Paper-ii- normal Periodontal Structure, Etiopathogenesis Of Periodontal Diseases, Epidemiology As Related To Periodontics



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Paper-II- Normal Periodontal Structure, Etiopathogenesis Of Periodontal Diseases, Epidemiology As Related To Periodontics

Long Answers: 20 Marks

  1. Classify gingival enlargement & describe in details about drug induced gingival enlargement.

  2. Define infrabony pockets, write pathogenesis and add a note on various types of bony defects.

N 2011

  1. Role of iatrogenic factors in periodontal disease.

  2. Define and classify indices. Discuss various indices used in evaluation of periodontal diseases.

M 2010

  1. Describe the structures of periodontal ligament and discuss its functional adaptation to masticatory forces

  2. Discuss the significance of GCF in defence mechanism of gingiva?

M 2009

  1. Viral infections of periodontium

  2. GCF

  3. Role of GCF as a marker for periodontal disease

  4. Discuss in detail the immune response in periodontal disease

A 2008

  1. Discuss the currents understanding of the etiopathogenesis of aggressive periodontitis.

  2. Critically evaluate “virus influence immune response” in periodontal disease.

A 2007

  1. Discuss the present understanding of role of Gram-negative bacteria in the etiology of periodontal disease.

  2. “Periodontal status can be very well assessed by tooth mobility”. Discuss the statement with your comments.

  3. Describe the role of systemic factors in etiopathogenesis of gingival and periodontal disease.

  4. Describe the microbial profile of aggressive periodontitis.

S 2007

  1. Discuss role of NSAID in the management of periodontal disease.

  2. Describe the contribution of the immune related factors in the etiology of periodontal disease.

  3. Discuss the current advances in dentogingival unit.

  4. Discuss the role of neuropeptides in periodontal disease.

2006

  1. Dental cementum: the dynamic tissue covering of the root

  2. Describe the factors affecting gingival pigmentation.

A 2005

  1. Discuss the current thinking on the role of nutrition in periodontal disease.

  2. Discuss the host response in periodontal disease.

2003

  1. Discuss the role and management of parafunctional conditions affecting the periodontium.

  2. Discuss the microscopic and macroscopic appearance of keratinised oral mucosa.

  3. Discuss the development and structure of junctional epithelium.

  4. Describe the structure of periodontal ligament and discuss its finctional adaptation to masticatory forces.

2002

  1. Discuss the sequence of biochemical and morphological events of gingival keratinisation.

  2. Dental cementum – the dynamic tissue covering of the root.

  3. Discuss the current concept of dento-gingival junction.

  4. Discuss the histochemical aspect of normal gingiva

2001

  1. Discuss the pathogenesis of gingival bleeding

  2. Role of radiographs and other imaging techniques in the diagnosis of periodontal disease.

  3. Give a clinical appraisal of specific and non-specific plaque hypothesis in the etiology of periodontal disease.

  4. What are chort and double blind studies? Discuss them by giving suitable plan of methodology for a scientific study in prevention of periodontal disease.

1999

Short Answers:

