These race rules are designed and enforced with three principal objectives in mind: 1) Safety; 2) Ensure a level playing field; and 3) protect the integrity of the Race. The rules are intended to be minimally intrusive with respect to the racer's strategy and performance.
110 – Race Officials
If you have an issue that needs to be addressed, your Crew Chief should contact one of the Race Officials. If there is no Race Official nearby, then contact the Headquarters Director. If neither are available, contact the Race Director. The Race Director is the ultimate authority on issues relating to the Race Rules. See 120.
Race Officials are instructed to keep interaction with Racers/Crew to a minimum. They will be
friendly but cannot give aid or favor to any one Racer except in the case of medical emergency.
If a Racer/Crew Chief needs to confer with a Race Official on course, the Crew Chief may signal a Race Official by blinking headlights and/or waving out a side window. If a Race Official cannot be contacted this way, a request for a Race Official may be included in the next time station call to Race Headquarters.
115 - Emergencies – Medical and Other
If police and/or ambulance are needed, call 911 immediately. After calling 911contact Race Headquarters as soon as possible.
120 – Race Director’s Role in Dispute Resolution
The Race Director is the ultimate authority. Further, the Race Director has the authority to issues new rules or alter old rules. If a new rule is created or an old one clarified, all Racers/Crews will be notified within 12 hours. Notification will be via Time Station call-ins to Race Headquarters. The rule in question will be enforced 24 hours after the decision of the Race Director.
130 – Contingencies
During the Race, participants may experience unplanned events. These should be expected. These events are part of the race and part of the challenge of the Race Across America. Generally, no time credits or other adjustments will be issued to a racer. However, under very exceptional circumstances adjustments may be made to promote safety, fairness and integrity of the Race.
150 – Official Race Time
The race clock will be set at the start and will not stop for any reason. However, the Race Director may make time adjustments after the start of the Race to account for extenuating circumstances. All Race Times are reported and recorded in Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). The Official Race Time will be kept
by Race Headquarters. See Section 130 160 – Official Language
The official language of the Race is English. All racers are responsible for reading and understanding
these Official Rules and Regulations and all official race signs, directions and oral instructions are given in English.
220 – Penalties
Violation of any rule may result in a penalty being issued. Time penalties for traffic law violations or race rule violations will accumulate throughout the Race. Time penalties are cumulative. Racers are allowed 5 penalties. Race Headquarters will maintain a log of penalties. Rules violations alleged by the general public will not be considered. Racers, are disqualified upon being given a 6th penalty.
1st Penalty 15 minutes
2nd Penalty 15 minutes (Total – 30 minutes)
3rd Penalty 30 minutes (Total – 60 minutes)
4th Penalty 45 minutes (Total – 105 minutes)
5th Penalty 60 minutes (Total – 165 minutes)
6th Penalty Disqualification
Impeding traffic could endanger our ability to stage the Race. Impeding traffic from Blythe, CA to Flagstaff, AZ and Montezuma Creek, UT and Kim, CO will result in serious penalties:
1st Penalty 1 hour
2nd Penalty 1 hour (Total – 2 hours)
3rd Penalty 2 hours (Total – 4 hours)
4th Penalty 3 hours (Total – 7 hours)
5th Penalty 4 hours (Total – 11 hours)
6th Penalty Disqualification
A Race Official may stop a Racer/Crew to discuss safety or rule concerns without allowing offsetting time. It is within the Race Official’s discretion to use up to one hour as "cooling off" time to discuss and explain a rule to a Racer/Crew Chief.
Arguing penalties with Headquarters, Race Officials or the Race Director may result in a 15-minute penalty.
225 – Time Credits
Time credit may be given in unusual circumstances. You should race the Race as if time credits do not exist. One call to Race Headquarters is enough to enquire about a time credit. We will address the request and make a ruling that will be final. We will inform you of the decision. Repeated calls may result in a penalty.
230 – Notification
If you are assessed a warning or a penalty, a Race Official will notify the Racer and/or Crew Chief. They will endeavor to do so within a reasonable time of the violation being observed. It is the responsibility of the person notified to notify the rest of the crew. When possible, the notification will be by a Race Official on the course. When possible, the notification will include a copy of the penalty sheet. In a few cases Race Officials may need to further evaluate circumstances to determine if a penalty is warranted. In these cases, a Race Official or Race Headquarters will notify one of the Racers or the Crew Chief within a reasonable time of the violation that Race Staff are reviewing a potential penalty. A Race Official or Race Headquarters will notify the Racer and/or Crew Chief of the results of the review within a reasonable time of the observation of the violation.
240 – Serving Penalty Time – The Penalty Box
There are two Penalty Boxes – Durango (TS 15) and Mt. Airy (TS 52). Time Penalties accumulated prior to reaching each of these Time Stations must be served at the Time Station. Upon reaching the time station you must call Race Headquarters. You will be notified at that time whether you are clear to go or must serve accumulated time penalties. After serving the required time, you must again call Race Headquarters and be cleared to proceed. Penalties given between Mt. Airy and the Finish will be added to the finishing time.
Warnings may be given at the discretion of Race Officials or Race Director. Warnings can be given at any time. A warning does not have to be given before a penalty can be assessed. Race Headquarters will maintain a log of Warnings.
255 – Public Reporting
Rules violations alleged by the general public will not be considered.
260 – Appeal of Penalty
Racers and Crew may Appeal a Race decision or penalty per instructions in Appendix A and using the appropriate Form provided in Appendices B and C. Race officials will not consider appeals that fail to follow the instructions in Appendices A, B and C.
Arguing penalties with Headquarters, Race Officials or the Race Director may result in a 15-minute penalty.
270 – Disqualification – Flagrant Offenses
The following flagrant offenses are grounds for immediate disqualification:
1. Refusal to agree and abide by the contractual requirements necessary to participate in The Race.
2. Use of illegal drugs or intake of alcohol of any kind by a Racer or Crew.
3. Use of banned substances by a Racer.1 4. Failure of a Racer to submit to drug testing when requested by Race Officials.
5. Racer advancing along the Race Route without a bike or in any Vehicle with the intent of not riding a section of the Race Route.
6. Improperly registered, licensed or insured Support Vehicles and/or improperly licensed Support
7. Illegal drafting of any Vehicle.
8. Holding onto another Vehicle (motorized or non-motorized) to aid or augment forward travel.
9. Refusing to take a sleep break (off bike), as requested by a Race Official.
10. Behavior on the part of Racers or Crew that is deemed inappropriate and that might cause safety, legal or reputation problems for the Race or other Racers and their Crews.
