Members of the Jewish police were not the only ones who served the Germans; some Jews acted



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. The police force was headed by a Jew from Kraśnik. His deputy, Manasi Szejnbrum, was absolutely merciless towards his compatriots.

515 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 67.

516 Leybel Kokhalski, “The Members of the Jewish Council (Judenrat) and the Jewish Police,” in Arie Shamri and Dov Berish First, eds., Pinkas Nowy Dwor (Tel Aviv: Former Residents of Nowy-Dwor in Israel, USA, Argentina, Uruguay, and France, 1965), 338–39, translated as Memorial Book of Nowy-Dwor, Internet: .

517 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 266.

518 Entry for “Opoczno,” Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Poland, vol. 1, Internet: , a translation of Danuta Dabrowska and Abraham Wein, eds., Pinkas hakehillot Polin, vol. 1 (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1976), 47–52.

519 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 824.

520 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 829.

521 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 299.

522 Andrzej Żbikowski, “Żydowscy przesiedleńcy z dystryktu warszawskiego w getcie warszawskim, 1939–1942,” in Engelking, Leociak, and Libionka, eds., Prowincja noc, 224–28.

523 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 381.

524 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 375.

525 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 382.

526 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 724.

527 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 736.

528 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 372.

529 Bartoszewski and Lewin, Righteous Among Nations, 424. Herman Herling and his daughter managed to escape.

530 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 125.

531 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 372.

532 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 463.

533 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 403.

534 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 581.

535 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 416.

536 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 543–44.

537 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 345.

538 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 635.

539 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 668.

540 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part B, 1413.

541 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 716.

542 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 518.

543 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 337.

544 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 617.

545 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 613, 614.

546 Testimony of Chaim Gabrel, Jewish Historical Institute (Warsaw) archive, record group 301, number 228.

547 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 489. See also the testimony of Dawid Braw, Jewish Historical Institute (Warsaw) archive, record group 301, number 1909, and the testimony of Teofila Schwimmer, Jewish Historical Institute (Warsaw) archive, record group 301, number 3225. Schwimmer identifies the policemen Leopold Ring and Marian Rotkopf as particularly harmful.

548 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 219.

549 Ida Rapaport-Gliksztajn, “Getta w Lublinie i na Majdanie Tatarskim (martyrologia Żydów w Lublinie od wybuchu wojny do likwidacji getta),” in Adam Kopciowski, ed., Księga pamięci żydowskiego Lublina (Lublin: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, 2011), 325; translation of Dos bukh fun Lublin (Paris: Former Residents of Lublin in Paris, Paris, 1952). The author writes that Jews who escaped during the liquidation of the ghetto in Lublin were easily captured by the Germans and then sent to the Majdanek camp.

550 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 541.

551 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part A, 541.

552 Dean, Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, vol. II, Part B, 1435.

553 Friedmann, Reluctant Soldier, 22. See also the damning testimony about the Jewish police in Włodawa of Matel Rabinowicz, Jewish Historical Institute (Warsaw) archive, record group 301, number 2202, Internet:
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