Modul 1General Pathomorphology Text tests



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  1. squamous

  2. Solid cancer

  3. scirrhoma

  4. adenoma

  5. Colloid adenocarcinoma*




  1. Characteristic feature of colloid adenocarcinoma of the prostate (Figure 50) is the hyperproduction of mucus. This is a sign:

    1. ultrastructural atipizma

    2. cell atipizma

    3. tissue atipizma

    4. antigenic atipizma

    5. functional atipizma*




  1. Histologically tumors of the prostate (Figure 50) revealed glandular structures, atypical epithelial cells, signs of overproduction of mucus. What is a pathological process?

    1. tumor disease

    2. benign epithelial tumor

    3. obligate precancer

    4. benign mesenchymal tumor

    5. malignant epithelial tumor*




  1. Figure 51 shows the histological structure of skin tumors, which is localized in the dermis, has signs of expansive growth, consists of clusters of rounded cells of regular shape, which contain brown pigment (1) . Your diagnosis.

    1. rhabdomyoma

    2. capillary hemangioma

    3. basal cell carcinoma

    4. liposarkoma

    5. vnutridermalny nevus*




  1. Figure 51 shows the histological structure of skin tumors, which is localized in the dermis, has signs of expansive growth, consists of clusters of rounded cells of regular shape, which contain brown pigment (1) . Which way is metastasizing tumor?

    1. lymphogenous

    2. hematogenous

    3. perineural

    4. implantation

    5. does metastases*




  1. Figure 51 shows the histological structure of skin tumors, which is localized in the dermis, has signs of expansive growth, consists of clusters of rounded cells of regular shape, which contain brown pigment (1) . What are the origins of the cells associated tumors?

    1. fibroblasts

    2. endothelial

    3. epithelial cells of sweat glands

    4. lipotsity

    5. melanocytes *




  1. Figure 51 shows the histological structure of skin tumors, which is localized in the dermis, has signs of expansive growth, consists of clusters of rounded cells of regular shape, which contain brown pigment (1) . What is pigment?

    1. hemosiderin

    2. hemoglobin

    3. chlorophyll

    4. dehydrobilirubin

    5. melanin*




  1. Histologically hysterectomy with appendages (Figure 52) diagnosed with mucinous tsistadenomu right ovary. What is a pathological process?

    1. tumor disease

    2. malignant mesenchymal tumor

    3. benign mesenchymal tumor

    4. malignant epithelial tumor

    5. benign epithelial tumor*




  1. Histologically hysterectomy with appendages (Figure 52) diagnosed with mucinous tsistadenoma right ovary. Which group (on the international classification of anti-cancer association) is the tumor?

    1. Tumors of the blood system

    2. Teratoma

    3. Tumors melaninformation tissue

    4. Mesenchymal tumors

    5. Organonespetsific epithelial tumors*




  1. Histologically hysterectomy with appendages (Figure 52) diagnosed with mucinous tsistadenomu right ovary. What are the origins of the cells associated tumors?

    1. stroma sexual strand

    2. endothelium of blood vessels

    3. mesotelium peritoneum

    4. malrelated elements renal parenchyma

    5. tubal-uterine epithelium*




  1. Histologically lung (Figure 53) diagnosed with small cell lung cancer. The digit "1" in the figure noted:

    1. atypical tumor cells

    2. unmodified pulmonary parenchyma

    3. lumen of intrapulmonary bronchi

    4. Focal compensatory emphysema

    5. area of tumor necrosis*




  1. Histologically lung (Figure 53) diagnosed with small cell lung cancer. The digit "2" on the drawing reads:

    1. unmodified pulmonary parenchyma

    2. lumen of intrapulmonary bronchi

    3. Focal compensatory emphysema

    4. area of tumor necrosis

    5. atypical tumor cells*




  1. Histologically lung (Figure 53) diagnosed with small cell lung cancer. Which group (on the international classification of anti-cancer association) is the tumor?

    1. Tumors of the blood system

    2. Teratoma

    3. Tumors melaninoobrazuyuschey tissue

    4. Mesenchymal tumors

    5. Epithelial tumors without specific localization*




  1. What are the microscopic structure presented in Figure 54, which are characteristic of squamous cell carcinoma with keratinization?