11. Altering roads signs.
12. Failure to ride the Race course as described in the Route Book. See Sections 1000 and 1010 13. Accumulation of more than 5 penalties will result in disqualification upon notification by a Race Official of the 6th penalty. See Section 220 14. Crew member advancing bicycle on the course.
15. Dumping of brown or black water from a motorhome (RV) at an other than approved location See
Section 560 280 – Suspension and Banishment
For violations resulting in disqualification from the Race, the Race Director has the authority to suspend the Racer from the current race, the next race or impose a total ban from participating in RAAM.
300 – Police
The Race is conducted over public roads, highways and bridges and is subject to national, state and local law and rules. Prior to the Race all of the law enforcement agencies will have been notified about the Race. Any concerns addressed by the Police will have been addressed. We typically receive good cooperation from these agencies. However, note the following points:
1. The authority of local police sheriff and highway patrol supersedes all Race rules.
2. Occasionally, a patrol officer may not be informed of the Race and takes action that may interfere with a Racer’s progress or the operation of a follow vehicle. A Racer must comply with all officer
requests. If any dispute arises with local authorities Race Headquarters must be notified immediately. The Race Director will determine the merits of the case and whether any time or distance adjustment should be made. If the action was a result of the Racer or Crew vehicle driver not conforming to traffic laws, Race rules and directions, or riding/driving unsafely, no time or distance adjustment will be made.
3. At all times, be polite and courteous to drivers and motorists and Police officers. You are cycling ambassadors of goodwill. A simple nod/wave of the hand is always preferable to obscene gestures and angry words.
4. If a racer is delayed by Police for more than 30 minutes Race Headquarters must be notified.
310 – Traffic Laws
1. Racers must obey all traffic laws, including stop signs and stop lights. The only exception is when traffic is being directed by a police officer and the officer waves you through. All violations of traffic laws witnessed by officials will result in a penalty.
2. A legal Race stop is defined as follows: the complete cessation of all forward movement of the bicycle. A Racer does not have to remove a foot from the pedal and touch the ground.
3. Turning right at a red light, making an immediate U-turn and another right turn to avoid waiting at a
red light is not allowed.
4. In the event a traffic signal light sensor fails to detect a Racer or Follow Vehicle and display a green
light, the Racer or event vehicle must wait for a minimum of 3 minutes for the signal to change. If the signal has not changed after three minutes, the Racer or Follow Vehicle may continue forward progress only in a safe manner to advance past the defective traffic signal. If there is a sign which states a longer wait is necessary, then the time stated on the sign is the minimum time to wait.
350 – Pre-Race Requirements-Readiness
The Race Staff must accommodate more than 100 Solo riders and Teams. This typically involves more than 1,000 people, 200 vehicles and 500 bicycles. Only cooperation and mutual respect make this possible. Time Penalties may be assessed for being late or not being ready. These penalties will not count towards disqualification, but they will be added to your overall time. The following are each a 15-minute penalty:
1. Failure to show up at inspection on time with all vehicles and bicycles.
2. Failure to be ready at inspection with all vehicles and bicycles
3. Failure to attend a Photo Session on time with all racers present.
The following are each a 1-hour penalties:
1. All Racers must be at the Racer Meeting for Racer introductions.
2. Crew Chief Meeting - a minimum one crew member must attend although more than one member may attend.
3. Racer Media Meeting – If your Racer/Team has a media crew they must attend this meeting. If an interview is requested by Race Media, it is mandatory to participate in that interview.
360 – Clearance to Race
In order to race, you must turn in your Registration Forms with all tasks signed-off by Race Staff. Refer to the Registration Forms for the full list of requirements and to review details that will be checked during inspection. These forms will be sent to each racer/team’s primary and secondary contacts via email.
370 – Racing - Day One Adjustments
The first day of the Race has additional requirements. These are necessary because of the close proximity of Racers and Crew and because the roads are tight with few adequate and safe turn-outs and shoulders. Following are the first day requirements:
1. Until Old Castle Road, no Support Vehicles are allowed on the course. Racers must be self sufficient with water, food and ability to fix basic mechanical problems.
2. From Old Castle Road until 7:00pm local time (10:00pm Race Time), only leapfrog support is
3. Between Old Castle Road and Borrego Springs, teams are allowed two Support Vehicles on the
course. Beyond Borrego Springs, all Support Vehicles are allowed on the course.
4. No motorhomes (RVs) on the course before Borrego Springs.
400 – Race Communications
At every Time Station the Racer/Crew must contact Race Headquarters on the “Racer
Reporting" phone number. The purpose is to inform Race Headquarters of the Racer's location. If there is an important update from Race Headquarters a message will be relayed to the Racer/Crew.
Every Racer/Crew representative must contact Race Headquarters at every Time Station OR every 6 hours to check about Race Route changes or important updates and to ensure Race Headquarters is
aware of Racer’s progress and safety.
If you use a cell phone be aware that Cell phones with a US or Canada-based phone number or a satellite phone with a US-based number are required. If you need a US-based cell phone, Trac Fones - www.tracfone.com/, can be purchased from Target or Wal-Mart.
420 – Time Station Procedures
Upon the arrival (and not before) of the Racer at every Time Station, the Racer/Crew must call Race Headquarters on the Race Reporting phone number. The Racer/Crew will report Racer Number, Time Station number, City Name, and the Race Time (not local time) of the Racer must be reported. Remember the time recorded is the Racer's time of arrival at the Time Station, not the time when the Racer/Crew made the call.
The location of Time Stations is listed in the Route Book. Racers must follow ALL Race Route instructions to reach the Time Stations. 50+ Time Stations are established along the Race Route of which a number will be staffed. Failure to report accurate time of arrival at a Time Station within 30 minutes of arrival without a valid reason for not doing so may result in a penalty.
Race Headquarters will issue a confirmation number for each Time Station report. It is the
responsibility of the Racer/Crew to keep a record of the confirmation numbers issued by Race
Each Racer/Crew must call in once and only once to report passage through a Time Station. You
may be issued a penalty for calling more than once for a single Time Station.
Race Route changes and other official news will be communicated during these call-ins.
Notes: Only a Racer/Crew may make the call to Race Headquarters. Race Officials and Time Station staff are not permitted to call in Racer information. Do not leave the Time Station unless you are certain a Crew member has made or will make the call for your Racer. At night if it is necessary for the Follow Vehicle to stop and make the call, then the Racer must also stop.
