North Carolina ems education Standards: emt curriculum Map



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Medical Terminology




  • Summary:Uses foundational anatomical and medical terms and abbreviations in written and oral communication with colleagues and other health care professionals.



  • Key Terminology:



    • Combining form

    • Prefix

    • Root

    • Suffix

    • Medical terminology reference sheets.



    • Assessments:Scenario based assessment pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).


    • Pathophysiology




    • Summary:Applies fundamental knowledge of the pathophysiology of respiration and perfusion to patient assessment and management.



    • Key Terminology:

    • Aerobic metabolism

    • Anaerobic metabolism

    • Cardiac output

    • Chemoreceptors

    • Dead air space

    • Dehydration

    • Edema

    • Electrolyte

    • FiO2

    • Hydrostatic pressure

    • Hypersensitivity

    • Hypoperfusion

    • Minute volume

    • Pathophysiology

    • Perfusion

    • Plasma oncotic pressure

    • Shock

    • Stretch receptors

    • Stroke volume

    • Systemic vascular resistance (SVR)

    • Tidal volume

    • V/Q match



    • Objectives:



      • DOT Objectives

      • EMS Education Standards

      • Uses simple knowledge of shock and respiratory compromise to respond to life threats.

      • Composition of ambient air

      • Patency of the airway

      • Respiratory compromise

      • Alteration in regulation of respiration due to medical or traumatic conditions

      • Ventilations/perfusion (V/Q)ratio and mismatch

      • Perfusion and shock

      • Microcirculation

      • Blood pressure

      • Alteration of cell metabolism



    • Activities/Resources: Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Computer programs for understanding pathophysiology of the body.



    • Assessments:Scenario based assessment pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).




    • Life Span Development




    • Summary:Applies fundamental knowledge of life span development to patient assessment and management.



    • Key Terminology:

    • Adolescence

    • Bonding

    • Early adulthood

    • Infancy

    • Late adulthood

    • Middle adulthood

    • Moro reflex

    • Palmar reflex

    • Preschool age

    • Rooting reflex

    • Scaffolding

    • School age

    • Sucking reflex

    • Temperament

    • Toddler phase

    • Trust vs. mistrust



    • Objectives:



      • DOT Objectives

      • EMS Education Standards

      • Uses simple knowledge of age related differences to assess and care for patients.

      • Application for management of emergency care for the following life span development:

      • Infancy (birth to 1 year)

      • Toddler ( 12 to 36 months)

      • Preschool age (3 to 5 years)

      • School-age children (6 to 12 years)

      • Adolescents (13 to 18 years)

      • Early adulthood (20 to 40 years)

      • Middle adulthood (41to 60 years)

      • Late adulthood (61 and older)







    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Developmental milestones for aging based on videos or pictures.

    • Abnormal development regarding people of all ages.



    • Assessments:Scenario based assessment pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).




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