1973 Autumn Migration, 1972 NORTHERN ROCKY MOUNTAIN – INTERMOUNTAIN REGION
/ Thomas H. Rogers
The latter half of August was cool and rainy, but by the 25th hot weather returned briefly, to be replaced by a cooling trend at month’s end. Subnormal temperatures were the rule during September. A stormy period
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just after mid-month brought snow to the mountains of British Columbia, and to Fortine in northwestern Montana. October was nearly as warm as September and dry, making a mild, pleasant month, turning cold later in mountain areas with some snow in the valleys. Red Rock Lakes had a wet month, and most waters were frozen at month’s end. But November had above normal temperatures and lack of precipitation, stretching autumn into a long mild season in most areas. The general effect of the mild weather on bird movements was that late departures and stragglers exceeded early arrivals and departures. Fortine was an exception for waterfowl, because of the early freeze-up there. The other feature of the period was the number of species “displaced” from east or west -- perhaps 13 species each from the east, and from the west, with a few others from either direction, suggesting that weather conditions, including wind, were not an important factor. The mild weather detained some species such as Oregon Junco in the mountains, or widely dispersed them, but Brown Creeper, Pine Grosbeak, and possibly Red- and White-breasted Nuthatches were in increased numbers in the lowlands. Of the “northern” finches, Evening Grosbeak and Gray-crowned Rosy Finches appeared in good numbers, but Red Crossbill did not, possibly owing to poor cone crops in the lowlands.
LOONS AND GREBES -- Three Com. Loons were at Seebe, west of Calgary Sept. 4. Movement into the Bozeman area was both early (Sept. 24) and late (Nov. 19) A few loons were recorded at Umatilla Nat’l Wildlife Refuge, Ore., on the Columbia R. near Richland, at McNary Nat’l Wildlife Refuge (N.W.R.), Wash., in the Spokane area, near Fortine, and near Helena until Nov. 11. An Arctic Loon was observed on Potholes Reservoir near Moses L., Wash., Oct. 18 (DB). Three Red-throated Loons closely observed at Harrison, Mont., Nov. 18, furnished only the sixth record there (ETH & RAH). Perhaps 6 Red-necked Grebes were at Kootenai N.W.R., Ida. in early October, and one was on the Columbia R. at Richland Oct. 22. Singles were seen on Banks L., Oct. 7, and Park L., Grant Co., Wash. Nov. 19; 2 were seen twice in November on Coeur d’ Alene L., Ida.
WATERFOWL -- Peak concentrations of certain species of waterfowl reported during the period are summarized in Table 1. A group of Mute Swans noted at Cottonwood Reservoir near Walsall, Mont. in the summer were still present Sept. 16, when 11 adults were counted (RAH, PDS). The cold spell at October’s end triggered a southward movement of Whistling Swans in n. Idaho and Montana west of the Continental Divide. (See Table 1.) Mild weather kept the Trumpeter Swans at Turnbull N.W.R. dispersed, with a possible 31 wild birds joining the 3 pinioned “decoys” in the display pool. The Centennial Valley population at Red Rock Lakes N.W.R. remained at 200. Canada Geese numbers appeared very good, with the peak at McNary N.W.R. double that of 1971. A Cackling Goose was shot at Red Rock Lakes N.W.R. where it is unusual, and 20 more were seen with Canadas on Park L., Wash. Oct 29. White-fronted Geese were seen in increased numbers, reaching a peak of 100 in mid-October at McNary N.W.R., with 200 in Morrow Co., Ore. Sept 24, and stragglers at Stratford and Richland. However, Umatilla reported a peak of 125 in October, unusually high for this far west. A single Blue Goose was identified among Canadas at Stratford Oct. 7, and two Ross’ Geese were seen at close range near Richland Nov. 7 (NFM). Mallards, as usual, far outnumbered all other species (see Table 1). Other ducks counted on the Columbia Basin censuses of Oct. 17-19 and Nov. 27-28 numbered 24,600 and 36,500, respectively. At Red Rock Lakes N.W.R. the duck population peaked at about 45,000 from late September to mid-October. A peak of 86 Wood Ducks, largest count reported, was at Cold Springs N.W.R. in September, with 15 still there in November; about 100 were near Naches Fish Hatchery northwest of Yakima to Nov. 16. An imm. male Oldsquaw was observed at Kootenai N.W.R. Nov. 17, a first record for the refuge. One was seen two days later at Lenore L., Wash. Two White-winged Scoters were identified at Fernan L. at Coeur d’Alene Oct. 8 (SS). Three female or imm. Surf Scoters were sighted at Harrison, Mont. Oct. 1-2 (SC, PDS) and one was there Oct. 23 (HC, ETH, RAH, LM, PDS). Two were at Lenore L., Oct. 7 and one at Medical L., Spokane, Oct. 18. The Red-breasted Merganser was reported from the Bozeman area, where it is regular, first on Oct. 23, an early date. A belated report is of the sighting of 2 male and 3 female on Coeur d’Alene L. May 5, 1972 (BM).
