Modul 1General Pathomorphology Text tests



Download 0.93 Mb.
Page8/10
Date conversion14.05.2018
Size0.93 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10
Tests for figures

  1. On histological examination of affected liver was revealed diffuse fibrotic changes with the formation of regenerated nodes which destroyed and deformed the organ. (Fig. 12) This change is characteristic for:

  1. Primary biliary cirrhosis

  2. Secondary biliary cirrhosis

  3. Postnecrotic cirrhosis

  4. Glomerulonephrocirrhosis

  5. Muscat cirrhosis*




  1. On histological examination of brain tissue was revealed following change (Fig. 14) .What is the name of pathological process?

    1. perivascular edema

    2. pericellular edema

    3. stasis

    4. acute postgemorhagical anemia

    5. diapedesis hemorrhage*




  1. Gross examination of patient on abdominal cavity was revealed caput medusa (Fig. 21) . In which disease is revealed this symptom?

    1. acute kidney insufficiency

    2. chronic kidney insufficiency

    3. chronic liver insufficiency

    4. cirrhosis of kidney

    5. hepatocirrhosis*




  1. Gross examination was revealed caput medusa (Fig. 21) . Which anastomoses opens in this pathology?

    1. Vena paraumbilicalis – vena renalis

    2. Vena epigastrica inferior – venae hepaticae

    3. vena lumbalis – vena umbilicalis

    4. vena iliaca externa – vena esophagealis

    5. Vena thoraco-epigastrica - vena epigastrica superficialis*




  1. On dissection of brain of body was revealed following morphological changes (Fig. 15) . What is the mechanism of bleeding.?

    1. Hemorrahia per diabrosin

    2. Hemorrahia per diapedesis

    3. Epistaxis

    4. Encephalorexis

    5. Hemorrahia per rexis*




  1. What is the mechanism of bleeding in number 2 (Fig. 22)?

    1. Hemorrahia per diabrosin

    2. Hemorrahia per diapedesis

    3. Epistaxis

    4. Encephalorexis

    5. Hemorrahia per rexis*




  1. What is the mechanism of bleeding in number 3 (Fig. 23)?

    1. Hemorrahia per rexis

    2. Hemorrahia per diapedesis

    3. Epistaxis

    4. Encephalorexis

    5. Hemorrahia per diabrosin*




  1. What is the mechanism of bleeding in number 4 (Fig. 24)?

    1. Hemorrahia per rexis

    2. Hemorrahia per diabrosin

    3. Epistaxis

    4. Encephalorexis

    5. Hemorrahia per diapedesis*




  1. In histological examination (Fig. 34) , lungs were stained by sudan III in a patient who died suddenly with multiple fractures of femur. Following changes were revealed .Why do we stain with sudan III?

    1. glycogen

    2. glycoproteins

    3. calcium salts

    4. hromoproteidy

    5. lipids*




  1. On histological examination of kidney tissue in patient who has rheumatic valve insufficiency we observe following morphological changes (Fig. 7) . Put diagnosis.

    1. glomerulonephritis

    2. pyelonephritis

    3. gydronephrosis

    4. nephrosclerosis

    5. kidney infarction*




  1. Which disorders of blood circulation develop in kidney in patient who died with rheumtic mitral stenosis (Fig. 7)?

    1. haemostasis

    2. hyperemia

    3. stasis

    4. hemorrhage

    5. infarction*




  1. In histological examination of spleen in a patient who died of chronic heart insufficiency we observe the following changes (Fig. 11) . What type of disorder of blood circulation?

    1. haemostasis

    2. hyperemia

    3. stasis

    4. hemorrhage

    5. infarction*




  1. What type of disorder of blood circulation is present in the lung tissue (Fig. 29A)?

    1. haemostasis

    2. hyperemia

    3. stasis

    4. hemorrhage

    5. infarction*




  1. On histological examination of kidney in patient who died of chronic heart insufficiency and mitral stenosis , following morphological changes were revealed. What type of disorders of blood circulation in kidney are present?

    1. cyanotic indurations

    2. hyperemia

    3. stasis

    4. hemorrhage

    5. infarction*




  1. Histologically heart tissue (Fig. 31) Settlement was found large pockets of sclerosis. For what pathology is characterized by such changes?

