Location: Open Water, Drift and Wreck Diving



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Risk Assessment

Location: Open Water, Drift and Wreck Diving

Not Site Specific

This list of these risk assessments is to provide a guideline for the safe conduct of diving/training undertaken by club members and to highlight any known hazards to control. This is a working document and may require amendment during the course of the recreational activity to reflect the conditions on site.

Club Diving

Dive Manager to submit plan to club Diving Officer complete with a list of participating divers.

The D.O. will verify his agreement with the Dive Plan and give approval (which shall be recorded by date/time) before any club diving commences.

Without the D.O. approval the dive is outside the responsibility of the Club. Refer to BSAC dive definition sheet for clarification

Description of Task

All diving carried out as per the guidelines of the BSAC safe diving practices

For a Drift Dive: To dive in a tidal current in open water at no greater depth that qualification allows and that of past previous experience.

For a Wreck Dive: To dive a wreck during slack water for that site at no greater depth that qualification allows and that of past previous experience.


Supervision and Personnel


Dive Manager (DM)

Assistant Dive Manager (ADM)

Diver Coxn (maybe either or both of the above)

Qualified O2 administrator and deputy

Rescue Diver/first aider and deputy : to be nominated on site

Additional personnel : Club Members assisting under direction of DM or ADM



Training


All training being provided under instruction of T.O. or appointed open water instructor using BSAC programme and tuition guide

Ratio to Trainees to Instructor Max 2:1



Risk Assessments


The following risk assessments, relevant to the tasks being carried out are attached. All participants involved are to sign below that this document has been read and understood before their commencement in activity.


Name (Print)

Signature

Date














































































































































































HAZARD

WHO


FREQUENCY

SEVERITY

RISK EVALUATION

CONTROLS


IMMEDIATE MEASURES TO DEAL WITH CONSQUENCES IF RISK DOES OCCUR

Heart Attack

All

Rare

Fatal

Medium

Medical Self Declaration / Referral to Medical Referee

CPR by Instructor/Buddy.

Emergency services activation plan



Ear Damage

All Divers

Occasional

Moderate Injury

Medium

Trainees receive specific training in Ear Clearing

Divers do not dive when suffering from a cold



Assistance from Instructor or Buddy

Mask Squeeze

Trainees

Rare

Minor Injury

Low

Only Mask which encloses both eyes and nose in the same airspace to be used

Trainees receive specific instruction in mask equalisation



Assistance from Instructor or Buddy

Injury from Falling Cylinders

All

Rare

Moderate Injury

Low

Trainees taught to always lay heavy equipment down

Monitoring by instructor



Administer First aid

Rapid Ascent

All Divers

Occasional

Fatal

High

Progressive training.

Correct weighting of divers

Monitoring by instructor/buddy

Instructor / Trainee ratio in accordance with BSAC recommendations

Visual Datum used for ascent exercises were appropriate


Diving monitored by duty rescue divers able to provide or direct assistance

Oxygen administration equipment and trained administrators on site



Running out of Air

All Divers

Occasional

Fatal

High

All SCUBA sets fitted with pressure gauges

Monitoring by diver,

instructor/buddy

Instructor /Trainee ratios in accordance with BSAC recommendations.



All divers carry AAS

Panic

All

Rare

Moderate Injury

Low

Monitoring by Instructor/buddy

Instructor /Trainee ratios in accordance with BSAC recommendations.



Assistance from Instructor or Buddy

Drowning

All

Rare

Fatal

Medium

Monitoring by duty Rescue Divers

Monitoring by instructors with trainees

Training to be conducted in depths suitable to skill levels


Assistance from Instructor or Buddy

Entanglement with nets/lines/underwater obstacles

All Divers

Rare

Fatal

Medium

Dive Manager to brief divers of danger areas.

All Divers carry appropriate cutting implement, such as filament line cutter, wire snips, diving knife, etc.



Assistance from buddy. Buddy to raise assistance from boat or shore cover.

Diver to be removed from danger and exit the water.

Apply first aid as required.

Hospitalise if necessary




Diver separation

All Divers

Occasional

Fatal

High

Divers to dive in buddy pairs

Contact to be maintained throughout dive

Strobes or buddy lines to be carried


Divers to surface immediately. Re-establish contact.

Render assistance as required. Notify shore or boat cover.

