This Chapter presents the Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) of the proposed project.
The ESMP aims to provide the implementation mechanism for the mitigation and control measures for the potential impacts of the project on environment and people discussed in Chapter 7. The specific objectives of the ESMP include the following:
To provide a mechanism to implement the mitigation and control measures identified during the present ESA.
To propose institutional arrangements to implement the above-mentioned mitigation and control measures
To define environmental monitoring requirements to ensure effective implementation of the mitigation and control measures.
To identify capacity building needs with respect to the environmental and social aspects of the project.
To specify the documentation requirements with respect to the ESMP implementation.
In line with the ESMP objectives presented in Section 8.1 above, the key elements of the ESMP include the following:
Environmental and social guidelines,
Environmental and social trainings,
Grievance redressal mechanism
Documentation and reporting system.
These ESMP components are described below.
The Director General Agriculture (Water Management) – DGA (WM) – will be overall responsible for environmental and social performance of the project in accordance with the national and WB requirements.
The DGA (WM) will appoint a dedicated environmental/social development specialist or designate an appropriate officer of the Directorate General to be the Environmental and Social Coordinator (ESC) for the proposed project at the provincial level. The ESC will ensure the effective implementation of ESMP throughout the project implementation. S/he will also maintain liaison and coordination with the WMOs at the district level, who will be designated as the district environmental and social coordinators (DESCs) in their respective districts. The DESCs will in turn supervise and coordinate with the WUAs and farmers for the actual implementation of the environmental and social guidelines (discussed in the next section) and other ESMP requirements during the project implementation.
The Project Implementation and Supervision Consultant (PISC) will be responsible for the implementation of ESMP while M&E Consultants will be responsible for the third party monitoring. Production and maintenance of all the documentation outlined in ESMP will be the responsibility of the PISC.
Four sets of guidelines have been prepared, one each for the four types of interventions included in the proposed project. These guidelines, presented in Tables 8.1 to 8.4, have essentially been prepared on the basis of the mitigation measures discussed in Chapter 7. These guidelines will be made part of the agreements to be signed for each scheme under the proposed project.
i.5Environmental and Social Monitoring
The purpose of the environmental and social monitoring is to ensure the effective implementation of the ESMP, particularly the environmental and social guidelines described in Section 8.4 above.
The monitoring will be carried out at two tiers. At the first tier, the DESCs (WMOs) will carry out monitoring during their routine visits to the field, with the help of visual observations and discussions with the farmers/WUAs. At the second tier, the ESC and/or the PISC will provide top supervision of the monitoring carried out by the DESCs, with the help of spot checks during their field visits.
Third Party Monitoring. In addition to the monitoring described above, the M&E Consultants will carry out the third party monitoring (or third party validation – TPV) on an annual basis. The objective of this monitoring would be to review the entire ESMP implementation process and its effectiveness, to identify any environmental and/or social issues caused by the project that may exist on ground, and to frame recommendations to improve ESMP and its various components.
The objectives of the environmental and social trainings include providing basic knowledge and information on the key environmental and social issues associated with the proposed interventions to the key project personnel including the ESC and DESCs. The awareness raising initiatives on the other hand are essentially meant for the WUA members and farmers participating in the schemes under the proposed project.
The training plan is presented in Table 8.5. The ESC will be responsible for the implementation of this plan.
The grievance redressal and dispute resolution mechanism is built in the WUA and SSC contracts. The sample contracts are presented in Annex D.
Complete documentation will be maintained for the entire ESMP implementation process. This will include the following:
environmental and social checklists filled by the WUAs/farmers,
environmental and social checklists filled by DESCs,
visit reports with photographs prepared by the Supervision Consultants and ESC,
annual third party monitoring reports,
training reports to be prepared by ESC with the help of DESCs,
district quarterly reports on ESMP implementation activities prepared by each DESC in his/her respective district,
quarterly reports on overall ESMP implementation of the project, to be prepared by the ESC on the basis of the district quarterly reports described above, and
project completion report on overall ESMP implementation during the entire duration of the project – to be prepared by ESC.
The ESC and PISC will be overall responsible for the above documentation and reporting.