|LAW N.554 FOR THE PROFESSION OF DENTAL TECHNOLOGY
Section 1: Practice of the profession of dental technology
Section II: Association of the Specialists in Dental Technology
------- Chapter one: Purpose of the Association
------- Chapter Two: In The Organization Of The Association
----------------Part 1 - The General Assembly
----------------Part 2 - In the board of the association
----------------Part 3 - In the committees of the association
----------------Part 4 - In the discipline
----------------Part 5 - In the retirement fund and the fund of monetary aid
----------------Part 6 - General Provisions
Practice of the profession of dental technology
Article 1 : In Lebanon, no one is allowed to practice the profession of "Dental Tecnology" or to make use of the title of specialist in "The Science of Dental Laboratories", unless he fulfills the conditions stated in the following articles .
Article 2 : The Lebanese Specialist in the Science of Dental Laboratories should :
1- enjoy his civil rights and have not been convicted for a felony or an infamous offense;
2- be holder of a degree in the Science of Dental Laboratories, delivered by a university, institute or school recognized by the Lebanese government. The duration of the studies in one of the above-named establishments should be at least three years, after having obtained the Lebanese baccalaureate diploma (second part) or its official equivalent. The specialist should have practiced the profession for two years, in one of the laboratories member of the Association;
3- pass the exam which is carried out by the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education;
4- if the degree is conferred by a foreign institute or university, the specialist should obtain an equivalence from the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education and pass the exam provided for in clause 3 of the present article,
5- be registered in the roll of the "Association of the Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories" in Lebanon .
Article 3 : The non-Lebanese specialist in "The Science of Dental Laboratories" should :
* If he is a citizen of the Arab countries :
A - fulfill the conditions stated in article 2 of this law in addition to ten supplemental years of experience in the field ;
B - the regulations of his home country requite the lebanese specialist;
C - establish that he has the right to practice the profession of dental laboratory technologist in his home country;
D - be holder of a residence permit as well as a work permit, delivered by the competent authorities in Lebanon.
E - if he were a foreigner by birth and had acquired the nationality of one of the Arab countries, five years must have passed since he obtained this nationality.
* If the specialist is not a citizen of the Arab countries, he should :
A - fulfill the conditions stated in article 2 of this law in addition to ten supplemental years of experience in the field .
B - the regulations of his home country requite the Lebanese specialist .
C - be holder of a degree in "The Science of Dental Laboratories" since at least ten years .
D - be a member of the Association of Dental Technicians in his home country in case this membership is compulsory to practice the profession of the Science of Dental Laboratories. In case the membership is not compulsory, he should establish that he has the right to practice this profession in his home country;
E - be holder of a residence permit as well as a work permit, delivered by the competent authorities in Lebanon and should effectively live in Lebanon, also, he should obtain in advance the approval of the Lebanese Association of the Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories;
F - present the membership application, according to article ten of this law, to the board of the association. The latter has the absolute right - after having ascertained that the application fulfills all legal prerequisites - to either accept or refuse the application. In case of acceptance, the applicant will be registered for a period of one year renewable upon the request of the specialist in "The Science of Dental Laboratories".
Article 4 : The specialist in "The Science of Dental Laboratories" is not allowed to practice the profession and to become a member of the "Association of Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories" unless he obtains an authorization from the Ministry of Public Health. The authorization will be delivered upon submission of an application which will be enclosed with the academic degree, certificates and documents establishing the fulfillment of the prerequisites imposed in the previous articles and upon the proposal of a committee which will be formed by virtue of a decree. The committee will be known as "The Committee of the Specialists in the science of Dental Laboratories". The committee will examine the applications, it will be composed of :
- The Director-General of the Ministry of Public Health : President
- The president of the Association of Specialists in the Science Of Dental Laboratories : Member
- One of the members of the Association : Member
- A delegate of the Ministry of Professional and
Technical Education : Member
- A delegate of the equivalence committee at the
Ministry of Culture and Higher Education : Member
Article 5 : The dentist who is licensed to practice dentistry in Lebanon and who wishes to work as a specialist in the science of dental laboratories, should ask for a permit from the Minister of Public Health. The permit will be granted only if the dentist closes his clinic and freezes his license to practice dentistry.
