Running head: the choice of early orthodontic treatment



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Running head: THE CHOICE OF EARLY ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT

The Choice of Early Orthodontic Treatment

Manal Shehada

Madonna University

ESL 5230 – Argumentative paper outline (D0)

March 18, 2015

The Choice of Early Orthodontic Treatment

I- Thesis statement: Although some orthodontists may think that early treatment costs more money and time, its numerous benefits should be considered; as it eliminates malocclusion factors, modifies abnormal growth pattern, and increase the outcome and the stability of the orthodontic treatment.

II- Benefits of early orthodontic treatment

A- Eliminating pathogenic factors of malocclusion in the early stages of forming the occlusion

1- stated that early treatment has been considered as interceptive treatment (Kerosuo et al.,2013)

2- The influence of early treatment on the functional problems makes most orthodontists prefer to treat most of the functional problems in early stages (Al-Shaya, 2014)

B- Increase the efficiency of the orthodontic treatment

1- The ability to modify the growth pattern as early orthodontic treatment takes advantage of normal growth to modify skeletal growth and corrects the malocclusions (Al-Shaya, 2014).

2- Increase the orthodontic treatment outcome as some orthodontic appliances have more positive results when they are used in early treatment (Pirttiniemi et al., 2005)

3- Increase the stability treatment of results as early treatments may have contributed to the good long-term stability of treatment results (Kerosuo et al., 2013)

C- Early orthodontic treatment enhance self esteem in child, it improves their self concept and positive social experience (as citied in Pietilä et al., 2008).

D- Early treatment are the younger patients who are more cooperative with the doctors (Al-Shaya, 2014).

III- Opposing view: disadvantages of early orthodontic treatment

A- There are no big differences between early and later treatment results, and treatment time do not have essential effects on the final results of the treatment (Hsieh et al., 2005).

B- Early orthodontic treatment takes long time

1- Some cases need two phases of treatment in addition to the waiting period (Hseih et al., 2005).

2- Long duration of early treatment causes patient to end treatment prematurely (Hseih et al., 2005).

C- Early orthodontic treatment costs more because one- phase is lower cost than two-phase treatment (Al-Shaya, 2014).

IV- Conclusion:

A- Many orthodontists prefer early orthodontic treatment because it has many advantages.

B- Some orthodontists accused early treatment being more expensive and take long time.

C- The choice of treating children at early stages gives children the chance to enjoy their childhood with better functional and psychological health.

D- Having a clear definition for early treatment which will help researchers to clarify its advantages and end the controversy about it.

References

Almuhtaseb, E., Jing, M., Hong, H., & Bader, R. (2014). The recent about growth modification using headgear and functional appliances in treatment of class ii malocclusion: A contemporary review. OSR Journal of Dental and Medical Science, 13(4), 39-54.

Al-Shayea, E. I. (2014). A survey of orthodontists’ perspectives on the timing of treatment: A pilot study. Journal of Orthodontic Science, 3(4), 118–124. doi:10.4103/2278-0203.143232

Hsieh, T., Pinskaya, Y., & Roberts, W. E. (2005). Assessment of orthodontic treatment outcomes: Early treatment versus late treatment. Angle Orthodontist, 75(2), 162-170. doi: 10.1043/0003-3219(2005)075<0158:AOOTOE>2.0.CO;2

Kerosuo, H, Heikinheimo, K., Nyström, M., Väkiparta, M. (2013). Outcome and long-term stability of an early orthodontic treatment strategy in public health care. The European Journal of Orthodontics, 35(2),183-9. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjs087

Philippe, J. (2012). Who introduced early treatment to orthodontics?. Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics, 15, 107. doi:10.1051/odfen/2011407.

Pietilä, I., Pietilä, T., Pirttiniemi, P., Varrela, J., & Alanen, P. (2008) .Orthodontists ’ views on indications for and timing of orthodontic treatment in Finnish public oral health care. European Journal of Orthodontics, 30, 46–51. doi:10.1093/ejo/cjm085

Pietila, I., Pietila, T., Svedström-Oristo, A.-L., Varrela, J., & Alanen, P. (2013). Comparison of treatment costs and outcome in public orthodontic services in Finland. European Journal of Orthodontics, 35, 22–28. doi:10.1093/ejo/cjr053

Prabhakar, R. R., Saravanan, R., Karthikeyan, M. K., Vishnuchandran, C., & Sudeepthi. (2014). Prevalence of malocclusion and need for early orthodontic treatment in children. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 8(5), ZC60–ZC61. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2014/8604.4394See comment in PubMed Commons below



Shalish, M., Gal, A., Brin, I., Zini, A., & Ben-Bassat, Y. (2013). Prevalence of dental features that indicate a need for early orthodontic treatment. European Journal of Orthodontics, 35, 454-459. doi:10.1093/ejo/cjs011


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