    1. cancer stem

    2. cancer horns

    3. cancer claws

    4. crab sticks

    5. cancer pearls*




  1. The presence of "cancer pearls", shown in Figure 54, in hotbeds of growth of squamous cell carcinoma is a sign:

    1. activity of antitumor immunity

    2. low degree of differentiation of tumor cells

    3. propensity of these tumors to metastasize

    4. of this patient radiotherapy course

    5. high degree of differentiation of tumor cells*




  1. Tumor of skin (Figure 55) consists of polymorphic abnormal cells, most of which contain the pigment of yellow-brown color; observed numerous mitoses, foci of necrosis, hemorrhage. Your diagnosis.

    1. Kaposi's sarcoma

    2. hemangioma

    3. leiomyoma

    4. papilloma

    5. melanoma*




  1. Tumor of skin (Figure 55) consists of polymorphic abnormal cells, most of which contain the pigment of yellow-brown color; observed numerous mitoses, foci of necrosis, hemorrhage. In what other organs (except the skin) can trigger this primary tumor?

    1. in adrenal medullary layer

    2. in the mucous membranes

    3. shell pigment in the eye

    4. in meninges

    5. in all the name of bodies *




  1. Tumor of skin (Figure 55) consists of polymorphic abnormal cells, most of which contain the pigment of yellow-brown color; observed numerous mitoses, foci of necrosis, hemorrhage. What types of metastases may make this tumor?

    1. The region only lymphogenous

    2. perineural

    3. implantation

    4. is not a tumor metastasizes

    5. hematogenous and lymphogenous*




  1. Swelling of the fruit (Figure 56) consists of the tissues, which are derived ento-, meso-and ectoderm, and contains a significant number of immature undifferentiated tissue. Your diagnosis.

    1. Wilms' tumor

    2. meduloblastoma

    3. meningioma

    4. chorionepithelioma

    5. teratoblastoma*




  1. Figure 57 presented the histological structure of the ovarian tumor composed of tissues that are derived from different germ layers - thyroid follicles (1) , adipose tissue (2) and cartilage (3) , structures resembling elements of the intestine (4) . What is the cause of this tumor?

    1. prolonged contact with aniline dyes

    2. occurs in HIV-infected persons in the stage of AIDS

    3. virus infection Ebshteyna-Barr virus

    4. excessive insolation

    5. violation of the migration of embryonic germ cells during the formation of the caudal end of the uro-genital ridge *




  1. Figure 57 presented the histological structure of the ovarian tumor composed of tissues that are derived from different germ layers - thyroid follicles (1) , adipose tissue (2) and cartilage (3) , structures resembling elements of the intestine (4) . Where else can localize these tumors?

    1. testes (men)

    2. sacrococcygeal region

    3. mediastinum

    4. retroperitoneal space

    5. in all these places *




  1. Figure 58 shows the tumor histology of the skin, parenchyma is represented by numerous appendages multilayered squamous epithelium (1) , the structure of the epithelium intact; stroma tumors are well defined, developed unevenly provided outgrowths of the dermis (2) . Your diagnosis.

    1. squamous cell carcinoma with keratinization

    2. squamous cell carcinoma without keratinization

    3. Kaposi's sarcoma

    4. melanoma

    5. papilloma *




  1. Figure 58 shows the tumor histology of the skin, parenchyma is represented by numerous appendages multilayered squamous epithelium (1) , the structure of the epithelium intact; stroma tumors are well defined, developed unevenly provided outgrowths of the dermis (2) . What are the possible complications of this tumor?

    1. inflammation after injury

    2. bleeding after injury

    3. recurrence after surgical removal

    4. malignancy

    5. all of the above*




  1. Histologically tumors of the small intestine, shown in Figure 59, diagnosed adenocarcinoma. From which the tumor tissue was built?

    1. multilayer flat epithelium

    2. smooth musculature

    3. melaninoprodutsiruyuschaya tissue

    4. immature connective tissue

    5. glandular epithelium*




  1. Histologically tumors of the small intestine, shown in Figure 59, diagnosed adenocarcinoma. Which of the following is characteristic for this tumor?