    1. Diffuse local cardiosclerosis

    2. Diffuse interstitial inflammation

    3. Local interstitial inflammation

    4. Diffuse rheumatic myocarditis

    5. Postinfarction cardiosclerosis *




  1. On histological examination before tissue infarction. Settlement was found large pockets of sclerosis (Fig. 31) . For what pathology is characterized by such changes

    1. Diffuse local cardiosclerosis

    2. Diffuse interstitial inflammation

    3. Local interstitial inflammation

    4. Diffuse rheumatic myocarditis

    5. Postinfarction cardiosclerosis*




  1. Grossly vessels revealed occlusive thrombi veins (Fig. 18) . What are the most likely complication.

    1. Hemorrhagic kidney infarction

    2. Ischemic of liver

    3. kidney shock

    4. Ischemic of brain

    5. Pulmonary embolism*




  1. The section revealed occlusive thrombus vein (Fig. 18) . Name the vessels in which to look for thromboembolism

    1. Arteria cerebri media

    2. Arteria renalis

    3. Arteria mesenterica superior

    4. Truncus coeliacus

    5. Truncus pulmonalis *




  1. In the section immediately deceased during the autopsy revealed a venous occlusive thrombus (Fig. 18) . Name the vessels in which to look for thromboembolism.

    1. Arteria cerebri media

    2. Arteria mesenterica superior

    3. Truncus coeliacus

    4. Truncus pulmonalis

    5. Arteria renalis*




  1. Grossly patient on the anterior abdominal wall revealed caput medusae (Fig. 21) . When a disease is developing such a complication?

    1. Acute renal failure

    2. Chronic renal failure

    3. Gostrem hypohepatia

    4. Cirrhosis of the kidney

    5. Cirrhosis of the liver*




  1. On histological examination of liver in patient who died of chronic heart insufficiency with mitral stenosis , following morphological changes were revealed. What type of disorders of blood circulation in liver are present (Fig12)?

    1. infarction

    2. hyperemia

    3. stasis

    4. hemorrhage

    5. cyanotic indurations*




  1. On histological examination of brain tissue ,following morphological changes were revealed. What is the name of this pathological process (Fig14) ?

    1. perivascular edema

    2. pericellular edema

    3. diapedesis hemorrhage

    4. acute posthemorragical anemia

    5. stasis*




  1. In dissected body of patient who died of malignancy of hypertonic disease, following changes in brain were revealed. What is the mechanism of bleeding (Fig15) ?

    1. Hemorrahia per diabrosin

    2. Hemorrahia per diapedesis

    3. Epistaxis

    4. Encephalorexis

    5. Hemorrahia per rexis*




  1. On microscopic examination of brain tissue stained by Heidenhein, following morphological changes were revealed. What are the disorders of blood circulation in this case (Fig19) ?

    1. perivascular edema

    2. pericellular edema

    3. diapedesis hemorrhage

    4. acute postgemorhagical anemia

    5. stasis*




  1. On microscopic examination of lung tissue , stained by Perls in patient who died of chronic heart insufficiency,following morphological changes were revealed. What type of disorder of blood circulation develop in this case (Fig. 12)?

    1. hemoglobin

    2. Lipofuscin

    3. melanin

    4. feohrom

    5. hemosiderin*




  1. On microscopic examination of lung tissue in patient who died of multiple fractures of femur, following changes were revealed. What is the cause of death (Fig. 12) ?

    1. stopped cardiac

    2. thromboembolism pulmonary artery

    3. lung bleeding



    4. fat dystrophy*




  1. The figure 40 shows a fragment of the colon with congenital polyposis. Describe this pathological process.

    1. Optional precancer

    2. malignant mesenchymal tumor

    3. benign mesenchymal tumor

    4. atrophy

    5. obligate precancer*




  1. Tumor of the small intestine (Figure 41) on the cut macroscopically resembles fish-meat, the ground is variegated appearance due to hemorrhage and focal necrosis histologically - built of atypical smooth myocytes. Your diagnosis.

    1. acute enteritis

    2. chronic enteritis

    3. cancer

    4. glandular polyp

    5. leyomiosarkoma *




  1. Tumor of the small intestine (Figure 41) on the cut macroscopically resembles fish-meat, the ground is variegated appearance due to hemorrhage and focal necrosis histologically - built of atypical smooth myocytes. Describe the pathologic process.

    1. chronic productive inflammation

    2. immune inflammatory

    3. benign epithelial tumor

    4. tumor disease

    5. malignant mesenchymal tumor*




  1. Tumor of the small intestine (Figure 41) on the cut macroscopically resembles fish-meat, the ground is variegated appearance due to hemorrhage and focal necrosis histologically - built of atypical smooth myocytes. What is characteristic for this tumor?