Apply first aid as required. Hospitalise if necessary.


Reduced underwater Visibility

All Divers

Frequent

Major Injury

High

Diver numbers in water to be controlled and monitored.

Divers to carry strobes and buddy lines



Strobes and buddy items to be used in the event of the onset of reduced visibility.

Dive to be aborted in the event of adverse reduced visibility

Divers to surface and exit. Dive Manager to abort diving


Trips/Slips & tumbles

All

Occasional

Minor injury

Low

Dive manager to advise divers of careful treading and trip hazards

All divers aware of slippery weed on launch slips




Provide first aid as necessary.

Water Temperature

All Divers

Frequent

Moderate Injury

Low

All divers to wear appropriate thermal protective clothing including hood and gloves.

Provide first aid for hypothermia

Hospitalise if required.





Illness from water quality

All

Rare

Minor Injury

Low

Provide appropriate aid on scene

Seek medical advice.

Hospitalise.




Contact with other water users

All

Occasional

Minor Injury

Low

Divers to dive in pairs and use SMBs.

Dive manager to plan use of site to reduce diver/diver contact.

Liase with other users (A flag)



Remove Casualty from danger and water

Apply Appropriate first aid.

Seek medical Advice.

Hospitalise




Objects thrown at divers

All

Occasional

Minor injury

Low

Divers to exit the danger area.

Security to be contacted to remove offenders.




Remove casualty from danger. Provide first aid that may be appropriate.

Hospitalise is required.


Loss of buoyancy

All divers

Occasional

Major Injury

Medium

All buoyancy devices should be checked for functional operation prior to dive (buddy check)

Dive to be aborted if gear is malfunctioning



Buddy to render assistance.

Divers to raise alarm to cover.

Shore or boat cover to provide additional assistance


Diving Equipment Failure

All divers

Rare

Fatal

Low

Divers to carry Octopus rig to cover second stage loss.

To be checked and highlighted during buddy check. All diving equipment to be in good working order.



Dive to be aborted.

Buddy to render assistance to casualty.

Casualty to be removed.


Rough Surface Conditions

All

Rare

Fatal

Medium

Weather Forecasts to be taken prior to diving and recorded in dive plan.

Diving to be aborted by dive manager in the event of adverse conditions



Assistance by buddy or instructor.

Divers to exit water.

Appropriate

First aid.

Hospitalise is required


Boat Traffic/ shipping

All

Rare

Major Injury / Fatal

Medium

A flag to be hoisted when diving. Notify coast guard if diving in shipping lane. Use VHF to warn shipping.

Be prepared to defensively manoeuvre dive boat to cover divers from oncoming traffic.

Emergency signal shipping or oncoming boat.

Liase with other water users



Check for Casualties.

Remove casualty form water and give first aid.

Hospitalise if required.


Lost at Sea

All divers

Rare

Fatal injury

Low

All divers to carry an SMB. During drifts SMB to be used at all times and inflated at the surface.
Divers to plan the dive, dive the plan.

Dive manager to be given divers plan.

Other surface markers to be carried whistles/flares/horns/flags etc.


Contact Coastguard, Provide position and start searching.

Treat casualties with first aid. Hospitalise if required.



Wreck diving

All divers

Frequent

Minor injury

Low

All divers to carry and SMB. Divers to follow BSAC guidelines for wreck diving.

SMB to be deployed in the event of loosing the shot line only when clear of the wreck.



Contact Coastguard, Provide position and start searching.

Treat casualties with first aid. Hospitalise if required.



North Down Sub Aqua Club BSAC464 Dive sheet

DATE

DIVE SITE

MEET Location

MEET Time

SLACK

HW/LW



















No. of Boats

Max Divers

Plan Depth

Min Qualification

Dive Manager

(DM)

Assistant

DM



















DIVERS





































Immediate (24hr max)Weather Forecast

Wind Speed

(Beaufort Scale)

Wind Direction

Weather

Visibility

Sea State

















Diving officers approval : Date/Time :

DIVE REPORT

Diver

Time In

Time Out

CYL pressure

In

CYL pressure

Out

Cylinder Size

Max Depth








































































































































































































































































































































































































































Boats Used

Fuel Cans Used

Money Collected

Club Equipment Fault Report


























I certify as the DM that the information above is correct :

02/05/2018 of



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