    1. exophytic growth patterns

    2. cell atipizm

    3. tumor of epithelial origin

    4. ability to metastasize

    5. all of the above*




  1. What type of liver dystrophy is presented on the figure 1?

    1. Albuminous degeneration

    2. Mixed degeneration

    3. Carbohydrate degeneration

    4. Mineral degeneration

    5. Fatty degeneration*




  1. Fig 1. Structures on the microphotography of liver tissue marked by number 1 are filled with:

    1. Glycoproteins

    2. Proteins

    3. Hepatin

    4. Hemosiderin

    5. Lipids*




  1. Fig 2. What type of dystrophies do changes in the glomerulus on the picture № 2 belong to?

    1. Parenchymatous dysliposis

    2. Mesenchymal carbohydrate dystrophy

    3. Mixed dystrophy with the disorder of chromoproteid metabolism

    4. Parenchymatous dysproteinosis

    5. Mesenchimal dysproteinosis *




  1. Fig 2. What the masses in a glomerulus marked by number 1 on the picture №2 are presented by?

    1. Hepatin

    2. Chromoproteides

    3. Hemosiderin

    4. Amiloid

    5. Hyalin *




  1. Fig 3. What type of dystrophy does the presence of calcification in myocardium presented on the picture №3 belong to?

    1. Mixed dystrophy with the disorder of chromoproteid metabolism

    2. Mixed dystrophy with the disorder of nucleoprotein metabolism

    3. Mixed dystrophy with the disorder of lipoproteid metabolism

    4. Mixed dystrophy

    5. Mineral dystrophy *




  1. Fig 3. What is the most frequent mechanism of calcification in myocardium, presented on the picture №3?

    1. Dystrophic calcification

    2. Metabolic calcification

    3. Interstitial calcification

    4. Systemic calcification

    5. Metastatic calcification*




  1. Fig 4. What type of dystrophy does take a place in hepatocytes on the picture № 4?

    1. Mesenchimal dysproteinosis

    2. Mesenchimal dysliposis

    3. Parenchymatous dysliposis

    4. Mixed mineral dystrophy

    5. Parenchymatous dysproteinosis*




  1. Fig 4. What type of dystrophy does take a place in hepatocytes on the picture №4?

    1. Сloudy degeneration

    2. Hyaline-drop degeneration

    3. Keratinization

    4. Hyalinosis

    5. Hydropic*




  1. Fig 4. What are vacuoles in hepatocytes, marked by №1 are filled with at hydropic degeneration?

    1. Lipids

    2. Proteins

    3. Amyloid

    4. Hepatin

    5. Cytoplasmic fluid*




  1. Fig 5. To what type of dystrophy do changes in the wall of central artery of spleen follicle, presented on the picture №5 belong to?

    1. Mineral

    2. Mixed

    3. Parenchimatous

    4. Hyalin-drop degeneration

    5. Mesenchimal*




  1. Fig 5. Masses in the wall of central artery of spleen follicle, marked by 1 on the picture №5 are presented by

    1. Hepatin

    2. Hemosiderin

    3. Amyloid

    4. Cholesterol

    5. Hyalin*




  1. Fig 6. What type of dystrophies do changes in the skin presented on the picture №6 belong to?

    1. Mineral

    2. Mixed

    3. Mesenchimal

    4. Stromal-vascular

    5. Parenchimatous*




  1. Fig 6. . What type of dystrophies do changes in the skin presented on the picture №6 belong to?

    1. Hyalin-drop degeneration

    2. Stromal-vascular degeneration

    3. Hydropic

    4. Cloudy degeneration

    5. Keratinization*




  1. Fig 7. What type of dystrophies do changes in the epithelium of kidney tubulis presented on the picture №7 belong to?

    1. Keratinization

    2. Hyalin-drop degeneration

    3. Stromal vascular

    4. Cloudy degeneration

    5. Hydropic*




  1. Fig 7. Vacuoles in epithelial cells of kidney tubulis, marked by №1 filled with the following at hydropic dystrophy?

    1. Lipids

    2. Proteins

    3. Amyloid

    4. Hepatin

    5. Cytoplasmic fluid*




  1. Fig 8. What structures are marked by 1, on the photomicrograph of hepatic tissue at parenchymatous lipidosis?

    1. Accumulations of hepatin

    2. Vacuoles filled with fat

    3. Sinusoides

    4. Alcoholic hyalin

    5. Nuclei of hepatic cells*




  1. Fig 8. What structures are marked by number 2, on the photomicrograph of hepatic tissue at parenchymatous dyslipidosis?

    1. Accumulations of hepatin

    2. Nuclei of hepatic cells

    3. Sinusoides

    4. Alcoholic hyalin

    5. Vacuoles filled with fat*




  1. Fig 8. What structure as a part of triad is marked by number 3, on the photomicrograph of hepatic tissue at parenchymatous dyslipidosis?

