Review of Corneal Anatomy >II. Anterior Segment Disorders Requiring Corneal Transplant

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I. Review of Corneal Anatomy

II. Anterior Segment Disorders Requiring Corneal Transplant

A. Anterior Cornea

  1. Keratoconus

  2. Herpes simplex

  3. Corneal stromal dystrophies

  4. Stem cell failure

  5. Corneal scars

B. Posterior Cornea

1. Aphakic bullous keratopathy

2. Pseudophakic bullous keratopathy

3. Graft failure

4. Fuch’s dystrophy

5. Other endothelial dystrophies

III. Penetrating Keratoplasty (PKP)

A. Technique

B. Advantages

c. Disadvantage

D. Clinical results

IV. Anterior Keratoplasty

A. Lamellar Keratoplasty

1. Technique

2. Advantages

3. Disadvantage

4. Clinical results

B. Deep Lamellar Keratoplasty (DLK)

1. Technique

2. Advantages

3. Disadvantage

4. Clinical results

V. Endothelial Keratoplasty (EK)

A. Endothelial Lamellar Keratoplasty (ELK)

B. Posterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (PLK)

1. Technique

2. Advantages

3. Disadvantage

4. Clinical results

C. Deep Lamellar Endothelial Keratoplasty (DLEK)

1. Technique

2. Advantages

3. Disadvantage

4. Clinical results

D. Descemet’s Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSEK)

1. Technique

2. Advantages

3. Disadvantage

4. Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial lamellar keratoplasty (DSEK)

5. Clinical results

E. Descemet’s Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK)

1. Technique

2. Advantages

3. Disadvantage

4. Clinical results

VI. The Future of Anterior and Endothelial Keratoplasty

VII. References

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