Modul 1General Pathomorphology Text tests



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  1. The leucocytes infiltrates.

  2. The connecting tissue.

  3. The young granulation.

  4. The parenchyma of the liver.

  5. The necrotic masses*.




  1. The pathological formation was revealed at the studying of the liver biopsy patterns (Fig. 30). What is marked by the indicator «В» on the illustration?

    1. The hypertrophied liver cells.

    2. Normal liver cells.

    3. The lipid including.

    4. The parenchyma of the liver.

    5. The granulation with the filament of the connecting tissue*.




  1. The pathology was revealed at the investigation of the liver biopsy (Fig. 30). What is marked by the indicator «С» on the illustration?

    1. The hypertrophied liver cells.

    2. The connecting tissue filaments.

    3. The inflammatory infiltrates around of abscess.

    4. Bloody lakes.

    5. The saved normal parenchyma of the liver*.




  1. The specimen from the inflammatory place of intestine was delivered to the pathologist for research (Fig. 23). At its study was diagnosed ...

    1. Hemorrhagic enteritis.

    2. Catarrhal enteritis.

    3. Chronic enteritis at the phase of acutening.

    4. Abscess of the intestine.

    5. Fibrinoid-ulcerous enteritis. *




  1. Pathologist investigated the byoptat (preparation of the tissue) from the inflammatory place of intestine (Fig. 23). What structures does a pathologist see under a pointer «А»?

    1. The connecting tissue of intestine with the inflammatory changes.

    2. Fatty tissue and leucocytes infiltrate.

    3. Festering melting.

    4. Villi of intestine.

    5. Fibrinoid exsudate. *




  1. The preparation of the tissue from the intestine was delivered for research (Fig. 23). The pathologist sees under a pointer «В»...

    1. The connecting tissue of intestine with the inflammatory changes.

    2. Fatty tissue and leucocytes infiltrate.

    3. Fibrinoid exsudate.

    4. Villi of intestine.

    5. Festering melting of tissue. *




  1. The intestine preparation was explored by the pathologoanatomist (Fig. 23). What structures does he see under a pointer «С»?

    1. Hystio-leucocytes inflammatory infiltrate.

    2. Plural abscesses.

    3. Necrotizing areas.

    4. Villi of intestine.

    5. Glands of the intestine with the necrotizing and inflammatory changes*.




  1. The pathologist found the necrotizing areas of white color which crumble easy and with connecting and granulation tissue around their (Fig. 24) at the investigation of the lung organ. Name the pathological process which is seen by the pathologist.

    1. Acute alterative inflammation

    2. Chronic heterospecific inflammatory process

    3. Acute specific inflammatory process

    4. Necrosis of tissue

    5. Chronic specific inflammatory process*




  1. Pathologist cut the lung of the dead man and discovered the small (size to 5mm) necrotizing areas of white color, that crumble easily (Fig. 24). Name the most reliable diagnosis.

    1. Acute inflammation

    2. Necrotizing inflammation

    3. Chronic inflammation

    4. Necrosis of tissue

    5. Caseous necrosis (specific inflammation) *




  1. The dead man with kyphosis of lumbar portion of spine was discovered by the pathologyanatomist. The kyphosis developed during 3 years according to katamnesis (history of the disease). At the cutting pathologist saw the backbone which you see on the illustration (Fig. 26.A). The pathologic areas are soft, white color and crumble easily. Your diagnosis...

    1. Osteodystrophy of the lumbar vertebrae.

    2. Traumatic damage of lumbar vertebrae.

    3. Benign tumor of vertebrae

    4. Malignant tumor of vertebrae

    5. Caseous necrosis of vertebrae. *




  1. The preparation of lymphatic node of tuberculosis patient was studied by pathologist (Fig. 26.B). What pathological process does a doctor see on preparation? (See illustration)

    1. Unspecific (heterospecific) inflammatory process

    2. Acute disorders of blood circulation

    3. Forming of young granulation tissue

    4. Festering diffuse inflammation

    5. Specific inflammatory process*




  1. Pathologist explored the preparation of lymphatic node from a patient with a tuberculosis (Fig. 26.B). What pathological process does a doctor see under the pointer «А»?

