This document is only an example. Your SOP will require more specifics to match your system
All lab tests are to be run at least every four hours when treating water. The bench top turbidimeter should be calibrated each Monday morning. Any preventative maintenance should be performed as required. Filters, which are due to be backwashed, should be backwashed if clearwell is full. If no backwashing is needed or due, Do Not Overflow the Clearwell, shut down the plant. Drain mud valves if needed. Clean the lab if needed. The chemical room should be swept daily on both shifts.
All lab tests are to be run at least every four hours when treating water. Backwash scheduled filters, which were not backwashed on the morning shift. Drain mud valves if needed. If no filters are to be backwashed and mud valves do not need draining, when the clearwell is full shut down and pull the clearwell down. Run pH tests and read flow meters nightly. Drain water from airlines and switch lead air compressors. The chemical room should be swept daily on both shifts. The lab should be swept nightly and mopped every other night. The lab should be cleaned more often if needed. The clearwell should be full before leaving.
The weekend operator will perform all duties required of morning and night shift. This is to include lab tests, cleaning, backwashing, draining mud valves and any necessary maintenance. The grounds should be kept clean. The grounds should also be mowed and trimmed if needed.
All shifts will share the workload and responsibilities. If you see something that needs doing, do it. The plant should be kept clean at all times. If chemicals or lab supplies are needed, order them. If a chlorine cylinder or cylinders run out during your shift, change them. No operator should change a chlorine cylinder while alone. Call for assistance or, if possible, wait until a shift change. Operators on all shifts should fill out the Water Quality Parameter worksheet, preferably hourly. To insure accuracy, calibration should be checked on the bench top turbidimeter during each shift. The chief operator or his designee will complete the monthly reports including MOR, Turbidity report, Disinfection report, Pumpage report and DMR, and send them to the appropriate state office by the 10th of each month. The tank should be filled to a level of 26.8’.
All equipment should be checked regularly. This includes pumps, floculators, mud paddles, feeders and any other essential equipment. Chlorinators should be checked regularly for leaks and to ensure proper operation. Repairs to chlorinators, which could result in the release of chlorine gas, should not be attempted with only one operator present. Oil should be checked in gear reduction units monthly. Gear reduction units should be greased quarterly. Mud valves should be drained at least weekly and more often if necessary. Pump motors should be greased every six months. Don’t assume someone else will take care of routine maintenance, it is a responsibility to be shared by all operators.
The in-line turbidimeters and the in-line pH monitor should be cleaned at least monthly. The in-line chlorine residual monitor should be cleaned as needed. The bench top turbidimeter should be calibrated each Monday morning and calibration should be checked during each shift. If at any time a piece of continuous monitoring equipment is down, tests should be performed regularly on bench top equipment until repairs can be made.
If any equipment breaks down on your shift, repair it or call City Hall for a P.O. and contact someone who can make the needed repairs. If repairs cannot be made on your shift, be sure to notify the operator on the next shift of the breakdown. The chief operator should be notified of the breakdown of any equipment, which could adversely affect the quality or quantity of the finished water.
FILTERS AND TURBIDITY
Routinely three filters should be backwashed daily. Alternately filters one, two and three should be backwashed on the same day and filters four, five and six on the same day. Filter effluent turbidity should be checked regularly. Any filter with an effluent turbidity of 0.1 NTU or greater should be backwashed to improve the water quality.
The bench top turbidimeter should be calibrated each Monday morning. Calibration should be checked during each shift. At any time the raw turbidity begins to rise, the operator on duty should check the floc at least every 30 minutes and adjust the Aluminum Chlorhydrate Solution accordingly.
At any time the FINISHED WATER TURBIDITY reaches 0.3 NTU or greater, the following action should be taken:
Backwash any filter which needs it.
Check all chemical feeders for proper operation and feed rates.
Check floc and make any necessary feed adjustments.
Monitor finished water turbidity every 15 minutes.
At any time the FINISHED WATER TURBIDITY reaches 0.45 NTU or greater, the following action should be taken:
Shut off High Service Pumps.
Follow the steps listed above to correct the problem.
