Title of the survey: Integrated Household Budget Survey 2005-2006
Organisation responsible: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS)
Objectives of the survey: Update the available information on the structure and the composition of the labour force, provide manpower profiles, analyze characteristics, nature and size of child labour, and update the 1998-1999 database (among other objectives)
Periodicity and coverage
Periodicity of data collection: Every 10 years
Geographical coverage: Whole country
Population coverage: Whole population excluding the following groups: Armed forces, non-settled population, persons living in institutions and foreigners
The survey covers: The usual residents present, the usual residents temporarily absent and the temporary visitors
Definition of usual resident: An usual resident is a person who has continuously stayed in the household for 6 months or more, during the last 12 months. Children in boarding schools are included even if they have been absent for more than six months. Also included are newly married women and infants.
Definition of household and household members: A household is defined as a person or a group of persons residing in the same compound, answering to the same head of the household and pooling and sharing resources for common provisions such as food and house rent.
Usual household members who are temporarily absent are enumerated in the survey: No
Age coverage: The labour related questions of the survey relate to the population of 5 years old and over
Demographic characteristics: age, sex, marital status, place/country of birth, nationality, ethnicity, place/country of previous residence, educational attainment, relationship to household head
Main labour related characteristics: employment, unemployment, underemployment, hours of work, wages, employment related benefits, employment in informal sector, trade union affiliations, usual activity, production for own final use by the household
Other labour related characteristics: industry, occupation, status in employment, institutional sector (public/private), existence of more than one job, reasons for not being in the labour force
Other characteristics: other sources of income (e.g. income from property)
Concepts and definitions
Definition of employment: Employment refers to persons of working age who, during the reference period, did any work for pay, profit or family gain, or worked without pay on a farm or family holding (including unpaid family workers), and those who had a job and were temporarily absent from work.
Employment refers to people who during the reference period:
- worked for one hour or more for wage or salary, in cash or in kind
- worked for one hour or more for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind
- were temporarily not at work and had a formal attachment to a wage employment job
- were temporarily not at work and had an enterprise
- worked in subsistence agriculture or in production of other goods for own consumption
- did volunteer work
Reference period for employment: The seven days preceding the interview date (moving)
Definition of unemployment: Unemployment refers to persons of working age who did not work for even one hour during the reference period, were available and actively seaking work duting the four weeks preceding the interview date.
Unemployment refers to people who during the reference period: Are without work, available to work and actively seeking work
Reference period for seeking work: The four weeks preceding the interview date (moving)
Reference period for availability for work: No specific reference period
Underemployment concept measured: Time related underemployment
Definition of underemployment related to working time: Underemployment refers to all persons in paid or self-employment whether at work or temporarily absent from work, involuntarily working less than the normal hours of work determined for the activity, and who were seeking or available for additional work during the reference period.
Underemployment refers to employed persons who:
- are willing to work additional hours in the survey reference period
- are available to work additional hours in the survey reference period
- worked less than 28 hours a week in their main job
Information collected on the number of hours of work wanted/ available for: No
Hours of work
The survey measures: hours actually worked and usual hours