Knowledge, attitudes and practice survey of family planning among South Asian immigrant women in Oslo, Norway



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Immigration status More than 70% of the participants were 1st generation immigrants who born abroad with two foreign-born parents, and residents in Oslo, Norway. Among them, 122 women (55.4%) have less than 12 year’s education. Most of the first-generation immigrants were married (93.3%) and unemployed (55.8%).

Of the responder’s one fourth, 85 women were second-generation immigrants who were Norwegian born with two foreign background parents. Among them, 60 women (70.6%) were 13-19 years of age. The majority (80%) of 2nd generation’s respondents had less than 12 year’s education and were unemployed (92.9%) and unmarried 66 (76.6%).



Knowledge of family planning

    1. Descriptive Result of Knowledge

Table 2 Association between knowledge of family planning and marital status among South Asian immigrant women (n=309)










Marital status

p-value










Unmarried

Married




n=309

%

n=81

26.2%

n=228

73.8%




Heard of modern contraceptives



















0,006

All methods

19

6.1

2

2.5 %

17

7.5 %

1-3 of methods

226

73.1

53

65.4 %

173

79.5 %




No method

64

20.7

26

32.1 %

38

16.7 %




Heard of emergency contraceptives






















No

181

58.6

35

43.2 %

146

64 %

0,001

Yes

128

41.4

46

56.8 %

82

36 %

Heard about Chlamydia(STI’s)






















No

246

79.6

77

95.1 %

169

74.1 %

<0.001

Yes

63

20.4

4

4.9 %

59

29.9 %

Received contraceptives information from






















Parents/sibling/friends

89

28.8 %

15

18.5 %

74

32.5 %

<0.001

Husband

104

33.7 %

-

-

104

45.6 %

Health care providers

57

18.4 %

50

61.7%

7

2.6 %

Written information/media

59

19.1 %

16

19.8 %

43

18.9 %

Received sex education at school






















No/no remembrance

207

67 %

15

18.5 %

192

84.2 %

<0.001*

Yes

102

33 %

66

81.5 %

36

15.8 %

*Fisher’s exact test


      1. Association between knowledge of family planning and marital status

Table 2 shows the number and percentage of immigrant women’s family planning knowledge and the association between FP knowledge with marital status of South Asian immigrant women.

One hundred seventy-three married (79.5%) respondents had heard of one to three modern contraceptive methods (p-value-0.006), 46 unmarried (56.8%) respondents had heard about emergency contraceptives (p-value-0.001). Only 4 unmarried (4.9%) respondents had heard of Chlamydia (p-value-<0.001).

A total 102 (33%) of the respondents received sex education at school, of which 66 respondents were unmarried (81.5%) (p-value-<0.001*), and 61.7% unmarried respondents received the family planning information from health care providers while the majority of married (45.6%) received information from their husband (p-value-<0.001).


      1. Association between knowledge of family planning and immigration status

Table 3 shows the number and percentage of immigrant women’s family planning knowledge and association between FP knowledge with immigration status.

Eighty one first-generation immigrant women (36.2 %) have knowledge of emergency contraceptive, 56 women (25 %) have heard of STI’s like Chlamydia, 98 first generation immigrant women (43.8 %) received family planning information from their husband (p-value-<0.001), and only 30 first generation immigrant women (13.4 %) received sex education at a school.



Sixty five second- generation immigrants (76.5 %) have knowledge on one to three of modern method, 47(55.3 %) have knowledge of emergency contraceptive, and 72 (84.7%) received sex education at school (p-value-<0.001*), and 37 (43.5%) received the family planning information from health care providers.
Table 3 Association between knowledge of family planning and immigrant status among South Asian immigrant women (n=309)










Immigration status

P-value










1st generation

2nd generation




n=309

%

n=224

%

n=85

%




Heard of modern contraceptives



















0.230

No one method

64

20.7 %

46

20.5 %

18

21.2 %




1-3 of methods

226

73.1 %

161

71.9 %

65

76.5 %




All methods

19

6.1 %

17

7.6 %

2

2.4 %




Heard of emergency contraceptives






















No

181

58.6 %

143

63.8 %

38

44.7 %

0.002*

Yes

128

41.4 %

81

36.2 %

47

55.3 %

Heard about Chlamydia(STI’s)






















No

246

79.6 %

168

75 %

78

91.8 %

<0.001*

Yes

63

20.4 %

56

25 %

7

8.2 %

Received contraceptive information from






















Parents/sibling/friends

89

28.8 %

63

28.1 %

26

30.6 %

<0.001

Husband

104

33.7 %

98

43.8 %

6

7.1 %

Health care providers

57

18.4 %

20

8.9 %

37

43.5 %

Written information/media

59

19.1 %

43

19.2 %

16

18.8 %

Received sex education at school






















No/no remembrance

207

67 %

194

86.6 %

13

15.3 %

<0.001*

Yes

102

33 %

30

13.4 %

72

84.7 %
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