440 – Phone Issues
All crew vehicles should have working cell phones. However, cell phone coverage is not universal. If there is no coverage at the Time Station, call in as soon as coverage is available. If the call is made after the allotted 30-minute call-in period (see Section 420) you must explain the delay to Race Headquarters.
A dead cell phone battery is not an excuse for not calling Race Headquarters in a timely manner.
If the Race Headquarters line is busy, keep trying until you have reached them. The Race Headquarters has several phone lines. When you reach Race Headquarters, explain your problem connecting.
A time penalty may be issued if a Crew fails to call in from a Time Station due to phone
problems when Racers ahead and behind are successful in making the required report.
460 – Information Distribution
1. Time Station Staff may answer questions a Crew may have about other Racers’ locations or other publicly available information. The locations of all Racers on the Race Route at any given time is public knowledge.
2. All official information will come from Race Headquarters or the Race website.
3. While every effort is made to keep location information as correct as possible, RAAM is not
responsible for the accuracy of information obtained by Crew at Time Stations other than Race Route or rule changes.
4. Any information provided to Time Station Staff about a Racer’s condition or race strategy must be
assumed to be common knowledge now available to all Crew and Racers.
480 – Other Reporting
Racer/Crew must notify Race Headquarters or a Race Official of the followings:
1. A Racer plans to be off the course hidden from view for longer than 30 minutes.
2. A casual non-race rider continues riding within 30 feet (10 meters) of a Racer and is a nuisance.
3. If the primary Follow Vehicle has broken down and another Support Vehicle is supporting the Racer.
4. To obtain permission for Crew additions/changes.
5. If delayed more than 30 minutes by being sent off course, wrong turn on the Race Route, or detained by local or state police longer than 30 minutes.
6. Following the Racer at night with a Motorhome (RV) if all other Support Vehicles are incapacitated
and no other vehicles are available to follow the Racer. This does not apply to Support Vehicles
temporarily stopping to buy gas, food, restroom and other "poor planning" circumstances.
See also Summary of Mandatory Reports 500 – Support Vehicles
1. Each Racer must start The Race with at least two four-wheeled Support Vehicles, each with a
minimum of two licensed drivers. One of those Support Vehicles must be equipped as a Follow Vehicle.
2. There is no maximum number of Support Vehicles or Crew that a Racer may have.
3. All Support Vehicles must be properly registered and carry at least the minimum insurance required by law in the state of registration.
4. Copies of insurance policies or other proof of insurance documents are required, along with a signed insurance waiver provided by RAAM.
5. All Support Vehicle drivers must possess a valid operator’s license for the vehicle being operated.
6. All Support Vehicles must pass an inspection prior to the race start. See RAAM website for
appointment times 7. All Support Vehicles must use their headlights whenever the vehicle is in operation, day or night.
8. Prior to the start of the Race, all Support Vehicles will be categorized as motorhome (RV), Follow
Vehicle, Auxiliary Vehicle, Spy Vehicle or Motorcycle.
9. No Support Vehicle may block or impede the progress of another Racer.
10. All Support Vehicles must travel at posted highway speed when not following behind their Racer.
11. The Support Vehicle may not pass the Racer more than four times per hour and must do so at normal traffic speed. This applies to Direct Follow, not Leap Frog Support.
12. If a Support Vehicle is unexpectedly lost from the minimum two Support Vehicles, the Crew must
immediately notify Race Headquarters. Based on the Racer’s location in the race, distance traveled,
Crew experience, etc., the Race Director will determine as to whether or not an additional Support
Vehicle will have to be obtained to finish The Race.
13. Never stop in the roadway.
14. Do not park in driveways of residences without permission of the resident.
510 – Lights
1. All lights on Support Vehicle must be operational - turn signals, head lights, tail lights,
hazard lights, backup lights and parking lights.
2. Additional vehicle driving lights are allowed as long as they are not higher than 48" above the ground or higher than the windshield of the support vehicles. State laws forbid any roof mounted lights.
3. Extra bumper mounted lights are allowed as long as they do not produce undue glare toward oncoming traffic. All such lighting and its use must conform to local laws.
4. Many states only allow four front bulbs to be on at one time. The Race allows extra bumper mounted lights, provided local police allow them.
5. Additional driving lights of any kind must be wired so as to be able to be dimmed or turned off when approaching oncoming traffic.
6. Handheld spot lights brighter than ten watts are not allowed. Van powered flashlights for Crew duties are allowed.
7. No extensions are allowed beyond 36" in the front of the bumper for light brackets or spare wheels.
8. High-beam and auxiliary headlights must be dimmed when overtaking traffic as well as for oncoming traffic. High-beam and auxiliary headlights should also be dimmed if following slow moving traffic closer than 300 feet (100 meters).
520 – Amber Roof Lights
1. In addition to standard emergency flashers built into the vehicle, the Follow Vehicle must have two
amber flashing lights, one at each far left and right end of the roof rack or roof, visible only from
behind and not from the front. Tape is usually used to cover the front half of the light.
2. They may be powered from the vehicle electrical system with a separate switch or plug enabling them to be turned on and off without affecting the vehicle’s factory emergency lights or the regular rear tail lights. Or, these roof lights may be solely battery operated.
3. The roof-mounted amber flashing/strobe lights must be bright enough to be seen during the day. However, they must not be so bright as to interfere with other divers eye sight. Amber lights must be on and working at all times when following the Racer except in areas when specifically directed by Race Officials or law enforcement to do otherwise.
4. If the lights are too bright or too dim modify or replace accordingly by adding higher intensity bulbs if possible or replace units so they can be seen during the day or if too bright, cover part of the light lens with filament tape (packing tape with the strands) or other suitable translucent material until the glare is eliminated.
5. Lights are required for all vehicles involved in supporting racers on the course. This includes shuttle
vehicles, media vehicles, etc.
530 – Vehicle Signage
1. The windshield and left and right front side and right side 2nd passenger windows must be clear of all obstructions. Other windows may display signs or Racer numbers. The rear windows should be as clear as practical. The driver must have a view of following traffic with inside or outside mirrors.
2. All Support Vehicles must display their Racer number on all four sides with easily visible numbers.
3. All Support Vehicles must display on the rear of the vehicle a reflective sign which says “Caution Bicycles Ahead”.
4. Bike racks mounted to the rear bumper of Support Vehicles must not obstruct the required Race
vehicle signage, including Caution Bicycles Ahead, Racer Number and Slow Moving Vehicle Triangle.