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VULTURES AND HAWKS -- A few Turkey Vultures were sighted during September near Spokane, at Turnbull N.W.R., on Yakima Indian Reservation, and around Baker, where the highest number, 8, was seen Sept. 8. The latest date was Oct. 4, when 2 were seen on Turnbull N.W.R. Goshawk were more common than usual near Spokane. These, along with reports from Red Rock Lakes, Bozeman, Fortine, Kootenai N.W.R., Baker, and Umatilla Nat’l Forest, Ore. suggest increased numbers, but in the s. Okanagan of British Columbia no repetition of the 1971-72 “invasion” occurred. Hawk numbers in general appeared to be good except for the Missoula and Fortine areas. The Sharp-shinned was seen only once at Missoula and was not seen all year at Fortine, where the Red-tailed was the only species considered to have maintained a relatively stable population in recent years. However, a Rough-legged Hawk there at the beginning of November was the first in about fifteen years. A dark phased Harlan’s Hawk was identified near Bozeman, Oct 21 (ETH, RAH, LM) and a light-phased bird was seen west of Three Forks, Mont. Oct. 23 (HC, ETH, RAH, LM, PDS). The only report of Ferruginous Hawk was of one Aug. 16 at Red Rock Lakes N.W.R., where it is rarely seen, and one or 2 on three dates between Aug. 27 and Oct. 13 at Baker. The regular fall concentration of the Bald Eagle at West Glacier in Glacier Nat’l Park, Mont. built up from 10 on Oct 12 to a peak of 287 on Nov. 9 and had decreased to 40 on Nov. 29. About 200 of the birds were estimated to be in the Coeur d’Alene L. area at the end of the period (I.F.G.). Fifteen Ospreys flying over Swan L. near Vernon, B.C. Sept. 10 apparently were migrating, and one was north of Richland Nov. 5 (REW). A few reports of the scarce Prairie Falcon came in from e. Oregon and Washington, from Aug. 17 to Nov. 30. Locations of falcon sightings will no longer be published, but may be obtained from the Regional Editor. The rare Peregrine Falcon was chasing shorebirds at a Montana location and four other sightings were reported from Oct.
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9 to Nov. 24 (CC et al.), in Oregon and Washington. A very few Pigeon Hawks had showed up by the end of the period. One was seen Aug. 23 but no more were noted until the more normal date of Oct. 23.
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS — Populations of Blue, Spruce and Ruffed Grouse appeared low in the Fortine area and game-checking stations in s. interior British Columbia assessed numbers of the latter two species at about two-thirds normal. However, Ruffed Grouse had apparently increased at Turnbull N.W.R.. At least 20 Sharp-tailed and 15 Sage Grouse were seen south of Creston, Wash. Sept. 17 and about a dozen of the latter were noted in the Harrington, Wash. area Nov. 26. The Japanese Green Pheasants planted near Bonners Ferry, Ida. produced numerous broods. The species has not in the past been able to sustain itself in the area. California Quail and Ring-necked Pheasant numbers appeared generally good in e. Washington but were much lower than last year in the s. Okanagan, the decrease attributed to the heavy snows of last winter and very wet weather during the last hatching season. Not many Gray Partridge were reported, except in the Clarkston, Wash. area where up to 50 were noted. Poaching, automobiles and predators took a heavy toll of the Turkeys planted last spring about 10 mi. n.e. of Bonners Ferry, making their survival doubtful.
