Rank & evaluate the following sample identifications. Some are clearly better than others, but why? What are the major weaknesses & strengths? Keep in mind that these answers were written with open notes with about 6 minutes writing time



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Rank & evaluate the following sample identifications. Some are clearly better than others, but why? What are the major weaknesses & strengths? Keep in mind that these answers were written with OPEN NOTES with about 6 minutes writing time.
1) I believe Philip II was the ruler of the Netherlands, Spain, & areas in southern Europe. He preceded Henry IV I think, & made major changes for the people of his nations. He got the Spanish to stop revolting, as well as making Protestantism a more accepted form of religion than it previously was. I believe Philip II thrived in the latter 1500s, possibly around 1572. Although he gained a great amount of power due to luck of inheritance, he was eventually assassinated by one of his many opposers.
2) Philip II was the king of Spain and considered to be the most powerful in Europe at his time. He possessed more land than just Spain, including the Netherlands, which he inherited from his Hapsburg family. Most important of all though, was that he was a devout Catholic. His dream was to again unite all of Europe under the Catholic faith, and because of this he often clashed with Protestant leaders, including Henry IV of France and Elizabeth I of England. He even went to war against England, but lost, due mostly to the fact that it was a naval war. The loss effected Philip and Spain and effectively began the end of their dominance.
3) Philip II of Spain ruled during and contributed to a wide-scale shift of power and shift from focus on religion. His imperial holdings in the Americas and in the Mediterranean as well as those he seized in the takeover of Portugal made him the most powerful European leader, but his religious motivations in foreign relations brought Spain to ruin. Spain was unsuccessful in its attempts to prevent Henry of Navarre's kingship in France, and the formation of the Dutch Republic. When Philip sent an armada to dethrone Elizabeth I of England for her sympathy to Calvinist and her beheading of the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots, the Spanish fleet returned decimated. This defeat demonstrated the decline in Spanish power, and signaled a change from the predominance of religion in international relations . . .
4) To me, Philip II was a strong leader. The way he involved himself in many different kingdoms was in a way pure genious. By doing so, he put himself in position to have control of other empires. I liked the way that he waited out his conflict with the Spanish. Instead of moving right in drive them out, he bided his time until it was right. I felt that what he did for the Calvinists put them in position to be a very dangerous group. By having heirs in 4 kingdoms he set them up for a long & prestigious legacy.
5) Philip II ruled Spain during the latter half of the 16th century. He was married to Mary Tudor of England and was a devout Catholic. Luckily for him colonies overseas made enough money for him to finance war against England, France, the Dutch Netherlands, and the Muslims at the same time. He tried to make sure through force the Bourbons would not be the family in charge of France and failed. Sacked Antwerp in the Netherlands before getting kicked out. Sent the Spanish Armada to England in 1588 and was defeated. He defeated the Ottoman Turks at Lepanto then kicked 50,000 Moriscos out of Spain. He also took control of Portugal after the Portuguese king died.
6) Philip II was the ruler of Spain during the time surrounding the Thirty-Years War. He had strong ties to four major countries due to the fact that he had four wives, all of whom had died. Being as he was a catholic his country was at the forefront of the crusades against the Ottoman Empire which was Islamic.

Rank & evaluate the following sample identifications. What makes some better than others? What are the major weaknesses & strengths? Keep in mind that these answers were written with OPEN NOTES with about 6 minutes writing time.
1) St. Bartholomew Days Massacre took place on August 24, 1572. For three days Catholic mobs stormed Paris killing over three thousand Protestant Huguenots. This was one of the bloody battles in the religious wars. Thousands more in surrounding provinces.
2) St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre was the three-day period in which thousands of Catholics were massacred. The reasoning behind this was because Charles IX's mother talked the child into sending his army to take care of these "religious dissidents" because she hated them. It went down as one the biggest fights in history which lead to the thirty yrs. war.
3) When 3,000 prodistants were killed in the streets. The religious took a serious turn for the worse and people because estastic and crazy. I think the Catholics won a great fight against the prodistants.
4) St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre was significant because he was murdered and it turned extremely bad. It happened about the time when the conflict with the Puritans arose.
5) In 1572, there was an assassination attempt on Gaspard de Coligny, a noble allied w/ the Calvinist Bourbons. After the attempt failed, there was unrest among the Protestants. Catherine de Medicis convinced her son, King Charles IX, to use preemptory force against these Protestants to reduce their threat. Charles ordered the killing of prominent Huguenots which began on August 24, causing the event to be called the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. Instead of bringing peace, the killing only exacerbated the conflict, causing civil war in France. Only in 1598 when King Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes giving Huguenots religious toleration was the conflict resolved.
6) The St Bartholomew Day Massacre was ordered by King John III. He ordered that the Calvanist leaders be beheaded, or killed. It was because he had no male heirs to the thrown and with two sides, the calvanist and puritans, fighting for who was to take over leadership. John III favored the puritans over calvanists, therefore he had the calvanist massicured over 1100 over 6 months.
7) The St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre took place on August 24th, 1590. 3,000 Hugenots were murdered in the streets of Paris by Catholic mobs. Over the next several weeks, an additional 10,000 were tracked down and murdered. This event is historically significant because it helped draw people's (namely current & future rulers of France) attention to the religious plight of the Hugenots. And led to Henry IV driving the Spanish out and granting religious tolerance to the 1.25 million Hugenots in France.
8) On August 24, the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacur occurred. Queen Elizabeth was trying to hire someone to kill Henry III brother. Eventually it continues to fail so Henry III has to take care of it. This starts several years of fighting that in the end proves nothing.

For each set of answers pick the BEST answer (In some cases all answers may be similar). What characteristics make some answers BETTER than others? Be specific. How can the weaker answers be IMPROVED? Be specific.
Sample Responses:

  1. Philip II was King of Spain from 1556-1598. At that time his was the most powerful kingdom. He was a Catholic and hated everyone not Catholic, both Protestants and Muslims. One of the reasons he was so powerful is that he had four wives. As one died he would remarry, linking him to other kingdoms and giving him more influences. The wives were from Portugal, England, France, and Austria, when the Portuguese king died without someone to take over power, heir to the throne, Philip assumed control of Portugal and its colonies. Philip also led battles against other states, those with other religions. The Turks at Lepanto, and England in 1588, called the Spanish Armada.

  2. King Philip, the king of Spain and the most powerful ruler of the time. Philip had a very strong religious opinion. He fought the Ottiman Turks and the English & French prostants. Worked with Henry III to forge Christan coleation.




  1. The puritans were a religious group who separated from the main beliefs of the Catholic Church. Centralized in England they formed their union during the war of religion around the 1560s. Upset with the behavior of the church, these people looked to restart and practice their form of belief.

  2. The puritans were a religious group of people who broke from the Catholic Church during the pre-enlightenment period. Their beliefs were headed towards the strict thoughts of the Bible and did not many times agree with the other separating parties such as the Lutherns or Hugenots. The puritans extremely effected many amounts of people who were in the Catholic Church who had doubts about the growing problems and skepticisms.

  3. Puritanism really deals more with the religious parts of history, for the Puritans are a religious group. Puritanism had very little affect on scientific revolution but in the sense of the religious and social part of it all they really had a major impact in the history of the world for how they lived their lives and did what they did . . .



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