  1. Probiotics in periodontal therapy

  2. VEGF

  3. IL-1

  4. Polymicrobial community

  5. Transcription factors

  6. Indices used to evaluate outcome of therapy

N 2011

  1. Matrix metalloproteases

  2. Microbial complexes

  3. Adequacy of width of attached gingival

  4. Refractory periodontitis

  5. Implication of genetics in periodontal diseases

  6. Significance of preventive periodontics

M 2010

  1. Food impaction

  2. Influences of diabetes mellitus on periodontal tissues

  3. Furcation involvement

  4. Host-microbial interaction

  5. Nutritional influence in etiology of periodontal disease

  6. Specific and non specific hypothesis

M 2009

19. Plaque hypothesis

20. Current classification of periodontal disesase

21. Immunological aspects of periodontal disease

22. ANUG


23. Preterm low birth weight children and periodontal disease

24. Halitosis

25. Specific and non-specific plaque hypothesis and current concepts

26. ECM in periodontal health and disease

27. Periodontal abscess

28. Ultra structure of cementum

29. Theories of calculus formation and mineralization with recent concepts

30. Diabetes and periodontium



A 2008

  1. Significance of root surface therapy

  2. Risk factors in periodontal disease

  3. Role of nitric oxide synthase in disease progression

  4. Discuss the influence of orthodontic appliance on the periodontal pathology

  5. Community periodontal index for treatment needs v/s community periodontal index

  6. Discuss the various psychosomatic factors influencing periodontal pathology

A 2007

  1. Iatrogenic factors

  2. Discuss the current controversies in relation to the etiopathogenesis of refractory periodontitis.

  3. Prevelence of periodontal disease in India.

  4. Discuss the role of H+ ion concentration of saliva in the formation of dental calculus.

  5. Regenerative capacity of the periodontal ligament.

  6. Immunohistochemistry

  7. Describe the specific and non-specific plaque hypothesis.

  8. Changes in periodontium associated with pregnancy

  9. Role of smoking in the etiology of periodontitis

  10. Enumerate the various indices used for assessment of dental plaque. Write any 1 in detail.

  11. Give cause and sequalae of food impaction

  12. Refractory periodontitis

S 2007

  1. Critically evaluate – periodontal disease is a risk factor for systemic disease.

  2. Localized tooth related factors that predispose to periodontal disease.

  3. Recent development in laboratory investigations of periodontal disease.

  4. Current thinking on the genetic background and periodontal disease.

  5. Parafunctional habits and periodontium.

  6. Acute phase reactants in periodontal disease.

  7. Cohort study

  8. Bone destructive patterns in periodontal disease.

  9. Current view on ‘biofilm’ and their hypothesis

  10. Various indices used for dental plaque

  11. Discuss the influence of tobacco smoking in the etiopathogenesis of gingival and periodontal disease.

  12. Effect of stress on periodontium

2006


  1. Discuss the defence mechanisms operating in the oral cavity with its limitations.

  2. Discuss the epidemiology of the gingival and periodontal disease in India.

  3. Collegen fibres of the gingival connective tissue.

  4. Effects of stress on the periodontium.

  5. Primary trauma from occlusion.

  6. Critically evaluate gingival keratinisation.

A 2005

  1. Effect of aging on the periodontium

  2. Critically evaluate the scope and limitations of CPITN index.

  3. Prevalence of periodontitis.

  4. GCF in health and disease

  5. Current concept on new attachment

  6. The role of pro-inflammatory mediators in periodontal disease.

2004

  1. Critically evaluate the scope and implications of community periodontal indes.

  2. Mechanism of dentinal hypersensitivity

  3. Discuss the statement – gingival fluid is an inflammatory exudates

  4. Describe how stability and integrity of periodontal tissue are influenced by various environmental factors around the tooth.

  5. Influence of endocrines on periodontal tissue.

  6. Recent advances in the field of new attachment.

2003

  1. Cohort study

  2. Discuss the use of dental floss in preventive Periodontics

  3. Bone destructive patterns in periodontal disease

  4. What are the various indices used for dental plaque?

  5. How would you differentiate between leukaemic gingival enlargement and scorbutic gingival enlargement?

  6. Discuss the influence of tobacco in the etiopathogenesis of gingival and periodontal disease in India.

  7. Discuss the effect of ageing on the periodontal tissue.

  8. Critically evaluate gingival keratinisation.

  9. Discuss the epidemiology of gingival and periodontal disease in Indida.

  10. Factors affecting gingival pigmentation.

  11. Duscuss the defence mechanisms operating in the oral cavity with its limitations.

  12. Describe the structure and organisation of subgingival plaque.

2002

  1. Regenerative capacity of the periodontal ligaments

  2. Periosteum and endosteum

  3. Collagen fibres of gingival connective tissue

  4. Russel’s periodontal index

  5. Prevalence of periodontitis

  6. GCF in periodontal health and disease

  7. Critically evaluate your views on role of genetic factors in Periodontics

  8. Describe alveolar bone in disease

  9. Discuss the basic, scope and implifications of community periodontal index for treatment needs.

  10. Describe the role of vitamins in periodontal pathosis

  11. Describe ultra structure of cementum

  12. What are the differences observed between the periodontium of a child and an adult?

2001


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