Kenya Identification Title of the survey: Integrated Household Budget Survey 2005-2006 Organisation responsible



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Kenya

Identification

Title of the survey: Integrated Household Budget Survey 2005-2006

Organisation responsible: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS)

Objectives of the survey: Update the available information on the structure and the composition of the labour force, provide manpower profiles, analyze characteristics, nature and size of child labour, and update the 1998-1999 database (among other objectives)

Date: 10/10/2011

Periodicity and coverage

Periodicity of data collection: Every 10 years

Geographical coverage: Whole country

Population coverage: Whole population excluding the following groups: Armed forces, non-settled population, persons living in institutions and foreigners

The survey covers: The usual residents present, the usual residents temporarily absent and the temporary visitors

Definition of usual resident: An usual resident is a person who has continuously stayed in the household for 6 months or more, during the last 12 months. Children in boarding schools are included even if they have been absent for more than six months. Also included are newly married women and infants.

Definition of household and household members: A household is defined as a person or a group of persons residing in the same compound, answering to the same head of the household and pooling and sharing resources for common provisions such as food and house rent.

Usual household members who are temporarily absent are enumerated in the survey: No

Age coverage: The labour related questions of the survey relate to the population of 5 years old and over

Topics covered:

Demographic characteristics: age, sex, marital status, place/country of birth, nationality, ethnicity, place/country of previous residence, educational attainment, relationship to household head

Main labour related characteristics: employment, unemployment, underemployment, hours of work, wages, employment related benefits, employment in informal sector, trade union affiliations, usual activity, production for own final use by the household

Other labour related characteristics: industry, occupation, status in employment, institutional sector (public/private), existence of more than one job, reasons for not being in the labour force

Other characteristics: other sources of income (e.g. income from property)

Concepts and definitions

Current employment

Definition of employment: Employment refers to persons of working age who, during the reference period, did any work for pay, profit or family gain, or worked without pay on a farm or family holding (including unpaid family workers), and those who had a job and were temporarily absent from work.

Employment refers to people who during the reference period:

- worked for one hour or more for wage or salary, in cash or in kind

- worked for one hour or more for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind

- were temporarily not at work and had a formal attachment to a wage employment job

- were temporarily not at work and had an enterprise

- worked for at least one hour without pay on a family business or farm

- worked in subsistence agriculture or in production of other goods for own consumption

- did volunteer work



Reference period for employment: The seven days preceding the interview date (moving)

Current unemployment

Definition of unemployment: Unemployment refers to persons of working age who did not work for even one hour during the reference period, were available and actively seaking work duting the four weeks preceding the interview date.

Unemployment refers to people who during the reference period: Are without work, available to work and actively seeking work

Reference period for seeking work: The four weeks preceding the interview date (moving)

Reference period for availability for work: No specific reference period

Underemployment

Underemployment concept measured: Time related underemployment

Definition of underemployment related to working time: Underemployment refers to all persons in paid or self-employment whether at work or temporarily absent from work, involuntarily working less than the normal hours of work determined for the activity, and who were seeking or available for additional work during the reference period.

Underemployment refers to employed persons who:

- are willing to work additional hours in the survey reference period

- are available to work additional hours in the survey reference period

- worked less than 28 hours a week in their main job



Information collected on the number of hours of work wanted/ available for: No

Hours of work

The survey measures: hours actually worked and usual hours

Information is collected for: main job only

Reference period used for the measure of hours of work: a week

Actual hours of work are collected for: the week as a whole

Separate information is collected for overtime hours: no

Separate information is collected for absence hours: no

Separate information is collected for working time arrangements: no

Time unit used in the measure of hours of work: exact hours

Income from paid employment

The components of income for which separate statistics are available are: regular cash earnings, irregular cash earnings, payments in kind and services, profit related pay, bonuses

Income from paid employment covered: GROSS income

Reference period: a month

Income from paid employment refers to: main job only

Information on income from paid employment is requested in: exact amounts

Actual/usual income: actual income for a specific reference period

Income due/received: income received in a specific reference period

Income from self-employment

Income from self-employment covered: Profit of unincorporated enterprises (receipts less operating expenses)

Value of production used for own consumption is included in the profit/remuneration: no

Income from self-employment covered relates to: GROSS income

Reference period: a month

Income from self-employment refers to: main job only

Information on income from self-employment is requested in: exact amounts

Actual/usual income: actual income for a specific reference period

Income due/received: income received in a specific reference period

Employment in the informal sector

The informal sector employment refers to the population employed in:

- own-account enterprises which are not registered



Agriculture, forestry and fishing is excluded from the scope of the definition: Yes

Other economic activities or occupations excluded from the scope of the definition: None

Information is collected in respect of the following categories of workers:

