?
  1. Subarachnoid space


  2. Subdural space

  3. Epidural space

  4. Lateral ventricles




  1. The superior continuation of the PLL is the?
  1. Tectorial membrane


  2. Ligamentum flavum

  3. Ligamentum nuchae

  4. Supraspinous ligament




  1. The nuchal ligament is a continuation of?
  1. Supraspinous ligament


  2. Ligamentum flavum

  3. Tectorial membrane

  4. ALL

  1. A posterior ponticle results from calcification of which of the following ligaments?

  1. Capsular

  2. Anterior alanto-occipital

  3. Lateral alanto-occipital
  4. Posterior-alanto-occipital





  1. Which part of the vertebra contains a groove for the vertebral artery?

  1. Dense

  2. Condyles
  3. Posterior arch


  4. Anterior arch




  1. Which of the following vertebra does not have a bifid spinous process?

  1. C-2

  2. C5

  3. C6
  4. C7





  1. At which vertebral level does the vertebral artery enter the spine?

  1. C5
  2. C6


  3. C7

  4. T1




  1. Which ligament attaches the TVP of L5 to the Iliac Crest?
  1. Superior band of iliolumbar ligament


  2. Inferior band of iliolumbar ligament

  3. Ligamentum flavum

  4. Supraspinotous ligament




  1. Which rib has both vertebral chondral and false rib?

  1. Five
  2. Eight


  3. Eleven

  4. Twelve




  1. Coupling motion in the cervical spine during lateral flexion of the neck causes the vertebral body to?
  1. Ipsilateral rotation


