North Carolina ems education Standards: emt curriculum Map



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Environmental Emergencies




  • Summary:Applies fundamental knowledge to provide basic emergency care and transportation based on assessment findings for an acutely injured patient.



  • TARGET SKILLS:Recognition and management of:

    • Submersion incidents

    • Temperature-related illness



    • Pathophysiology, assessment, and management of:

    • Near drowning

    • Temperature-related illness

    • Bites and envenomation

    • Dysbarism



    • Key Terminology:



    • Active rewarming

    • Air embolism

    • Central rewarming

    • Conduction

    • Convection

    • Decompression sickness

    • Drowning

    • Evaporation

    • Hyperthermia

    • Hypothermia

    • Local cooling

    • Passive rewarming

    • Radiation

    • Respiration

    • Toxins

    • Venom

    • Water chill

    • Wind chill



    • Objectives:



      • Describe the various ways that the body loses heat.

      • List the signs and symptoms of exposure to cold.

      • Explain the steps in providing emergency medical care to a patient exposed to cold.

      • List the signs and symptoms of exposure to heat.

      • Explain the steps in providing emergency care to a patient exposed to heat.

      • Recognize the signs and symptoms of water-related emergencies.

      • Describe the complications of near drowning.

      • Discuss the emergency medical care of bites and stings.

      • Submersion incidents

      • Temperature-related illness

      • Bites and envenomation

      • Diving emergencies (dysbarism)

      • Electrical injuries

      • Radiation injuries

      • Age-related variations for pediatric and geriatric assessment and management





    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Using simulated cases of patient presentations, discuss treatment of patient withan environmental emergency.

    • Discuss the different injuries as it pertains to your local protocol.

    • Visit a facility with a decompression chamber for information.



    • Assessments:Scenario based training pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).




    • Multi-System Trauma




    • Summary:Applies fundamental knowledge to provide basic emergency care and transportation based on assessment findings for an acutely injured patient.



    • TARGET SKILLS:Recognition and management of multi-system trauma and blast Injuries



    • Key Terminology:



    • Multiple trauma

    • Multisystem trauma

    • Trauma score

    • Velocity



    • Objectives:



      • DOT Objectives

      • EMS Education Standards

      • Describe muti-system trauma and special consideration that are required for patients who fit this category.





    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Using simulated cases of patient presentations, allow students to figure the trauma score.

    • Discuss the needs for treatment based on multisystem trauma.



    • Assessments:Scenario based training pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).




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