- employees

- employers

- own-account workers

- members of producers' cooperatives

- contributing family workers



Information is collected for: main job

Employment in the informal sector refers: to persons whose main and/or secondary job(s) is(are) in the informal sector

Informal employment

Usual activity

Reference period used to measure usual activity: the last 12 months

Approach used: self assessment

Treatment of special groups

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to parental leave are classified as employed

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to educational or training leave are classified as employed

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to voluntary leave without pay are classified as employed

- Persons on temporary lay-off without pay are classified as unemployed

- Persons on indefinite lay-off without pay are classified as unemployed

- Seasonal workers not at work during the off-season are classified as unemployed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who have made arrangements to start a new job on a date subsequent to the reference period are classified as unemployed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who are trying to establish their own enterprise are classified as unemployed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who are not seeking work during the reference period due to specific reasons (e.g. discouraged workers) are classified as unemployed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were subject to compulsory schooling are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were full-time or part-time students are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were retired and/or receiving a pension are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were registered as jobseekers at an employment office are classified as employed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were subject to compulsory schooling are classified as unemployed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were retired and/or receiving a pension are classified as unemployed

- Paid apprentices and trainees are classified as employed

- Unpaid apprentices and trainees are classified as employed

- Contributing family workers at work during the reference period are classified as employed

- Persons engaged in production of goods for own final use (e.g. subsistence farming) are classified as economically inactive

- Persons engaged in production of services for own final use (e.g. care work, cooking, etc.) are classified as economically inactive

- Volunteers contributing to the production of goods are classified as employed

- Volunteers contributing to the production of services provided by market producers are classified as employed

- Volunteers contributing to the production of services provided by non-market producers (i.e. government units, NPIs serving households, etc.) are classified as employed

- Volunteers contributing to the production of personal or domestic services produced by other households are classified as employed

Classifications

Disaggregations used in the analysis and tabulation of the survey results:

- The economically active population is tabulated by: sex, age, occupation, level of education, urban/rural area

- The employed population is tabulated by: sex, age, industry, occupation, status in employment, institutional sector (public/private), urban/rural area

- The unemployed population is tabulated by: sex, age, occupation, urban/rural area

- The economically inactive population is tabulated by: sex, age, level of education, urban/rural area

Classifications used

Industry:

- Title of the classification: ISIC Rev.3



Occupation:

- Title of the classification: ISCO-88



Status in employment:

- Title of the classification: ICSE-1993



Education:

- Title of the classification: Kenyan Educational levels



Sample design

Sampling frame: Population census

The sampling frame is updated: every 5 years

The sample is stratified: Yes

Variables used for stratification: geographic region, urbanisation, population size of locality, socio-economic characteristics

Number of sampling stages: 3

Ultimate sampling units: households

Sample size: 13430 ultimate sampling units per survey round

Data collection

Main mode of data collection: face to face personal interview (paper and pencil)

Average duration of an interview per household member of working age: 15 minutes

The field staff is mainly: recruited specifically for the survey

Duration of training on the survey for newly recruited interviewers: 21 day(s)

Respondents' participation in the survey is compulsory: Yes

Ultimate sampling units that could not be identified are replaced: Yes

Ultimate sampling units that could not be contacted are replaced: Yes

Ultimate sampling units that refuse to participate are replaced: No

Estimation and adjustment

Percentage of all eligible ultimate sampling units that are interviewed: 98%

Percentage of refusals in the total non-response: 1%

Weighting factors used to adjust for: sample design, survey non-response, bench-marking (to ensure consistency between survey estimates and those from other reliable source(s), e.g. census)

Adjustment for item non-response is made: Yes

Confidence level: 95 %

Selected indicators tabulated from the survey:

- Unemployment rate by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)

- Employment to population ratio by: sex, region (urban/rural)

- Labour force participation rate by: sex, age, region (urban/rural)

- Hours of work (per worker) by: sex, age, economic activity, occupation, region (urban/rural)

- Earnings (per worker) by: sex, region (urban/rural)

- Number of workers by hours band by:

- Number of workers by earnings class by:



Availability of data from other sources

- Data on employment is also available from: establishment surveys, administrative records and population censuses

- Data on unemployment is also available from: population censuses

- Data on hours of work is also available from: establishment surveys, administrative records and population censuses

- Data on wages is also available from: establishment surveys and administrative records

LFS data are considered official for:

- employment: yes

- unemployment: yes

- earnings: yes

- hours of work: yes

Documentation and dissemination

Publication(s) and website where the survey results can be found: www.knbs.or.ke

Publication(s) and website where methodological information on the survey can be found: www.knbs.or.ke

Dissemination formats and periodicity:

- comprehensive report

- online database

- microdata access



The public is informed in advance on the date of the initial release of survey results: Yes

Non-published results can be made available on request: Yes

Micro data are made available on request: Yes


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