Principles of Health Sciences Careers in Health Care



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Principles of Health Sciences

Careers in Health Care

Name:       Date:       Age/Grade Level: 9-12


# of Students:       # of IEP Students:       # of GSSP Students       # of LEP Students:      
Program: Health Sciences Course: Principles of Health Sciences Major Content: Careers Lesson Length: 5 days
Unit Title: Employability Skills Lesson Number and Title: Course Task Number: 15, 16


Context
In this unit, students will discover information about health care careers and how to choose a career. They will be given an opportunity to complete an interest inventory, research careers in the health care field, and will develop a career plan.



Objectives

Students will:



  1. Conduct a personality inventory.

  2. Describe the role of professional organization in a career major area.

  3. Explore a potential health science career path in at least one of the following health care services: Diagnostic, Therapeutic, Informational, and Environmental.

  4. Identify and explore the two career majors in the health cluster.

  5. Incorporate HOSA using competitive event guidelines, leadership and team skills in all content areas

  6. Meet above objectives to 80% mastery or above.





Connections

Academic Expectations



  • Vocational Studies 2.36 Students use strategies for choosing and preparing for a career.

  • Vocational Studies 2.37 Students demonstrate skills and work habits that lead to success in future schooling and work.

Core Content

  • PL-HS-4.1.1 Students will analyze and evaluate why people need to work and how a person’s career choice impacts life long earning potential, career opportunities and job satisfaction.

  • PL-HS-4.1.5 Students will analyze and evaluate a variety of resources (e.g., Internet, print materials, guest speakers, mentors) that could be used to determine advantages and disadvantages (e.g., preparation, salary, benefits, demands of job, location, work environment) of various occupations.

  • PL-HA-4.1.7 Students will compare post-secondary options (e.g., community technical colleges, 4-year colleges, military service) that would be the most appropriate preparation for a specific career path.

Skill Standards

  • Career Decision-Making 4.42 Consider the levels of education, credentialing requirements, employment opportunities, workplace environments, and career growth potential for the service area.

  • Career Decision-Making 4.41 Explore a potential health science career path in at least one of the following healthcare services: diagnostic, therapeutic, information, or environmental.

Asses

Assessment Plan

In tabular format, organize how each objective will be assessed. Include copies of assessment instruments and rubrics (if applicable to the lesson plan).



Objective/Assessment Plan Organizer

Objective Number

Type of Assessment

Description of Assessment

Depth of Knowledge Level

Adaptations and/or Accommodations

1-5

Formative

Questioning, bellwork, review activities, demonstration of skills

DOK 2

Prompts / cues

1-5

Summative

Performance based

D0K 2

Prompts / Cues





Resources, media and technology

  • List the specific materials and equipment needed for the lesson. Attach copies of printed materials to be used with the students.

    • Diversified Health Occupations, Simmons

    • Student handouts

      • Adapted from North Carolina Health Science Resources

http://www.ncpublicschools.org/cte/health_occupations/course-descriptions.html


    • If appropriate, list technology resources for the lesson including hardware, software, and Internet URLs, and be sure to cite the sources used to develop this lesson.

    • Internet access




Accommodations for Special Populations
Procedures


  • Introduce topic




  • Presentation

    • Discuss PowerPoint – students take notes




  • Reinforcement Activities – Individualize to meet the needs of your classroom environment.

    • Handout Activities

      • Interest Inventory

      • Activities from DHO workbook

    • Visual Activities

      • Poster Presentation

      • Shoe Box Career

    • Research Activities

      • Career Research using the Occupational Outlook Handbook

      • “The Best Career for Me” persuasive paper

    • HOSA Integration Activity

      • Career Health Display – use event criteria and rubric

  • Assessment

    • Based on chosen activities using appropriate rubric


Introduction

Ask students to create a list their life goals.

Review student answers and list goals on the board.

Ask students if they have a plan for reaching their goals.

Explain that the objective of this unit is to help them identify their likes and dislikes and to match those to potential careers.
Presentation
Review PowerPoint or the attached outline with students.
Careers in Healthcare
Choosing a Career


  • Choosing a career involves making some complex decisions.

  • It is important to focus on matching your interests, abilities, and needs with a career that fits them well.

  • You might start by asking yourself questions such as:

    • What am I really like?

    • What are my strengths / weaknesses?

    • What might I want to be doing in one year? Five years? Ten years?

