Pakistan Punjab Irrigated-Agriculture Productivity Improvement Project (pipip) Environmental and Social Assessment Directorate General Agriculture (Water Management), Agriculture Department Government of Punjab, Lahore November 2011



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Contents


Executive Summary ii

1 Introduction 1-1

1.1 Background 1-1

1.2 Earlier Projects of Similar Nature 1-2

1.3 Project Proponent 1-2

1.4 Project Overview 1-2

1.5 ESA Study 1-3

1.5.1 Need of the Study 1-3

1.5.2 Study Objectives 1-3

1.5.3 Study Scope 1-4

1.5.4 Study Methodology 1-4

1.5.5 Study Team 1-5

1.6 Document Structure 1-5

2 Legislative, Regulatory, and Policy Framework 2-1

2.1 National Laws and Regulations 2-1

2.1.1 Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 2-1

2.1.2 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of IEE and
EIA Regulations, 2000
2-2

2.1.3 National Environmental Quality Standards 2-2

2.1.4 Land Acquisition Act, 1894 2-2

2.1.5 Punjab Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act, 1974 2-3

2.1.6 Forest Act, 1927 2-3

2.1.7 Canal and Drainage Act, 1873 2-3

2.1.8 Punjab Irrigation and Drainage Authority Act, 1997 2-3

2.1.9 Punjab On-Farm Water Management and Water Users’
Associations Ordinance, 1981
2-3

2.1.10 Provincial Local Government Ordinances, 2001 2-4

2.1.11 Antiquity Act, 1975 2-4

2.1.12 Mines, Oil Fields and Mineral Development Act, 1948 2-4

2.1.13 Factories Act, 1934 2-4

2.1.14 Employment of Child Act, 1991 2-4

2.1.15 Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 2-5

2.2 The World Bank Operational Policies 2-5

2.2.1 Environmental Assessment (OP 4.01) 2-5

2.2.2 Involuntary Resettlement (OP 4.12) 2-5

2.2.3 Forestry (OP 4.36) 2-6

2.2.4 Natural Habitat (OP 4.04) 2-6

2.2.5 Pest Management (OP 4.09) 2-6

2.2.6 Safety of Dams (OP 4.37) 2-7

2.2.7 Projects on International Waterways (OP 7.50) 2-7

2.2.8 Cultural Property (OP 4.11) 2-7

2.2.9 Indigenous People (OP 4.10) 2-8

2.2.10 Projects in Disputed Areas (OP 7.60) 2-8

2.2.11 Applicability of Safeguard Policies 2-8

2.3 Obligations under International Treaties 2-9

2.4 Institutional Setup for Environmental Management 2-9

2.5 Environmental and Social Guidelines 2-10

2.5.1 Environmental Protection Agency’s Environmental and
Social Guidelines
2-10

2.5.2 World Bank Environmental and Social Guidelines 2-10

3 Project Description 3-1

3.1 Project Background 3-1

3.2 Project Objectives 3-6

3.3 Project Beneficiaries 3-6

3.4 Project Components 3-6

3.4.1 Component A: Installation of High Efficient Irrigation Systems 3-7

3.4.2 Component B: Upgrading of Community Irrigation Systems 3-10

3.4.3 Component C: Improved Agriculture Technology/Practices and Monitoring and Evaluation 3-12

3.4.4 Component D: Project Management, Supervision, Technical
Assistance, Training and Strategic Studies.
3-13

3.5 Project Institutional and Implementation Arrangements 3-13

3.6 Description of Project Activities 3-16

3.6.1 Drip Irrigation 3-16

3.6.2 Sprinkler Irrigation 3-17

3.6.3 Laser Land Leveling 3-18

3.6.4 Water Course Improvement 3-18

4 Project Alternatives 4-1

4.1 No-project Alternative 4-1

4.2 Alternative Irrigation Methods 4-1

4.3 Alternative Land Leveling Methods 4-2

4.4 Alternative Methods of On-farm Water Conservation 4-2

4.5 Alternative Methods of Implementing the Proposed Initiatives 4-2

5 Environmental and Socioeconomic Profile 5-1

5.1 Location 5-1

5.2 Physical Environment 5-1

5.2.1 Geography 5-1

5.2.2 Geology and Seismology 5-2

5.2.3 Soil Morphology 5-2

5.2.4 Meteorology, Climate, and Air Quality 5-3

5.2.5 Surface Water Resources 5-4

5.2.6 Groundwater 5-5

5.3 Forests, Habitat, and Ecologically Sensitive Areas 5-7

5.3.1 Protected Areas 5-7

5.4 Socioeconomic Profile 5-7

5.4.1 Demographic Profile 5-7

5.4.2 Economy 5-8

5.4.3 Land Use / Agricultural Profile 5-9

5.4.4 Cultural Heritage 5-9

5.5 Environmental Hotspots 5-9

6 Stakeholder Consultations 6-1

6.1 Objectives 6-1

6.2 Participation Framework 6-1

6.3 Stakeholder Identification 6-1

6.4 Consultation Process 6-2

6.5 Consultations with Institutional Stakeholders 6-2

6.6 Grass Root Stakeholders Consultations 6-5

7 Impact Assessment 7-1

7.1 Positive Impacts 7-1

7.2 Environmental Screening 7-1

7.3 Assessment of Potential Impacts and Mitigation 7-6

7.3.1 Subproject Siting (Land Use, Landform, and Land Take) 7-6

7.3.2 Loss of Precious Ecological Values 7-7

7.3.3 Conflicts in Water Supply Rights 7-7

7.3.4 Disruption of Local Routes 7-7

7.3.5 Soil Erosion and Topography 7-7

7.3.6 Loss of Soil Productivity 7-8

7.3.7 Reduced Groundwater Recharge 7-8

7.3.8 Soil and Water Contamination 7-9

7.3.9 Impacts on Women, Children, Vulnerable Groups, and
Indigenous People
7-9

7.3.10 Noise and Vibration 7-10

7.3.11 Air Quality 7-10

7.3.12 Water Consumption and Availability of Water in
Downstream Areas
7-10

7.3.13 Clogging of Water Courses 7-10

7.3.14 Water Borne and Water-related Diseases 7-11

7.3.15 Safety Hazards and Public Health 7-11

7.3.16 Influx of Workers and Employment 7-11

7.3.17 Impacts on Natural Flora and Fauna 7-12

7.3.18 Grazing 7-12

7.3.19 Damage to Infrastructure 7-13

7.3.20 Sustainability of Interventions 7-13

8 Environmental and Social Management Plan 8-1

8.1 ESMP Objectives 8-1

8.2 ESMP Components 8-1

8.3 Institutional Setup and Responsibilities 8-1

8.4 Environmental and Social Guidelines 8-2

8.5 Environmental and Social Monitoring 8-2

8.6 Environmental and Social Trainings and Awareness Raising 8-2

8.7 Grievance Redressal Mechanism 8-2

8.8 Documentation and Reporting 8-3

8.9 ESMP Implementation Budget 8-3

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