A 25-year-old patient appealed to a doctor with complains of coryza and headache lasting for 4 days. Examination diagnosed frontitis. Through which nasal meatus did the infection get into the frontal sinus? A. Common. B. Superior. C. Inferior. *D. Middle. E. Nasopharyngeal.
A 30-year-old patient with a second upper molar pulp inflammation appealed to a doctor with complaints of headache and nose rheum. After examination pulpitis complicated with sinusitis was diagnosed. Which sinus did the infection enter from this tooth root canal? *A. Maxillary sinus. B. Frontal sinus. C. Sphenoidal sinus. D. Ethmoid cells. E. Mastoid cells.
A casualty has a trauma of soft tissues and parietal bones in the saggital suture area with profuse bleeding. What formation is probably injured? A. Sinus rectus. B. Sinus petrosus superior. *C. Sinus sagittalis superior. D. Sinus sagittalis inferior. E. Sinus transverses.
A child was diagnosed a fracture of the skull base, bulbar disorders was dominated . Which part of cranial fossa is fractured? A. *posterior B. anterior C. media D. temporal E. infratemporal
A child, 5 years old, was admitted to an otolaryngologic department with suppurative inflammation of the middle ear. Disease began with nasopharynx inflammation. Through what temporal bone canal could the infection get to the tympanic cavity? *A. Musculotubal canal. B. Tympanic canaliculus. C. Carotid canal. D. Canaliculus for chorda tympani. E. Caroticotympanic canaliculi.
A child, 6 years old, has suppurative inflammation of the middle ear complicated with suppurative inflammation of mastoid cells. Mastoidotomy is necessary. About what venous sinus must a surgeon remember to avoid its traumatizing? *A. Sigmoid. B. Superior sagittal. C. Inferior sagittal. D. Transverse. E. Cavernous.
A patient complains of headache and heavy breathing. X-ray examination confirmed the diagnosis - frontitis (inflammation of the frontal sinus). In what nasal meatus may purulent discharge be observed during the examination of the nasal cavity? A. Common. B. Superior. C. Inferior. *D. Middle. E. Above the superior nasal concha.
A patient has a suppurative inflammation of the sphenoidal sinus. What part of the nasal cavity does the pus flow out into? *A. Meatus nasi superior. B. Meatus nasi communis. C. Meatus nasi medius. D. Meatus nasi inferior. E. Infundibulum.
A patient has an inflammation of sphenoid sinus. Where does the aperture of this sinus open? A. Infundibulum. *B. Sphenoethmoidal recess. C. Middle nasal meatus. D. Inferior nasal meatus. E. Common nasal meatus.
A patient has got a complication after rhinitis. X-ray examination showed pus accumulation in the maxillary sinus on the left. To what nasal meatus does the pus release? A. Right nasopharyngeal. B. Right inferior nasal. C. Right superior nasal. D. Right common nasal. *E. Left middle nasal.
A sick has an acute inflammation of nasolacrimal duct mucous membrane. It is known that after influenza nasal discharges had been observed for a long time. From what part of the nasal cavity could the infection get to the nasolacrimal duct? A. Superior nasal meatus. *B. Inferior nasal meatus. C. Middle nasal meatus. D. Common nasal meatus. E. Sphenoethmoidal recess.
Acute inflammatory process of the nasolacrimal duct mucosa of a 28-year-old patient has been diagnosed. Influenza was followed by 10-days' discharge from the nose. From what part of the nasal cavity could the infection get into the nasolacrimal duct? A. Vestibule of nose. B. Middle nasal meatus. C. Superior nasal meatus. *D. Inferior nasal meatus. E. Frontal sinus.
After craniocerebral injury it was revealed a fracture of the skull base by X-ray examination. Fracture line passes through the spinosum and rotundum foramen. What bone is damaged? A. *sphenoid B. temporal C. ethmoid D. frontal E. occipital
After eye injury begun the suppuration of orbital soft tissues . Through what anatomical formation of pus may spread into the middle cranial fossa? A. *Through the upper orbital fissure B. Through the anterior ethmoidal foramen C. Through the posterior ethmoidal foramen D. Through the lower orbital fissure E. Through the rotundum foramen
After the deliverance from blockage, the victim was observed the disorder of the mind, a lot of subcutaneous hemorrhage in the head and neck, small wounds on his face. There was a "scalping" type of wound and sharp contour deformation of upper part of the head. What bones can be damaged? A. *Parietal and occipital bone B. Sphenoid bone and the lower jaw C. Frontal and nasal bones D. Temporal bone and upper jaw E. Zygomatic bone and lacrimal bone
An 8-year-old boy with purulent otitis has the infecion spread from the tympanic cavity into the bulb of internal jugular vein. Such complication develops in case of one of the tympanic cavity walls thinning. What wall is it? A. Medial. B. Superior. *C. Inferior. D. Lateral. E. Anterior.