In Addition, the Follow Vehicles Must Have:
A federal D.O.T standard reflective slow moving vehicle triangle (14 inches high) fluorescent orange equilateral triangle with 1.5 inch reflective red border must be displayed on the rear of the Follow Vehicle while following directly behind the Racer. This D.O.T. triangle must be removed or covered up when traveling over 45 mph (when not following the Racer). However, this may stay in place while doing leapfrog support.
All Lighting and Signage will be checked during Inspection. Review the Vehicle Inspection Form in your Registration Binder to see what Race Officials will check.
See GEAR Book for suggestions for signage placement and lights needs review 540 – Follow Vehicle
1. Each Racer must be supported by at least one primary Follow Vehicle intended to accompany the
2. The Support Vehicle designated as the Follow Vehicle may change during The Race.
3. Follow Vehicles must have a minimum of two Crew members with driver’s licenses at all times when following a Racer.
4. Although a Racer may enter The Race with two or more Follow Vehicles meeting all the requirements of a Follow Vehicle, only the vehicle following the Racer will be termed "the Follow Vehicle".
5. Music and public address systems may be installed, but their use MUST BE CURTAILED in
residential areas, particularly during hours of darkness.
Vehicle Type and Size
1. The Follow Vehicle must be no more than 80 inches in width, measured at 3 feet from the ground. The width across this point is the width of the vehicle, not including side mirrors.
2. The Follow Vehicle itself must not be more than 88 inches in height. Measurements are of the vehicle only and not racks, lights or other attachments.
3. The Follow Vehicle itself must not be more than 244 inches in length. Measurements are of the vehicle only and not racks, lights or other attachments.
4. Mini-vans are recommended because most are less than 72 inches wide. Large passenger vans are allowed as long as they meet the width requirement.
5. Follow Vehicles shall not be a conversion motor home and cannot be a step van (e.g. commercial
6. Vehicles following a Racer may not tow any kind of vehicle, trailer, motorcycle or motor scooter.
7. Follow Vehicles must have windows along the entire length of both sides of the vehicle.
8. Sprinter vans with windows along the entire side, both sides, and back of the vehicle are allowed
550 – Auxiliary Vehicles for Following
1. Auxiliary Vehicles may TEMPORARILY (no more than six hours) follow a Racer during darkness in emergency and unexpected situations only (e.g. breakdown). You must notify Race Headquarters or a Race Official prior to following a Racer with an Auxiliary Vehicle at night. If a Race Official is unavailable and cell phone coverage precludes notification of Race Headquarters, contact the first available Race Official or Race Headquarters as soon as cell coverage is re-established. Running out of gas, buying gas during dark hours, stopping to eat, stopping to call in at a time station and other similar "poor planning errors" by a Crew do not qualify as emergency situations and will not qualify for temporary following of a Racer by an Auxiliary Vehicle. The Racer will simply have to stop riding and wait until these "poor planning" matters are addressed.
2. Auxiliary Follow Vehicles can be no wider than an 80 inches standard sedan, full sized van or pickup truck with a camper that does not extend beyond the side panels of the truck.
3. Auxiliary Follow Vehicles must have operational factory emergency flashers.
4. The amber roof mounted flashing lights are not required on Auxiliary Follow Vehicles.
5. Auxiliary Follow Vehicles must have all signage.
6. Auxiliary Follow Vehicles must have a slow moving vehicle triangle to be displayed on the rear of the vehicle and used only while following the Racer.
7. If your primary Follow Vehicle will be away for an extended period (more than 24 hours), then
transfer appropriate supplies to the Auxiliary Vehicle. Be sure this vehicle is equipped with a slow
moving triangle and top amber flashers.
560 – Motorhomes (RVs)
1. Motorhomes (RVs) cannot be a Follow Vehicle during daylight hours.
2. Motorhomes (RVs) may TEMPORARILY (no more than one hour) follow a Racer during darkness in EMERGENCY situations only. You must notify Race Headquarters or a Race Official prior to following a Racer with a Motorhome (RV) at night. If a Race Official is unavailable and cell phone coverage precludes notification of Race Headquarters, contact the first available Race Official or Race Headquarters as soon as cell coverage is re-established. RUNNING OUT OF GAS, BUYING GAS DURING DARK HOURS, STOPPING TO EAT, STOPPING TO CALL IN AT A TIME STATION AND OTHER SIMILAR "POOR PLANNING ERRORS" BY A CREW DO NOT QUALIFY AS EMERGENCY SITUATIONS and will not qualify for temporary following of a Racer by a Motorhome (RV). The Racer will simply have to stop riding and wait until these "poor planning"
matters are completed.
3. Dumping brown and black water at other than an approved location is grounds for disqualification.
570 – Other Vehicles
1. The Race Director may consider exceptions to allow a sponsor’s Support Vehicle to service equipment or provide supplies to several Racers, e.g. two Racers have the same sponsor who provides a tech van to service both.
2. The Sponsor Vehicle must follow all Race rules.
3. If motorcycles, scooters or other like vehicles are used, appropriate legal helmets must be worn at all times by the driver and passenger regardless of local and/or state regulations. Bicycle helmets are not sufficient when riding a motorcycle.
4. Motorcycle operators must have motorcycle endorsements, if required by the state where they are
licensed to drive.
5. Motorcycles must be properly licensed and insured.
6. Motorcycles must be inspected for license, registration and insurance and approved by Race Officials.
580 – Spying
1. Support Vehicles used for spying are Support Vehicles and must have all signage for Support
2. Support Vehicles used for spying must conform to the normal flow of traffic. No caravanning.
3. Spies may not pass a Racer being spied upon more often than two times in one hour.
4. Spies must not stop within 300 feet (100 meters) of a Racer or Racer’s Crew when that Racer or Crew is stopped for more than 5 minutes.
5. Support Vehicles used for spying parked along the Race Route must be far enough off the roadway so as not interfere with the passage of a Racer or Follow Vehicle.
6. Spies must not verbally annoy the Racer or Follow Vehicle or use Support Vehicle engine noise, loud music, wind gust and road dust or exhaust offensively or employ other harassing behavior.
7. Spies may not use bicycles or other human powered vehicles or devices (e.g., skates) anywhere near a Racer.
8. Spying through interception of radio communications is not controlled beyond the licensing controls of the FCC. Crew should be advised to switch radio channels or have some other plan for
communications if spying is suspected by another Racer.
590 – Impeding Traffic
Impeding traffic flow occurs when: 1) Two or more vehicles are waiting to pass; 2) A vehicle has been held up for more than 2 minutes. Support Vehicles must avoid impeding traffic flow.
