Repatriation medical authority



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REPATRIATION MEDICAL AUTHORITY
INSTRUMENT NO. 50 of 2013
VETERANS’ ENTITLEMENTS ACT 1986

MILITARY REHABILITATION AND COMPENSATION ACT 2004

EXPLANATORY NOTES FOR TABLING




  1. The Repatriation Medical Authority (the Authority) has determined, under subsection 196B(3) of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 (the VEA), Statement of Principles Instrument No. 50 of 2013 concerning periodontal abscess and death from periodontal abscess.




  1. The Authority is of the view that on the sound medical-scientific evidence available it is more probable than not that periodontal abscess and death from periodontal abscess can be related to particular kinds of service. The Authority has therefore determined this Statement of Principles concerning periodontal abscess pursuant to subsection 196B(3) of the VEA.




  1. Pursuant to the provisions of the VEA and the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (the MRCA), claims for pension under the VEA or compensation under the MRCA are determined by the Repatriation Commission or the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Commission by reference to Statements of Principles issued by the Authority pursuant to the VEA.




  1. The Statement of Principles sets out the factors that must exist, and which of those factors must be related to the following kinds of service rendered by a person:

· eligible war service (other than operational service) under the VEA;

· defence service (other than hazardous service and British nuclear test defence service) under the VEA;

· peacetime service under the MRCA,


before it can be said that, on the balance of probabilities, periodontal abscess or death from periodontal abscess is connected with the circumstances of that service.


  1. The Repatriation Commission, Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Commission, Veterans’ Review Board or Administrative Appeals Tribunal cannot accept any claim for pension; or a claim for liability or compensation relating to periodontal abscess or death from periodontal abscess that was lodged on or after 1 June 1994 in the case of the VEA, or 1 July 2004 in the case of the MRCA respectively, unless this Statement of Principles upholds that claim (subsection 120B(3) of the VEA or subsection 339(3) of the MRCA).




  1. This new Instrument results from an investigation notified by the Authority in the Government Notices Gazette of 30 June 2010 concerning periodontitis in accordance with section 196G of the VEA. The investigation involved an examination of the sound medical-scientific evidence now available to the Authority, including the sound medical-scientific evidence it has previously considered.




  1. Prior to determining this Instrument, the Authority advertised its intention to undertake an investigation in relation to periodontitis in the Government Notices Gazette of 30 June 2010, and circulated a copy of the notice of intention to investigate to a wide range of organisations representing veterans, service personnel and their dependants. The Authority invited submissions from the Repatriation Commission, organisations and persons referred to in section 196E of the VEA, and any person having expertise in the field. No submissions were received for consideration by the Authority during the investigation.




  1. This instrument is compatible with the Human Rights and Freedoms recognised or declared in the International Instruments listed in Section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011. A Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights follows.




  1. The determining of this new Instrument finalises the investigation in relation to periodontitis as advertised in the Government Notices Gazette of 30 June 2010.




  1. A list of references relating to the above condition is available to any person or organisation referred to in subsection 196E(1)(a) to (c) of the VEA. Any such request must be made in writing to the Repatriation Medical Authority at the following address:

The Registrar

Repatriation Medical Authority

GPO Box 1014

BRISBANE QLD 4001



Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

(Prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011)

Instrument No.: Statement of Principles No. 50 of 2013

Kind of Injury, Disease or Death: Periodontal abscess

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011.



Overview of the Legislative Instrument

1. This Legislative Instrument is determined pursuant to subsection 196B(8) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986 (the VEA) for the purposes of the VEA and the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (the MRCA).

2. This Legislative Instrument:-


  • facilitates claimants in making, and the Repatriation Commission in assessing, claims under the VEA and the MRCA respectively, by specifying the circumstances in which medical treatment and compensation can be extended to eligible persons who have periodontal abscess;

  • facilitates the review of such decisions by the Veterans' Review Board and the Administrative Appeals Tribunal; and

  • outlines the factors which the current sound medical-scientific evidence indicates must exist before it can be said that, on the balance of probabilities, periodontal abscess is connected with the circumstances of eligible service rendered by a person, as set out in clause 4 of the Explanatory Notes.

3. The Instrument is assessed as being a technical instrument which improves the medico-scientific quality of outcomes under the VEA and the MRCA.

Human Rights Implications

4. This Legislative Instrument does not derogate from any human rights. It promotes the human rights of veterans, current and former Defence Force members as well as other persons such as their dependents, including:



  • the right to social security (Art 9, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Art 26, Convention on the Rights of the Child and Art 28, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) by helping to ensure that the qualifying conditions for the benefit are 'reasonable, proportionate and transparent'1;

  • the right to an adequate standard of living (Art 11, ICSECR; Art 27, CRC and Art 28, CRPD) by facilitating the assessment and determination of social security benefits;

  • the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (Art 12, ICSECR and Art 25, CRPD), by facilitating the assessment and determination of compensation and benefits in relation to the treatment and rehabilitation of veterans and Defence Force members; and

  • the rights of persons with disabilities by facilitating the determination of claims relating to treatment and rehabilitation (Art 26, CRPD).

Conclusion

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with human rights as it does not derogate from and promotes a number of human rights.



Repatriation Medical Authority


1 In General Comment No. 19 (The right to social security), the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights said (at paragraph 24) this to be one of the elements of ensuring accessibility to social security.

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