    1. Exsudate edema of tissue

    2. Festering melting of tissue

    3. Waxen candle (Zenker's necrosis)

    4. White pulp of lymphatic node

    5. Caseous necrosis of tissue*




  1. At research of lymphatic node from a patient with a tuberculosis (Fig. 26.B) a pathologist saw the structures which are marked by a pointer «b». Name these structures?

    1. Erythrocytes and hystiocytes

    2. Eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate

    3. Pirogov-Langerhans giant cell

    4. Fibroblasts and granulocytes

    5. Hystio-leucocytes infiltrates*




  1. Pathologoanatomist found the structures in a lymphatic node of the tuberculosis patient (which are marked by a pointer «C» on the illustration (Fig. 26.B)) at the microscope examination. Name this structures.

    1. Erythrocytes and hystiocytes

    2. Eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate

    3. Hystio-leucocytes infiltrates

    4. Fibroblasts and granulocytes

    5. Pirogov-Langerhans giant cell*




  1. The homogeneous masses (Fig. 26.B) in the center of microscope preparation of patient with tuberculosis testify about ...

    1. Serosal-hemorragic exudation in the lung tissue

    2. The inflammatory reaction in the lung tissue

    3. Metaplasy of the lung tissue

    4. Venous hyperemia and swollen

    5. Necrosis of lung tissue*




  1. What letter marks the caseous necrosis on the preparation from lung tissue of patient with tuberculosis (Fig. 26.B)?

    1. b

    2. c

    3. d

    4. -

    5. a*




  1. What letter marks the Pirogov-Langerhans giant cell on the preparation from lung tissue of patient with tuberculosis (Fig. 26.B)?

    1. a

    2. b

    3. d

    4. -

    5. c*




  1. What letter marks the inflammatory process on the preparation from lung tissue of patient with tuberculosis (Fig. 26.B)?

    1. a

    2. b

    3. c

    4. there is inflammation at tuberculosis

    5. d*




  1. A pathologist found the structures which are presented by vessels and cellular elements (Fig. 25) at the studying of biopsy material. What pathological process diagnosed the pathologist?

    1. Neoplasm.

    2. Acute exsudate inflammation.

    3. Renewal with the substitution

    4. Lipidosis (fatty dystrophy)

    5. Chronic productive inflammation. *




  1. The specific cells (which was found by the pathologist in the biopsy material (Fig. 25, pointer «2») gave the possibility to put the diagnose "rhinoscleroma". Whose scientist's name do these cells have?

    1. Bishout.

    2. Malory.

    3. Pirogov-Langerhans

    4. Virkhov.

    5. Mykulich*




  1. What name of a phase of inflammatory process, which is marked by number «3» on schematic Fig. 27?

    1. Alteration.

    2. Exudation.

    3. Migration.

    4. Infiltration.

    5. Proliferation*




  1. What name of a phase of inflammatory process, which is marked by number «2» on schematic Fig. 27?

    1. Alteration.

    2. Migration.

    3. Infiltration.

    4. Proliferation

    5. Exudation. *




  1. What name of a process which is marked by number «6» on the inflammatory reaction scheme Fig. 27?

    1. Alteration.

    2. Exudation.

    3. Migration.

    4. Proliferation

    5. Discirculatory changes*.




  1. ?Fig. 39. Name a process which caused the hypertrophy of cavity of heart

    1. AIDS

    2. viral hepatitis

    3. glomerulonephritis

    4. spondylarthritis

    5. hypertensive disease*




  1. Fig 39. Bulge of walls of heart under influence of the increased loading –

    1. atrophy

    2. sclerosis

    3. necrosis

    4. obesity of heart

    5. hypertrophy*




  1. Fig 39. Specify pathology which caused the bulge of wall of counter-clockwise ventricle of heart

    1. chronic bronchitis

    2. miocardial infarction

    3. viral hepatitis

    4. aneurysm of aorta

    5. hypertensive disease*




  1. Fig 35. Diminishing of cavity of ventricle with the bulge of his wall it is an example

    1. to the eccentric hypertrophy

    2. to the physiological hypertrophy

    3. to the pathological regeneration

    4. atrophy

    5. concentric hypertrophy*




  1. Fig 35. Specify a pathological process staggering a heart

    1. sclerosis

    2. obesity

    3. necrosis

    4. atrophy

    5. hypertrophy*




  1. Fig 35. Specify the type of hypertrophy presented on a picture

    1. eccentric

    2. functional

    3. circular

    4. final

    5. Concentric*




  1. Fig 35. On the section of patient dying of hypertensive crisis, the considerable bulge of wall of counter-clockwise ventricle is found. What scray process did cause a bulge?

    1. organization

    2. atrophy

    3. sclerosis

    4. pathological regeneration

    5. hypertrophy*




  1. Fig 35. On a section, diminishing of cavity of counter-clockwise ventricle and bulge of his wall is exposed. It is known that a patient suffered pathology of heart. Specify a credible diagnosis.

    1. chronic myocarditis

    2. rheumatic pancarditis

    3. stenocardia, miocardial infarction

    4. fatty dystrophy of heart

    5. hypertensive disease*




  1. Fig 45. On a picture the dead body of man is presented dying of complications of malignant tumour of liver. Considerable exhaustion of organism is marked. Name the type of exhaustion.

    1. alimentary cachexy

    2. cerebral cachexy

    3. nervous anorexia

    4. all of the indicated variants are faithful

    5. cancer cachexy*




  1. Fig 45. On illustration the dead body of man is presented dying of general exhaustion – cachexy. Specify possible reason of such state.

    1. hypodynamia

    2. a lack of carbonhydratess is in food

    3. chronic lack of vitamin of A

    4. chronic bronchitis

    5. chronic fasting*




  1. Fig 45. On a picture there is a dead body of man which died of cancer cachexy. A hypodermic-fatty cellulose is exhausted in this case. Specify its colouring

    1. white

    2. grey

    3. brown

    4. black

    5. orange*




  1. Fig 45. It is exposed during the section of the dead body presented on a picture: orange, thinned hypodermic layer, brown atrophy of heart, diminished internalss. Your diagnosis.

    1. internal bleeding

    2. lead poisoning

    3. sharp poisoning an ammonia

    4. mercurialism

    5. cachexy*




  1. Fig 45. On a picture the dead body of man of dying of general exhaustion organism is represented. Specify changes in a heart and liver characteristic for a cachexy.

    1. fatty dystrophy

    2. hypertrophy

    3. sclerotic changes

    4. necrosis

    5. brown atrophy*




  1. Fig. 31. On this picture a compensatory and adaptory process is presented which a jumboizing cages is underlaid. Name a process

    1. atrophy

    2. hyperplasia

    3. organization

    4. metaplasia

    5. hypertrophy*




  1. Fig 31. On a picture megascopic myocytes (number 1) are represented with the expressed layers of connecting fabric between them. Your conclusion.

    1. it is a normal structure

    2. it is a hypertrophy

    3. it dysplasia

    4. it is a regeneration

    5. it is a sclerosis of muscles*




  1. Fig 31. A jumboizing myocytes (number 1) can be caused next reason

    1. surplus of albumens is in food

    2. surplus of fats is in food

    3. surplus of adrenalin is in blood

    4. all of the indicated variants are faithful

    5. considerable physical loading on muscle*




  1. Fig 31. At histological research of myocardium dying of cardiac insufficiency, suffering in the time of life hypertensive illness, found out the hypertrophy of cardiomyositis (number 1). Name its kind

    1. physiological

    2. hormonal

    3. вакатная

    4. vicarian

    5. working*




  1. Fig 31. By histological research in myocardium dying of hypertensive crisis discovered megascopic cardiomyositis with the layers of connecting fabric between them. Your conclusion.

    1. cardiomyoliposis

    2. brown acardiotrophia

    3. myocarditis

    4. heart attack of myocardium

    5. myocardiosclerosis*




  1. Fig 31. In myocardium histological research is expose the layers of connecting fabric between cardiomyositis. Specify a scray process.

    1. atrophy

    2. hypertrophy

    3. cirrhosis

    4. hyperplasia

    5. sclerosis*




  1. Fig 31. On this picture cardiosclerosis is presented: megascopic cardiomyositis with the layers of fabric between them. What fabric do these layers consist of?

    1. fatty

    2. cartilaginous

    3. smooth muscular

    4. granulomatous

    5. mature connecting tissue*




  1. Fig 31. On a picture the increase of volume of connecting fabric is presented between cardiomyositis is cardiosclerosis. Specify possible reason of this phenomenon

    1. fibrinous inflammation of myocardium

    2. fatty dystrophy

    3. granulomatous inflammation

    4. septic process

    5. organization of heart attack of miocard*


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