Nail Wall The skin at the sides and base of a fingernail or toenail. Free Edge



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Luna (half moon)


Nail Wall


Cuticle

Nail Plate

Free edge




Nail Wall

The skin at the sides and base of a fingernail or toenail.

Free Edge

The end of the nail that extends beyond the finger tip

Nail Plate

The main part of the nail, attached to the skin at the tip of the finger

Cuticle

Situated between the skin of the finger and the nail plate, and acts as a watertight seal that prevents bacteria from entering.

Luna

Situated at the base of the nail, often referred to as the half moon. It is the visible part of the matrix. It is light coloured, soft and easily damaged.

Matrix

Not seen on visual inspection. The matrix controls the rate of growth of the nail, and determines the thickness and width of the nail. Damages to the matrix can be seen on the nail plate, and may cause permanent deformities in nail growth i.e. heavy filing, shutting finger in a door.
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