North Carolina ems education Standards: emt curriculum Map



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Respiration




  • Summary:Applies knowledge (fundamental depth and foundational breadth) of general anatomy and physiology to patient assessment and management in order to assure a patent airway, adequate mechanical ventilation, and respiration for patients of all ages.



  • TARGET SKILLS:Anatomy of the respiratory system to include:

        • External

        • Internal

        • Cellular

    • Assessment and management of adequate and inadequate respiration

    • Supplemental oxygen therapy



    • Key Terminology:

    • Respiration

    • Respiratory distress

    • Respiratory arrest

    • Cellular respiration

    • Cyanosis

    • Diffusion

    • Hypoxia

    • Pulmonary respiration

    • Respiratory failure

    • Exhalation

    • Expiration

    • Inhalation

    • Inspiration



    • Objectives:

      • Describe the anatomy of the respiratory system as it pertains to respirations.

      • Differentiate between pulmonary ventilation, oxygenation, and respiration.

      • Demonstrate proper assessment of respiratory system.

      • Demonstrate the proper management in providing supplemental oxygen therapy.



    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Allow students to watch patient during ventilation and discuss the effects of inhalation and exhalation while exchanging gases in the lungs.



    • Assessments:Scenario based training pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).


    • Artificial Ventilation




    • Summary: Applies knowledge (fundamental depth and foundational breadth) of general anatomy and physiology to patient assessment and management in order to assure a patent airway, adequate mechanical ventilation, and respiration for patients of all ages.



    • TARGET SKILLS:Assessment and management of adequate and inadequate ventilation to include:

    • Artificial ventilation

    • • Minute ventilation

    • Alveolar ventilation

    • • Effect of artificial ventilation on cardiac output



    • Key Terminology:



    • Alveolar ventilation

    • Artificial ventilation

    • Cricoid pressure

    • Positive pressure ventilation

    • Stoma

    • Ventilation



    • Objectives:

      • DOT Objectives

      • EMS Education Standards

      • Differentiate between ventilation as it relates to inspiration and expiration.

      • Differentiate between adequate and inadequate ventilation.

      • Describe the effects of artificial ventilation on cardiac output.

      • The management of inadequate ventilation

      • Differences between normal and positive pressure ventilation

      • Consider age-related ventilations in pediatric and geriatric patients (see special patient populations)



    • Activities/ResourcesUse of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Use different position techniques for maintaining effective ventilation.

    • Using visual material, discuss patient with special airway needs and related equipment.

    • Simulate positive pressure ventilation using a PEEP value on a BVM.

    • Discuss the importance of cricoid pressure in airway techniques.



    • Assessments: Scenario based training pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).


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