Mumps what is it? Mumps is an infectious viral disease caused by the mumps virus. It is a mild disease in most people causing very little upset and may even go completely unnoticed. Symptoms



Download 25.5 Kb.
Date01.02.2017
Size25.5 Kb.
MUMPS

What is it?


Mumps is an infectious viral disease caused by the mumps virus. It is a mild disease in most people causing very little upset and may even go completely unnoticed.
Symptoms

The mumps virus causes swelling and tenderness of the salivary glands resulting in swelling of the face around the cheeks and the angle of the jaw. In adult males the testicles may also become painful and swollen (this is called orchitis). Adult women may suffer inflammation of the ovaries. Only on very rare occasions does this lead to sterility. The mumps virus is a common cause of viral meningitis, which is usually very mild and has no after effects. It is also an important cause of deafness at any age.


How is it spread?

Mumps is usually spread from person to person by coughs and sneezes. Occasionally, it may be spread by direct contact with the saliva of someone with mumps. The incubation period is 14 to 21 days prior to the facial swelling. People with the illness can pass it to others from shortly before the symptoms start until just after the swelling has settled.


Prevention

The only effective way to prevent mumps is to immunise all children and students against it with the MMR vaccine as part of the routine immunisation programmes in childhood. Prior to the introduction of MMR vaccine in 1985 mumps led to over 1200 hospital admissions per year in England & Wales.

If close contacts have not received the MMR vaccine, then administration of the vaccine within 5 days of exposure to someone with mumps can prevent the disease developing.

Non-immune adults in further education settings should be assessed for MMR immunisation prior to employment or entry to courses through student or staff health services.


Should persons with mumps stay away from classes?

To help prevent the spread of mumps within educational establishments, individuals with mumps should be excluded from classes until the swelling subsides and the person is clinically well (with a minimum period of 7 days). All other students & staff should attend classes as normal.



If many class contacts are unvaccinated, exclusion may be considered for a longer period in discussion with the Consultant in Public Health Medicine with responsibility for Communicable Disease & Environmental Health


Share with your friends:


The database is protected by copyright ©dentisty.org 2019
send message

    Main page