|, translated from Elhanan Erlich, ed., Sefer Staszow (Tel Aviv: Former Residents of Staszów in Israel and in the Diaspora, 1962), xxv ff. (Staszów), 633 ff (Połaniec); Zylberberg, A Warsaw Diary, 1939–1945, 89–90, 152, 157 (Warsaw); Hersh Gotthelf, “A Few Words,” in Shtein, ed., Memorial Book of Sochaczew, 478ff. (Warsaw); Horowitz, Of Human Agony, 139; H. Rabin, ed., Lizhensk: Sefer zikaron le-kedoshei Lizhensk she-nispu be-shoat ha-natsim (Tel Aviv: Former Residents of Lezajsk in Israel, 1970), 46ff., translated as Memorial Book of the Martyrs of Lezajsk Who Perished in the Holocaust, Internet: (Tarnogród); Shtokfish, Sefer Drohiczyn, 29ff. (English section) (a policeman from Drohiczyn); Nachum Boneh, ed., Pinsk sefer edut ve-zikaron le-kehilat Pinsk-Karlin, 3 volumes (Tel Aviv: Former Residents of Pinsk-Karlin in Israel, 1966–1977), translated as History of the Jews of Pinsk, Internet: , Part One, Chapter 10 (a Polish policeman who by chance found a Jewish woman hiding in the home of a Pole in Pińsk advised her to move to a village); Paul Trepman, Among Men and Beasts (New York: A.S. Barnes and Company, 1978), 96–98; Meed, On Both Sides of the Wall, 96, 100, 109, 115, 124, 130–32, 168–70 (Warsaw); Sarah Blattberg-Cooper, “My Memories from the Bloodiest Era of My People’s History,” in Sefer zikaron le-kehilat Mielec: Sipur hashmadat ha-kehila ha-yehudit (New York: Mielec Yizkor Book Committee, 1979), translated as Remembering Mielec: The Destruction of the Jewish Community, Internet: (Połaniec); Trunk, Jewish Responses to Nazi Persecution, 183 (Warsaw); Breitowicz, Through Hell To Life, 54, 56 (Rzeszów); Tennenbaum, Zloczow Memoir, 238 (Jelechowice near Złoczów); Chaika Grossman, The Underground Army: Fighters of the Bialystok Ghetto (New York: Holocaust Library, 1987), 105; Kagan, Szydlowiec Memorial Book, 234 (Warsaw), 328 (near Radom); Najberg, Ostatni powstańcy getta, 161 (Warsaw); Grynberg, Księga sprawiedliwych, 278, 326, 410 (all in Warsaw); Reiss, Z deszczu pod rynnę…, 140–41 (policeman in Skierniewice took a bribe to release a Jewish woman); Alina Margolis-Edelman, Ala z elementarza (London: Aneks, 1994), 110–11 (Warsaw); Grupińska, Po kole, 155 (Warsaw); Mark Verstanding, I Rest My Case (Melbourne: Saga Press, 1995), 166–67 (Warsaw); Rosenberg, To Tell at Last, 122 (Warsaw); Vladimir Levin and David Meltser, Chernaia kniga z krasnymi stranitsami: Tragediia i geroizm evreev Belorussii (Baltimore: Vestnik Information Agency, 1996), 315 (Lida); George Sten, Memoirs of a Survivor (Bondi Junction, New South Wales: n.p., 1996), 15 (Warsaw); Hochberg-Mariańska and Grüss, The Children Accuse, 113 (Kraków); Szereszewska, Memoirs from Occupied Warsaw, 1940–1945, 226, 259–60, 267–68 (Warsaw); Adam Neuman-Nowicki, Struggle for Life During the Nazi Occupation of Poland (Lewiston, New York; Queenston, Ontario; Lampeter, Ceredigion, Wales: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1998), 117 (Warsaw), 118 (Busko-Zdrój); Alina Margolis-Edelman, Tego, co mówili, nie powtórzę… (Wrocław, 1999), 113–14 (Warsaw); Klajman, Out of the Ghetto, 20 (Warsaw); John Munro, Bialystok to Birkenau: The Holocaust Journey of Michel Mielncki (Vancouver: Ronsdale Press and Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre, 2000), 122 (Prużana); Sabina Rachel Kałowska, Uciekać, aby żyć (Lublin: Norbertinum, 2000), 88–92 (Jędrzejów); Ungar and Chanoff, Destined to Live, 217 (railroad police); Isakiewicz, Harmonica, 220 (Warsaw), 250 (Kraków); Marcel Reich-Ranicki, The Author of Himself: The Life of Marcel Reich-Ranicki (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2001), 193 (Warsaw—while Polish police officers kept their word, the author notes at p. 192 that a Jewish police officer cheated him); Siekierski, Żyli wśród nas…, 108 (“Blue” policemen in Warsaw took bribes to allow Jews to leave the ghetto and avoid apprehension by the Gestapo), as confirmed in Jerzy Krupinski, My Four Lives (St. Kilda, Victoria: Vista, 2001); Joseph Rosenberg, My Name is Józef Nowak: The Life and Times of Joseph Rosenberg (Toronto: Lifestories, 2001), 36–37 (Warsaw); Grynberg, Words To Outlive Us, 323 (Warsaw); David Gilbert, as told to Tim Shortridge and Michael D. Frounfelter, No Place to Run: A True Story (London and Portland, Oregon: Vallentine, 2002), 156 (police in Warsaw allowed a Jewish woman to move after paying a bribe); Kruk, The Last Days of the Jerusalem of Lithuania, 289 (Woronów); Grynberg, Drohobycz, Drohobycz and Other Stories, 21 (Jurczak, a Polish Kripo agent in Drohobycz), 169 (Warsaw); Peter Duffy, The Bielski Brothers: The True Story of Three Men Who Defied the Nazis, Saved 1,200 Jews, and Built a Village in the Forest (New York: HarperCollins, 2003), 196 (Lida); account of Perla Liebeskind and Rajzla Działowska in Grynberg and Kotowska, Życie i zagłada Żydów polskich 1939–1945, 219 (Piotrków Trybunalski); Laskey, Night Voices, 59, 68 (Warsaw); Melchior, Zagłada a tożsamość, 170 (in two cases policemen relented and did not take in Jews whom they had apprehended when confronted by the bluntness or passivity of the victims); Gutman and Bender, Righteous Among the Nations, vol. 4: Poland, Part 1, 173 (a Blue policeman in Warsaw released a Jew after accepting a bribe), Part Two, 863 (a Blue policeman in Warsaw brought some Jews out of the ghetto after accepting a bribe); Entry for Irena Schultz, Polish Righteous: Those Who Risked Their Lives, Internet: ; Zylbersztajn, A gdyby to było Wasze dziecko?, 27 (Warsaw), 43–44 (Bolesty); Skwara, Pruszkowscy Żydzi, 194 (a Blue policemen allowed a group of Jews to flee from the Warsaw ghetto after taking a bribe); Engelking, Leociak, and Libionka, Prowincja noc, 181 (policemen in Falenica near Warsaw took bribes to cover up an illegal bakery, meat processing operation, and large-scale smuggling); Hurman, Pod osłoną nocy, 39 (the police commander in Stanin near Łuków took a bribe to release a Jew who was illegally in the town; both Polish and Jewish police took part in a joint operation to capture illegal Jews); Eugene Bergman, Survival Artist: A Memoir of the Holocaust (Jefferson, North Carolina and London: McFarland, 2009), 58, 79 (policemen were regularly bribed to enter and leave the ghetto illegally); Busgang, Działoszyce Memorial Book, 258 (near Kraków); Engelking and Grabowski, “Żydów łamiących prawo należy karać śmiercią!”, 169 (Warsaw); Aleksandra Bańkowska, ed., Archiwum Ringelbluma: Konspiracyjne Archiwum Getta Warszawskiego, vol. 6: Generalne Gubernatorstwo: Relacje i dokumenty (Warsaw: Żydowski Instytut Historyczny im. Emanuela Ringelbluma, 2012), 539 (Warsaw); Jerzy Mizgalski and Jerzy Sielski, eds., The Jews of Częstochowa: The Fate of Częstochowa Jews 1945–2009 (Toruń: Adam Marszałek, 2012), 219 (Częstochowa). Several examples of Polish policemen taking bribes to release Jews are found in Engelking, Jest taki piękny słoneczny dzień…, 200–1. Felicja Czerniaków, the wife of the head of the Jewish Council in the Warsaw ghetto, was released after being apprehended on the Aryan side with false documents once the “Blue” police established her true identity. (The police retained her jewelry and some papers belonging to her husband which she recovered after the war.) See Joanna Szczęsna, “Reduta Adama Czerniakowa,” Gazeta Wyborcza, September 21–22, 2002. Margaret Acher, who was sheltered at a Catholic orphanage run by the Sisters of the Family of Mary in Płudy outside Warsaw recalls that, when a “Blue” policeman arrived one day demanding the mother superior denounce her many Jewish charges, she answered him: “Why don’t you do it yourself?” The policeman replied: “No, I can’t. I am a Catholic, I was baptized here. I don’t want to go to Hell …” The mother superior retorted: “Why would you want me to go to Hell in your place?” The policeman never dared to denounce the convent to the Germans. See Marek Halter, Stories of Deliverance: Speaking with Men and Women Who Rescued Jews from the Holocaust (Chicago and La Salle: Open Court, 1997), 17. Mirl Walmer-Biderman escaped escaped from the Czyżewo ghetto and went to a village near Zambrów where she had a Christian acquaintance. She worked there under a false identity. After she was denounced, a policeman from Czyżewo named Marciniak arrested her and pretended to execute her, but in fact allowed her to escape with the help of some farmers. See Mirl Walmer-Biderman, “My Experiences During the Years of the Second World War,” in Szymon Kanc, ed., Sefer Zikaron Czyzewo (Tel Aviv, Former Residents of Czyzewo in Israel and the USA, 1961), 1034–37, translated as Czyzewo Memorial Book, Internet: . Living in Warsaw on Aryan papers passing as Christians, Joseph Dattner and his fiancée were found in a hotel room; questioned by the police and caught in a lie, they bribed their way out by offering the police officers a piece of fabric. The police let him retain another piece of fabric, which he said he would need to bribe other police officers. See the interview with Joseph Dattner, dated December 20, 1988, Phoenix Holocaust Survivors’ Association in affiliation with the Cline Library of Northern Arizona University. Historian Raul Hilberg cites this example of a Polish policeman who confronted a German woman: “A Polish policeman did not wrestle for words. Talking to an ethnic German woman about Jewish children whose heads had been trampled, he asked her whether she was not ashamed. The woman, disturbed by what she had heard, racapitulated this conversation in an anonymous letter that reached the Reich Chancellery in Berlin.” See Raul Hilberg, Sources of Holocaust Research: An Analysis (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2001), 111; Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, Third edition, vol. 2, 519.