Impeding traffic is most commonly the result of Caravanning (see Section 595) or improper Support (see Section 630). Impeding the normal flow of traffic will result in a 15-minute penalty. Impeding traffic from Blythe, CA to Flagstaff, AZ and Montezuma Creek, UT to Kim, CO will result in a one-hour time penalty.
595 – Caravanning
1. Caravanning is prohibited at all times for all Support Vehicles, except when waiting to pass under
normal traffic circumstances.
2. Caravanning is prohibited by all Support Vehicles regardless of which Solo/Team the vehicles are
supporting. All vehicles behind the Follow Vehicle which is behind a Racer will be penalized.
3. Caravanning is prohibited for Spying, Team Exchanges and when two Racers are riding together
during their allotted 15 minutes per day. Caravanning will result in a 15-minute penalty. If Caravanning is deemed to be impeding the flow of traffic (see Section 590) from Blythe, CA to Flagstaff, AZ and Montezuma Creek, UT to Kim, CO you will be given a one-hour penalty.
600 – Racer
1. Racers may not be driven forward on the course except in an emergency, or to a motel. In such conditions a Race Official must be notified as soon as possible, preferably before doing so. Racers
must then return to the point where they left the Race Route to begin riding again.
2. Racers must wear a properly fastened CPSC or Snell-95-approved helmet at all times. The helmet must be properly fastened.
3. Racers must clearly display their Racer number on the left and right sides of their helmets.
4. A Racer may not receive pacing in any form from a Crew member or other person. Road side cheering, however, is encouraged from Crew and race fans.
5. A Racer may ride a bicycle with a flat tire or other mechanical problems. But, if a Race Official deems the problem unsafe, the Racer must stop or proceed on foot with the bike until the bicycle is replaced or repaired.
6. A Racer may proceed on foot along the Race Route as long as the bicycle is under control of the Racer and is being carried, dragged or pushed. A Racer separated from their bicycle may not proceed along the Race Route. If racing Tandem, both Racers must accompany the bicycle at all times.
7. Racers may only ride alongside each other for a 15-minute period each 24 hours.
8. Racers shall not block or impede the progress of another Racer.
9. Racers shall not draft any vehicle and must maintain a spacing of at least 300 feet (100 meters) from other Racers and Support Vehicles. But See Rule 370 for Special Rules for early stage of Race. 10. At traffic stop signs/lights Racers may not hold onto or receive balance support from any vehicle or person. The Racer may use a permanent object to assist in balance.
11. Moving Racers may not be tethered by electrical wiring, feeding tubes, oxygen tubes or other
attachments either to a Support Vehicle or pedestrian.
12. Racers must stop for drug or medical testing or imposition of penalties when directed by a
Race Official. The time required for such stops will not be deducted from the Racer’s time.
13. Racers must accommodate Race Media/Film Crews as much as possible. Intentionally drafting off a Media/Film Vehicle is prohibited. Racers must ride to the right of Media/Film Vehicles during
interviews, not directly behind them, unless the Media/Film Vehicle is far enough ahead as not to
create a wind draft – 15-foot minimum.
14. If a Media/Film Crew is causing problems for the Racer, politely ask them to leave or notify Race
Officials of problems. If the problem continues, immediately notify a Race Official, the Race Director
or Race Headquarters.
15. Racers must cooperate in making themselves available media interviews at the Race Start and Finish. Failure to do so may result in a penalty.
16. I-pods, MP3 players or other pocket-size stereos are permitted as long as only one ear is fed sound. The other ear must be clear of obstructions at all times during the Race. The other earpiece may be tucked into the jersey collar or disabled. Infraction of this rule will result in a penalty – no exception.
610 – Support Crew
1. Every Crew member must have signed the release of liability waiver prior to being permitted to participate in the Race.
2. The Racer is accountable for the behavior of the Crew. Crew misconduct may result in the
penalization or disqualification of the Racer. If it is determined that a Crew member is a liability,
he or she may be suspended from participating in the event.
3. A Racer may add Crew members at any time during the Race provided the new members(s) sign the release of liability waiver and Race Headquarters must be immediately notified and a copy of the signed agreement delivered to the nearest Race Official. The Crew Chief must have additional copies of the waiver form available to be signed by add-on Crew.
4. One Crew member will be designated Crew Chief and will speak for the Crew and Racer in reporting problems, suggestions or other information to Race Officials. Other persons in their capacity as Crew should not speak in an official capacity to Race Officials, unless the Crew Chief is not available. The Crew Chief may designate another person to act on his/her behalf when necessary.
5. A Crew may offer assistance to any Racer or Crew participating in the Race at any time but cannot
give misdirection on routing to another Racer or Crew.
6. Each Crew must be self-sufficient, communicating between their vehicles, locating food, water, fuel, supplies, motels, medical facilities and any other requirements along the Race Route. Race Officials are not allowed to assist Crew members unless there is a medical emergency.
7. One Crew may service a Racer other than their own as an act of "good sportsmanship."
8. If a Crew member willfully violates or attempts to violate a rule in order to aid the Racer, the other
Crew members have the obligation to make reasonable effort to stop and correct continued violation
including reporting such violation to a Race Official. Crew members have a moral obligation to the
rules no less than the Racers.
9. If a Crew member is unexpectedly lost from the minimum four-person Crew, the Crew must
immediately notify Race Headquarters. Based on the Racer’s location in the race, distance traveled,
Crew experience, etc., the Race Director will determine as to whether or not an additional Crew will
have to be obtained to finish The Race.
10. Safety, for Racers, Crew, Race Officials and other Race participants, and for the persons and property along the Race Route, is the single most important concern for everyone connected with the Race. In an emergency where human life is in jeopardy, all attention should be directed to the injured.
11. If a Racer loses time responding to an injury-related situation, where the Racer’s or Crew’s
assistance is warranted, the Race Director will determine a proper time adjustment for the Racer
providing assistance as appropriate. If the intercession of the Racer/Crew was not warranted in the
injury situation, the Race Director may determine that no time adjustment be given.
12. No Racer or Crew may carry any firearm along the course.
13. No Crew member is allowed to ride a bicycle on the course, or wear a team kit or helmet with a racer number if riding a bicycle during the race.
14. Crew must wear reflective vests and anklets at night.
620 – Crew and Racer Rest
1. There are no restrictions on how many hours a Racer may ride without off-bike rest. There are no restrictions on how many hours a Crew member can go without a sleep break. However, if in the opinion of a Race Official, sleep deprivation in any participant is compromising safety, the Race Official may assess a penalty against the Racer. In addition, if a suitably rested replacement Racer or Crew member is not available, the Race Official may impose an immediate mandatory rest break of up to 4 hours.