    1. Sinusoide

    2. Bile duct

    3. Artery

    4. Central vein of hepatic particle

    5. Lumen of vein*




  1. Fig 8. What structure as a part of triad is marked by number 4, on the photomicrograph of hepatic tissue at parenchymatous dyslipidosis?

    1. Sinusoide

    2. Artery

    3. Vein

    4. Central vein of hepatic particle

    5. Bile duct*




  1. Fig 8. What structure as a part of triad is marked by number 5, on the photomicrograph of hepatic tissue at parenchymatous dyslipidosis?

    1. Sinusoide

    2. Bile duct

    3. Vein

    4. Central vein of hepatic particle

    5. Artery*




  1. Fig 9. What type of dystrophy do changes of the skin presented on the picture №9 belong to?

    1. Mixed dystrophy with the disorder of hemoglobin pigments metabolism

    2. Hyalin-drop degeneration

    3. Stromal-vascular degeneration

    4. Cloudy degeneration

    5. Mixed dystrophy with the disorder of tyrosingenic pigments*




  1. Fig 9. What matter, marked by 1, is accumulated in the basal layer of epidermis at Addison's disease?

    1. Hemosiderin

    2. Ferritin

    3. Amyloid

    4. Hyalin

    5. Melanin*




  1. Fig 10. What type of dystrophy do changes of capillaries in the kidney glomerule presented on the picture №10 belong to?

    1. Parenсhimatous dyslipidosis

    2. Mesenchimal carbohydrate dystrophy

    3. Mixed dystrophy with the disorder of chromoproteid metabolism

    4. Parenchimatous dysproteinosis

    5. Mesenchimal dysproteinosis*




  1. Fig 11. What type of dystrophy do changes in the walls of central arteries of spleen follicles, presented on the picture №11 belong to?

    1. Mineral

    2. Mixed

    3. Parenchimatous

    4. Hyalin-drop degeneration

    5. Mesenchimal*




  1. At the section of thorax a pathologist found the rounded anomalous formation which are the soft consistency and easy evacuated at its cutting (Fig. 28). The diagnose is ...

    1. Tumour.

    2. Scar.

    3. Foreign body.

    4. Ordinary lung.

    5. Abscess. *




  1. The soft rounded pathological education which easy evacuated at its cutting was found at a section in the left lung of 32-years-old man (Fig. 28). Name the most reliable diagnosis.

    1. An acute abscess of lung.

    2. A scar.

    3. A hemorrhagic infarct.

    4. A neoplasm.

    5. A chronic abscess of lung. *




  1. The abscess of lung was found at the pathoanatomical inspection (Fig. 28). To define the type of inflammatory process.

    1. Proliferate inflammation.

    2. Serosal exsudate inflammation.

    3. Fibrinoid exsudate inflammation.

    4. Hemorrhagic exsudate inflammation.

    5. Festering exsudate inflammation. *




  1. The lung inflammation became the reason of death of 45-years-old man. A pathologist revealed the heat of the illness at the dissection (Fig. 29). A lung is dense. What previous diagnosis will you put?

    1. Catarrhal inflammation.

    2. Hemorrhagic inflammation.

    3. Festering inflammation.

    4. Necrosis.

    5. Croupous inflammation. *




  1. Disease of lights became reason of the death of 30-years-old man. At research of necropsy material (stain by haematoxillinum & eozinum) a pathologist revealed the picture of inflammatory changes (Fig. 29). What is marked by a indicator «В»?

    1. Hystio-leucocytes infiltrates in the alveoli.

    2. Hystio-leucocytes infiltrates in the parenchyma of lungs.

    3. The fibrin filaments in the parenchyma of lungs.

    4. The erythrocytes in the vessels (hyperemia).

    5. The fibrin filaments in the alveoli. *




  1. The pathologist revealed the picture of inflammatory changes at the investigation of necropsy material (Fig. 29). What is marked by the indicator «С» on the illustration?

    1. Hystio-leucocytes infiltrates in the alveoli.

    2. A fibrin in the parenchyma of lungs.

    3. A fibrin in the alveoli.

    4. Necrosis of the pulmonary tissue.

    5. Hystio-leucocytes infiltrates in the parenchyma of lungs. *




  1. The liver biopsy material was investigated by the pathologist (Fig. 30). What diagnosis will you put.

    1. Acute abscess.

    2. Granulosum.

    3. Foreign body.

    4. Tumour.

    5. Chronic abscess. *




  1. The anomalous formation biopsy of the liver (Fig. 30). What structure is marked by the indicator «А» on the illustration.
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