CRANES, RAILS, GALLINULES AND COOT -- Sandhill Cranes were observed between Sept. 15 and Oct. 13. Several large flocks were seen flying over Sun Lakes and Banks L., Grant Co., Sept. 23-24 and large flocks were reported in the Bozeman-Harrison area. Smaller numbers were seen elsewhere in e. Washington and Oregon. Near Helena, 3 birds believed to be subspecies canadensis were observed at close range under good conditions with Sandhill Cranes for about two weeks beginning Sept. 22 (SM). Single Virginia Rails were noted at Reardan Aug. 20; Yakima, an imm. Sept. 24, and Toppenish Creek, Yakima Co., Wash. Nov. 1. A Sora was seen at Reardan Aug. 20 and the latest date for the species at Fortine was Sept. 1. The birds were described as common in early September at Kootenai N.W.R.. Am. Coot, always common in the Region, increased to 80,000 at Red Rock Lakes Sept. 28, then tapered off and dropped to zero during the first two weeks of November. Turnbull Refuge had a peak of 5000, and 10,000 were estimated for the lakes of the Grand Coulee area, Grant Co. The first Montana record, belatedly reported, for the Common Gallinule, is of one carefully observed at Seeley L., Missoula Co. Apr. 28, 1972 (Mr. & Mrs. CRB, fide PDS).
SHOREBIRDS -- No more than one or 2 Semipalmated Plovers at a time were seen on a few dates between Aug. 18 and Sept. 5. Localities reporting them were Bozeman, Missoula, Reardan, and Wenas L. near Yakima. The single Am. Golden Plover reported was at Turnbull Refuge Sept. 4. A few Black-bellied Plovers were moving through during September and up to mid- October. The seldom-reported Upland Plover was noted in two unusual localities, Charlo, Mont., Aug. 26, the first there in 14 years’ observing by C. J. Henry, and Fortine, Aug. 29, only the second record in Weydemeyer’s fifty-two years’ observing there. The birds were not noted elsewhere. Long-billed Curlews were noted only in Morrow Co., Ore. and between Haines and N. Powder, north of Baker. In the latter area perhaps 50 or more were seen. Baird’s Sandpiper numbers appeared low in some areas and a record late date of Oct. 23 for the species was obtained at Harrison Lake. The earliest date in 52 years’ observing, July 15, was obtained for the Least Sandpiper at Fortine. All dowitchers observed at Fortine, carefully studied, proved to be Short-billed. One was seen Aug. 29, 2 on Sept. 8 and 5 on Sept. 29 (WW). Long-billed Dowitchers appeared at Reardan Oct. 21 in unusually large numbers, 45-50, and “especially large numbers” were noted in wet fields west of Richland Oct. 7. By contrast the species was not noted at Missoula, where it is a usually dependable fall migrant. The only migrating Stilt Sandpiper was one still in partial breeding plumage at Reardan July 21 (JA). Western Sandpipers appeared concentrated in a few localities, with 40 on Aug. 18 at Harrison the last date. Up to 35 were present at Wenas L. in September and a peak of 25 occurred near Baker Aug. 11. The Spokane area, the only other one reporting the species, had only a sparse showing of the birds. The Marbled Godwit, noted only in the
The bird above (foreground) was reported as Washington’s first Ruff, but panels of experts at N.A.S. believe it to be a Sharp-tailed Sandpiper. Photo/James Acton. [The bird is a Ruff – ALC] Bozeman area, was last seen Aug. 18. What has been tentatively identified as an imm. Ruff was observed at length at close range and also photographed in color at a pond at Reardan by two very competent observers. This would be the first Washington sighting (JA & WH). Sanderlings, always scarce in the Region, were seen in four widely separated localities. One was at Wilsall Reservoir, Park Co., Mont. Sept. 16 (RAH & PDS); one remained at a pond at Missoula Sept. 5-18; one was seen running along a street in Vernon, B.C. Sept. 26, and 4 were seen at Fortine Aug. 29. An unusual concentration of 300 Wilson’s Phalarope was noted at Baker Aug. 11 and 200 were still there the next day.