2. It is the responsibility of the Crew and Racer to make sure they are rested and fit enough to
proceed safely. The Follow Vehicle Crew must be prepared for night conditions by getting what
rest they need during the preceding day.
3. If a Racer refuses to comply with the demands of the Crew to rest and the Crew feels the Racer is in
danger, a Race Official or Race Headquarters must be notified immediately.
4. It is the responsibility of the Crew Chief and the Racer to ensure the Crew is receiving adequate rest to proceed safely and for safe operation of Support Vehicles. If no adequately rested drivers are available for safe operation of vehicles, the Racer must stop.
625 – Sportsmanship
1. All Racers and Crew are expected to exhibit the highest level of sportsmanship towards all competitors and Race Staff. This includes consideration for fairness, support, courtesy, ethics,
respect and even camaraderie with all Racers, Crew and Race Officials. If you have really read these rules carefully, the Crew Chief will bring a non-perishable food item to the Racer meeting to receive a RAAM gift (and commendation from the Race Director). We will donate the food items to charity.
2. All Racers and Crew are to be respectful and courteous towards competitors and Race Staff. Harassment of any Racer, Crew member or Race Staff is not allowed.
630 – Providing Support
1. A Racer may have more than one qualified Follow Vehicle. See Sections 500-550. However, only one Follow Vehicle may follow the Racer at any given time.
2. A Support Vehicle may not lead the Racer through fog or traffic. The Racer must stay in front of the Follow Vehicle. Auxiliary Vehicles may not pace ahead of the Racer at the Racer's speed, but may
drive ahead at normal highway speed and pull off the roadway and wait for the Racer.
4. Remaining alongside longer than necessary in order to provide the Racer an advantage against
prevailing wind is prohibited.
5. The Follow Vehicle must not impede following traffic for more than 2 minutes. The Follow Vehicle must pull off the road and let traffic pass when two or more vehicles are waiting to pass or if even one vehicle has been held up for more than 2 minutes. During the day the Racer may proceed alone, with the Follow Vehicle catching up once traffic is clear. At night the Racer must also pull off the road. This is especially applicable on the first day of the Race when a dozen or more Racers may be climbing the same hill, causing a serious problem for oncoming and following traffic to proceed around the Follow Vehicles. Be aware of what’s going on around you and use common sense.
6. From Blythe, CA to Flagstaff, AZ and Montezuma Creek, UT to Kim, CO special support rules apply. During the daytime, Direct Follow Support will be allowed only if there is a full-width
shoulder. In this case, the Follow Vehicle must be entirely to the right of the fog line. If that is not
possible, then leapfrog support must be employed. If the Follow vehicle is deemed to be impeding
traffic from Blythe, CA to Flagstaff, AZ and Montezuma Creek, UT to Kim, CO, this will
result in a one- hour penalty. During the night, Direct Follow Support is allowed. In fact, as
always during night time hours, Direct Follow Support is mandatory. Although traffic will likely be
light, the potential for impeding traffic flow is still there. If traffic builds up behind you, both the racer
and the Follow Vehicle must take the first opportunity to pull over and let the following traffic pass.
Failure to do so, may be deemed to be impeding traffic and you will be assessed a one-hour penalty.
7. Follow Vehicles should follow their Racer as far to the right of the lane as possible or on the paved
8. During daylight, the Racer may proceed unescorted. The Follow Vehicle may stop, allowing the Racer to continue on alone for a short time even when out of sight. The Follow Vehicle may then drive at normal highway speed to catch up to the Racer. Racer protection and safety is a primary job
of the Follow Vehicle and therefore it is recommended that you follow your Racer whenever possible
in accordance with these rules.
9. Under no circumstances will the following Follow Vehicle pull ahead of a Racer for the purpose of
proceeding to an intersection to cause the traffic signal to change to the Racer’s benefit. If two or more
Follow Vehicles are used during the event, these extra vehicles and Crew may attempt this maneuver
as long as they do so safely without interfering with the normal flow of traffic.
10. When directly following a Racer, the Follow Vehicle must have a slow moving vehicle triangle, must have the Amber Roof Lights on, and must have the vehicle emergency flashers of the vehicle on.
11. Turn signals do not operate with hazard lights on. For a turn, the Follow Vehicle may turn off the
vehicle emergency flashers up to ¼ mile (0.5 km) before a turn to use the vehicle turn signal.
The vehicle emergency flashers must be on within ¼ mile (0.5 km) after the turn unless there is
another turn within ¼ mile (0.5 km).
12. Music systems may not be used when passing through residential areas during the night All other public address systems or megaphones must have the volume reduced when passing through
residential areas at night.
13. Use a PA system or other communication devices to communicate safety factors and turns to your
14. All stopped Support Vehicles must stop a minimum of 5 feet off from the traveled portion of the
pavement - 5 feet to the right of the fog line.
635 – Handoffs
1. Travel alongside a Racer, when safe to do so and not crossing the double line, is permitted for handing off food and supplies to the Racer and exchanging information and is limited to one minute per exchange and four times per hour. Penalties will be issued for driving on or over the double line or for traveling along side a Racer for extended periods of time, which in the sole judgment of the Race
Official constitutes a hazard.
2. If traffic conditions do not allow driving alongside the Racer for handoffs, the Follow Vehicle should proceed ahead, stop off the pavement and use a pedestrian handoff as the Racer passes.
3. A pedestrian or person in a Follow Vehicle may execute "hand-to-hand" handoffs to the Racer while the Racer is moving or vice versa. These handoffs must be passed from the hand of the "giver" to the hand of the "receiver."
4. Inserting something into the Racer’s pocket, water bottle cage or any bike or clothing adjustments
between Racer and moving Support Vehicle are prohibited.
5. A moving Racer may toss discarded items to a Crew or along the roadside, provided this is done in a safe manner and no littering takes place.
640 – Passing
1. If another Racer is approaching you, you must either:
a. race ahead, increase your speed and maintain the 100 yard separation or
b. you must yield, move to the right, slow down, allow the pass and again maintain the 100
2. Special attention by the Follow Vehicle drivers must be taken in passing situations when one Racer
overtakes another. The Racer and Follow Vehicle in the lead and being passed must yield by slowly
moving to the right. The following Racer must accelerate and pass on the left. Do not pass on the right. Always yield to the normal flow of traffic. It is advisable for the Crew to notify the Racer being passed when a pass is taking place.
