Pakistan Punjab Irrigated-Agriculture Productivity Improvement Project (pipip) Environmental and Social Assessment Directorate General Agriculture (Water Management), Agriculture Department Government of Punjab, Lahore November 2011



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Stakeholder Consultations


Stakeholder consultations were carried out as part of the ESA study. These consultations were conducted with the institutional as well as the grassroots stakeholders. The main objectives of the consultations were to apprise the stakeholders of the proposed project activities and to obtain their views, concerns, and recommendations so that these could be incorporated into the project design in order to enhance the environmental and social performance of the project.

Impact Assessment and Mitigation


The positive environmental and social impacts of the project include increased water conservation, enhanced social mobilization (ie, establishment of WUAs), and employment opportunities for skilled people. In addition, the project interventions such as high efficiency irrigation techniques will help discontinue usage of sewage water to irrigate crops particularly vegetables in the peri-urban areas – a practice that poses health risks to the population consuming these vegetables.

The key potentially negative environmental and social impacts of the proposed interventions under the project include changes in land use pattern particularly where barren/vacant land is brought under cultivation, contamination of soil and water caused by chemical inputs, salt build up in crop root zone, loss of natural vegetation and trees for water course improvement, damage to crops caused by water course improvement works, and reduced ground water recharge caused by water course lining.

Most of the above-mentioned potential impacts are temporary and reversible in nature and can be mitigated with the help of appropriate mitigation measures, such as avoiding environmental hot spots and wildlife protected areas when expanding the cultivation fields, awareness raising and capacity building of farmers for judicious use of chemical inputs, occasional flood irrigation in fields using high efficiency irrigation systems to avoid salt build-up in soil, tree plantation to compensate any tree cutting, avoiding cropped area while carrying out the water course improvement and other construction works during the project, and limiting the extent of water course lining in the sweet groundwater zone to minimize negative impacts on groundwater recharge.

Environmental and Social Management Plan


An environmental and social management plan (ESMP) has been developed to provide an implementation mechanism for the mitigation measures identified during the ESA. The ESMP provides the organization structure for the environmental and social management system during the project, and defines the roles and responsibilities of various players. The ESMP includes a mitigation plan, a monitoring plan, the communication and documentation requirements, and training needs, in the context of the environmental and social management of the project.

The cost of ESMP implementation over the project life of six years has been estimated to be Pak Rupees 19.2 million. This includes costs associated with environmental trainings and third party monitoring. This cost has been included in the overall project cost.



Acronyms


Amsl

Above mean sea level

BHU

Basic Health Unit

BOD

Biological oxygen demand

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

Cumecs

Cubic meters per second

Cusecs

Cubic feet per second

DC

Deputy Commissioner

DCO

District Coordination Officer

DGA (WM)

Director General Agriculture (Water Management)

DO

Dissolved oxygen

EDO

Executive District Officer

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EMP

Environmental Management Plan

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ESA

Environmental and Social Assessment

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GIS

Geographical informarion system

GoP

Government of Pakistan

GRM

Grievance Redressal Mechanism

Ha

Hectare

HEIS

High Efficiency Irrigation Systems

IBIS

Indus Basin Irrigation System

IEE

Initial Environmental Examination

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature

LAA

Land Acquisition Act (of 1894)

LOS

Laws of Seas

MAF

Million acre feet

MARPOL

Marine Pollution (Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships)

MEA

Multilateral Environmental Agreements

M&E

Monitoring and Evaluation

NEQS

National Environmental Quality Standards

NGO

Non Governmental Organization

NOx

Oxides of nitrogen

OP

Operational Policy

O&M

Operation and Maintenance

PEPC

Pakistan Encl Protection Council

PEPA

Pakistan Environmental Protection Act

PERI

Punjab Economic Research Institute

PISC

Project Implementation and Supervision Consultants

PM

Particulate matter

PSC

Project Steering Committee

P&DD

Planning and Development Department

RHC

Rural Health Center

SSC

Sales and service company

TDS

Total dissolved solids

ToR

Terms of Reference

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

WAPDA

Water and Power Development Authority

WB

World Bank

WBG

World Bank Group

WMTI

Water Management Training Institute

WUA

Water user association

WWF

World Wide Fund for Nature



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