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JAEGERS, GULLS, AND TERNS -- An ad. Pomarine Jaeger was seen well at a range of about 100 feet near the inlet to Canyon Ferry Reservoir, Broadwater Co., Mont. Oct. 1. This is the first record for the state (RLE, fide PDS). Herring Gulls were reported only at Apgar, Glacier Nat’l Park, Mont., 3 during early November (LM) and on the river at Spokane, where they appeared Nov. 5. Franklin’s Gull was last seen in the Bozeman-Harrison area Aug. 18 but one was noted at the river in downtown Spokane Sept. 24. The species was not reported elsewhere. A few Bonaparte’s Gulls were seen in the Columbia Basin of c Washington and the birds appeared at Otter L. in the s. Okanagan of British Columbia Aug. 8. The Com. Tern was last noted in the Bozeman-Harrison area Sept. 24. The only other record was of one at Clear L., west of Yakima Sept. 1.
OWLS -- A Snowy Owl was seen Nov. 19 in the Davenport-Reardan, area. This is the tenth consecutive year for sightings in e. Washington. A Barred Owl was heard in Trinity Valley ecological reserve in the s Okanagan of British Columbia Sept. 23 & 25 and 1 was seen near Lavington, B.C., Oct. 18. Single birds of this species were seen in the Fortine area Oct. 25 and Nov. 12-13. The only previous records there were on two dates in 1969 (WW). A Barn Owl was seen near Baker Nov. 30 (LR); one was at the confluence of the Snake and Columbia Rivers Nov. 24 (CC), and one was seen near Clarkston Aug. 20 (MJP). The only Burrowing Owls reported were at McNary N.W.R., one or 2 until early November, and 2 at Deep Canyon near Clarkston Nov. 16 (LP). Short-eared Owls were reported from many scattered areas but were not common except perhaps at Turnbull N.W.R., where 8-9 were noted, and near Creston, Wash., where 6 were roosting in brush Nov. 5. The recording of 3 sightings of Saw-whet Owls may have some significance. One was seen in the mountains just south of Helena (GH) and one with an injured wing was captured near Churchill, north of Bozeman Oct. 19 (LM). Another was released on McNary Refuge after it walked into a private apartment in Pasco!
NIGHTHAWKS, SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS -- The mild autumn weather seemed to be the cause of some late Com. Nighthawk records. In the Bozeman area Oct. 9 was a late date and the species was still at Spokane Sept. 27 & Oct. 4. A lone straggler was seen in Morrow Co., Ore. Sept. 29. An injured Poorwill from a nearby farm was released on McNary Refuge Oct. 12. Black Swifts were noted at Vance Creek Canyon, 20 mi. n.e. of Vernon Sept. 26, the last date seen. The report of the tentative identification of 3 Anna’s Hummingbirds all fall and as late as Dec. 6 at a feeder in Yakima (ERC & JR) looked incredible until another apparently of this species was picked up dead in Heppner, Ore. Nov. 19. The specimen is being checked further (BT).
WOODPECKERS -- The Pileated Woodpecker appeared to be the only woodpecker in the Fortine area not decreasing in numbers, even though favorable habitat is decreasing there. The species seemed locally scarce in the Vernon area, with only a sighting of 2 at Lavington Sept. 30. Single Black-backed three-toed Woodpeckers were seen near Chattaroy and Camden, Wash. in early October and at Crane Prairie Reservoir near Bend, Ore. Oct. 20.
FLYCATCHERS AND SWALLOWS -- The W Kingbird was noted as becoming uncommon in the lower Flathead Valley around Charlo, Mont. Most of the reports of the species came from s. and c. Washington and n.e. Oregon, although the birds were noted at Bozeman and, during the summer, at Fortine. They were inexplicably absent in the Walla Walla area. An Ash-throated Flycatcher at Missoula Aug. 28 was Hand’s third record for w. Montana. A Say’s Phoebe at Fortine Sept. 8 was the first fall bird there since 1944. A late W. Wood Pewee was at Baker Sept 29 and an Olive-sided Flycatcher remained there until Sept. 26. One of the latter tarried at Heppner until the 25th. A concentration of well over 7000 swallows was observed at Medical L. Wash. Sept. 24. It consisted mostly of Barn Swallows, with perhaps 300 Banks and a few Violet-greens, Trees and Rough-wingeds. Young Barn Swallows were stiff in the nest in Kootenay Nat’l Park, B.C. Sept. 3 (WW). A single swallow, unidentified but not a Barn Swallow, was seen along the river at Yakima Dec. 3, a bitterly cold day.
