Key: 1-G; 2-H; 3-D; 4-F; 5-B Task 2 Read the text below. For question (6-10) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet. How Make an Impressive Speech Having a tough time deciding on what persuasive speech topics to talk about? Don’t sweat it.
First, you must know your target audience very well. Know their age, sex, educational attainments and career experiences. Find out what their beliefs, dreams and goals are. What keeps them excited or awake at night? If possible, know their personal, cultural, social, religious and political backgrounds. This will prevent you from saying something that might be offensive to a particular race or culture.
Then, based on the information gathered from your audience, make a list of persuasive speech ideas that might fit their personality, status or background. Remember that the worst thing you could do is deliver a boring speech, so try to come up with controversial yet useful themes. Make persuasive speech topics that will benefit them. Remember they are always thinking of “WIIFM” (What’s In It For Me?). If they do not see any good results or advantages for listening to your speech, they will not be interested or responsive.
Choosing your topics, check those items that you either are an authority on or are very familiar with. Your audience will look up to people with authority. If they perceive you as someone who is an expert on a subject, they would be more likely to listen to you and accept your viewpoints.
Do proper research over the Internet and libraries to come up with your persuasive speech ideas. During your research, take note of the most interesting or helpful facts relevant to your audience. Keep an open mind and relate how your research can solve their problems or improve any aspect of their life.
Some people are naturally skeptical, so make your statements well-grounded: gather statistics, facts, presentations, case studies or true stories. Make sure you note the source or reference.
Finding persuasive speech topics is easy if you follow the guidelines above. ( 315 )
6According to the text, which is the first thing you should do to impress the audience?
A Wake them up with a shocking statement.
B Share your views and opinions with them.
C Know the people who you speak to.
D Find out if you are of similar background.
7 According to the text, what do people expect most from your speech?
A It should be full of ideas.
B It should be instructive.
C It should be useful.
D It should be funny.
8 Which topics should be preferred?
A Topics well-known to the audience.
B Topics you have good knowledge of.
C Topics conforming with the audience’s opinion.
D Topics connected with widely accepted ideas.
9 Which of the following is the phrase “keep an open mind” (paragraph 4) closest in meaning to?
A Be ready to accept views and opinions of others.
B Make your presentation well-prepared.
C Help the audience express their view and ideas.
D Know the subject you are talking about.
10 According to the text, which of the following is NOT mentioned in the text?
A Prove what you are going to say.
B Conduct preliminary research.
C Make references to your sources.
D Develop your computer skills.
Read the texts below. Match choices (A-H) to (11-16). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.