  2. Contralateral rotation

  3. Flexion

  4. Extension




  1. Posterior chamber of the eye is located between?
  1. Iris to lens


  2. Cornea to iris

  3. Cornea to lens

  4. Lens to retina

  1. Which of the following cranial nerves innervates the superior oblique muscle of the eye?
  1. Trochlear


  2. Oculomotor

  3. Abducens

  4. Optic




  1. What cranial nerve root innervates the base of the skull to the vertex of the skull?
  1. C-1 C-2


  2. C-2 C-3

  3. C-3 C-4

  4. C-4 C-5




  1. Which of the following supplies cutaneous innervation to lower back?

  1. Anterior primary rami
  2. Posterior primary rami


  3. Thracodorsal nerve

  4. Axillary nerve




  1. Which of the following contains perilymph?
  1. Petrous portion of temporal


  2. Occipital

  3. Sphenoid

  4. Frontal




  1. Which of the following is a Excitatory to the pars compacta of the substantia nigra?

  1. Dopamine  inhibitory

  2. Glycine
  3. Glutamate


  4. Gaba inhibitory




  1. The posterior groove on the odontoid process is for what ligament?
  1. Transverse


  2. Apical

  3. Alar

  4. Cruciate




  1. At the tip of a lateral aspect of dense there are two small groups for the attachment of?

  1. Alar check ligament

  2. Apical

  3. Transverse

  4. Cruciate




  1. Distraction of the posterior columns results in loss of?

  1. Temperature sensation

  2. Pain sensation
  3. Vibrations sensation


  4. Motor function




  1. The clivus is composed of the sphenoid bone and the?

  1. Ethmoid

  2. Parietal
  3. Occipital


  4. Temporal




  1. Which of the following is a remnant of the notocord?
  1. Nucleus pulposis


  2. Annulus fibrosis

  3. Vertebral endplate

  4. Vertebral body




  1. The splenius capitis muscle inserts into?

  1. EOP
  2. Mastoid process


  3. Ligamentum nache

  4. TVP of C-1 and C-2




  1. The spinal cord is widest at?

  1. C-1
  2. C6


  3. T12

  4. L3




  1. What is the function of the emissary vein?

  1. To connect the intracranial venous sinuses with the veins outside the cranial

  2. To connect the prostatic vein to lumbar veins

  3. To connect veins in the hand

  4. Connect IVC to SVC




  1. Normal orientation of the thoracic TVP is?

  1. 45 degrees anterolateral
  2. 45 degrees posterolateral


  3. Lateral

  4. 10 degrees anterior inferior




  1. There is no intervertebral disc in which of the following locations?
  1. C-1 C-2


  2. C-2 C-3

  3. T-11 T-12

  4. L-5 S-1




  1. Auditory fibers are contained in the?

  1. Medial longitudinal fasciculus

  2. Medial lemniscus
  3. Lateral lemniscus


  4. Superior colliculus



  1. The uncus and anygduloid receive fibers from?

  1. Optic nerve

  2. Trigeminal nerve
  3. Olfactory bulb


  4. Facial nerve




  1. Which of the following is an example of a fiberocartilegous joint? In
  1. Symphsis


  2. Syndesmosis

  3. Gonphosis

  4. Condyler




  1. The joint between occiput and C-1 is which type?
  1. Condyler


  2. Trochoid

  3. Saddle

  4. Hinged




  1. Apopyseal joints are used with structures for articulation of?

  1. Spinal processes
  2. Articular processes


  3. Bodies

  4. Lamina




  1. Which of the following cranial nerves innervates the medial peterygoid muscle?
  1. 5


  2. 7

  3. 9

  4. 10




  1. What are the biggest nerve innervates the laryngeal muscle?

  1. Recurrent laryngeal nerve
  2. Inferior Recurrent laryngeal nerve


  3. Cardiac branches

  4. Esophageal branches




  1. Which of the following segmental levels comprise the phrenic nerve?

  1. C-1 C-2

  2. C-3 C-4 C-5 keep the body alive

  3. C-5 C-6 C-7

  4. C-6 C-7 C-8




  1. Superior petroseal vein drains into?
  1. Sigmoid sinus


  2. Cavernous sinus

  3. Transverse sinus

  4. Superior sagittal sinus



  1. The parotid gland is innervated by which of the following nerves?

  1. 3

  2. 7 runs through it
  3. 9


  4. 10




  1. Climbing fibers in the cerebellum originate in?

  1. Peduncles

  2. Nucleus solitaries

  3. Nucleus amibigous
  4. Olivary nucleus





  1. The vertebral arteries enter the skull through which foramen?

  1. Stylomastoid foramen

  2. Foramen spinosum

  3. Jugular foramen
  4. Foramen magnum





  1. Somatic visceral primary neurons are derived from?

  1. Mesoderm

  2. Endoderm

  3. Ectoderm
  4. Neural crest cells





  1. Preganglionic parasympathetic fibers of oculomotor nerves synapse at what ganglion?

  1. Submandibular

  2. Pterygopalatine

  3. Optic
  4. Ciliary





  1. The inability to move the jaw laterally indicates damage to which of the following cranial nerves?
  1. V


  2. VII

  3. VII

  4. X




  1. What ligament attaches Lamina to Lamina?

  1. Posterior longitudinal

  2. Anterior longitudinal

  3. Supraspinous
  4. Ligamentum flavum





  1. Which of the following is derived from the 3rd brachial arch?
  1. Stylopharygeus


  2. Medial ptyerotid

  3. Masseter

  4. Obliqularis oculi




  1. Location of her vertebral venous plexus?
  1. Epidural


  2. Subdural

  3. Subarachnoid

  4. Peridural




  1. What is confluent with the central canal of SC?

  1. Foramen of Monroe

  2. Lateral ventricle

  3. 3rd ventricle

  4. 4th ventricle




  1. Which ligaments is broadest in the C-spine region, narrows in the T-spine & attaches IVD?
  1. Posterior longitudinal


  2. Anterior longitudinal

  3. Ligamentum flavum

  4. Interspinous




  1. Which of the following has no rods and cones?

  1. Fovea

  2. Macula

  3. Periphery of retina
  4. Optic disc





  1. What separates cerebus prom cerebellum?

  1. Cavernous sinus
  2. Tentorium cerebelli


  3. Falx cerebelli

  4. Falx cerebri




  1. Physiologically, during extension of the lumbar spine the IVF’s ? and the spinal canal?
  1. Shortens, shortens


  2. Shortens, lengthens

  3. Lengthens, shortens

  4. Lengthens, lengthens




  1. Innervation of the Deltoid muscle is from?

  1. C-3 C-4

  2. C-5 C-6

  3. C-7 C-8

  4. T-3 T-4




  1. Mammillary processes of lumbar spine are located on?

  1. Lamina

  2. Pedicles

  3. Inferior articular processes

  4. Superior articular processes

  1. Microglial cells are derived from?

  1. Meschymal cells

  2. Ectoderm

  3. Endoderm

  4. Mesoderm



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