JAYS, CHICKADEES, NUTHATCHES AND CREEPERS -- Two Blue Jays were found along the trail to Siyeh Pass, north of St. Mary’s L. Glacier Nat’l Park, Sept. 2 (SS). A Steller’s Jay was found in very unusual habitat, sparsely wooded lowland at the confluence of the Grande Ronde and Snake Rivers in extreme s.e. Washington, Sept. 28. Three Boreal Chickadees were seen at Bonneau L., 25 mi. east of Vernon Aug. 9 and a few were seen and heard in the Salmo Pass-Shedroof area n.e. Pend Oreille Co., Wash. Aug. 26 (WH) and Oct. 1 (JA). A group of about 12 Com. Bushtits were found along the Middle Fork of Rock Creek west of Hardman, Ore. Oct. 15. A few Red-breasted Nuthatches appeared at Walla Walla for the first time in Niel Meadowcroft’s experience and the species was common in Richland, suggesting a minor “invasion” in s.c. Washington. The Brown Creeper may also be staging a small “invasion” in parts of e. Washington. Four were seen on Kamiak Butte Oct. 31, one in Pullman Nov. 3 and one on the Grande Ronde Nov. 11.
WRENS, MIMIC THRUSHES AND THRUSHES -- Two or 3 Bewick’s Wrens were seen along Toppenish Creek and the Yakima R. near Yakima. The Mockingbird is making a bid to establish itself in the Region, for 6 of the birds were in residence at Milton-Freewater, Ore. until late September and one remained until late October. (DB, fide NFM) A very pronounced flight of Varied Thrushes occurred at Prineville, Ore. Oct. 5-Nov. 2, with up to 7-8 seen at a time. The largest concentration of W. Bluebirds reported was a flock of 20-25 at Memaloose State Park near Hood River Ore., Sept. 14-16. The species has
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been inexplicably absent from the Fortine area for several years. A surprising concentration of at least 200 Mountain Bluebirds was seen at Hilgard Junction State Park northwest of La Grande, Ore. Sept. 2. Another group of 75-100 was seen Sept. 24 just north of Spokane. About 150 were seen at Peola, west of Clarkston, Aug. 21.
KINGLETS, PIPITS AND WAXWINGS -- The most pronounced movement of Ruby-crowned Kinglets occurred in the Yakima area, where they reached a peak of 25-30 daily by Oct. 1 and were last seen Nov. 28. Pipits were observed in good numbers in the Spokane and Tri-cities areas. The former locality reported 200 in one flock Oct. 8 and Bozeman had some good-sized flocks. Spokane had one or 2 flocks of 300 Bohemian Waxwings by the end of the period.
VIREOS AND WARBLERS -- A few Warbling Vireos were seen in the Ahtanum Valley just west of Yakima Sept. 13-Oct. 2 and a very late bird was seen at Spokane Oct. 5 (MV). Orange-crowned Warblers were moving through in September but one was seen at Baker as late as Oct. 12 and one was seen at Prineville Dec. 3, after a 5-inch snowfall a month later than any previous record there (GM). A female Parula Warbler was studied painstakingly during its stay at Baker, Oct. 18-Dec. 3 (AW). A very late Yellow Warbler was seen at Walla Walla Oct. 29. Two Myrtle Warblers were identified in the La Grande, Ore. area Oct. 8 (EB). At least 2 Townsend’s Warblers were seen in Bozeman Sept. 29 and later (SC, DRS & PDS). There are only two prior local records there. A very late record for this species was of one at Baker Dec. 1 & 3. A Northern Waterthrush was seen Sept. 4 at Canmore, just east of Banff, B.C. and was the only one reported. Wilson’s Warblers had mostly migrated through by the end of September but a very late male was seen at Heppner Oct. 19. Two male Am. Redstarts were observed Aug. 21 in the Heppner area. The male that appeared at Baker July 21 stayed until Aug. 21. On Sept. 5 a female or imm. appeared there.