Article 6 : The specialist in Science of Dental Laboratories is forbidden to deal directly with patients. He must limit his activity to the works assigned to him by dentists.
Article 7 : Each owner of a dental laboratory who has been practicing the dental profession for more than ten years (without interruption), without a degree in the Science of Dental Laboratories, prior to the enforceability of this law, has the right to submit to the Ministry of Public Health a request for obtaining a permit to practice the profession within six months from the date of enforceability. The applicant should enclose within his request the documents determined by the Ministry of Public Health and the Association, establishing that he owns the dental laboratory since more than ten years.
The request will be registered at the ministry of Public Health and will be referred to the examination committee which will be composed especially for this purpose, upon a decision of the Minister of Public Health, as follows :
-The Director-General of the Ministry of Public Health : President
-A delegate from the Association of Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories : Reporter
Association of the Specialists in Dental Technology
Purpose of the Association
Article 8 : The specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories in Lebanon have one association . It's main center is in Beirut. It includes all specialists licensed to practice the profession of the Science of Dental Laboratories in the Republic of Lebanon.
Article 9 : The Association of Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories in Lebanon, has a medical, sanitary, professional, scientific and administrative mission. The purposes of the association are the following :
1. to protect the dental profession and to preserve the legitimate rights of the members of the association. To raise the level of the profession and to watch over the ethical obligations of the profession and its dignity;
2. to discipline the members who infringe the regulations of the association and its ethical obligations;
3. to express its opinion in the draft laws and regulations elated to the profession dental profession, upon request of the competent ministries and public institutions.
4. To express its opinion regarding the dispatching of missions and attendance of international conventions concerning the "Science of Dental Laboratories".
5. To encourage the exchange of professional information with similar associations in the Arab countries as well as in other countries;
6. To make efforts in order to settle disputes which might occur between the "Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories" and dentists.
7. To promote the collaboration between the members of the association; to protect their interests and affairs; to defend their rights and to tail in order to create a retirement fund.
Article 10 : None of the specialists in the "Science of Dental Laboratories" holder of a permit delivered by the Ministry of Public Health is allowed to practice his profession or to open a dental laboratory in any part of the territory of Lebanon, unless he registers his name in the roll of the association.
Article 11 : The applicant requesting the registration of his name in the roll of the association, should fulfill all prerequisites necessary for the practice of the profession of the "Science of Dental Laboratories" by virtue of the prevailing laws; he should state in his application, his full name, nationality, age, name of university, institute or school he graduated from; he should also mention the date of obtaining the degree and its number, his scientific titles, his address as well as his business address, along with a copy of the permit of the Ministry of Public Health. He should enclose with his application, the admission fees and the yearly membership fees.
Article 12 : The board of the association will examine the application within three months from the date of its presentation. The board will accept the application, in case it fulfills the legal prerequisites, otherwise, the application will be rejected.
In The Organization Of The Association
Part 1 - The General Assembly
Article 13 : The general assembly of the association is composed of all members whose names are registered in its roll, the association will be represented by a board which will be elected by the general assembly, as it mentioned in this law . The decisions of the general assembly will be enforceable on all members, including the absent and the contravener members .
Article 14 : The general assembly will hold its ordinary meeting in the first half of March of every year. It can call for an extraordinary meeting, either upon a decision which will be taken by the board of the association at the majority of two thirds or upon a request which will be presented by one third of the members registered in the roll of the association who are permitted to attend the general assembly . The meeting will be held within one month from the date of reception of such a request .
Article 15 : Only the members who are registered in the roll of the association and who have settled the yearly membership fees before the first of November, are permitted to participate in the general assembly . If a member tarried to settle the membership fees for two consecutive years, without a legal excuse which will be accepted by the board, his name would be deleted from the roll after he had been notified and after a month from the date of said notification . He is not allowed to jion the association again unless he settles all overdue fees, including the registration fees once again .
Article 16 : The president of the association will preside over the general assembly, he should call for the meeting at least ten days in advance. The call will be affixed at the main center of the association and will be published twice in two local daily newspapers. The place, date and agenda of the general assembly will be mentioned in the announcement . In case of the absence of the president of the association, the vice-president of the association, the secretary or the oldest member of the board will respectively preside over the general assembly .
