The U.S.A. has a large and lucrative (profitable) tourism industry serving millions of international and domestic tourists. Tourism in the U.S. is mostly promoted at the state and local level. The federal government in addition to promoting tourism sets visa entry requirements.
As one of the largest and most diverse countries in the world, the U.S. boasts of having an amazing amount of tourist destinations ranging from the skyscrapers of New York and Chicago, the natural wonders of Yellowstone and Alaska to the sunny beaches of California, Florida and Hawaii.
Tourists visit the U.S. to see natural wonders, gambling venues, historic landmarks, and its cities.
San Diego, California - tourism connected with Tijuana, Mexico
San Francisco, California - home of the Golden Gate
Washington, District of Columbia - the nation's capital city
With so many tourist attractions it’s tempting to discuss all of them, but I will try to focus on Washington, D.C. It is the home of numerous national landmarks and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the U.S.
It is a very beautiful place esp. in the spring when Japanese cherry trees are in full blossom. The functional and aesthetic beauty of Washington D.C. remains true to the dreams of its name-sake and the designs of its architect Pierre L’Enfant.
Atop Jenkins Hill, the highest point in the city stands proudly a domed Capitol, overlooking the entire city. And the city springs from it in all directions, with its broad avenues, arising like spokes (спицы) from the focal point.
The U.S. Capitol is the seat of the Legislative Branch of the U.S. Federal Government. It stands at the east end of the Mall. The U.S. Capitol is an American icon, a symbol of democracy and the most prominent landmark in Washington, D.C. Its both wings belong to the Senate and the House of Representatives. The dominant feature of the Capitol is its Dome. Crowned by the 19-foot tall statue of “Freedom”, a spectacular roof for the Great Rotunda rises from the middle of the Capitol.
The statue of Freedom is often mistaken for Pocahontas. The U.S. Capitol is the tallest building in the city. The Rotunda serves as the Capitol’s chief ceremonial room, best known as a place where presidents have lain in state prior to burial.
There is simply an incredible number of famous buildings and monuments to visit in Washington, D.C. The Capitol, Supreme Court Building, Union Station, National Archives Building, White House, Washington Monument, Lincoln Memorial, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Tidal Basin (with the Japanese cherry trees), Thomas Jefferson Memorial, Library of Congress, and the Smithsonian Institution, and FDR Memorial. They are all located downtown on or within a walking distance from the National Mall.
The National Mall is a large, open area in the center of Washington that features many of the monuments to American leaders and connects the Washington Monument, the White House and the U.S. Capitol buildings.
The Washington Monument (the most important monument in Washington, D.C.) is at the western end of the Mall and in the heart of the cross formed by two imaginary lines, one line going through the Mall from the West to the East between the Lincoln Memorial and the U.S. Capitol Building, and the other crossing the Mall and going from the North to the South between the White House and the Thomas Jefferson Memorial.
The Washington Monument is a large white-colored obelisk surrounded by 50 American flags at the start of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built as a memorial to George Washington, the first U.S. President and the leader of the revolutionary Continental Army.
The monument is made of marble, ‘granite, and sandstone. It was designed by Robert Mills, a prominent American architect of the 1840s. It was planned to be of such magnitude and beauty as to be an object of pride to the American people, and of admiration to all who see it. Its material was intended to be wholly American, and brought from each state, so each state participated in the glory of contributing materials and funds to its construction. American Indian tribes, professional organizations, societies, businesses, and foreign nations donated stones that were 1.2 by 0.6 by 0.3 to 0.5 m.
It officially opened to the public on October 9, 1888. Upon completion, it became the world's tallest structure, a title it held until 1889, when the Eiffel Tower was finished in Paris, France.
The Washington Monument reflection can be seen in the aptly (suitably) named Reflecting Pool, an edged rectangular pool extending westward in the direction of the Lincoln Memorial. The fireworks over the reflecting pool between the Washington Monument and Lincoln Memorial are typical of the 4th of July celebrations.
The Washington Monument drew enormous crowds even before it officially opened. During the six months that followed its dedication, 10,041 people climbed the 893 steps to the top. After the elevator that had been used to raise building materials was altered so that it could carry passengers, the number of visitors grew rapidly. As early as 1888, an average of 55,000 people a month went to the top, and today the Washington Monument has more than 800,000 visitors each year.
To the north of the Washington Monument, there is the White House, the official residence and principal workplace of the U.S. President. The White House is a white-painted, neoclassical sandstone mansion located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. (38° 53′ 51″ N, 77° 02′ 12″ W). As the office of the U.S. President, the term "White House" is often used as a metonym for the president's administration.
President George Washington himself helped select the site, along with city planner Pierre L'Enfant but never lived in it. John Adams became the first president to take residence in the building on November 1, 1800.
The building was first referred to as the Presidential Palace or Presidential Mansion. Dolley Madison called it the "President's Castle." However, by 1811 the first evidence of the public calling it the "White House" had emerged, because of its white-painted stone exterior. The name Executive Mansion was often used in official context until President Theodore Roosevelt established the formal name by having "The White House" engraved on his stationery in 1901.
The White House was open to the public until the early part of the 20th century. Now organized and supervised by the President’s body guards excursions are held in the early hours from 6.30 to 8 a.m. on week days.
Very few people realize the size of the White House, since much of it is below the ground level or otherwise minimized by landscaping. In fact, the White House has: