Kuwait Institute for Medical Specialization Kuwait



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State of Kuwait

Ministry of Health


Kuwait Institute for Medical Specialization



Kuwait

Dental

Licensing

Examination

(KDLE) Guide


Table of contents
Introduction

Objectives

Eligibility

Validity of the examination

Board of examiners

Format and content of the examination

Examination schedule

Results


Resit for the examination

Registration fees

Application procedure

Recommended textbooks for KDLE

Answer sheets for Papers 1 and 2

Appendix


Sample questions – Paper 1

– Biomedical sciences

Sample questions – Paper 2

– Dental and clinical sciences

Correct answers

Introduction

Most countries have laws and regulations governing the practice of dentistry. Although licensing provisions vary among industrialized countries, requirements commonly include successful completion of a licensing examination. To ensure minimal professional standards for those who wish to practice dentistry in Kuwait, a licensing examination has been established by the Ministry of Health, State of Kuwait.


Objectives

The objectives of the Kuwait Dental Licensing Examination (KDLE) are to:




  • Institute standardized methods of evaluating dental graduates from different dental schools for the practice of dentistry in Kuwait.

  • Ensure that dentists have the required knowledge and understanding of biomedical and clinical dental sciences to practice dentistry consistent with contemporary standards of care.

  • Assure the public that dentists intending to practice in Kuwait are professionally qualified.


Eligibility

The KDLE is a prerequisite for the practice of Dentistry in Kuwait. All dental school graduates who do not currently hold a license to practice in Kuwait are required to successfully complete this examination for practice in the public or private sector. A dentist who holds a professional dental degree conferred by a dental school recognized by the Ministry of Higher Education, Kuwait (as listed in the most recent issue of the World Directory of Dental Schools, published by the World Health Organization) is eligible to apply for the KDLE.


Validity of the examination

The results of the KDLE are valid for five years subsequent to the date of passing the examination. If a dentist has not practiced dentistry for more than five years after passing this examination, successful completion of a new examination, under its current format, will be required for licensure.


Board of examiners

The examination is set by the Board of Examiners who are members of the Faculty of Dentistry of Kuwait University and the Ministry of Health.


Format and content of the examination

The KDLE is a one day written examination in English, composed of 200 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and is divided into two parts.


Part I: Biomedical Sciences (21/2 hours, morning session)

This part will contain 100 MCQs related to: Anatomical Sciences, Biochemistry, Physiology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Dental Anatomy, Occlusion, and General Pathology


Part II: Dental and Clinical Sciences (21/2 hours, afternoon session)

This part will contain 100 MCQs related to: Endodontics, Oral Pathology, Oral Medicine, Oral Radiology, Oral Diagnosis, Operative Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pain Control, Management of Emergencies, Orthodontics, Periodontics, Preventive Dentistry, Public Health Dentistry, Prosthodontics, and Pediatric Dentistry.


Examination schedule

The KDLE is administered three times per year, generally in October, February and June. The dates for the examination and deadlines for the application procedures are set by the Kuwait Institute for Medical Specialization (KIMS).


Results

The results will be announced within 2 weeks of sitting for the KDLE.

The pass mark for the entire examination will be determined by the Board of Examiners.
Re-sit for the examination

There is no limit to the number of attempts at the KDLE.


Registration fees

The fee for the KDLE will be determined by the Ministry of Health. This fee must accompany the Application Form. Any candidate who fails to appear for the examination will forfeit the registration fee. The fee must be paid for each attempt at the examination. The fee may be revised based on the costs of the examination.


Application procedures

Candidates must submit:



  • A completed application form

  • The full fee for the examination

  • A certified true copy of the candidate's diploma for the basic dental degree

  • Two passports size photos


Recommended Textbooks for KDLE
1. Ash MM. Wheeler's dental anatomy, physiology and occlusion. 7th ed., Philadelphia: Saunders, 1993.

2. Kidd EAM, Smith BGM. Pickard’s manual of operative dentistry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

3. Lindhe J, Karring T, Lang NP (eds.). Clinical periodontology and implant dentistry. 3rd ed., Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1997.

4. Mathewson RJ, Primosch RE. Fundamentals of pediatric dentistry. 3rd ed., Illinois: Quintessence, 1995.

5. McGivney GP, Carr AB. McCracken's removable partial prosthodontics. 10th ed., St Louis: Mosby, 1999.

6. Proffit WR,. Fields HW. Contemporary orthodontics. 2nd ed., St. Louis: Mosby, 1993.

7. Shillingburg HT, Hobo S, Whitsett CD, Jacobi R, Brackett SE. Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics. 3rd ed., Chicago: Quintessence, 1997.

8. Soames JV, Southam JC. Oral pathology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

9. Ten Cate AR. Oral histology: Development, structure and function. 5th ed., St. Louis: Mosby, 1998.

10. Walton RE, Torabinejad M. Principles and practice of endodontics. 2nd ed., Philadelphia: Saunders, 1995.

11. White SC, Pharoah MJ. Oral radiology–principles and interpretation. 4th ed., St. Louis: Mosby, 2000.

12. Zarb GA, Carlsson GE, Bolender CL. Boucher's prosthodontic treatment for edentulous patients. 11th ed., St Louis: Mosby, 1997.


Additional suggested sources include:
1. Anusavice KJ. Phillips' science of dental materials. 10th ed., Philadelphia: Saunders, 1996.

2. Murray JJ (ed.). Prevention of oral disease. 3rd ed., New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

3. Peterson LJ, Hupp JR, Ellis E, Tucker MR. Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery. 3rd ed., St. Louis: Mosby, 1997.

4. Pine CM (ed.). Community oral health. Oxford: Wright/Butterworth-Heinemann, 1998.

5. Scully C, Cawson RA. Medical problems in dentistry. 4th ed., Oxford: Wright, 1998.

6. Tyldesley WR, Field EA. Oral medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.




Appendix
Sample questions Part I – Biomedical Sciences
1. During repair, tissue that has undergone coagulation necrosis is removed primarily by:

autolysis.

foreign body giant cells

neutrophils.

macrophages.

eosinophils.


2. The secretory product of odontoblasts is:

topocollagen.

calcium salts.

mantle dentin.

hydroxyapatite.

All of the above.


3. The escapement spaces between teeth and the interdental spaces are called:

marginal ridges.

contact areas.

embrasures.

developmental grooves.

sulci.
4. Centric relation is:

the jaw position where the contacting surfaces of the teeth fit together.

the rotational center of a tooth.

A strained, unnatural jaw position.

the relationship of an opposing cusp in the central fossa of a tooth.

none of the above.
Sample questions Part II –

Dental and Clinical Sciences
1. Reduction in which of the following represents the most significant advantage of using an acid-etch technique?

Microleakage

Setting shrinkage of the restorative material

Coefficient of thermal expansion of the restorative material

Reduced porosity of the restoration
2. In an edentulous patient, when the teeth of maxillary and mandibular complete dentures are in contact coincidental with centric relation, the face height is called:

interocclusal distance.

physiologic rest position.

vertical dimension of occlusion.

free way space.

closest speaking space.


3. Which of the following drugs is often administered intravenously to treat life-threatening ventricular arrythmias?

Quinidine

Lidocaine

Verapamil

Propranolol

Epinephrine


4. Papillary hyperplasia is MOST frequently found where?

Hard palate

Soft palate

Anterior labial gingiva

Lingual gingiva
Correct Answers

Part I – Biomedical Sciences
d

c

c



e

Part II – Dental and Clinical Sciences

a

c.



b.

a


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