Article 17 : The meeting of the general assembly will be legal if half of the members attend. In case of lack of quorum, the call will be addressed once again for a meeting which will be held within fifteen days at most from the date of the first meeting . The second meeting of the general assembly will be considered legal no matter the number of attendees .
Article 18 : The activities of the yearly ordinary meeting of the general assembly will deal with the following issues :
1 - Election of the board of the association and a president .
2 - Ratification of the yearly decisions presented by the board of the association .
3 - Determining the yearly membership fee and the admission fee imposed on the "Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories '' in Lebanon .
4 - Auditing and ratifying the accounts of the past year and the budget of the following year .
Article 19 : The extra ordinary meeting of the assembly will examine issues related to the profession and determined in the call for the meeting or in the decision of the board of the association .
Part 2 - In the board of the association
Article 20 : The board of the association of the "Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories" in Lebanon will be composed of twelve members elected by the general assembly. The elected members will held an immediate meeting or within one week at most and will elect one of them as a president provided that when necessary, the call will be addressed by the oldest member .
Article 21 : The members of the board will be elected by secret vote, for three years . Each year the time of the third of the members will expire. The vote will be at the absolute majority in the first turn and at the relative majority in the second turn. In case of equality of votes, the older in the practice of the profession will be the winner .
Article 22 : The members whose time has expired can be reelected for one more time and it is not permissible to elect them for the third period except after expiration of a period of two years as from the date of their last election. The third of the members whose time expired in the first and second year will be designated by lot .
Article 23 : Could be elected member of the board of the association, any member who practiced the profession for five years in Lebanon, as for the president of the association, he should have practiced the profession for ten years .
Article 24 : The time of the president of the association is three years. It is not permissible to reelect him except after expiration of a period of two years as from the end of his time .
Article 25 : Each member of the board of the association against whom a disciplinary decision has taken, imposing a penalty other than a blame and acquiring the degree of certainty, is considered to be discharged .
Article 26 : Every member of the board who fails to attend the meetings of the board for three consecutive times without legal excuse is considered to have resigned .
Article 27 : If the seat of one of the members of the board will become vacant before the end of the time, the candidate who obtained during the previous elections the largest number of votes will replace him. In case three seats or more will become vacant before the first of November, the general assembly will be called in order to elect members for the vacant seats .
Article 28 : If the seats of more than half of the members of the board will become vacant, the latter will be considered to be broken up. New elections will be held within one month from the date of the breakup of the board. The president will remain in his position till the end of his time. If the seat of the president become vacant, the Minister of the Public Health will then have the right to designate a temporary committee which will manage the affairs of the association till the holding of the election .
Article 29 : The following matters are within the province of the board of the association :
1 - The draft of the bylaw of the association and to amend it upon approval of the general assembly and the Ministry of Public Health.
2 - Execution of the decision of the general assembly .
3 - Administration of the funds of the association and collecting the yearly membership fees and the admission one imposed on the "Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories'' .
4 - Contacting the authorities or organizations or persons concerning the interests of the association .
5 - Performing all activities in relation with the administration of the association and not included within the general assembly .
Article 30 : The association will be represented by its president who will defend its rights. He is entrusted with the execution of the decision of the board and has the right to sue in the name of the association, in accordance with the prevailing principles .
Article 31 : In the absence of the president of the association, the vice-president will replace him assume all the authorities of the president during the performance of his mission . The functions of both the secretary and the treasurer will be determined in the bylaw .
Article 32 : The board of the association, upon a call of its president, will hold at least one meeting every month, at the date mentioned in the paper of the call. The meeting will be legal if at least six members including the president or the vice-president will attend it .
Article 33 : The board of the association will take its decisions at the majority of votes. In case of equality of votes, the vote of the president will be the casting vote.
Article 34 : The concerned persons and the public prosecution have the right to appeal the decisions of the board of the association within ten days from the date of notification . The appeal will be submitted before the civil court of appeal of Beirut which will be joined by two members of the board of the association, the two members will be designated by the board, among its members . The court will settle the appeal during a confidential session. The court's decision is irrevocable and does not bear reconsideration and will be executed by the competent departments in accordance with the prevailing laws .
Article 35 : The ordinary corps of the court will convene without the attendance of the two members of the board of the association whether because of the breakup of the board or because of the refrainment of the board from participating in the corps of the court .