    1. tissue atipizm

    2. cell atipizm

    3. atipizm cellular ultrastructures

    4. antigenic atipizm

    5. all of the above*




  1. Tumor of the small intestine (Figure 41) on the cut macroscopically resembles fish-meat, the ground is variegated appearance due to hemorrhage and focal necrosis histologically - built of atypical smooth myocytes. Which group (according to the classification of the international anti-cancer association) is the tumor?

    1. Tumors of the blood system

    2. Organonespetsificheskie epithelial tumors

    3. Teratoma

    4. Tumors melaninoobrazuyuschey tissue

    5. Mesenchymal tumors*




  1. Tumor of the small intestine (Figure 41) on the cut macroscopically resembles fish-meat, the ground is variegated appearance due to hemorrhage and focal necrosis histologically - built of atypical smooth myocytes. Which of the complications of tumor can cause death?

    1. mechanical ileus

    2. Metastasis

    3. cachexia

    4. bleeding from arrosion vessel

    5. all of the above*




  1. The woman removed subcutaneous tumor with clear boundaries, paste-like consistency (Figure 42) . In its histological examination revealed lipotsity, which form the lobes, separated by thin layers of connective tissue with vessels. Your diagnosis.

    1. leiomyoma

    2. hemangioma

    3. chylangioma

    4. fibroma

    5. lipoma*




  1. The woman removed subcutaneous tumor with clear boundaries, paste-like consistency (Figure 42) . In its histological examination revealed lipotsity, which form the lobes, separated by thin layers of connective tissue with vessels. Describe the pathologic process.

    1. malignant epithelial tumor

    2. obligate precancer

    3. benign epithelial tumor

    4. tumor disease

    5. benign mesenchymal tumor*




  1. The woman removed subcutaneous tumor with clear boundaries, paste-like consistency (Figure 42) . In its histological examination revealed lipotsity, which form the lobes, separated by thin layers of connective tissue with vessels. What is characteristic for this tumor?

    1. hematogenous metastasis

    2. development of cachexia

    3. distinct cellular atipizm

    4. all of these signs

    5. expansive and slow growth *




  1. The woman removed subcutaneous tumor with clear boundaries, paste-like consistency (Figure 42) . In its histological examination revealed lipotsity, which form the lobes, separated by thin layers of connective tissue with vessels. How does this by metastasizing tumor?

    1. lymphogenous, retrogradely

    2. lymphogenous, ortogradno

    3. hematogenous

    4. implantation

    5. This tumor does not metastases*




  1. Exploring language neoplasm (Figure 43) pathologist diagnosed zernistokletochnaya tumor. What is another name for this tumor?

    1. tumor Barre-Masson

    2. Brenner tumor

    3. Wilms' tumor

    4. tumor Gravittsa

    5. Abrikosov tumor*




  1. Figure 44 schematically on the left of the normal tissue on the right - a tumor. What are the changing relationship between the core area (2) and cytoplasm (1) are typical for cells of most malignant tumors?

    1. reducing the nuclear-cytoplasmic index by reducing the kernel

    2. reduction of the nuclear-cytoplasmic index by increasing the area of the cytoplasm

    3. nuclear-cytoplasmic index does not change, because the area of the cytoplasm and the nucleus grow uniformly

    4. nuclear-cytoplasmic index does not change, because the area of the cytoplasm and the nucleus are reduced uniformly

    5. increased nuclear-cytoplasmic index by increasing the core*




  1. Figure 44 schematically on the left of the normal tissue on the right - a tumor. What changes in the nucleus are manifestations of cellular atipizma in malignant tumors?

    1. increase the number of nuclei

    2. giperhromatoz nuclei (2)

    3. numerous mitotic figures (3)

    4. increase the number of nucleoli (4)

    5. all listed*




  1. Examine Figure 45. It is called marasmus as a result of metabolic disturbances caused by the influence of a malignant tumor?