3. If two Racers decide to ride together (up the 15 minute limit), one of the Follow Vehicles follows both Racers while the other remains parked on the side of the road or drives up ahead and stops. Under no circumstances should two or more Follow Vehicles of different Racers caravan down the road or travel side by side at the speed of the Racer. Both Racers will be penalized.
4. After a pass, both racers must pace themselves appropriately to maintain the 300 foot (100 meter) separation between racers.
645 – Interstates
The Race Route has little or no interstate travel. However, if and when travel on an interstate highway is required, please use extreme caution. The end of an exit ramp is generally considered where the exit ends. There may be a stop sign, a crossroad, a bridge or the beginning of an on-ramp back on the interstate. Use your best judgment. The idea is to be away from fast moving traffic exiting the interstate and in a safe place.
1. There is no stopping on interstates, except for emergencies. If you must stop for emergencies, pull as far to the right as possible so that other Racers and Support Vehicles can pass safely without going into the traffic lanes.
2. Handoffs of any kind are not permitted on interstates. Handoffs may take place at the end of exit
3. Team Exchanges are not permitted on interstates. Team Exchange may take place at the end of exit
ramps. See Section 1127.
4. Parking of Support Vehicles to wait for Racers is not permitted on interstates. You may park at the end of the exit ramps.
5. Passing where both Racers have Follow Vehicles directly behind them is not allowed. During daylight it is recommended that both Follow Vehicles proceed to the next exit so both Racers can proceed at their own pace. At night, passing may only take place at the end of exit ramps.
6. If you are being overtaken by another Racer, you must exit the interstate at the next exit ramp and
allow the overtaking Racer to pass you.
7. If the Route Book indicates that you must follow an exit ramp, follow that instruction.
8. Use caution when crossing an exit or entrance ramp. Cross the ramp quickly at angles, rather than
riding in the middle. Stop and yield to normal traffic as they will likely be moving much faster than
9. If you encounter a stopped vehicle on an interstate shoulder, use extreme care when passing. During
the day, the Racer and Follow Vehicle do not have to pass together. During the night, the Racer and Follow Vehicle must pass together. Do not attempt to pass if traffic must slow down or suddenly change lanes to avoid you. The Racer and Follow Vehicle must slow down and pass when safe.
650 – Night Riding and Safety
1. Night riding shall be considered:
a. from 7:00pm local time until 7:00am local time,
b. any time when vehicles would normally have their night driving headlights on or
c. anytime visibility is less than 1000 feet (300 meters).
2. If you have any doubt about the visibility conditions, operate as if it is Night time.
3. Racers must be no more than 50 feet in front of the Follow Vehicle at Night with no other vehicles between the Racer and Follow Vehicle. The Follow Vehicle and Racer should be viewed as a single entity under Night riding conditions. Follow Vehicles may temporarily pull alongside the Racer when conditions safely permit to conduct a handoff of normal supplies. The Racer must at all times be able to safely see the roadway in front of the Follow Vehicle lighted by the Follow Vehicle lights.
4. The rules for handoffs in city traffic, mountain climbs and other difficult pacing situations are
modified at night so that the bicycle never leaves the Follow Vehicle headlights. In other words, the
Follow Vehicle may pull alongside the Racer to give a handoff
5. The Follow Vehicle must have all appropriate signage and lighting when operating under Night
6. Each Crew member must wear reflective vest and a reflective ankle bands at night. DOT approved
1. All bicycles used in Night time conditions must have a headlight that is at least 1 watt of power.
2. The headlight on the bicycle must be on during Night time conditions.
3. If a helmet light is used by the Racer the bicycle must still be outfitted with the minimum required
lighting attached to the bicycle.
1. All bicycles used for Night time conditions must have a taillight.
2. Taillights must be red and a minimum of 100 lumens.
3. The rear taillight may be steady or flashing.
4. The rear taillight must be mounted to the bicycle and aimed to the rear.
5. Belt clip taillights on the Racer or back of the helmet can be used in addition to the bicycle frame
taillight but not in place of a bicycle taillight.
6. Recumbents, Handcycles and other low profile bicycles taillights must be at least 36 inches from ground level.
Visibility and Reflective Material 1. All bicycles must have reflective material on the rear seat stays at least ½ inch wide (or as wide as
possible) and 6 inches long.
2. All bicycles must have reflective material on the outside of both fork blades at least ½ inch wide or as wide as possible and at least 6 inches long.
3. All bicycles must have reflective material on the crank arms that is visible from the rear of the bike
that is at least ½ inch wide (or as wide as possible) and 3 inches long.
4. Either all bicycles must have reflective material on the back of all pedals or all shoes must have
reflective material on the back of the heel. Reflective material must cover as much area as possible of
either the backs of pedals or the heels of the shoes.
5. All wheels, including spare wheels, must have reflective material visible from both sides that is at least 3 inches long. Reflective material must be on the non-braking surface of the rim or affixed to spokes.
NOTE: The lighting requirements here will be checked during Bicycle Inspection. You can refer to the Bicycle Inspection Form in the Registration Forms to see the checklist.
NOTE: The GEAR Book has suggestions for application and placement of reflective material.
700 – Media Crew
1. RAAM may have Media along the course.
2. RAAM may hire one or more independent Media Crews to document the Race. Media must cover
the Race in a fair, safe and neutral manner.
3. Local television stations may also report on the Race near their area. They must do so in a fair, safe
and neutral manner.
4. Racers may have Personal Media Crew. All Personal Media Crew must be registered with the RAAM Office 30 days before the Race. A fee of $175 will be charged for each Media Support Vehicle for “MEDIA CREW” signage (four signs per vehicle) plus the associated Racer name and number signs.
5. Personal Media Crew will be considered part of the host Racer's Crew and must be acknowledged by the Racer as such. All reporting and filming must be done in a fair, safe and neutral manner.
6. All Media Crew Vehicles are subject to the same Support Vehicle rules of the road as Follow
Vehicles. Emergency flashers, safety triangle must be used. Media Crew Vehicles are
required to have amber roof top flashers and use them when filming or moving at slow speeds.
7. All Media Crew Vehicles must be labeled on both sides and back with "MEDIA CREW" signs. Signage is
available from the RAAM Office. Personal Media Crew Vehicles must also display the Racer number
of their host Racer.
8. Unsafe driving or any circumstance which provides an undo advantage to any racer by a Personal
Media Crew will result in a penalty to the host Racer. When a Media Crew is interviewing another
Racer, any unsafe actions by the Media Crew could result in a penalty to their host Racer.
