North Carolina ems education Standards: emt curriculum Map



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Infectious Diseases




  • Summary:Applies fundamental knowledge to provide basic emergency care and transportation based on assessment findings for an acutely ill patient.



  • TARGET SKILLS:Awareness of:

    • A patient who may have an infectious disease

    • How to decontaminate the ambulance and equipment after treating a patient



    • Key Terminology:

    • Infectious diseases

    • Communicable diseases

    • Transmission routes

    • Direct contact

    • Coughing and sneezing

    • Blood borne

    • Other body fluids



    • Objectives:



      • DOT Objectives

      • Demonstrate the steps of proper decontamination.

      • Causes of infectious disease

      • Body substance isolation, personal protective equipment, and cleaning and disposing of equipment and supplies

      • Consider age-related variations in pediatric and geriatric patient’s as they relate assessment and management of patient’s with a communicable and or infectious disease

      • Communication and documentation for a patient with a communicable and or infectious disease

      • Transport decision’s including special infection control procedures

      • Legal requirements regarding reporting communicable and or infectious diseases/conditions

      • Required reporting to the health department or other healthcare agency













    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Discuss the different types of infectious disease

    • Using PPE, demonstrate the appropriate method to apply and remove each item



    • Assessments:Scenario based training pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).


    • Endocrine Disorders




    • Summary:Applies fundamental knowledge to provide basic emergency care and transportation based on assessment findings for an acutely ill patient.



    • TARGET SKILLS:Awareness thatdiabetic emergencies may cause altered mental status. Anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, assessment, and management of acute diabetic emergencies



    • Key Terminology:

    • Diabetes mellitus

    • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)

    • Glucose

    • Hyperglycemia

    • Hypoglycemia

    • Insulin

    • Insulin pump

    • Syncope

    • Juvenile diabetes

    • Seizure





    • Objectives:



      • DOT Objectives

      • EMS Education Standards

      • Describe the structure and function of the endocrine system.

      • Describe the management of an acute diabetic emergency.

      • Introduction

      • Diabetes

      • Communication and documentation

      • Transport decisions—rapid transport for altered level of consciousness





    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Using simulated cases of patient presentations, discuss treatment of patients with endocrine disorders.

    • Discuss the use of oral glucose for the diabetic patient

    • Use glucometers for testing blood glucose.



    • Assessments:Scenario based training pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).




    • Psychiatric




    • Summary:Applies fundamental knowledge to provide basic emergency care and transportation based on assessment findings for an acutely ill patient.



    • TARGET SKILLS:Recognition of:

    • Behaviors that pose a risk to the EMT, patient, or others.

    • Basic principles of the mental health system



    • Assessment and management of:



    • Key Terminology:

    • Behavior

    • Behavioral emergency

    • Excited delirium

    • Positional asphyxia

    • Restraints



    • Objectives:



      • DOT Objectives

      • EMS Education Standards

      • Demonstrate the assessment and management of patients with behavioral/psychiatric problems/complications.



      • Define behavior, psychiatric disorder, and behavioral emergencies

      • Epidemiology of psychiatric disorders

      • Assessment

      • Behavioral change

      • Psychiatric emergencies

      • Medical-legal considerations

      • Consider age-related variations in pediatric and geriatric patient’s as they relate assessment and management



    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Using simulated cases of patient presentations, discuss treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders.

    • Discuss methods of protection for the provider while dealing with psychiatric patients.

    • Discuss methods of calming the patient while talking.



    • Assessments:Scenario based training pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).




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