Volume of information on trade with India, the Persian Gulf, Arabia and the East Indies, including tables of coins, assays, weights, measures and customs duties with a list of East India Company tonnage.
Fascinating volume, comprehensive merchant guide really. Contains, amongst other things, loads of decimal tables that I don’t really understand: ‘Table of decimals the Integer a Bombay Maund’, same for current Rupees, one with hundred weights, one with Surat Rupee as the Integer, one with Troy Pound as Integer, one with Troy ounce as integer, troy pennyweight as integer, one with Pound Avoirdupois as the integer, one with Pound Sterling as integer, one with Bengall Maund as integer.
Tables comparing Mocha Dollars and Spanish Dollars (60 Mocha Dollars = about 50 Spanish Dollars), tables for converting Spanish Dollars into Bombay Rupees.
Account of the value of gold and silver at Bombay [100 ounces of lots of different kinds of pieces of silver between 230 and 260 Rupees, apart from a couple of exceptions]. Similar tables for Madras and Bengal. Account of what different kinds of coins yield in the Madras mint (p.31).
List of Bombay weights and Measures, list of Madras weights and measures, list of Bengal weights and measures. Account of weights, measures, customs, general commercial info. and coins at Bussorah (pp. 34-35). Same at Juddah, Muscat, Mocha, Gombroon, Batavia, Callicut, Tellicherry, Anjengo, Cochin, Goa, Carwar, Scindy, Surat, Acheen and Patta (pp. 36-53). Same also for China towards the back of the volume.
List of the ‘East India Company’s Tonnage’ [everything that they trade in and an amount]. Useful for freight piece?
Some useful info is provided in these:
28 pounds to the Maund (Bombay)
80 Cash is 1 Fanam, 36 Fanams is 1 Pagoda.
10 India ‘Matts’ or 100 China ‘Touch’ is 24 Carats (Gold Standard).
Random little pages throughout like ‘The Computed Numbers of Innhabitants’ in various cities (London 725,903, Amsterdam 217,313 apparently), and a method for calculating the ‘age’ of the Moon.
An account of customs payable by the Proprietors on Goods brought from the East Indies to London (pp. 58-59) – this is extensive, could transcribe if would be useful?
Some information on customs on various goods:
Account of Customs on Goods at Value Manufactured: [various different commodities, customs payable in London]
Aggats, Cornelian Stones, China Ink, Fans, Fan Sticks, Kittishalls, Mangoes, Painted Glass, Mother Pearl Counters, Paper Prints, Sagoe, Siram Boxes, Soy, Sone Skreens, Shawls White, Tortoiseshell, Tonqueen Baskets, Varnished Tubs, Wrought Gold = the above goods pay for every £100 value £22.13.8.
Mother of Pearl Shells rough, Toothenaque, Tea, Birds Nests = The Above Goods pay for every £100 Value, £14.11.8
Drugs at Value Manufactured: Goa Stones, Oil of Cloves, Oil of Cinnamon, Oyl of Camphire, Oyl of Mace, Oyl of Nutmegs = The Above Goods pay for every £100 value £24.11.-
Drugs at Value Unmanufactured: Cassia Minea, Rag Pearl = the Above Goods pay for every £100 Value £16.18.8½
All white goods made up into Shirts, Shifts, Aprons, Handkershiefs, Neckcloths &ca, and such goods as are stiched with Thread or Silk, Also Striped Baftas, Cotton Stockings, Gold Doreas = Pay for every £100 value - £34.15.5½
China Ware: Pays for every £100 value = £30.17.3¾
Cowries Pay for every 100£ value £17.10
Lacquered Ware pays for every £100 value = £35
Diamonds & all precious Stones are Free
Callicoes & Muslins
Goods at Value
The above goods pay as may be found under the head of Callicoes in the Foregoing General Alphabet of Customs payable on India goods.
An account of Duties Payable on Goods Exported from China called the Emperors Duty Vizt.
Raw Silk each Pecul 5 Tales, 4 M
Bohea, Congo and all Brown Tea 2M
Hyson, Bing and Green Teas 2
China Ware in Chests per Pecul 3
Ditto in Bundles per Pecul 2
Wrought Silk per Pecul 2T,2M
Quick Silver and Vermillion Pr Pecul 1T,2M
Lacquered Ware 2M,5C
Sugar Candy 1M
China Root Gallingall and Allum 1M
Screens large 5M
Ditto small 3M
Fans with gold paper per 100 1M
Ditto with white paper 5C
Ivory fans per 100 1Tale
Upon all which the Hoop receives 24 Pr Cent the Swanpan or Secretary 2 P cent the Pintun or Receiver 2 P Cent and the Ta-Taw or Weigher of Goods Eight Candareens P Pecul. The above duties and no more are paid by the Chinese nor was any more paid by the Europeans till they had traded, when the Hoppo about 35 years ago or in 1700 valued the Goods as follows [figures are mostly whole Tael unless otherwise]:
Bohea, Congo and all Brown Teas 8 Tale
Hyson, Bing and all green Teas 7
Quick Silver and Vermillion per Pecul 35
Raw and Wrought Silk per Pecul 100
Toothenaque per PEcul 4 T, 4M
Cinnabar Per Pecul 35
China ware per Chest 4
Ditto in Bundles per Ditto 3
Camphire per Pecul 7
Gambodium pP 10
Sugar Candy pP 2
Sugar pP 1
Rhubarb pP 1
Gallingall pP 7M,5C
Putchuck pP 3 Tale
Mother of Pearl Shells pP 2T,5M
Fans Ivory 3C
Ditto Bamboo 1C
Tortoise Shells pP 50 Tale
Screens Large each 5T, 4M
Ditto small 3 Tale
Sago pP 1T, 5M
Lacquered ware pP 5 Tale
And laid on them an Additional Duty of Six Per Cent Payable by the Europeans and continued till about 12 Years ago when the Foyen who was then the Hoppo Added another Duty of 10 P Cent and kept it for his Own Use, but dying in 2 Years he was succeeded by the Totumstock who paid Both the Additional Duties to the Emperor.
NB – China weights: 10 Chandereen = 1 Mace, 10 Mace = 1 Tale = 16 Tale = 1 Catty, A Pecul is 100 Catty. 1 Pecul – 132 lbs 11 ounces Avoirdupois, or 161 lbs, 5 ozs Troy.
China coins: 10 Cash are 1 Canderin [3 farthings], 10 Canderins = 1 Mace, 10 Mace = 1 Tael. So acocunts are in Tael, Mace and Canderins usually.
Confusing slightly as Tael and Mace both coins and weights.