HOUSE SPARROW, BLACKBIRDS -– House Sparrow numbers at Missoula were slowly rising after being decimated by an unknown disease during the winter of 1970-71. The only fall Bobolink record was of 10 in autumn plumage near Baker Aug. 19. The birds were gone from the Yakima area by the end of July. Two flocks of W. Meadowlarks, totaling some 400 birds, were observed near Umapine, Ore., southwest of Walla Walla Sept. 5 and 50 or more were seen near Peola, Wash. Oct. 25. Flocks of several hundred Yellow-headed Blackbirds were at Kootenai N.W.R. in late September. A few remained into November in the Spokane area and at Charlo and ad. male appeared Nov. 5-Nov. 28. Kootenai had a flock of several thousand Red-winged Blackbirds during late September and early October. Largest numbers of Brewer’s Blackbirds were, as usual, in the s.w. part of the region, from Yakima to Baker. Flocks probably totaling thousands were seen in the Walla Walla area. The latest dates for the Brown-headed Cowbird were Sept. 2 at Missoula and Oct. 13, at Yakima Indian Reservation.
FINCHES -- Evening Grosbeaks appeared in good numbers at many localities, in some instances as early as late August, but had mostly moved on before the end of November. Cassin’s Finches were migrating mostly in September but a few stayed through October in the Spokane area. Three House Finches Sept 29 were the first ever observed at Fortine in the fall (WW) The species, now well established at Missoula, was seen in flocks of 30-70 there during the fall and has become much more in evidence than Cassin’s. Pine Grosbeaks seemed to be moving down out of the mountains into the valleys more than usually. A female even appeared at Richland staying from Oct. 31 until at least Nov. 25. Sizeable flocks of Gray-crowned Rosy Finches appeared in four localities. At Kamiak Butte, north of Pullman, at least 300 were seen Nov. 18. Probably 300, nearly all Hepburn’s race, were seen Nov 19 near Blue L. in the Grand Coulee and a flock of about 150, including about 30 Hepburn’s, were watched Oct. 13 near Fortine. About 500 were in a flock at Hart’s Pass in the North Cascades of Washington Oct. 23. A few Com. Redpolls had appeared at Fortine, Missoula and Spokane in November and at Vernon Oct. 26. Two birds observed closely at Fortine were almost certainly Hoary Redpolls (WW). Pine Siskins were common in the Vernon area, at Yakima and Baker during September but dwindled thereafter. A female or imm. Lesser Goldfinch appeared at Prineville, from about Oct. 19-28 in the area where the species nested two years ago (GM). Red Crossbill sightings were spotty and included no large numbers.
SPARROWS -- A Green-tailed Towhee was observed with several Rufous-sided Towhees Sept 5 at Heppner (BT). A female Lark Bunting closely examined Sept. 28 at Fortine, was the first fall date and only the third occurrence noted there in 52 years’ observing (WW). A few Slate-colored Juncos appeared with Oregon Juncos at Spokane and one was seen at Yakima Oct. 7. A few Tree Sparrows arrived in October. One at Richland Oct. 15 was very early and Oct. 22 was an early date for Bozeman. Two were seen at Banks L. Wash. Oct. 29. The only conspicuous congregation of Chipping Sparrows reported was of 50+ at Baker Sept. 22. One remained there until Oct. 7. A Clay-colored Sparrow was seen on Plateau Mtn. west of Nanton in s.w. Alberta Aug. 13. An ad. of this species was seen at Missoula Sept. 2 & 3 and two were noted there Sept. 11 (RLH). Brewer’s Sparrows were noted migrating during late August and early September at Missoula, Baker, Clarkston and along the Walla Walla R. Harris’ Sparrows appeared in no less than six localities, beginning Oct. 8 near Spokane (VN & CS): one, Fortine Oct. 21-Nov. 15 (WW); 2 imms, Harrison, Mont. Oct. 23 (HC, ETH, RAH, LM & PDS) and up to 5 at Bozeman Oct. 29 (ID; RAH & ETH; NK). Their appearance followed a snowstorm. Only about 8 prior records for the locality exist. Two imms. were at Richland Oct. 20-21 (EM) and one to 3 frequented feeders at Vernon and nearby towns from Nov. 11 to the end of the period (JTF, WC, JG, JM, JS). Of special note was a Golden-crowned Sparrow at Enderby near Vernon, Nov. 27-30 (JM). A White-throated Sparrow appeared near
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Spokane Oct. 8-9. (VN & CS). A Fox Sparrow in Umatilla, Ore. Nov. 23 was the latest recorded there (CC).