Health Careers

  • Workers in this field often get a high level of personal satisfaction from helping people in need.

  • Health care workers are in high demand, and the supply is currently lower than desired. As a result:

    • Many jobs are available.

    • Many jobs offer high pay.

    • Scheduling is flexible

    • Job security is high.

    • Competition is low


When researching health careers it is important to understand the:

      • Duties of the job

      • Educational requirements

      • Job outlook

      • Average yearly income

      • Ability to progress in the career level to higher paying positions

      • Pros and cons of the career

      • Education Levels


Education may involve different levels of study.

The level of education needed varies for each health care career.



  • Health occupations education (HOE) programs can prepare a person for entry-level work after graduation or even while still in school.

  • An associate’s degree involves two years of training for a specific career and is usually offered at a community college or a technical or career school.

  • Other higher education degrees are typically offered at a college or university.

    • A bachelor’s degree usually requires four or more years of study

    • A master’s degree, one or more years beyond a bachelor’s degree

    • A doctorate, two to six years beyond a bachelor’s or master’s degree.


Credentials and Accreditation

  • Credentials ensure that workers have the vital skills and are competent, which helps to protect patients.

  • Accreditation certifies that a program of study meets or exceeds a minimum standard of quality.


Types of Credentials

  • Certification states that the worker has fulfilled the education and performance standards and is qualified to do the job.

  • With registration, the names of people who are qualified to work in a career are kept on an official list. The list is called a “registry.”

  • Licensure is established by law and is mandatory.

    • A government agency authorizes people to work in select careers.

    • Requirements may vary from state-to-state.

    • Usually involves passing a state board test and maintaining certain standards.


Professional Development

  • Even after becoming employed, a person needs to continue to get more education.

  • In many health care careers, Continuing Education Units, or CEU’s, are required to renew licenses or to stay certified or registered.


Trends

  • Because of high costs, smaller facilities use multi-competent or multi-skilled workers who are trained to perform a variety of skills.

  • Entrepreneur is an individual who organizes, manages, and assumes the risk of a business.

    • Physicians, dentists, and optometrists who run their own practices.

    • A therapist who travels to clients’ homes to deliver services.

    • A medical billing specialist who gets information over the Internet and then completes the required forms at home


National Health Care Skill Standards

  • Developed to indicate the knowledge and skills of health care workers primarily at the entry and technical levels.

  • Divided into 6 groups.

    • Health Care Core Standards

    • Therapeutic/Diagnostic Core Standards

    • Therapeutic Cluster Standards

    • Diagnostic Cluster Standards

    • Information Services Cluster Standards

    • Environmental Services Cluster Standards


Career Levels

  • Aide or Assistant: 1 or more years of training on-the-job, in the classroom, or a combination of both.

  • Technician: 2-year associate’s degree or 3-4 years of on-the-job training.

  • Technologist or Therapist: 3-4 years of college plus work experience. Usually a bachelor’s degree, and sometimes a master’s degree, is required.

  • Professional: 4 or more years of college with a bachelor’s or master’s degree or a doctorate. Often clinical training is also required.


Dental Careers

  • Focus on the health of the teeth and soft tissues of the mouth

    • Dentists

    • Dental hygienists

    • Dental laboratory technicians

    • Dental assistants


Diagnostic Services

  • Perform tests or evaluations that aid in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, or other physical conditions

    • Registered Diagnostic Vascular Technician (RDVT)

    • Electrograph (EKG) Technician

    • Medical Laboratory Technologist (MT)

    • Phlebotomist

    • Radiologic Technologist AART


Emergency Medical Services

  • Provide emergency, prehospital care to victims of accidents, injuries, and sudden illnesses

    • Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

      • (EMT-1) (EMT-2) (EMT-3)

    • Paramedic


Health Information and Communication Services

Work to maintain complete and accurate patient records



    • Medical Records Administrator

    • Medical Transcriptionist

    • Unit Secretary / Unit Coordinator

    • Medical Illustrator

    • Medical Librarian


Hospital / Health Care Facility Services

Operate the support departments such as:



    • Administration

    • Business office

    • Admissions office

    • Central/sterile supply

    • Housekeeping

Medical Careers

Broad category that includes physicians and other individuals under the supervision of physicians



  • Physicians (MD) (DO) (DPM) (DC)

  • Physicians assistants (PA)

  • Medical assistants (MA)


Mental and Social Services

Focus on helping people with mental or emotional disorders or those who are developmentally delayed



