Recommendation to the heritage council to amend an existing registration



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EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

RECOMMENDATION TO THE

HERITAGE COUNCIL TO

AMEND AN EXISTING REGISTRATION



NAME

SHRINE OF REMEMBRANCE

DATE REGISTERED

LOCATION

14 December 1991

2-42 Domain Road, Melbourne

VHR NUMBER:

H0848

HERITAGE OVERLAY NUMBER

CURRENT CATEGORY:

HO489

HERITAGE PLACE



FILE NUMBER:

FOL/15/43212

HERMES NUMBER:

806



EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE HERITAGE COUNCIL:

To amend the existing registration for H0848 in accordance with s.54 of the Heritage Act 1995 by:



  • Including it in the VHR as an Archaeological Place as well as a Heritage Place (s.20).

  • Updating the Statement of Significance to reflect the archaeological values and the Aboriginal cultural heritage values at this place.

  • Adding permit exemptions in accordance with s.42(4) of the Act.


Reasons for the proposed amendment:

  • New archaeological information has prompted the proposed addition of the Archaeological Place category and an updating of the Statement of Significance .

  • The Heritage Council’s Shared Values Project has prompted a review of the Aboriginal cultural heritage values which has lead to the proposed updating of the Statement of Significance.

  • An updated permit policy and permit exemptions have been proposed to assist in the management of the archaeological values of this place.

The existing registration documentation is provided at Attachment 1 of this report. This report contains images and/or names of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander people who are now deceased.



TIM SMITH

Executive Director

Recommendation Date: 11 March 2016



AMENDMENT BACKGROUND


Addition of category ‘Archaeological Place’

It is proposed that this registration is amended to add the heritage category ‘Archaeological Place’ in addition to its current registration as a ‘Heritage Place’. In 2010 an aerial image from 1942 was discovered demonstrating the existence and extent of World War II air raid protection slit trenches constructed in land on the northern approaches of the Shrine of Remembrance. This image is included in the Shrine of Remembrance, St Kilda Road, Melbourne Conservation Management Plan (Lovell Chen, 2010). It shows the extent and design of the air raid protection trenches located within the northeastern and northwestern garden reserves. Subsequent research has resulted in the collection of additional images demonstrating the details of the construction and use of the trenches. It is appropriate that the Shrine of Remembrance is registered for its high potential to contain subsurface archaeological material related to the construction, use and backfilling of World War II slit trenches.


Recognition of Aboriginal cultural heritage values

The Shrine of Remembrance was a case study for the Acknowledgement of Places with Shared Heritage Values project managed by the Heritage Council of Victoria and Victorian Aboriginal Heritage Council (June 2015) as it was known to be of significance to Aboriginal people. It is proposed to amend the Statement of Significance of this registration to recognise this is a place of shared Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal history and cultural heritage values.


Addition of a new permit policy and permit exemptions

To reflect the addition of the category ‘Archaeological Place’, it is proposed that the permit policy and permit exemptions are amended to allow the management of any works within the vicinity of the World War II air raid protection slit trenches to ensure that any future activities do not negatively impact on the archaeological significance of the place.


No change is proposed to the extent of registration.
Proposed CATEGORY OF REGISTRATION

New Category Proposed

The Shrine of Remembrance is currently registered as a ‘Heritage Place’ it is proposed that the category ‘Archaeological Place’ is added.
Reasons

In 2010 an aerial image from 1942 was discovered demonstrating the existence and extent of World War II air raid protection slit trenches constructed in land on the northern approaches of the Shrine of Remembrance. This image is included in the Shrine of Remembrance, St Kilda Road, Melbourne Conservation Management Plan (Lovell Chen, 2010). It shows the extent and design of the air raid protection trenches located within the northeastern and northwestern garden reserves. Subsequent research has resulted in the collection of additional images demonstrating the details of the construction and use of the trenches. It is appropriate that the Shrine of Remembrance is registered for its high potential to contain the subsurface archaeological material related to the construction, use and backfilling of WORLD WAR II slit trenches.
It is considered that this place meets Criterion C (Potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Victoria's cultural history) at a level of state significance. The Shrine of Remembrance is of archaeological significance for its likelihood to contain archaeological evidence of the design, construction, use, and remediation of air raid precaution slit trenches constructed during World War II (1939-45). The trenches were built in 1942 after Japan’s entry in to the war in late 1941 to shelter military staff who worked at the nearby Victoria Barracks. The slit trenches are a reminder of Australians’ fear of air attack at this time and represent the precautionary measures taken in Victoria’s urban public areas. The distinctive zig-zag pattern of the trenches was typical of those built in several city parks and gardens as the preferred shelter for protecting large numbers of people from bomb blasts. There has been little subsurface disturbance since the trenches were backfilled.
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