Part 3 - In the committees of the association
1 - The scientific committee
Article 36 : The scientific committee will be composed of five members who will be elected by the board of the association in the first meeting which will be held after the election of the corps of the buro : two members from the board of the association and three members from the general assembly . This committee will elect during its first meeting, one of its members as a president and a second member as a secretary and this in order to manage its activities . The function of the committee is the activation of the scientific research, lecturing, publishing of the review, assisting researchers morally and materially upon agreement of the board of the association .
2 - The finance committee
Article 37 : The finance committee will be composed of three members who will be elected by the board of the association during the first meeting which follows the election of the board, among its members. The function of the finance committee is the organization of the finance of the association, the supervision of all incomings and outgoings as well as the retirement fund .
3 - The administrative committee
Article 38 : The administrative committee will be composed of three elected members, the members will be elected by the board, among it members . The function of this committee is to examine all administrative issues among which the applications of admission of new members and the examination of the disputes that might arise between the members of the association in accordance with the reulations specified in this law .
Part 4 - In the discipline
Article 39 : If any of the members of the association infringes the obligations of the profession or exposes his dignity to anything whatsoever that might harm his honor or his integrity or his competence, one of the following sanctions besides the monition will be applied on him : 1 - the blame . 2 - suspension of work for a period that does not exceed three months . 3 - the definitive interdiction of the profession . The member against whom a decision of temporary suspension of work was delivered, will be prevented from practicing and his laboratory will be closed for the sentenced period .
Article 40 : The disciplinary will be composed of the president of the association or the vice-president (as president of the disciplinary board) and four members who will be elected by the general assembly for one year that cannot be renewed .
Article 41 : The president of the association will refer the behavioral infringements - after investigation - to the disciplinary board either of his own free will or :
1 - upon a complaint of the Ministry of Public Health or the public prosecution or one of the wronged either of the specialists in the science of dental laboratories or else .
2 - upon the request of one of the association who finds himself subject of an injust accusation, thus exposing spontaneously his case to the decision of the disciplinary board .
Article 42 : The disciplinary board applies the principles of the confidential trial. Upon determination of the responsibility of the member, the board should take into consideration his good will. The board is authorized to have resort to all means of evidencing and to ask the member complained of to appear before the board and listens to him. The member complained of, has to the request and to answer the questions which will be addressed to him and has to give the required explanations. He has the right to ask for the support of a lawyer which will defend him.
Article 43 : The disciplinary board has to deliver its decision within two months as from the date of the complaint. If the board does not abide by this time, each of the president of the association and the public prosecution are permitted to transfer the case to the court of appeal which will examine it.
Article 44 : Disciplinary decisions are object to appeal within ten days from the date of notification. The notification will be carried out through a registered letter with a delivery note. The appeal will be presented and ruled in accordance with the stipulations of article 34 of this law.
Article 45 : The decisions of the disciplinary board as well as those of the court of appeal are confidential. If a member is judged because of a crime which befalls the honor and integrity of the profession, or if his judged twice a year with a sentence stronger than blame, the board of the association has the right to decide at the majority of two thirds of its members the affixation of the decision at the center of the association for a period of one month.
Article 46 : The behavioral pursuit does not prevent the judicial pursuits if the contravention forms a crime sentenced by the penal law.
Part 5 - In the retirement fund and the fund of monetary aid
Article 47 : A retirement fund will be created by means of a particular law.
Article 48 : A fund of monetary aid will be created, to grant subventions to the "Specialists in the Science of Dental Laboratories'' in Lebanon. The resources of this fund will be provided through :
1 - the contributions of the members of the association .
2 - donations permitted by virtue of the law of associations .
The administration of this fund will be determined in the bylaw .
Part 6 - General Provisions
Article 49 : The association is a body corporate, however the association is not authorized to own real-estates other than what is necessary to manage its activities in accordance with the prevailing laws.
Article 50 : All texts and provisions contradictory to this law or which are incompatible with its content will be nullified.
Article 51 : Within two months from the date of enforcement of this law, the general assembly composed of all members registered at Ministry of Public Health, will meet upon the call of the Minister of Public Health or his representative, in order to elect the board of the association and a president in accordance with the dispositions of this law, the board and president will assume their function till the date of the meeting of the ordinary general assemble .
Article 52 : This law will be enforced as soon as it will published in the official gazette.