CONTRIBUTORS AND OBSERVERS (area editors in bold face--James Action, Ruth Anderson, G. Ansell, Eugene C. Barney, McNary Nat’l Wildlife Refuge, John Baumbrough, Wendy Beirnes, Steve Billeb, A.D. Bird, C. D. Bird, Donald Bjelke, Mr. & Mrs. C. Robert Border, Earl Bowen (EB), Ellis Bowhay (EBo), Betty Brodie, Dave Brown, Columbia Nat’l Wildlife Refuge, Joann Brown, Helen Carlson (HC), A. Carn, Urana Clarke, Harold Cole (HCo), Craig Corder, Sharon Cotterell, Walter Cowan, Mrs. Irving Dayton, Robert L. Eng, Mrs. Fred Etling, Randy Ferrin, Opal Foust, Jack T. Fowle, Robert Furrer, James Grant, southern interior British Columbia, Pauline Hager, Platt Hall, Warren Hall, Ralph L. Hand, Missoula, Mont. area, Eric Hanson, Lucille Hardinger, Eve T. Hays, Ray A. Hays, C. J. Henry, L. V. Hills, George Holton, Alice Horschel, Connie Hughes, Stan Hughes, Eugene Hunn, Frances B. Huston, Idaho Fish & Game Dept., Gertrude Inman, Ruth Jones, Ted Jordan, Marvin R. Kaschke, Nat’l Bison Range, Vivian Kohlruss, N. Kutzman, Carolyn Lagergren, Virginia Lang, William Lang, Katherine Laupp, Nanette McKay, W. G. McKay, Jon M. Malcolm, Turnbull Nat’l Wildlife Refuge, Sid Martin, Helena, Mont. area, Niel F. Meadowcroft, Walla Walla., Wash. area, Bob Moate, Elisabeth Moore, Louis Moos, Gerald Morsello, Prineville, Ore. area, Joanna Nashem, Vee Nealey, Carol Penhale, Dr. Penhale, Del Pierce, Kootenai Nat’l Wildlife Refuge, Tyson W. Planz, Red Rock Lakes Nat’l Wildlife Refuge, Bob Polumsky, Lawrence Polumsky, Margaret J. Polumsky, Clarkston, Wash. area. John Quirk, Jan Reynolds, James Rooney, Larry Roumpf, K. St. Clair, Donald R. Skaar, P. D. Skaar, Bozeman- Harrison, Mont. area, Connie Smedley. Joyce Speechly, Mrs. S. O. Stanley, northeastern Washington, Esther Stewart, Gene Stroops, Keith Sturts, Shirley Sturts, Coeur d’ Alene, Ida. area, Butch Taylor, Morrow Co. and Umatilla Nat’l Wildlife Refuge, Ore., Maurice Vial, Harold Vredenburgh, G. Wagner, D. Walz, Ann Ward, Baker, Ore. area, John W. Weber, C. Werschler, Winton Weydemeyer, R. M. Wilson, Jack Winchell, Charles E. Woodley, Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. Woodley, Pasco-Kennewick-Richland (“Tri-cities”), Wash. area, Bob Worden, David Worden, Maurice B. Wright, Turnbull Nat’l Wildlife Refuge.
CORRIGENDUM -- The 300-400 swifts seen at LaGrande, Ore. July 26, Am. Birds, 26:880,) are now considered to have been Vaux’s Swifts.