Muscles to Know For all listed muscles, know location and action. For muscles in bold, also know the origin and insertion. Scalp & face Occipitofrontalis Orbicularis oris, orbicularis oculis External ocular muscles Lateral rectus, medial rectus, superior



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Muscles to Know

For all listed muscles, know location and action. For muscles in bold, also know the origin and insertion.




Scalp & face

Occipitofrontalis

Orbicularis oris, orbicularis oculis

External ocular muscles

Lateral rectus, medial rectus, superior rectus, inferor rectus, superior oblique, inferior oblique



Mastication

Masseter

Temporalis



Neck & vertebral column

Sternocleidomastoid

Platysma


Erector spinae (iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis)

Quadratus lumborum



Breathing

Diaphragm

External and internal intercostals



Abdominal Wall & Pelvic Floor

Rectus abdominus

External oblique

Internal oblique

Coccygeus

Levator ani

Superficial thoracic, scapular/clavicular

Pectoralis minor

Serratus anterior

Trapezius

Levator scapulae



Rhomboid major

Rhomboid minor

Crossing the shoulder

Pectoralis major

Latissimus dorsi

Teres major

Deltoid

Coracobrachialis

Rotator Cuff

Supraspintus

Infraspinatus

Teres minor

Subscapularis

Crossing the elbow

Triceps brachii

Biceps brachii

Brachialis

Brachioradialis



Forearm

Pronator teres



Pronator quadratus

Supinator

Flexor digitorum superficialis, profundus

Flexor pollicis longus

Extensor digitorum

Extensor pollicis longus

Crossing the hip and knee

Ilio-psoas (iliacus & psoas major)

Adductor longus

Adductor magnus

Gracilis



Sartorius

Tensor fasciae latae (TFL)



Quadriceps femoris

Rectus femoris

Vastus lateralis

Vastus medialis

Vastus intermedius



Gluteus maximus

Gluteus medius

Gluteus minimus

Piriformis



Hamstrings

Biceps femoris

Semitendinosis

Semimembranosis

Crossing the ankle and foot

Tibialis anterior

Extensor digitorum longus

Extensor hallicus longus

Fibularis longus

Fibularis brevis

Gastrocnemius

Soleus


Popliteus

Flexor digitorum longus

Flexor hallicus longus

Tibialis posterior


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