  • Psychiatrist

  • Psychologist Speed

  • Psychiatric / Mental Health Technicians

  • Social Workers / Sociologists


Mortuary Careers

Provide services that involve preparation of the body, performance of a ceremony that honors the deceased and meets the spiritual needs of the living, as well as cremation and burial of the remains



    • Funeral directors

    • Embalmers

    • Mortuary assistants


Nursing Careers

Provide care as directed by physicians that focuses on the mental, emotional, and physical needs of patients



  • Registered Nurses (RN)

  • Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

  • Nurse Assistant

  • Patient Care Technician

  • Surgical Technician


Nutrition & Dietary Services

Promote wellness and optimum health through the knowledge of nutrition



    • Dietitians (RD)

    • Dietetic Technician (DT)

    • Dietetic Assistant


Therapeutic Services

Provide care for patients through a variety of treatments for injuries, physical, mental, and emotional disabilities



    • Occupational Therapists & Assistants

    • Physical Therapists & Assistants

    • Pharmacists

    • Massage Therapists

    • Respiratory Therapists

    • Speech-Language Therapists

    • Athletic Trainer


Veterinary Careers

Provide care for all types of animals



    • Veterinarians (DVM or VMD)

    • Veterinary Technician (VT)

    • Veterinary Assistant


Vision Services

Provide care to prevent and treat vision disorders



    • Ophthalmologists

    • Optometrists (DO)

    • Ophthalmic Medical Technologist (OMT)

    • Ophthalmic Technicians (OT)

    • Optician (OA)

    • Ophthalmic Laboratory Technician



Organizations

  • A professional organization is a group that exists to further a certain career. Their goal is to protect the interest of the public as well as those of the professionals.

  • Civic and community organizations exist to enhance the well-being of all people in an area through volunteer service actions

  • Organizations:

    • Provide a place for people who share the same interests to meet and exchange information.

    • Allow members to grow in their leadership abilities, citizenship skills, and confidence.

    • Strengthen members’ thinking skills, such as creativity, decision-making, and problem-solving.

    • Support networking opportunities that can lead to job contacts.


Student Organizations

  • Aim to enhance the student’s education in both its quality and impact.

  • Strive to help the student build knowledge, skills, and attitudes that will lead to success in the workplace.

  • Often sponsor special competitions with the goal to encourage pride and excellence in work.

  • Often award scholarships to make sure that deserving students can get the further training they need.


Health Occupation Students of America

  • Organized in 1976 as the only organization dedicated to meeting the needs of students pursuing a career in health care




Impact
(How many students met performance criteria for objectives? How many did not meet the performance criteria for objectives?
Refinement

(How will you change the lesson to increase student achievement?)

  1. What did your impact analysis tell you about how your students learn?



  1. What did your impact analysis tell you about the success of the strategies you used?



  1. How useful were the assessments in terms of student learning?



  1. What resources and/or personnel might assist you in improving student achievement?



  1. How will you differentiate instruction so that all students achieve?



  1. How will you differentiate instruction for students who easily achieved the performance criteria and need to move forward?






http://www.texashste.com/documents/curriculum/careers/career_planning.pdf














Poster Presentation

Principles of Health Sciences

Careers in Health Care

Directions:

Create a poster illustrating your assigned topic. This project will be due on________________________.


You will then use your poster to present the information to the class.

Presentations will begin on________________________.


The following rubric will be used.

__________Headline & Captions (10 pts.)


__________Graphics (10 pts.)
__________Depth of Information (20 pts.)
__________Spelling & Correctness (20 pts.)
__________Cooperation of Group Members (10 pts.)
__________Finished on time (10 pts.)
__________Knowledge Gained and demonstrated during presentation. (20 pts.)
__________TOTAL

Shoebox Career

Principles of Health Sciences

Careers in Health Care
Directions:

Use a shoebox to create a diorama illustrating your chosen career. This project will be due on________________________.


You will then use your shoebox to present the information to the class.

Presentations will begin on________________________.


The following rubric will be used.

