Skeletal system lab axial skeleton

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SKULL: Frontal bone, Parietal bone, Temporal bone, Occipital bone, Nasal bone, Ethmoid bone (Perpendicular plate, Middle nasal conchae, Crista galli), Sphenoid bone (Greater wing, lesser wing, Pterygoid process, Sella turcica), Vomer, Maxilla

Zygomatic arch ( zygomatic process and zygomatic bone ), Styloid process, Occipital condyle, Superior nuchal ridge, Inferior nuchal ridge, Supraorbital ridge, Orbit, Hard palate, Coronoid process, Mastoid process, Mandibular fossa, Glabella

Supraorbital foramen, Infraorbital foramen, Zygomaticofacial foramen, Jugular foramen, Carotid foramen, Foramen ovale, Foramen spinosum, Foramen lacerum, Foramen magnum, External auditory meatus, Parietal foramen, Lacrimal groove

Coronal suture, Squamous suture, Sagittal suture, Lamboidal suture, Lambda, Bregma

MANDIBLE: Mental foramen, Mandibular foramen, Mandibular condyle, Coronoid process, Rami, Mental symphysis (mandibular symphysis),

FETAL SKULL: Frontal (anterior) fontanel, Occipital (posterior) fontanel, Sphenoid fontanel, Mastoid fontanel, Frontal tuberosity, Parietal eminence

HYOID BONE: Greater cornu, Lesser cornu

VERTEBRAE: Centrum (body), spinous process, transverse process, superior articulating facet, inferior articulating facet, spinal canal, intervertebral notch, intervertebral foramen, mammillary process

Cervical : Atlas, Axis, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7 (total 7), transverse foramina, bifid spinous process

Atlas: 1st cervical bone

Axis: 2nd cervical bone, dens ( odontoid process),a projection on the bone

Thoracic: Costal facets for ribs (found on the transverse processes), Demi facets for ribs (found on the body)

Lumbar vertebrae (total 5)

Sacrum (fusion of 5 vertebrae), dorsal , ventral, spinous processes, foramina, superior articulating facets

Coccyx (fusion of 4 vertebrae)

RIBS: Sternal end, Vertebral end, Head, Tubercle, Shaft, 7 true ribs, 5 false ribs (3 false + 2 floating)

Sternum: Manubrium, Body(gladiolus) , Xyphoid process, Clavicular notch, Jugular notch



Clavicle : Sternal end, Acromial end , conoid process

Scapula : Spine, Acromion, Corocoid process, Glenoid cavity, Supraspinous fossa, Infraspinous fossa, Subscapular fossa, Medial border, Lateral border

HUMERUS: Head, Anatomical neck, Shaft, Greater tuberc le, Lesser tubercle, Deltoid tuberosity, Capitulum, Olecranon fossa, Coronoid fossa, Medial epicondyle, Lateral epicondyle, Trochlea

ULNA: Trochlear notch, Radial notch, Coronoid process, Olecranon process,

RADIUS: Radial tuberosity, Styloid process

CAPAL BONES: Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate, Scaphoid, Lunate,Triquetrum, Pisiform, (total 8)

METACARPALS : I, II, III, IV, V (starting from thumb)(total 5)

PHALANGES: Proximal, Medial, distal (except the thumb which has proximal and distal only)(total 14)

PELVIC GIRDLE (COXA) : Ilium, Ischium, Pubis, Pubic symphysis, Acetabulum, Greater sciatic notch, Lesser sciatic notch, Ischial spine, Anterior superior iliac spine, Anterior inferior iliac spine, Posterior superior iliac spine, Posterior inferior iliac spine, Obturater foramen

FEMUR : Head, Anatomical neck, Shaft, Greater trochanter, Lesser trochanter, Linea aspera, Medial condyle, Lateral condyle, Intercondyloid fossa,


TIBIA: Tibial tuberosity, medial malleolus

FIBULA: Head, Shaft, Lateral malleolus

TARSAL BONES: 1st, 2nd and 3rd (medial , intermediate and lateral) Cuneiforms, Navicular, Cuboid, Calcaneus, Talus, (total 7)

METATARSALS: I, II, III, IV, V (starting from the big toe)(total 5)

PHALANGES: Total 14, as in the hand

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