9. Failure to yield to following or oncoming traffic will result in a penalty to the host Racer.
10. Media Crew not associated with RAAM or a specific Racer may be required to post a deposit to ensure their compliance with race rules.
11. Media Crews may drive alongside a racer for several minutes to capture video footage or conduct an interview. This can be done for no more than 10 minutes within any single hour and no more than six times in a day.
12. Media Crews must respect the wishes of Racers and Crew. Media Crews must move away if
requested by Racers and/or Crew. If Media Crews do not move away as requested, the Racers’ Crew
chief must report to the Race Headquarters.
13. Media Crews may not block normal traffic flow during filming or interviewing.
800 – Bicycles
A - General
The intent of this paragraph is that all Racers compete with bicycles of equal specification. The specifications as stated in the UCI rules for time trial equipment are the general guide used for equipment approval. In addition, the current versions of Trek Y-foil, Softride and Titanflex bicycles are approved for use in the standard bicycle division/categories of The Race. Other deviations from the UCI rules need to be approved prior to starting The Race by a Race Official in writing. If you have any doubt about a modified piece of equipment being acceptable, contact the Race Director for a ruling which will be final.
1. Bicycles must be propelled solely by human force.
2. Maximum length is 79inches (118 inches for tandems); maximum width is 30in.
3. Any number of bicycles or replacement parts may be used during the Race.
4. Windscreens, fairings, and airfoils are prohibited. Aerobars and their accessories are allowed. A "wind scoop" under or around the handlebars or aerobars is prohibited.
5. Disk wheels, composite spoke wheels, and wheel covers are allowed.
6. RAAM Management reserves the right to disallow, either before the Race or when observed in use
during the Race, any bicycle or component that the Race Director determines to be unacceptable for
use in the Race. It is the obligation of the Racer to bring any non-standard or custom equipment to the attention of the Race Director before The Race for an acceptability determination.
7. Tandems, recumbents and hand-cycles are permitted so long as the Race Officials are notified before the Race.
8. All bicycles for a Racer must be of the same type (standard, tandem, recumbents ,etc.) and the Racer must remain with that bike type throughout the event.
9. There are no restrictions on gearing, wheel or tire size.
B. Operational Criteria – Bicycles and Wheels 1. All bicycles must have reflective material on the rear seat stays, fork blades, crank arms and pedals.
See Section 655 2. All bicycles must have a front and rear light. See Section 655 3. All wheels must have reflective material. See Section 655 4. All bicycles must have the Race bicycle frame number attached and visible from the left side of the
810 - Recumbents, HPVs and Handcycles
1. Recumbents have their own division. Recumbents are generally recognized as bicycles where
standing is impossible, have pedals in front of the racer and a more reclined racer position. They may
have any number of wheels and may not incorporate any form of fairing, or part of a fairing. Disc
wheels and wheel covers are allowed.
2. Human Powered Vehicles (HPVs) race in the Open Division. This design may be faired or un-faired with any number of wheels. The only absolute stipulation is that the vehicle must be entirely human powered and be legal to ride on public roads. Fairings can include, but are not limited to front fairing, rear fairing (tail boxes), body stocking and can be of any material.
3. Handcycles must race in the Open Division. Recumbents, HPVs and Handcycles may be required to carry or display additional safety equipment to make them more visible. Recumbents, HPVs and Handcycles may be required to have a Follow Vehicle providing direct support around the clock for safety. Recumbents, HPVs and Handcycles are required to display red taillight at all times. This must be mounted 36 inches above the ground.
850 – Clothing, Logos, & Helmets
1. If requested by Race Management, every Racer must display a visible RAAM logo on the left shoulder during the Start and Finish. The RAAM logo can be directly on clothing or via a RAAM patch which will be provided. The logo can be on a jersey or other outer clothing. If multiple Racers for a Team are riding from the Start or Finish, if requested, all Racers must have the RAAM logo displayed. The location of the RAAM logo will take priority over any other logo although the placement of other sponsor logos is allowed.
2. All helmets must have the racer number on both sides of the helmet.
3. All helmets must be CPSC or Snell-95 approved.
4. RAAM may require a sponsor’s name or logo to be displayed on Racers’ clothing and/or vehicles.
This provision is detailed in the mandatory "Racer Agreement " contract.
5. All questionable sponsor names must be submitted and all questionable advertising on Crew or Racer clothing must be approved by RAAM prior to The Race. RAAM reserves the right to forbid the
display of an inappropriate sponsor’s name or logo. The Race Director may prohibit the use of certain
names and logos, such as those associated with cigarettes, on Crew clothing, or clothing
items deemed worn in poor taste due to style, brevity or inappropriate graphic design.
6. Clothing intended for cycling use or to decrease wind resistance (skinsuits) is allowed. The attachment of fairings to clothing is not allowed.
7. Crew or Racers may not exhibit public nudity for any reason outside of the support vehicle without
appropriate coverings or curtains.
NOTE: The RAAM website has guidelines for using the RAAM logo and electronic files available.
1000 – Route
Each Racer must follow the Race Route as listed in the Route Book exactly as described. This includes exiting and entering interstates and other detailed route commands. The only exception is where road construction or other unforeseen issues (e.g., mistakes in the published directions, roadways closed due to flooding, etc.) forces a change to the Race Route. In those sections of the Race Route, the Racers must follow alternate directions, which are supplied, by a Race Official or Race Headquarters. It is the responsibility of the Crew to regularly check in with Race Headquarters for any such updates. It is permissible to exit at an exit ramp and then immediately reenter the interstate at an entrance ramp.
Supplemental Navigational Aids
Sometimes RAAM provides supplemental means to help Racers and Crew navigate the course:
Electronic Mapping – Electronic course files for various mapping software and GPS devices will be
available on the website. These trace the Race Route as best as possible and provide an excellent aid to determining location and Race Route. While every effort has been made to assure these supplemental navigational aids are accurate, they are not guaranteed to exactly match the Route Book directions. Accordingly, a Racer who follows an incorrect supplemental navigational aid will be considered to have made a wrong turn and will not be compensated for any lost time. THE ROUTE BOOK DIRECTIONS AND MAP ARE TO BE CONSIDERED THE ONLY OFFICIAL DOCUMENTATION OF THE ROUTE. In the event of a discrepancy between a supplemental navigational aid and the Route Book, the Route Book shall be considered the correct route. Only modifications sanctioned by a Race Official or Race Headquarters in the name of the Race Director will authorize deviation from the Route Book as printed. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE ROUTE AS DESCRIBED IN THE ROUTE BOOK MAY RESULT IN DISQUALIFICATION. See Section 270.