    1. tumor anaplasia

    2. tumor atipizm

    3. tumor invasion

    4. tumor anaplasia

    5. cancer cachexia*




  1. Examine Figure 45. As a result of chronic intoxication and violation of the decay products trophics malignant tumors developed:

    1. obesity on the upper type

    2. obesity on the bottom type

    3. symmetric overall obesity

    4. all listed

    5. cachexia*




  1. What are the macroscopic signs of tumor cachexia, shown in Figure 45?

    1. significant decrease in body weight

    2. lack of subcutaneous adipose tissue

    3. amyotrophy

    4. atrophy of internal organs

    5. all of the above*




  1. In HIV-infected patients in the skin appeared multiple reddish plaques and nodules (Figure 46) . Histologically biopsy revealed that they consist of thin-walled vessels resembling capillaries and arterioles of immature and abnormal spindle-shaped cells with elongated dark nuclei. Your diagnosis.

    1. cavernous hemangioma

    2. capillary hemangioma

    3. Ewing's sarcoma

    4. melanoma

    5. Kaposi's sarcoma*




  1. What are the tissue structures of developing Kaposi's sarcoma, shown in Figure 46?

    1. adipose tissue

    2. muscle

    3. epidermis

    4. hair follicles

    5. vessels*




  1. In HIV-infected patients in the skin appeared multiple reddish plaques and nodules (Figure 46) . Histologically biopsy revealed that they consist of thin-walled vessels resembling capillaries and arterioles of immature and abnormal spindle-shaped cells with elongated dark nuclei. Which group (on the international classification of anti-cancer association) is the tumor?

    1. Tumors of the blood system

    2. Organonespetsificheskie epithelial tumors

    3. Teratoma

    4. Tumors melaninoobrazuyuschey tissue

    5. Mesenchymal tumors*




  1. The patient underwent surgical intervention on the brain tumor (Figure 47) . Histologically surgical material revealed that the tumor cells are built of pia mater, in its existing mikrokontsentricheskie calcified structure. Your diagnosis.

    1. meduloblastoma

    2. neurogenic sarcoma

    3. hemodaktoma

    4. shvanoma

    5. meningioma *




  1. The patient underwent surgical intervention on the brain tumor (Figure 47) . Histologically surgical material revealed that the tumor cells are built of pia mater, in its existing mikrokontsentricheskie calcified structure. To which group of tumors of the central nervous system is this neoplasm?

    1. astrocytic tumors

    2. oligodendroglialnye tumor

    3. ependimalnye tumor

    4. Neuronal tumors

    5. meningovascular tumor *




  1. The patient underwent surgical intervention on the brain tumor (Figure 47) . Histologically surgical material revealed that the tumor cells are built of pia mater, in its existing mikrokontsentricheskie calcified structure. What is characteristic of this neoplasm?

    1. early hematogenous metastasis

    2. the rapid development of cachexia

    3. benign clinical course of

    4. infiltrative growth

    5. benign tumor on the morphological structure, but has a malignant clinical course *




  1. Tumor of the uterus (Figure 48) is constructed from histologically randomly arranged bundles of smooth myocytes of unchanged (1) . Your diagnosis.

    1. adenocarcinoma

    2. horionkartsinoma

    3. leyomiosarkoma

    4. fibrosarcoma

    5. leiomyoma*




  1. Tumor of the uterus (Figure 48) is constructed from histologically randomly arranged bundles of smooth myocytes of unchanged (1) . What is characteristic for this tumor?

    1. lymphogenous metastasis

    2. development of cachexia

    3. distinct cellular atipizm

    4. all of these signs

    5. expansive and slow growth*




  1. Tumor of the uterus (Figure 48) is constructed from histologically randomly arranged bundles of smooth myocytes of unchanged (1) . What kind atipizma typical for this tumor?

    1. atipizm ultrastructures

    2. cell atipizm

    3. biochemical atipizm

    4. all listed

    5. tissue atipizm*




  1. Tumor of the uterus (Figure 48) is constructed from histologically randomly arranged bundles of smooth myocytes of unchanged (1) . How does this by metastasizing tumor?

    1. lymphogenous, retrogradely

    2. lymphogenous, ortogradno

    3. hematogenous

    4. implantation

    5. This tumor does not metastases*




  1. Neoplasm of soft tissues of the thigh (Figure 49) is a node without clear boundaries in the context of tumor gray-pink, like fish-meat. What is the most likely diagnosis?

    1. lipoma

    2. rhabdomyoma

    3. fibroma

    4. cavalry

    5. fibrosarcoma*




  1. Histologically tumor of the prostate (Figure 50) revealed glandular structures, atypical epithelial cells, signs of overproduction of mucus. What is the most likely diagnosis?
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10


The database is protected by copyright ©dentisty.org 2016
send message

    Main page