__________Appearance (20 pts.)


__________Creative use of materials (10 pts.)
__________Accurate portrayal of career choice (20 pts.)
__________Depth of Information (20 pts.)
__________Finished on time (10 pts.)
__________Knowledge gained and demonstrated during presentation. (20 pts.)
__________TOTAL


Career Research
Directions:

Use the following link to the Occupational Outlook Handbook to research a career of your choice and answer the following questions. http://www.bls.gov/search/ooh.asp?ct=OOH


Significant Points

a.

b.



c.
Nature of the Work

a.

b.



c.

d.
Working Environment.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Education and Training

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Licensure and/or Certification

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Other Qualifications

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Opportunities for Advancement
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Employment


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Job Outlook

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Earnings

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Related Occupations

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Things I like about this career.

a.


b.

c.


d.

Things I dislike about this career.

a.

b.

c.



d.
Is this a realistic career choice for me?_______________________
Why / why not?___________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Career for Me”

PERSUASIVE WRITING ORGANIZER

INTRODUCTION


What bold statement will you use in your introduction?



What background information about your career choice will you provide for your readers? (Duties, places of employment, job outlook, salary, etc.)
BODY

Reason #1

Support

Reason #2

Support



Reason #3

Support



Address any counterclaims or negative aspects of your career. Remember to put a positive spin on it; you don’t want to discourage others from choosing this career.





C
What strong statement will you use to end your essay?

ONCLUSION

The Career for Me”

PERSUASIVE WRITING RUBRIC
Directions

Use the Occupational Outlook Handbook website to research 2 careers. After researching, decide which is the best fit for you. Then complete the “The Career for Me” organizer and turn in for approval. When approved, use the information from your research and the format of the organizer to write your paper.

_____Focused purpose throughout paper (10 pts)

_____Organization…introduction, body, conclusion (10 pts)

_____Provides 3 persuasive reasons…1 per paragraph (20 pts)

_____Addresses one negative aspect of career (10 pts)

_____Supporting details (30 pts)

_____Correctness (grammar and punctuation) (10 pts)

_____Spelling (10 pts)

_____ TOTAL



Careers in Health Care Exam


  1. A/an ________________________ involves two years of training for a specific career and is usually offered at a community college or a technical or career school.

    1. Associate’s degree

    2. Bachelor’s degree

    3. Master’s degree

    4. Certificate




  1. A/an ________________________ involves four years of training for a specific career and is usually offered at a college or university.

    1. Associate’s degree

    2. Bachelor’s degree

    3. Master’s degree

    4. Certificate



  1. _______________________certifies that a program of study meets or exceeds a minimum standard of quality.

    1. Credentials

    2. Certificates

    3. Accreditation

    4. OSHA



  1. A list of the names of people who are qualified to work in a specific career is a/an:

    1. Registry

    2. Certification

    3. Licensure task force

    4. Accreditation



  1. ___________________________ is established by law and usually involves passing a state board test and maintaining certain standards.

    1. Certification

    2. Registration

    3. Registry

    4. Licensure



  1. Additional education required to renew licenses or to stay certified or registered is:

    1. Continuing Education Units

    2. Licensure Quality Units

    3. Professional Growth Plan

    4. Individual Education Plan




  1. An individual who organizes, manages, and assumes the risk of a business is a/an:

    1. Multi-skilled worker

    2. Entrepreneur

    3. Multi-competent worker

    4. CEO



  1. A _______________________ requires 1 or more years of training on-the-job, in the classroom, or a combination of both.

    1. Professional

    2. Technologist or Therapist

    3. Technician

    4. Aide or assistant



  1. A __________________________ requires a 2-year associate’s degree or 3-4 years of on-the-job training.

    1. Professional

    2. Technologist or Therapist

    3. Technician

    4. Aide or assistant



  1. A group that exists to further a specific career and to protect the interest of both the public and the professional is a/an:

    1. Interdisciplinary committee

    2. Advisory board

    3. Long term care planning committee

    4. Professional organization


Careers in Health Care

Open Response
The health care field provides numerous career opportunities that allow individuals to make the best use of their interests, abilities, and personalities.


  1. List one career pathway and describe two career levels, including the educational requirements for each.

  2. List three personal traits, skills, or abilities for success in this pathway.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Score

Criteria

Points

4

Thoroughly describes two career levels and lists

three personal traits, skills, or abilities for success in this pathway



100

3

Describes two career levels and lists

three personal traits, skills, or abilities for success in this pathway



80

2

Describes 1-2 career levels and lists

2-3 personal traits, skills, or abilities for success in this pathway



70

1

Describes 1-2 career levels and/or lists

2-3 personal traits, skills, or abilities for success in this pathway



60


0


No attempt or answer is irrelevant.

0
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


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