Chronic rhinitis is complicated with the signs of maxillary sinus mucous tunic affection (maxillary sinusitis). Through what nasal cavity formation has the infection spread? A. Ethmoid cells. B. Ethmoidal infundibulum. C. Sphenopalatine foramen. D. Sphenoethmoidal recess. *E. Maxillary hiatus.
Due to a pituitary tumor, on radiographs it was revealed destruction and fossa enlargement of the sella turcica. Which bone cavity was damaged? A. *Sphenoid sinus B. Carotid channel C. Optic canal D. Tympanic cavity E. Facial canal
Due to head injury, the victim was revealed the damage of the right process of occipital bone. What part of the occipital bone is damaged? A. *lateral B. squama C. basic D. jugular process E. foramen magnum
During a meal milk gets into the nasal cavity of a newborn child. What is the probable cause of this pathology? A. Cleft clip. B. Nasal septum deviation to the right. C. Basal skull fracture. *D. Cleft palate. E. Nasal septum deviation to the left.
During examination an otolaryngologist diagnosed the inflammation of the maxillary sinus. In what nasal meatus did the rhinoscopy show pus? *A. Middle. B. Superior. C. Inferior. D. Common. E. Supreme.
During surgery, the doctor manipulates the medial wall of the tympanic cavity. Which canal of the temporal bone may be destroyed? A. *facial B. musculo-tubular C. tympanic D. chorda tympani E. carotid
During the examination of the patient by ENT doctorit was diagnosed inflammation of the maxillary sinuses. Where was revealed the pus during rhinoscopy? A. *medium nasal meatus B. upper nasal meatus C. lower nasal meatus D. common nasal meatus E. the highest nasal meatus
During the first days of a newborn child a pediatrician detected that milk gets into the child's nasal cavity. What malformation does this fact indicate? *A. Non-closed palate. B. Diverticulum of esophagus. C. Esophageal atresia. D. Cleft clip. E. Esophagus constriction.
Examination of a patient revealed an abscess of pterygopalatine fossa. Where can the infection spread to unless the disease is managed in time? A. *To the orbit B. To the interpterygoid space C. To the frontal sinus D. To the subgaleal temporal space E. To the tympanic cavity
Purulence of orbit soft tissues took place after an eye's trauma.Through what anatomical formation can the purulent process spread to the pterygopalatine fossa? A. Through the round foramen. *B. Through the inferior orbital fissure. C. Through the pterygoid canal. D. Through the superior orbital fissure. E. Through the zygomaticoorbital foramen
Purulence of orbit soft tissues tookplace after an eye's trauma. Through what anatomical formation can the purulent process spread to the middle cranial fossa? *A. Through the superior orbital fissure. B. Through the anterior ethmoidalforamen. C. Through the posterior ethmoidal foramen. D. Through the inferior orbital fissure. E. Through the zygomaticoorbital foramen.
The child has the cleft upper lip ("hare lip") and the anterior part of the sky ("cleft palate"). What processes are not grow together ? A. *Nasal, palatine B. Maxillary, frontal C. Palatine, mandibular D. Mandibular, nasal E. Nasal, frontal
The patient was hospitalized for correcting nasal septum deviation. What bones are subjects for correction? A. *perpendicular plate of palatine bone, vomer B. vertical plate of palatine bone , vomer C. perpendicular plate of palatine bone, inferior nasal concha D. nasal bone, vertical plate of palatine bone E. horizontal plate of palatine bone, vomer
The roof of tympanic cavity was damaged by purulent otitis. To what cranial fossa can the pus get through the roof from the tympanic cavity? *A. Middle. B. Posterior. C. Anterior. D. Orbit. E. Pterygopalatine.
The victim has an injury of soft tissues and parietal bones in the area of the sagittal suture, that is accompanied by heavy bleeding. What structure is possibly damaged? A. *superior sagittal sinus B. superior petrosal sinus C. rectus sinus D. inferior sagittal sinus E. transvers sinus