Lectures in Neurology



Download 52.5 Kb.
Date04.06.2018
Size52.5 Kb.
Lectures in Neurology:
1. Subject neurology, neurology and psychiatry, organic diseases and functional nervous system diseases, symptoms of irritation and focal neurological symptoms, borderland of neurology with the other specialties.

2,3 Basics of the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system: identification of anatomical, neurological and etiological diagnosis, neurological syndromes and a disease entity, monofocal and multifocal syndromes, diffuse neurological damage, the importance of research


general and other specialized clinical research, the importance of additional research.

4, 5, 6 Additional investigations in neurology: cerebrospinal fluid, x-rays


(Review of the skull and spine x-rays, with contrast, including angiographic, mielographic,
computed tomography, magnetic resonance, electrophysiological studies (EEG, EMG)
7,8,9.
Strokes - differential diagnosis.
11,12,13.
Headaches and dizziness.
14.
Diseases of the peripheral nervous system.
15,16,17.
Back pain.
18.
Multiple sclerosis.
19, 20

Epilepsy – diagnostic procedures and treatment 


21.

Nervous system tumors.


22.
Injuries to the brain and spinal cord
23.
Basic issues neuropediatrics
24.,25.

Degenerative and metabolic central nervous system diseases.
26.
Infectious diseases of the nervous system.
28, 29.
Muscles diseases and neuromuscular junction.
30.
Dementias
Detailed program of classes in Neurology at the first semester

Class 1

1. Basic anatomy and physiology of the peripheral and central nervous system – test.

2. Patient's examination, medical history taking.


Class 2

1. Rules for testing the skull and cranial nerves taking into account the anatomy and cranial nerves physiology, visual, olfactory, auditory pathway, anatomy of the pupillary reflexes and gaze centers in the brain.

2. Practical examination of the skull and cranial nerves in a patient with discussion of neurological symptoms.


Class 3
1. Examination of upper limbs and trunk.

2. Practical examination by the patient`s bed.


Class 4

  1. Examination of lower ;limbs, spine, gait and speech.

  2. Types of speech problems (aphasia, dysartria).

  3. Practical examination by the patient`s bed.


Class 5
1. Examination of the unconscious patient.

2. Issues: consciousness, awareness, pathological somnolence, pathological sleepiness, deep sleep, semicoma, coma, , the Glasgow scale.

3. Higher cortical functions (praxia, gnosia, phasia).
4. Practical examination of patients with discussion about neurological disorders.

Class 6
1. Additional investigations used to diagnose nervous system diseases (neuroimaging, EEG, EMG, ENG, evoked potentials, transcranial Doppler ultrasound, cerebrospinal fluid examination).
2. Discussion of the practical principles of selection additional neurological tests.
3.Practical demonstration of: EEG, EMG, lumbar puncture, CSF examination.

Class 7
1. Motor systems - physiology and movement disorders.
2. Upper and lower motor neuron weakness.
3. Demonstration of cases, neurological examination of patients with a discussion of
neurological symptoms which can be ascertained .

Class 8
1. Extrapyramidal, cerebellar syndrome.
2. Vegetative disorders: vascular disorders, Horner syndrome, sphincter disorders.
3. Demonstration of cases, neurological examination of patients with a discussion of
ascertained neurological symptoms.

Class 9
1 Spinal cord syndromes (intracranial hypertension, meningeal, epileptic) and others (bulbar, pseudobulbar, cerebellopontine).
2. Demonstration of cases and neurological examination of patients with a discussion of
neurological symptoms which can be ascertained .



Class 10

1. Sensory disorders and syndromes.



2. Demonstration of cases, neurological examination of patients with a discussion of
neurological symptoms which can be ascertained .

3. Credit (theoretical and practical neurological examination) of VII semester.
Detailed program in Neurology classes during VIII semester
Class 1
1. Headaches (spontaneous and symptomatic). Discussion about the most common headache (migraine, tension headache, cluster headache, thunder headache).
2. Dizziness.
3. Demonstration of cases.
4. Neurological examination at the bedside.

Class 2
1. Vascular diseases of the nervous system - clinical symptoms, diagnosis, differentiation and treatment.
3. Demonstration of cases.
4. Neurological examination at the bedside.
Class 3
1. Tumors and injuries of brain and spinal cord - clinical symptoms, diagnosis, differential, treatment
3. Demonstration of cases.
4. Neurological examination at the bedside.
Class 4
1. Epilepsy (types of seizures, status epilepticus, multiple seizures, West seizures, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, Roland epilepsy, absence). Diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy.
2. Differential diagnosis of losing consciousness (syncope, narcolepsy, cataplexy, occasional seizures: functional, febrile).
3. Demonstration of cases.
4. Neurological examination at the bedside.


Class 5
1. Demyelinating diseases (multiple sclerosis, Schilder disease, multiple concentric sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Device` syndrome) - clinical symptoms, differential diagnosis and treatment.
2. Demonstration of cases.
3. Neurological examination at the bedside.



Class 6
1. Extrapyramidal diseases (Parkinson's disease, chorea, Wilson disease, athetosis, Ballism, dystonia, tics). Discussion of clinical symptoms, differential diagnosis and treatment.
2. Demonstration of cases.
3. Neurological examination at the bedside.
Class 7
1. Diseases of muscles and neuromuscular junction (myasthenia gravis and selected dystrophies – Duchenne, facio-scapulo-humeral, limb- girdle, myotonic dystrophy and Thomsen miotonia) - clinical symptoms, differential diagnosis and treatment.
2. Demonstration of cases.
3. Neurological examination at the bedside.

Class 8
1. Diseases of the peripheral nervous system (damage to the brachial plexus, and lumbosacral, idiopathic facial nerve paresis, carpal tunnel syndrome, radial nerve paralysis,ulnar, median, peroneal and tibial nerves palsy, polyneuropathies) - clinical symptoms, differential diagnosis and treatment.
2. Demonstration of cases.
3. Neurological examination at the bedside.


Class 9
1. Neuralgia, cervical myelopathy, siringomyelia, spinal muscle atrophy, transverse inflammation of the spinal cord ) - clinical symptoms, differential diagnosis and treatment.
2. Demonstration of cases.
3. Neurological examination at the bedside.

Class 10
1. Degenerative nervous system diseases (Alzheimer's disease, ALS, degeneration of the spinal cords).
2 .Credit of VIII semester (included theoretical and practical knowledge)


Book List for the Course in Neurology

OBLIGATORY BOOK

1. Neurology and Neurosurgery Illustrated – Fourth Edition – Kenneth W. Lindsay, Ian Bone; Churchill Livingstone
ADDITIONAL BOOKS

1. L/N on Neurology – Ginsberg

2. Clinical Neurology – Aminnoff, Simon G.

3. Harrison`s Neurology in Clinical Medicine – Hauser, Kasper E.

4. BRS Neuroanatomy 3/e – Fix J. D.

5. Review of Medical Physiology – Ganong W. F. – Lange Medical Books 21st ed 2003



6. Textbook of Medical Physiology – Guyton A. C. – Saunders 10 th ed 200


Share with your friends:


The database is protected by copyright ©dentisty.org 2019
send message

    Main page