Monitor clearwell turbidity every 15 minutes.
High Service Pumps should not be started until the clearwell turbidity falls to 0.3 NTU or less and remains there for at least 30 minutes.
Accurate records of all analysis results should be maintained.
Inform the operator on the following shift about the problems you experienced. Communication between operators is important.
At any time the CLEARWELL TURBIDITY reaches 0.5 NTU or greater, the following action should be taken:
Waste the clearwell water using one of the following methods:
Use the clearwell drain.
Overflow the clearwell.
Filters may be backwashed while the rewash valve is open.
Do Not Run High Service Pumps
Contact the chief operator.
Monitor the Clearwell turbidity every five minutes.
Continue to waste or overflow the clearwell until a Clearwell turbidity of 0.3 NTU can be maintained for at least 30 consecutive minutes.
Restart the High Service Pumps.
Continue to monitor the Finished Water turbidity every 15 minutes for at least one hour.
CHEMICALS AND FEEDERS
ALUMINUM CHLORHYDRATE SOLUTION
Adjustments should be made as necessary to maintain a good floc. Should an adjustment be necessary, the Stenner pumps should be adjusted only one notch at a time. Wait one hour after making an adjustment before further adjusting the feed rate.
The operator on duty should check the pumps to ensure they are working properly.
The chlorine dosage should be monitored closely. The following dosages should be used as a guideline:
When the outside temperature is 70o Fahrenheit or below, the dosage should be kept between 2.0 mg/l and 2.5 mg/l.
When the outside temperature is above 70o Fahrenheit, the dosage should be kept between 3.0 mg/l and 3.5 mg/l.
Under no circumstances should the operator allow the finished water free chlorine residual to fall below 2.0 mg/l or rise above 4.0 mg/l.
Operators should check for foam in the raw water during each shift. The clay feed should be turned on any time foam is present. The clay feed should be discontinued at any time the raw water turbidity reaches 30 NTU or greater. Remember that there is an MCL for turbidity not for foam!
The concentration of fluoride in the finished water must be maintained between 0.9 mg/l and 1.3 mg/l based on the monthly average. It should never be allowed to reach 2.0 mg/l. Operators should strive to maintain a concentration between 1.0 mg/l and 1.2 mg/l. Should an adjustment be necessary, the Stenner pumps should be adjusted only one notch at a time. Wait one hour after making an adjustment before further adjusting the feed rate.
The pH of the finished water should be maintained in a range of 7.0 to 7.3. If pH is low, increase the lime feed rate. If pH is high, decrease the lime feed rate. The lime feeder should be adjusted five number settings at a time. Wait one hour after making an adjustment before further adjusting the feed rate.
EMERGENCIES OR UNUSUAL CONDITIONS
Any operator who experiences a problem or unusual situation on his shift, which cannot be solved by the end of the shift, or which may reoccur, should advise the operator on the following shift.
If any emergency should arise or if an unusual condition develops that the operator does not feel comfortable handling, the operator on duty should contact the chief operator immediately. At any time there is a situation, which could affect public health, such as but not limited to high turbidity or low chlorine residual, the chief operator should be contacted immediately. Remember, the health of all of our customers is in your hands!
NOTIFYING THE STATE
The Jackson Environmental Assistance Center (field office) should be notified when any of the following conditions occur:
As soon as possible, but no later than the close of the next business day, any time the turbidity exceeds 5.0 NTU.
As soon as possible, but no later than the close of the next business day, any time the chlorine residual falls below 0.2 mg/l in the water entering the distribution system.
Immediately when any major breakdown or failure of equipment in water treatment process occurs which affects the quality or quantity of the water leaving the treatment plant.
Immediately when any situation with the water system occurs, which presents or may present an imminent and substantial endangerment to health.
The chief operator should also be notified immediately when any of these conditions occur.
Approved on: ________________________________________________
Chief Operator: ____________________________________________
I have read and understand the procedures outlined in this SOP. I agree to adhere to these procedures at all times.
Operator: _______________________Date: ______ Operator: _______________________Date: ______
Operator: _______________________Date: ______ Operator: _______________________Date: ______